Earls and Earldoms of Scotland
Chapter VI - Earldom and Earls of
Findlater, and Seafield
JOHN CHARLES GRANT OGILVIE, SEVENTH EARL OF SEAFIELD A
REPRESENTATIVE PEERCREATED BARON OF STRATHSPEY, GREAT REJ0ICINGSHE MADE
IMPROVEMENTSHIS MARRIAGEH1S DEATHTRIBUTES TO HIS MEMORYIAN CHARLES
GRANT OGILVIE, EIGHTH EARLREJOICINGS ON ATTAINING HIS MAJORITYHIS
DEATHJAMES, NINTH EARLFRANCIS WILLIAM, TENTH EARLJAMES, ELEVENTH EARL.
IN 1853the Earl of Seafield was elected one of
the representative peers of Scotland to the Imperial Parliament, and he
held this position for five years. On the 14th of August, 1858, he was
elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom under the title of Baron
Strathspey of Strathspey. Under this inspiring title he continued to sit
in the I-louse of Lords.
When it was announced that this honour had been
conferred on the 20th chief of the Grants and seventh Earl of Seafield,
there were great rejoicings throughout his wide territories, and many
bonfires blazed on the hills of Strathspey. A few verses from a poem
composed on the event may be quoted:-
"Why are the hills of proud Strathspey
Crowned with a blaze of light?
Why do the dazzling fires burst forth
Amidst the calm of night?
Is it the beacons warning gleam?
Is the invader near?
And doth the land call forth her sons
To aid with sword and spear?
The chieftain of their ancient line
Has won another name
A title dearer to his clan
Than any he can claim.
The bells are ringing far and near;
The throng came forth to-day,
To render homage to their lord,
The Baron of Strathspey.
His richer in these loyal hearts,
Than in his princely lands,
Theyre true and constant as their rock,
Which ever firmly stands.
But now the bonfires ruddy glow
Streams all the country oer,
From Tullochgorums lofty heights,
On Freuchie and Craigmore.
On Cromdales Hill, on Gartens crest,
The rival flames ascend,
In honour of the Lord Strathspey,
The chieftain and the friend."
The earl took a warm interest in the welfare of his
numerous tenantry, and made extensive improvements on his estates. He
erected new farm steadings, encouraged the reclamation of waste land, and
made roads. He was an excellent landlord, and won the esteem and affection
of his tenants.
He directed special attention to the breeding of
Highland cattle, and in this he attained remarkable success. His herd of
Highland cattle at Castle Grant was at that time the best in the north of
Scotland. He encouraged agricultural and cattle shows, and frequently
presided at such meetings.
He planted a considerable extent of ground on his
estates, and it was stated that the plantations and woods on the estates
in his time extended to upwards of 40,000 acres. He also made many
important improvements on Cullen House and its surroundings. During the 27years which he held the Grant and Seafield estates he expended
a sum of over £200,000 sterling on improvements.
He took a keen interest in all questions touching the
welfare and progress of the country.
In 1879 he was invested with the Order of the Thistle
by the Queen.
On the 12th of August, 1850, he married Lady Caroline
Stuart, a daughter of Robert Walter, eleventh Lord Blantyre, by whom he
had an only childIan Charles Grant Ogilvie.
The Earl died at Cullen House on the 18th of February,
1881. His death was universally regretted. His funeral took place on the
25thand 26th of February, and was attended
by a great assemblage of mourners and friends; and his body was laid to
rest with his fathers in the mausoleum at Duthil.
"Lord Seafields death, before attaining the three
score and ten, produced a feeling of mourning, as if for a dear friend,
among all parties and classes throughout the counties of the north with
which he was more immediately connected by property and residence. We have
receivedand we doubt not our contemporaries have also receivedmany
communications seeking to give expression to the deep and general sense of
loss and bereavement. Elsewhere, too, the tributes of commemoration, due
to one whose life has been beneficial to his country and honourable to
himself, have been freely bestowed by the organs of public opinion. Not
only in the northern counties, where he lived, worked, and was best known,
but broad Scotland feels with sorrow that a great chief and noble Scotsman
has departed from our midst...."
"Firm as Craigellachie he stood,
Aye holding by the right;
That which was just, and true, and good,
Weighed more with him than might." Amen.
He was succeeded by his only child, Sir Ian Charles
Grant Ogilvie, Eighth Earl of Seafield, and Second Baron Strathspey of
Strathspey. He was born in Edinburgh on the 7th of October, 1851. He was
taught by tutors at home, and afterwards he studied for several years at
Eton. He joined the army, and on the 8th of December, 1869, received a
cornets commission in the 1st Regiment of Life Guards. In 1871 he was
promoted to lieutenant; and he retired from the army in 1877.
On the 7th of October, 1872, when he attained his
majority, there were great rejoicings throughout the Grant and Seafield
estates. On this occasion he received a portrait of himself from the
tenants of the Strathspey estates, which was painted by the late Sir
Francis Grant. The portrait was presented to his lordship by General Sir
Patrick Grant in name of the tenantry.
He died on the 31st of March, 1884, at Claridges
Hotel, London, unmarried. He bequeathed his estates entirely to his
mother, which were valued at £80,000 per annum, but charged with nearly
£800,000. On his death, the peerage of the United Kingdom Baron Strathspey
of Strathspey became dormant; but the other Scottish titles (without the
estates) devolved on James Ogilvie Grant, Ninth Earl of Seafield the
uncle and heir of the preceding Earl.
He was the fourth son of Francis William, sixth earl,
and was born on the 27th of December, 1817. He was educated at Harrow;
joined the army, and was a captain in the 42nd Foot Regiment. He was
elected member of Parliament for Morayshire in 1868, and represented the
county for six years. He was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Morayshire
volunteers. Shortly after his succession to the title of Earl of Seafield
he was created a peer of the United Kingdom as Baron Strathspey of
Strathspey, in the counties of Inverness and Moray, on the 17th of June,
He was thrice married. On the 6th of April, 1841, he
married Caroline Louisa, a daughter of Eyre Evans of Askill Towers, county
of Limerick: she died on the 6th of February, 1850. Secondly, on the 13th
of April, 1853, he married Constance Helena, a daughter of Sir Robert
Abercromby, fifthbaronet of Birkenbog; she died on the 12th of
February, 1872. Thirdly, on the 15th of December, 1875, he married
Georgina Adelaide, a daughter of Frederick Nathaniel Walker, K.C.H.,
Bushey Manor House, Herts.
The Earl died on the 5th of June, 1888, and was
interred in the mausoleum at Duthil. His countess survived him, and she is
one of the three Dowager Countesses of Seafield now living.
He was succeeded by his eldest son, Francis William
Ogilvie Grant, tenth Earl of Seafield and fourth Baron Strathspey of
Strathspey. He was born on the 6th of March, 1847, and educated at Harrow.
On the 24th of December, 1874, he married Ann Trevor Carry, a daughter of
George Thomas Evans, of Otago, in New Zealand. He died suddenly of heart
disease on the 3rd of December, 1888, at his residence in Oarvarn, New
Zealand, and was interred there. His widow, who was born on the 24th of
July, 1847, is still living.
He was succeeded by his eldest son, James Ogilvie
Grant, eleventh Earl of Seafield, Viscount Reidhaven, Lord Ogilvie of
Deskford and Cullen, and Fifth Baron of Strathspey. He was born on the
18th of April, 1876. His lordship is a young man of great promise, and it
may be hoped that there is a bright future before him. If he should return
to the home of his fathers, he would receive a hearty Highland welcome.
The address which was presented to him in New Zealand
on the occasion of attaining his majority, emphatically showed the respect
and esteem in which this ancient and honorable family is still held in
Strathspey and the North of Scotland, notwithstanding all adverse
eventualities and circumstances.
In 1883 the family estates consisted of 160,224 acres
in Inverness-shire, 96,760 acres in Morayshire, and 48,946 acres in
Banffshiremaking a total of 305,930 acres.
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