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Summary of the Ancestry & Family of Lauder of Fountainhall
by Gregory Lauder-Frost, F.S.A.(Scot).

The surname of Lauder, anciently de Lavedre, is of Norman origin, and the Scottish historians mention the first de Lavedre as one of those Anglo-Norman barons who accompanied Malcolm Canmore into Scotland in 1056 to assist that prince in recovering his kingdom from the usurper Macbeth. For this important service Sir Roburtus de Lavedre obtained from the king grants of lands which included part of Macbeth’s own estates in Moray, which remained in direct ownership of the Lauder family until passing by marriage-dowry to the Chisholms in 1335. The principal part of the mighty Bass rock or island were also granted to this de Lavedre, this family being the earliest recorded owners, (the retained ecclesiastical portion being also granted to them in 1316). Lands in Berwickshire were also given to which Sir Robert gave his own surname, as other knights similarly recompensed did, in obedience, according to Boethius, of a direct royal command to that effect. De Lavedre was also invested with the hereditary bailieship of Lauderdale, which remained in that family for over seven centuries. The Tyninghame estate in East Lothian was feued by the Archbishopric of St.Andrews to the Laird of Bass as far back as 1098. The Lauders did not part with this estate until the 17th century when it was purchased by the 1st Earl of Haddington. (This peer’s wife, Margaret Foulis, of Colinton, was in turn a granddaughter of Sir William Lauder of Haltoun [d.Nov.1596].)

The next of the family of whom there is any note, however brief, is Joanni de Lavedre filio secundo de Laudertown, whose name appears in an early 12th century charter. Later that century there are notices of

Robertus de Lavedre, whom Playfair’s British Antiquity states was a soldier of the Cross in 1188, he having accompanied David Earl of Huntingdon, brother of King William the Lion, to the Holy Land in the Third Crusade. As an emblem of his presence in Palestine he got for his crest a Saracen’s head on a sword. After him came

Robertus de Lavedre, who witnessed a charter of John de Mautelant [Maitland] to the Abbey of Dryburgh early in the 13th century. He was succeeded by

William de Lowedre of Lowedre, Sheriff of Perth in 1251 and who witnessed a charter of King Alexander III (r.1249-1286). He had a brother, David. William was followed by his son.

Sir Robert de Lavedre of Bass, of whom there are many notices. He was a firm friend and supporter of Sir William Wallace and fought at the battle of Stirling Bridge on 12th September 1297. He died in May 1311 and was interred within the old church of North Berwick. His gravestone was observed and described by Alexander Nisbet in 1722. His son

Sir Robert de Lawedre of Bass (d.before 1338) was also a brave associate of Sir William Wallace. At this time the family of Lauder are recorded amongst those below the rank of earl who have been considered as belonging to the Scottish higher nobility. This Sir Robert had numerous charters extending his estates, one of which, dated 1316, included a small part of the Bass which had been retained by The Church. By 1319 Sir Robert was Justiciary of the Lothians (that part of Scotland south of the Forth) a position he held for the rest of his life. Rymer’s Foedera records Sir Robert as one of the Scottish plenipotentiaries who signed the truce between England and Scotland in 1323. He was again ambassador to England in 1327,1328 and 1329 for further treaty discussions. In 1330 he held the estates of Edrington in Berwickshire and was Keeper of Berwick Castle and Sheriff there. He was present at the battle of Halidon Hill on 20th July 1333 but, according to Knyghton, he was prevented from taking any active part in it through advanced years, unable to dismount from his horse in his full armour. In September and December 1333 he is recorded as Chamberlain of Scotland (confirmed by George Burnett, Lyon King, in 1898) but appears to have died by December 1337 when his widow, Elizabeth, was granted a pension. They had:

Sir Roger de Lawedre of Popill (Haddingtonshire), and

Sir Robert de Lawedre, eldest son, designed firstly, in his father’s lifetime,‘of ‘Quarrelwood’ in Moray (part of Macbeth’s lands) and after 1337 ‘of Bass’. He is noted as a page to his father and other Scottish ambassadors sent to negotiate a peace treaty with England in 1323. In 1328 he was appointed Justiciary North of the Forth and was receiving a pension for that post in 1363. He is recorded as being in receipt of the returns for all fishing in the lower reaches of the Whitadder River, below Edrington castle, in 1329 "by right of inheritance". He fought alongside Archibald Douglas at the battle of Halidon Hill following which he hastened north to occupy Urquhart Castle, Loch Ness, for David II, so chronicled by Wyntoun. It stands recorded as one of the four Scottish strongholds which defied the power of Edward III. This monarch confiscated the several properties owned by Sir Robert de Lawedre in and around Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1335. He is recorded amongst the Scottish prisoners taken at the battle of Nevilles’ Cross. This Robert gave a charter of some lands "in and near his burgh of Lauder" to Thomas de Borthwick, which was witnessed by John de Mauteland [Maitland], sixth of the Lauderdale family, Sir Robert’s son Alan, and his grandson "Roberto filio Alani, Ballio de Lawedre." Sir Robert died about 1370 leaving:

William de Lawedre of Boroughmuir (Edinburgh), a Burgess, and Custumar, of Edinburgh. Upon his death in 1376 his lands of Boroughmuir were granted to his brother Alan;

Ann, (d.before1390), married 1335 to Sir Robert Chisholm of Roxburghshire, with issue. Her dowry consisted of the estate of Quarrelwood in Moray, originally part of Macbeth’s forfeited lands;


Alan de Lawedre of that Ilk, one of his several designations including ‘of Whitslaid’ (Berwickshire), ‘of Haltoun’ (Edinburghshire) and Baillie of Lauder. He was also a Custumar of Edinburgh. The 1st Earl of Douglas stated that Alan was the second son of Sir Robert of Quarrelwood. Alan received a number of charters of important lands in his lifetime including those near the Royal Burgh of Lauder forfeited by Sir John de Baliol; Bruntisfield at Edinburgh, and Haltoun near Ratho. The Rotuli Scotia records several safe-conducts from King Edward III of England for Alan, in 1359, 1364 and 1373. He had a good position at court and on 10th March 1372 King Robert II bestowed upon him "una protectione perpetua". He is said to have campaigned against the Moors in Spain with Lord Douglas.

Alan de Lawedre was Justiciary-Clerk for Scotland south of the Forth and received, in 1374, a pension for that. He was, for some time, from 1377, Keeper of Tantallon Castle where he witnessed a charter of Thomas Stewart, Earl of Angus, in August 1381. In 1379 he is noted as Custumar of North Berwick and the same year was witness to a charter to Sir John Swynton, Knight, of the lands of Little Swynton in Berwickshire. He is mentioned in a letter to John, Abbott of Newbattle in July 1401 but was dead by March 1407 when his son Robert was his executor. He married Alicia, daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochawe, the 9th of the Duke of Argyll’s family, by Helen Mor, and left issue:

William, Bishop of Glasgow, and Lord Chancellor of Scotland, d 14th June 1425 and buried within St.Mary’s Church, Lauder,Berwickshire. Decribed by Keith (1824) as son to Alan Lauder of Haltoun. Before 1405 William had been Archdeacon of Lothian. The following year he was one of the commissioners sent to Charles King of France in order to renew the alliance against the English. In 1408 he was the preferred candidate for Bishop by Pope

Benedict XIII at Avignon for the vacancy at Glasgow, and was duly appointed. When Bishop William Lauder was ambassador several times to France, to the King of Jerusalem, as well as to England. In 1423 Murdoch, Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland, made him Lord Chancellor in succession to the Bishop of Aberdeen, and on 9th August that year he was named First Commissioner to treat with England for the ransom of King James 1st, with whom he subsequently became a close friend.

Bishop William Lauder laid the vestry foundation stone and built the crypt under the chapter house of Glasgow cathedral where his arms were carved in several places. He also added the stone steeple and battlements to the tower and placed his arms on the centre panel of the western parapet;

Alexander, Bishop of Dunkeld, d.11th October 1440 at Edinburgh, having been appointed Bishop in May of that year. He had previously been Rector of Ratho in Edinburghshire, in which parish Haltoun was located. He is mentioned in Scottish Supplications to Rome, and Keith (1824) states that he was brother-german to Bishop Lauder of Glasgow, and gives his father as Alan Lauder of Haltoun.

Sir George, of Haltoun, (d.c1425), Provost of Edinburgh. He married Helen, daughter of Archibald, 4th Earl of Douglas (d.1424, France); he was Provost of Edinburgh in 1413/14, 1426/7 and 1430, and from him descend the Lauders of Haltoun and, ultimately, through the female line in 1652, the Earls of Lauderdale. Sir George gave a charter of the lands of Burngrange and Whitelaws near the Royal Burgh of Lauder to his son, Sir John Lauder, who subsequently took those designations. Sir George also commenced the use of the Lauder of Haltoun arms, which were the same as those of the ancient family with the difference being that the griffin held in its right paw a sword with a saracen’s head upon it;

Sir Robert Lawedre of Bass, eldest son, who was alive before 1364 and, in 1370, witnessed a charter granted by his father, Alan, and was Retoured as his heir on 20th March 1407. By 1384 he is mentioned in a charter as Lord Justice of Scotland, and Froissart mentions him as "a renowned hero" being present at the battle of Otterburn on the 19th August 1388. He received payments from the customs of North Berwick in 1413-15 and 1420. This Sir Robert also took part in the battle of Nesbit Moor in 1402 where he was taken prisoner by the English. He does not appear to have had that status for long as he had a charter confirmed to him in May 1411 and on 15th June that year he had a safe-conduct from King Henry IV to pass into England. In 1406 King Robert III sent his young prince, later King James 1st, with the Duke of Albany to the safety of Sir Robert Lauder’s castle on the Bass from where that prince later left for France, only to be captured by English pirates. In 1424 Sir Robert had a safe-conduct as a hostage for James 1st at Durham and upon James’ return to Scotland the King consigned his traitorous cousin Murdoc, eldest son of the Duke of Albany, to the Castle of the Bass, payments for his keep being made to Sir Robert Lawedre. Tytler states that Sir Robert was a firm friend of the King and that he was one of the few people whom James 1st admitted to his confidence. C.A.B Lawder (1914) and Scottish Supplications to Rome name this Robert’s wife Annabella. The Lauder of Bass arms, which differ in colour only from the original Lauder arms were adopted by this Sir Robert to distinguish the new branch of Lauder of Bass. In addition, these arms also carry a double tressure, possibly being granted because of Sir Robert’s friendship of the King. He died before December 1425 leaving by his wife Annabella:

John, younger of Bass, d.1421, m: Katherine, heiress of William de Landells, with issue four daughters:

Elizabeth, (d.before March 1470) married Home of Crowdy, with issue;
Mariotta or Marion, married before 1426 Sir Alexander Home of that Ilk, 1st Lord Home, ancestor of the Earls of Home;
Christian, married about 1424 James Rutherfurd of that Ilk , ancestor of the
Lords Rutherfurd. By this marriage the Rutherfurds gained the Lauder lands of Arbirlot, Newton and Cuthlie near Arbroath in Forfarshire.

James, Justice Clerk, d.after 1460. Noted as waiting, "with his four attendants" upon James 1st at Durham in 1424;

Gilbert, mentioned in Scottish Supplications to Rome in January 1420 as being the husband of Annabella Maitland, Goddaughter of her mother-in-law, above;

Sir Robert Lawedre of Edringtoun and Bass, who, as Sir Robert of Edringtoun, is also recorded in May 1423 as one of those ambassadors sent to treat with the English for the liberation of James 1st. On 19th August that year he was an envoy with that King’s ransom. In 1425, as eldest son, he received his father’s estates and was made Justiciar of Scotland. Sir Robert was also an Auditor of Exchequer and in 1426 was Chamberlain to King James 1st and served as Governor of Edinburgh Castle. He married a lady whose Christian name was Janet and had numerous issue.

George, of Balcomy, Bishop of Argyll. Keith (1824) states he was ‘bred to The Church’ and was noted in 1425 as vicar of Craill and afterwards Master of the hospital of St.Leonards at Peebles. He was promoted to the bishopric of Argyll before 1427, as on the 27th July that year it was noted in a Crown charter that the preceptory of the hospital had become vacant due to George Lauder’s promotion. He was still Bishop of Argyll in 1444 when, with the consent of Patrick Lauder, his brother and heir of tailzie, he gave the Prior of St.Andrews liberty to dig stone from his quarry at Balcomy, for the repair of that convent. The last mention of him appears to be in 1462.

Patrick, alive in 1444, when he concurred in a charter of his brother, the Bishop of Argyll.


Alan Lauder of that Ilk, (d.after June 1463) mentioned in a charter of James II in 1445 as Alan Lauder of the Tower of Lauder. C.A.B.Lawder (1914) gives him as 5th son of Sir Robert Lauder of the Bass and his wife Annabella. Alan is thought to be the father of Thomas, Bishop of Dunkeld. He is mentioned in several safe-conducts.

On 30th April 1461 Alan de Lawedre of that Ilk, with other Lauders, sat on a Retour Inquest at the Royal Burgh of Lauder for Lawrence Lord Abernethy, and Alan’s seal was affixed to the judgement document. He witnessed an Instrument of Resignation charter dated 30th June 1463 and nothing more is heard of him after that. He left four known children:

William, mentioned as brother-german to Oliver Lauder in the latter’s charter of 26th May 1486;

Andrew, a witness to the charter of the inherited properties dated 11th January 1525, where he is described as brother-german of Robert Lauder senior;

and the eldest son

Oliver, of that Ilk, (d.before 5th May 1489 when his next youngest brother Robert Lauder of Murecleuch, and Robert Lauder of Bass, were served part-heirs) is the next who resided in Lauder Tower. The Parliamentary Records record him raising an action in 1473 against a David Pringle regarding Lauder mill, which was settled in Oliver’s favour. In 1476 he is recorded as depute to Patrick Hepburn, Lord Hailes, then Sheriff of Berwickshire. His relict, Margaret Hunter, remarried Robert Ker in Lyndenbarns, was still alive on 25th June 1498 when she and her husband were defending an action brought by Robert Lauder of that Ilk. Oliver is said to have left a daughter,

Mariotta, who married an Alexander Home;

Robert Lauder of that Ilk (d.after January1526) was, in the lifetime of his elder brother Oliver, designed ‘of Muircleuch’, and is first noticed under that designation with his father on the Retour Inquest in 1461, and again on May 26th 1486, when Oliver granted him and his spouse Marion Hoppringle, in liferent, his lands at Sunderland in Selkirkshire. In 1492 the Exchequer Rolls record that he was given full Sasine of Oliver’s lands in Selkirkshire and that was followed by another Sasine in 1495 of the lands of Symprin and Ladypart in Berwickshire. He appears as Robert Lauder of that Ilk in a Sasine dated 7th October 1493. He and his wife Marion Hoppringle raised an action in June 1498 to evict Robert Ker in Lyndenbarns and Oliver Lauder’s relict Margaret Hunter, now his wife, from the lands of Sunderlandhall in Selkirkshire. It was settled the following year in Lauder’s favour. On 8th June 1500 Robert Lauder of that Ilk resigned to the monastery at Melrose the ‘disputed’ lands of Allanshaws, near Lauder, and on 25th March 1504 he purchased a feu of one quarter of Lauder Mill from Sir Alexander Lauder of Haltoun. The seal of Robert Lauder of that Ilk is extant on a document dated 23rd May 1504. He must have retained Murecleuch from his father, Alan, in liferent, as he and his wife Marion had a formal grant from the Crown of the same as superiors in 1505. By January 1516 she had died and Robert had a regrant to himself and his new wife Christine Hammylton.

"Robert Lauder of the Tower of Lauder" is included in a Letter of Licence made on 10th May 1506 for Sir Robert Lawder of Bass, knight, his son Sir Robert, and others. Robert Lauder of that Ilk petitioned the Lords in Council on 1st December 1525 stating that in 1518 he had incurred substantial losses due to border raids and incursions and as a result was now seeking protection from his creditors. In addition he had to repay the dowry of his third wife, whom he was now divorcing. He resigned to his eldest son, Robert, and his heirs, all his lands near and in Lauder, Dalkeith, Selkirkshire etc on 11th January 1525, Richard Maitland of Lethington being one of the witnesses.

Robert Lauder of that Ilk married three times: (1) to Marione Hoppringle (d. before 1516), (probably of the Hoppringle of that Ilk family, who owned Smailholm - see below), by whom he had issue:

Robert Lauder of that Ilk of whom see below;

William Lauder, Burgess and Baillie of Lauder, see below;

Robert Lauder married secondly, before 30th January 1516, Christine Hammylton, a relation of Alexander Hamilton of Innerwick and Mariote Hamilton, prioress of the Convent of Eccles in Berwickshire, by whom he had

James Lauder of Muircleuch, and Burgess of Dunbar (d.before July 17,1576) whose testament was proved on 15th February 1577. He married Katherine Blackstock before 1550 and from this couple descend the Lauders of Muircleuch, a small estate above the Royal Burgh of Lauder.

Robert Lauder married thirdly, before December 1525, Jonet Logan, whom he subsequently divorced.

William Lauder, above-mentioned, was the second son of Robert Lauder of that Ilk and Marion Hoppringle. He is recorded in the Exchequer Rolls as a Burgess of Lauder, who served as Baillie there between July 1530 and August 1535. This position was hereditary in the Lauder family. On 13th April 1542, he had a feu charter of some lands from Sir Robert Lauder of the Bass, who styled him ‘dilectus consanguineus’. He received a Respite on 24th May 1544 relating to intromissions with the English in October 1542, which was followed on 20th May 1546 by a more serious Respite, to him and his son William Lauder, both bound for eleven years good conduct. A charter dated 29th April 1553 describes him as "Wilyems Lawder ilk" and in a Great Seal charter confirmed on 2nd January 1562 there is mention of some land in the Royal Burgh of Lauder belonging to "domo" William Lauder, although this may be after his decease. His aforementioned son:

William Lauder junior, in Egrop & Ladypart, apparently continued assisting "our ancient enemies the English" in 1547 and was convicted of treason on the 18th July 1549 and subsequently beheaded. William Cairncorse of Comislie and Andrew Hume, rector-pensioner of Lauder, were awarded the escheat of all his moveable and immovable good including those pertaining to the lands of Egrop and Ladypart, which escheat was discharged on 15th July 1551.

Robert Lauder of that Ilk (d. before July 1567), eldest son of Robert Lauder & Marion Hoppringle, was confirmed in his father’s estates by Great Seal charter dated 12th January 1526. Burke’s "Peerage", 1847 & 1787 editions, incorrectly states that this Robert is ‘of Bass’. This assertion is blindly followed by a number of other publications.

On 20th February 1529 Robert Lauder of that Ilk resigned all right and claim to two husbandlands in the lordship of Smailholm, the superiors of whom were the Hoppringles, which had previously been feud hereditarily to the deceased Oliver Lauder of that Ilk. He sat on Assizes on 18th May 1530 and 25th September 1531. By 1538 he had married Alison Cranstoun and a Great Seal charter dated 29th July records Robert’s resignation of his hereditary lands which were now regranted to him and his spouse and their heirs and successors. In 1543 it is recorded that he had fallen behind with his annual feudal entry fees, and in August 1546 he is mentioned as "Lord Superior" of the lands of Cauldsheills and Bogside near Lauder. Privy Council Cautions were granted against Robert Lauder of that Ilk and his servants in July 1550 over a feud with the Wedderat family. He signed Deeds relating to his son Richard’s matrimonial affairs in 1556, 1563 and 1565. In the latter year the Lauder/Wedderat feud culminated in a murder and "The Laird of Lauder" appeared as procurator for his kin. On 1st March 1567 he confirmed the second wife of his son Richard in tenancy of his lands at Sunderland in Selkirkshire, and Cauldsheilis, Over Woodhead, and Boggs in Lauderdale, with the "express consent" of his spouse, Alison Cranstoun, by whom he had:

Alison, (murdered 9th April 1547) married George Wedderhede or Wedderat, a Burgess of Lauder and Sheriff Depute of Berwickshire. Alison brought with her as dowry the lands of Castlehill at Lauder, with the old Crown fort upon it, confirmed to her and her spouse on 1st July 1532. Upon this site, purchased by Sir John Maitland of Thirlestane, in 1587, was built the new Thirlestane Castle, subsequent seat of the Earls of Lauderdale. George and Alison left two known children: William, - and George Wedderat, also a Burgess of Lauder, who was murdered on 28th September 1565, during a feud, by Gilbert Lauder of Balbardie.

Elizabeth, who appears to be still living in 1586, married Nicol Cairncross of Calfhill, son of William Cairncross of Comislie, and left issue: Nicol, George, James and Robert.


Richard Lauder, younger of that Ilk, (killed June 1567, v.p.) Some references state that this gentleman was a Senator of the College of Justice by the title of Lord Lauder. On the 9th July 1575 James Meldrum, younger of Segie, was appointed a Lord Ordinary on the temporal side "in place of William Lauder of that Ilk" who presumably had died. But there is a considerable gap between 1567 and 1575, so this entry remains a mystery. The original marriage contract between Richard Lauder and Eupheme MacDougal was signed on 4th May 1556.

On 19th September 1566 Richard, son and heir apparent of Robert Lauder of that Ilk, had to find caution to answer for his part in the crime of the slaughter of George Wedderat, Burgess of Lauder, in September 1565.

He is mentioned in his father’s confirmation of the tenancy of certain lands to his second wife, Margaret Cairncross, on 1st March 1567. However, he was murdered in June 1567 by a party led by David Hume of Blackadder.

Richard married, firstly, by (says Burke) 1561, Eupheme (d. before 1565 – Testament), daughter of Thomas MacDougal (d.before 27th February 1575), Laird of Mackerstoun in Roxburghshire by his wife Janet Scott, and had issue.

He married secondly, by contract, after 21st June 1565, Margaret, daughter of William Cairncross of Comislie. She was still alive in April 1597.

Richard Lauder had issue by his first wife:

Robert, of that Ilk ("dirked on the bench" 10th May, 1598 at Lauder Tolbooth), eldest son, said to have been an advocate. He was served heir to his grandfather, Robert Lauder of that Ilk, on 7th April 1585, of the Lauder Tower, forest & hereditary lands etc. He married by 1589, when he had a reconfirmation of his estates to him and his spouse, Margaret, daughter of William Borthwick of Soutra & Johnstonburn by his spouse Katherine Crichton. Margaret Borthwick survived him marrying secondly before August 1601, Ralph Ker of Redpath, a cadet of the House of Cavers, with issue. Robert Lauder was buried in the churchyard of the Old Parish Kirk near Lauder Fort. By Margaret Borthwick he had issue:

  1. Robert Lauder of that Ilk, (died before 26th August 1658) said by J.Stewart Smith (1898) to have been an advocate, of whom there are numerous mentions in State papers. He appears to have fought in the continental wars as about 1627 "Robert Lauder of that Ilk is cautioned that he should attend the Goodman [William Borthwick] of Johnstonburn till they were all in readiness to go off the country to serve in the wars." He was served heir to his father in 1614 and 1623 in their Lauderdale lands, and in 1628 to his great-grandfather, Robert Lauder of that Ilk in their Sunderland, Selkirkshire lands. He married a cousin, Ann, daughter of Thomas MacDougal (d.before 1605), Laird of Mackerstoun in Roxburghshire by his wife Margaret Home, with issue:
    1. Robert Lauder, died 1649, v.p.,s.p.
    2. Isobel, who was served heir to her father in 1658 and died before November 1683. She married Alexander Home of St.Leonards, a Baillie of Lauder. Their daughters Anna, Christina, Isobella and Margaret Home were served heirs to parts of their mother’s Lauder lands in 1683 and 1694. It was this family who sold Lauder Tower, the family’s ancient Pele in the Royal Burgh.
  2. William, in Haddington (Deed), and at Soutrahill - mentioned as such in a Sasine in 1630. He appears in the Privy Council Registers conjoined with his brother Robert of that Ilk in actions up to and including 1643.
  3. Richard, mentioned in his father’s Testament;
  4. John, a posthumous son, described in the Privy Council Registers in 1620 as his father’s youngest son and brother-german to the present Robert of that Ilk;
  5. Elizabeth, described in The Great Seal as sister of Robert Lauder of that Ilk and who, having the lands of Wronklie settled upon her at maturity, married 1614 Thomas Redpath, junior of that Ilk;
  6. Barbara, mentioned in her father’s Testament;
  7. Jane, mentioned in her father’s Testament.

James, (d. after July 1602) who is mentioned several times in the Privy Council Registers as brother of Robert Lauder of that Ilk;

William Lauder in Cauldscheills, (erroneously named Robert by Nisbet and correctly confirmed so by Burke’s Peerage 1847 & James Young in 1884)) who died before July 9, 1601 and is interred with his first wife within Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh. Cauldscheills, an ancient Lauder family property, was a large farm south west of the burgh of Lauder, and is mentioned in several notices and Retours from 1585 onwards as belonging to Robert Lauder of that Ilk as the "Lord Superior". An entry in the Privy Council Registers dated 15th April 1586 records William as "brother to Robert Lauder of that Ilk". He is again mentioned in this form in the Melrose Regality Records when witnessing a Sasine on 28th July 1589. On 9th July 1597 the Privy Council Registers mention "William Lauder, brother of Robert Lauder of that Ilk" along with other members of his family in a caution concerning a feud with William Cranstoun, apparent of that Ilk, which culminated in the Tolbooth murders of 10th May, 1598. On 5th July 1598 William Lauder, burgess of Lauder and brother of Robert Lauder of that Ilk was made tutor as "propinquior agnatus’ [nearest in kinship] to Robert Lauder, pupil son and heir apparent of Robert Lauder of that Ilk his father. In September that year William Lauder in Cauldscheilles launched an action in the Privy Council to take possession of the Tower of Lauder and to oust Margaret Borthwick, relict of his brother the late Robert. He was unsuccessful and died soon afterwards.

He married firstly, Elizabeth or Jean Bellenden of the Lasswade family. (A "Bernardus Bellenten de Leswad", probably a close relative, is recorded in 1600 as a Scottish Burgess at Posen in West Prussia.) Lord Fountainhall gives this lady as his grandmother, and states that she was a cadet of the family of Broughton. William Lauder married secondly a lady whose Christian name of Agnes appears to be all we know of her. She survived William and remarried George Hoppringle, of Murehouse. By his second wife William had sons

Richard (alive in 1672) and

John Lauder (alive in 1617), both ‘in Pirn’ parish of Stow.

By his first wife, Elizabeth Bellenden, William Lauder had issue:

William, ‘of the west port’ of Lauder, hereditary baillie, & burgess of Lauder, "hacked to death" on the 10th May 1598 at the Tolbooth, Lauder, in a feud with the Cranstouns and Homes. For this crime the Presbytery of Haddington excommunicated Lord Home until he repented and made reparations. He was subsequently pardoned by James VI in November 1606. Lord Fountainhall calls this William Lauder his grandfather’s brother and states that he left a daughter Agnes, who married 22nd August 1618, at Lasswade, Edinburghshire, William Calderwood, with issue. William Lauder’s testament was given up by his widow, Christian Borthwick, doubtless a close relation of his brother Robert’s relict. In addition to Agnes, he left another daughter, Jean, who was alive in 1603.

James, (dsp 10th May 1598) also killed in the Tolbooth, Lauder, in the feud with the Cranstouns and Homes; and

Andrew Lauder in Melville Mill, (d.12th June 1658, interred in Greyfriars, Edinburgh) described as "third son" and "younger brother", retired to the safety of his mother’s family at Lasswade, Edinburghshire, following the deaths of his two brothers. About him we know few details. J. Stewart Smith (1898) calls him a merchant in Edinburgh. He made a complaint, found in his favour, to the Scottish Privy Council on 22nd May 1616 against the miller at Polton Mill, and at the time of his first wife’s death he owed feus on Melville Mill, as he did at the time of his second wife’s decease, in whose testament it states that they "occupied the Mill and Mill lands of Melville".

He married firstly, with issue, Janet (called Bessie in her Testament) (died v.p. April 1617 – interred in Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh) daughter of David Ramsay of Hillhead & Polton, cadets of the Dalhousie family, by his wife, a Sinclair. David was cautioner in his daughter Janet’s Testament. Andrew Lauder married secondly, on 28th July 1618, at Lasswade, "his cousin", Isobel (d.17th June 1636), daughter of William Borthwick of Johnstounburn and Soutra (d: 24th January 1640) by his wife Barbara Lawson, with issue.

He married thirdly by contract 23rd October 1641 Margaret Cockburn (d.29th July 1669 – interred in Greyfriars churchyard, Edinburgh) relict of Rev.Thomas Bannatine, minister of Douglas;

By his second wife Andrew Lauder had issue:

Andrew, in Melville Mill, (died before 20th February 1693) mentioned in a Bond in June 1672 with that designation, and in numerous subsequent Deeds, including one of 1695 pertaining to his daughter, where he was stated to be a son of Andrew Lauder in Melville Mill. He married at Lasswade, 8th June 1648, Katherine Bell, by whom he had a family of fifteen children. A daughter, Agnes, married at Lasswade 4th December 1692, Thomas Marjoribanks, junior of Huntleywood, Berwickshire.

James, mentioned in his mother’s Testament as a minor, and apprenticed to his half-brother John, merchant in Edinburgh, on 26th August 1646 and noted incorrectly in a Great Seal charter dated 14th January 1662 as brother-german to John Lauder, merchant-burgess of Edinburgh (later 1st Bt., see below);

Robert, mentioned in his mother’s Testament, as a minor – alive June 1636;

Helen, baptized 29th October 1620, Lasswade;
Isobel, also mentioned in her mother’s Testament, as a minor;
Margaret, also mentioned in her mother’s Testament, as a minor;
Christian, also mentioned in her mother’s Testament as a minor.

By his first wife Janet or Bessie Ramsay, Andrew Lauder had:

Robert, baptised 2nd June 1601 at Lasswade, d.s.p.,young;

Bessie, mentioned in her mother’s Testament, alive April 1617;
Jean, also mentioned in her mother’s Testament;


Sir John Lauder, of Newington and Fountainhall, etc., Baronet, born at Melville Mill and baptised 17th August 1595 Lasswade; died 2nd April 1692 at Edinburgh and interred in Greyfriars Church. Mentioned in his mother’s Testament, John Lauder was a highly successful merchant-burgess and baillie of Edinburgh. He acquired substantial estates including the lands of Woodhead with others in East Lothian, which were erected into the feudal barony of Fountainhall in 1682. He also purchased from his third father-in-law the lands of Idingtoun [Edington] in Berwickshire. Subsequetly he matriculated arms, as descended of a second son of Lauder of that Ilk, but with differences. In 1688 he was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia. This patent was ‘reduced’ in 1690 [cancelled in 1692] and replaced that year with a new patent altering the succession.

He married firstly, 20th November 1639 at Edinburgh, Margaret (bapt. 17th February 1618 at Edinburgh, died there in 1643) daughter of James Speirs by his wife Catherine Curie. He married secondly 17th July 1643 at Edinburgh, Isabel (bapt.27th July 1628, Edinburgh; died 2nd February 1669, Edinburgh – interred in Greyfriars Church) daughter of Alexander Ellis, of Morton Hall and Stanhopmilnes by his wife Elisabeth Edward.

Thirdly Sir John Lauder married, 15th February 1670, Margaret, daughter of George Ramsay of Idingtoun of the Dalhousie family, by his wife Margaret Seton. (Upon Sir John’s death Margaret Ramsay remarried William Cunninghame, younger of Brounhill, an advocate.)

By his first wife, Margaret Speirs, John Lauder had:

Andrew, baptised 24th November 1642 at Lasswade;
James, baptised 21st November 1643 at Lasswade;
Margaret, baptised 6th September 1640 at Lasswade; died before 5th August 1674; married 3rd December 1657 at Edinburgh, Colin Campbell of Blythswood, a merchant-burgess of Glasgow.
Catherine, baptised 21st October 1641 at Lasswade.

By his second wife, Isabel Ellis, John Lauder had:

Sir John Lauder, 2nd Bt., Lord Fountainhall, baptised 2nd August 1646, and died 20th September 1722 at Edinburgh, of whom later.

Alexander, baptised 6th August 1647, Edinburgh. Died young;

Alexander, in Netherhouses of Lasswade, a farmer, baptised 28th January 1651 at Edinburgh; died 2nd November 1690, described in a Deed of 1686 as his father’s son. He married c1667, Margaret Purcell, and left issue:

(1) John, baptised 9th February 1670 at Lasswade, Midlothian, a merchant, who registered his father’s Testament on 14th January 1691;

(2) William, baptised 17th April 1672 at Lasswade and died before April 1745.

A wealthy baxter who was admitted a Burgess of Edinburgh on 7th July 1697 and who married 19th February 1699 at Edinburgh, Janet, daughter of George Adam, schoolmaster in Musselburgh. Their only known issue is a son, Robert, of whom presently;

(3) Alexander, baptised 18th November 1673 at Lasswade;

(4) Margaret, baptised 17th December 1668 at Lasswade;

(5) Lilias, baptised 9th February 1677 at Lasswade;

(6) Agnes, baptised 2nd April 1679 at Lasswade, died after 1713;

(7) Katherine, baptised 9th December 1681 at Lasswade.

Robert, son of William Lauder & Janet Adam, above, was baptised 5th January 1701 at Edinburgh. A Writer [solicitor], he was admitted a Burgess of Edinburgh on 10th April 1745 by right of his late father. He married before 1731 Helen Dewar, with issue ten children, several of whom purchased properties in Fife, Dundee, and Glencarse in Perthshire, all with issue.

Dr.William, Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh, baptised 9th September 1652 at Edinburgh, died 1724. Married Catherine Broun. Their son William was served his father’s heir in 1729.
Thomas, baptised 26th March 1654 at Edinburgh.
Robert, baptised 20th May 1655 at Edinburgh
Andrew, baptised 27th June 1656 at Edinburgh; died young.

Colin, baptised 15th February 1659; died 23rd September 1690, at Edinburgh. A merchant, he was elected a Burgess of Edinburgh on 28th July 1680. Married 24th August 1682 at Edinburgh to Elizabeth (bapt.11th March 1660, Edinburgh) daughter of William St.Clair of Carfrae (bapt.22nd April 1633 at Edinburgh) son of Sir John St.Clair of Herdmanston, & uncle of Henry, 10th Lord Sinclair.

By her Colin Lauder had issue:

(1) Colin, died 14th March 1695 and buried in Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh;
(2) Daniel, merchant, made a Burgess of Edinburgh 8th December 1725 by right of his father;
(3) David, merchant in Edinburgh, died 1737, married Margaret Brisben 1725;
(4) John, surgeon, of whom presently;
(5) Robert, baptised 24th September 1686 at Edinburgh, died 7th March 1695 and buried in Greyfriars Churchyard;
(6) William, surgeon, baptised 26th August 1687 at Edinburgh and died before 1738;
(7) Isobel, baptised 17th February 1685 at Edinburgh;
(8) Elizabeth, baptised 27th November 1688 at Edinburgh;
(9) Marion, baptised 29th October 1689 at Edinburgh and died before March 17th,1738.

John Lauder, baptised 27th July 1683 at Edinburgh, was firstly a surgeon-apothocary. He was enrolled as a member of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh) and became Surgeon-General of H.M.Forces. On 13th April 1709 he was made a Burgess of Edinburgh by right of his father, to whom he was served heir on 12th January 1700. He died before 17th May 1738, leaving by his wife, Isobella, daughter of George Preston, surgeon in Edinburgh, issue:

(a) Colin, baptised 29th September 1710 at Edinburgh and died 19th November 1783 at Berwick-upon-Tweed. A Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh), he served in Handyside’s 16th Foot Regiment between 1734 and 1744 as a military surgeon and was later personal physician to the philosopher David Hume and through him was introduced to Dr.Samuel Johnson, the diarist. By his wife Mary Forbes he left an only child, Hester, who married Captain William Skinner, with issue;

(b) Mary, born 6th February 1715 at Edinburgh;

(c) George, born 1712, a famous surgeon of his time who was made, described as a ‘surgeon-apothocary’, an Edinburgh Burgess by right of his father on 6th April 1725. He was admitted a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons on 20th April 1737 and in the year of the rebellion was President of the College and a member of the Edinburgh Town Council because of that office. Following the battle of Prestonpans he was taken with John Rattray, by the Prince, to England to tend the wounded and was, as a result, imprisoned by the government firstly at Inverness and afterwards in London. Several of his pupils figured in the rebellion. He was thrown from his horse on 30th April and died 8th May 1752 at Edinburgh. He married Rosina Preston, with issue:

    1. Mary, baptized 14th October 1742 and died before 8th February 1787;
    2. William, a physician, baptized 21st November 1743 at Edinburgh, served heir to his father on 16th March 1753;
    3. John, baptized 8th March 1748 at Edinburgh;
    4. George, baptized 6th July 1749 and died before 1786; and
    5. Colin, born 1750, died 25th October 1831 at his home, 8 Windmill Street,Edinburgh. A Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh) he served as military surgeon in the 17th Foot Regiment between 1770 and 1772. On the 23rd September 1772 he was made a Burgess of Edinburgh by right of his father. He married four times: (1) Janet Law (no issue) (2) Agnes Donaldson, with issue, (3) on 1st June 1772 at St.Cuthbert’s, Edinburgh, Margaret daughter of John Milne (d.before June 1772) by Elizabeth Edgar, with issue; (4) on 24th May 1822 at St.Cuthbert’s, Margaret Ross (d.11th September 1857 - no issue). By his second wife he had:
      1. Alexander, died after October 1814;
      2. Francis, solicitor, died after 1814. He married 25th March 1784 at Edinburgh, McLeish, daughter of Lewis Rutherford in Dunbar, with issue:

        (1) John, baptised 26th February 1785 at St.Cuthbert’s;
        (2) Francis, born 25th February 1789 at Edinburgh;
        (3) William, born 2nd June 1790 in Edinburgh, d.after 1833;
        (4) Alexander, born 2nd August 1802 in Edinburgh;
        (5) Margaret, born 8th May 1787 in Edinburgh;
        (6) Ann, born 27th July 1799, died before May 1833, Edinburgh;

        By his third wife, Dr.Colin Lauder had:


      1. William Preston, Dr, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons (England) died 1st April 1852 at London with no issue having married Harriett, daughter of General Harry Dalmer;
      2. George, born 24th May 1774 at Edinburgh, died before 1814;
      3. John Milne, born 15th June 1776, died young;
      4. John, baptised 23rd July 1777 at Edinburgh and died before 14th October 1814 when two of his brothers were served co-heirs. John was a naval physician;
      5. Colin, born 4th March 1780 at Edinburgh, died before 1814;
      6. Rosina Preston, born 15th June 1776 in Edinburgh and married 26th October 1803, at Humbie, East Lothian, Robert Sibbald of Humbie Mains, farmer, with issue:
      7. Colin Lauder Sibbald, baptised 20th November, 1812,  at Humbie, East Lothian,
      8. Margaret Milne Sibbald, baptised 27th May 1809 at Humbie, East Lothian.
      9. Lucinda Johnston, baptised 30th September 1778 at Edinburgh
      10. Elizabeth Edgar, born 19th November 1783 at Edinburgh, married 12th November 1805 at Edinburgh, George Guild of Demple Mains, a landed proprietor, with issue:
    1. Andrew Guild, a farmer, baptised 20th October 1806 at Longformacus, Berwickshire,
    2. William Lauder Guild, baptised 5th June 1814 at Longformacus,
    3. Margaret Milne Guild, baptised 20th July 1808 at Longformacus, died after 1852, and married a Mr.Edenborough,
    4. Janet Law Guild, baptised 20th September 1810 at Longformacus, and married 23rd January 1840 at St.Cuthbert’s, Edinburgh, Nathanial Spens, of Craigsanquhar,
    5. Elizabeth Lauder Guild, baptised 12th September 1812 at Longformacus, and married 22nd March 1836 at St.Cuthbert’s, Edinburgh, Captain, later Rear-Admiral, John Macpherson Ferguson. She died 1st October 1894 at 2 Eton Terrace,Edinburgh.

George, in Melville Mill, baptised 24th June 1660 at Edinburgh; died March 1716 at Melville Mill. His testament describes him as a ‘portioner’ or landowner; he married 2nd May 1689 at Lasswade, Marion Congiltoun, and left fourteen children, of whom the Rev.James Lauder (1712-1802) of Dun, Brechin, is of particular note, who married Esther Campbell 9th November 1771 and left issue;

Charles, baptised 14th November 1661 at Edinburgh;

Richard, baptised 31st May 1663 at Edinburgh;

David, baptised 7th March 1664 at Edinburgh; died 30th April 1690 and interred in Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh.

Andrew, writer (solicitor) in Edinburgh, baptised 27th January 1665 at Edinburgh, is mentioned in Deeds with his brother George, both being cited as sons to John Lauder of Fountainhall. A sasine registered in 1691 mentions Andrew, writer, Edinburgh, son of Sir John Lauder, elder, of Fountainhall, baronet.

James, baptised 29th April 1666 at Edinburgh;

Walter, baptised 15th November 1667 at Edinburgh;

Marion, died before 18th May 1727 when her Testament was lodged;

Elizabeth, baptised 27th August 1648 at Edinburgh;

Jonet, baptised 21st January 1658 at Edinburgh.

By his third wife, Margaret Ramsay, Sir John Lauder, 1st Bt., had:

Sir George Lauder of Iddington [Edington, Berwickshire] baptised 30th May 1673 at Edinburgh; he defiantly used the form ‘baronet’ under the terms of the original patent, until committing suicide in April 1700 in Berwickshire, unmarried;

Dr.Archibald, a ship’s surgeon, baptised 16th May 1679 at Edinburgh. Died 4th February 1704, unmarried;

David, in Iddington, baptised 30th December 1681 at Edinburgh. Following his brother George’s death, David was appointed factor at Edington. His fate is unknown.

Margaret, baptised 18th May,1671 at Edinburgh; married 14th March 1696 at Canongate Church, Edinburgh, John Fairholm of Baberton, advocate.

Elizabeth, born 25th October 1676 at Edinburgh; died January 1733, Berwickshire; married John Cunningham of Woodhall (East Lothian) and Bogangreen (Coldingham, Berwickshire), their known issue being a daughter, Margaret, alive in 1733.

The first baronet’s heir was:

Sir John Lauder of Fountainhall, 2nd Bt., Lord Fountainhall, the celebrated jurist, was baptised 2nd August 1646 and died 20th September 1722 both at Edinburgh. His funeral escutcheon (not, as G.E.Cokayne states in his Baronetage the escutcheon of the 1st baronet) is held in the office of the Lord Lyon in Edinburgh. Lord Fountainhall described accurately his immediate ancestors, maternal and paternal, in holograph notes which are reproduced in Appendix XIV (p.407) in The Grange of St.Giles (Edinburgh, 1898). He married (1) 21st January 1669 in The Tron Kirk, Edinburgh, Janet (d.27th February 1686) daughter of Sir Andrew Ramsay, Bt.,Lord Abbotshall; (2) 26th March 1687 at Edinburgh, Marion, daughter of the Reverend John Anderson, of Balram & Dysart.

Sir John Lauder, a Burgess of Edinburgh by right of his father (2nd November 1687), graduated from Edinburgh University on 18th July 1664 following which he departed for the continent residing in Poiters until April 1666. He subsequently matriculated into Leyden University, Holland, on 27th September that year. Returning to Scotland he was admitted advocate to the Scottish Bar on 5th June 1668, knighted in 1680, appointed a Lord of Session Ordinary under the title Lord Fountainhall on 1st November 1689, becoming Lord of Justiciary the following year. In 1692 he was offered the post of Lord Advocate but declined. He served as Member of Parliament for Haddingtonshire between 1685/6 and 1690-1707 and spoke against the Union in the Scottish Parliament. His book of Decisions remains highly regarded by the legal profession in Scotland. The Journals of Sir John Lauder, Lord Fountainhall (Edinburgh 1900) contain valuable genealogical information on Lord Fountainhall’s family.

By his 1st wife Janet Ramsay (interred 3rd March 1686 in Greyfriars Church)

Sir John had issue:

  1. Robert, died 17th December 1695 at Fountainhall;
  2. Sir John, 3rd bt. of whom presently;
  3. Andrew, admitted an advocate on 16th January 1703, baptised 18th September 1674 at Edinburgh and died 16th April 1764. having married Christian Anderson at Pencaitland 8th March 1711, with issue, 5 children;
  4. Alexander, baptised 14th June 1679 at Edinburgh;
  5. David, of Huntlywood [Berwickshire], advocate, baptised 30th December 1681 at Edinburgh and who died before July 1730, married (contract dated 8th March 1710) Marion daughter of Zachariah Maxwell of Blawarthill. By her, David had issue: two daughters:

    (a) Jean, baptised 13th January 1711 at Edinburgh, and married Rev.Patrick Cumin of Relugas [Moray] 26th November 1732, (this couple were grandparents of Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, 7th Bt.) with issue: ten children;

    (b) Marion, born 13th January 1711 at Edinburgh, who married on 6th November 1743 at Edinburgh, George Innes of Stow in Midlothian, a writer [solicitor] (died 7th February 1780) whose father, Gilbert, merchant in Edinburgh, was brother to Isobel Innes from whom descend the armigorous family of Mitchell-Innes of Ayton Castle & Whitehall, upon whom the inheritance of George Innes of Stow & Marion Lauder was ultimately settled.

  6. George, baptised 27th February 1683 at Edinburgh;
  7. William, born 14th May 1685 and died 21st July 1696 at Edinburgh;
  8. Janet, born 8th April 1671 at Edinburgh, married Charles Congalton, of that Ilk (d. before April 1747), and died 4th April 1751 at Congalton, East Lothian, leaving a son, William Congalton of that Ilk, who married Mary Bethune, of Balfour, Fife, with issue: ten children;

  9. Isobell, born 15th September & baptised 30th September 1672 at the Tolbooth kirk, Edinburgh. She died before October 1746 when her Testament was registered, having married Thomas Scott of Millenie (contract dated 24th April 1699) with issue:
    1. Thomas, baptised 24th November 1707, Currie, Midlothian;
    2. Andrew, baptised 24th November 1707, Currie;
    3. George, baptised 3rd July 1709, Currie;
    1. John, died before 1800;
    2. Anna, baptised 20th January 1700,Currie,and married George Cook, surgeon in Canongate, Edinburgh;
    3. Janet, baptised 14th February 1701,Currie;
    4. Margaret, baptised 14th August 1710, Currie.
  1. Anna, baptised 6th February 1677 at Edinburgh;
  2. Margaret, baptised 4th June 1678 at Edinburgh.

By his second wife Marion Anderson, Sir John had:

(12) Robert, baptised 28th January 1688 at Edinburgh & who died young.

(13) Alexander, born 9th May 1695 at Edinburgh, died before 16th April 1724;

(14) Robert, baptised 9th September 1699 at Pencaitland, East Lothian, and was served heir to his brother Alexander in 1724;

(15) Helen, baptised 13th December 1689 at Edinburgh and died 22ndOctober 1742. She married thrice: (1) James Hay of Rannes, with issue: Charles, James and William; (2) 11th January 1712 at Edinburgh, George Ogilvy 4th Lord Banff (born 4th August 1670 – died before 12th January 1718) with issue:

(a) George, baptised 20th February 1714 but died young;

(b) George, baptised 28th November 1715 but died young;

(c) John George 5th Lord Banff, born 8th February 1717, drowned 29th July 1738 at Black Rocks, near Cullen, and was buried 1st August at Banff. He married 18th August 1735 at Fleet, London, England, Mary Ogilvy.

(d) Alexander 6th Lord Banff, who succeeded his brother, was born a posthumous child on 12th July,1718. Awarded the Freedom of the City of Glasgow in 1743, this Lord Banff had a distinguished naval career becoming Captain of the "Hastings" man-o-war on 13th February 1741. He died 7th December 1746 at Lisbon, Portugal,on board HMS "Tilbury".

Helen Lauder married thirdly on 27th June 1721 at Keith, Banff, Alexander Gordon of Glengarrack.

(16) Margaret, baptised 3rd March 1691 at Edinburgh;

(17) Marion, baptised 16th March 1704 at Edinburgh and died before 18th May 1727 when her Testament was registered.

Sir John Lauder of Fountainhall, 3rd Bt., was born 3rd and baptised 5th December,1669 in Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh, and died February 1728 at Fountainhall, nr Pencaitland, East Lothian.

He married 10th August 1696 at Edinburgh, Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander Seton of Pitmedden, 1st Bt.,(d.29th May, 1719) by his wife Margaret (d.19th October 1723) daughter of William Lauder, Clerk of Session (d.1st December 1695). Sir John was admitted a Burgess of Edinburgh on 18th February 1702 and had issue:

  1. Sir Alexander Lauder of Fountainhall, 4th Bt., born 6th November

    1698 and died 17th May 1730 without issue;

  2. Sir Andrew Lauder of Fountainhall, 5th Bt., of whom below;
  3. William, baptised 10th January 1705, at North Berwick, East Lothian;
  4. John, baptised 29th March 1708, at Liberton, Midlothian;
  5. James, baptised 16th September 1711 at Liberton, and was admitted a Burgess of Edinburgh on 20th December 1734;
  6. Margaret, baptised 22nd October 1703 at North Berwick;
  7. Marion, baptised 16th December 1706 at North Berwick.

Sir Andrew Lauder (later Lauder Dick) of Fountainhall, 5th Bt., was baptised 8th May 1702, and died 6th March 1769 being interred in Greyfriars Kirk, Edinburgh. A Burgess of Edinburgh (1st August 1737) he married in 1731 his cousin Isabel (2nd November 1716 – 7th November 1758) daughter of Sir William Leslie Dick of Grange, a descendant of the Plantagenets (b.1st June 1678, d.c1755), by his wife Ann Seton (1676 – 1764) daughter of Sir Alexander Seton 1st Bt of Pitmedden. Following his wife’s death Sir Andrew Lauder assumed the additional surname of Dick. He had:

    1. John, born 9th October 1736, died young;
    2. William, born 22nd October 1739 in St.Cuthbert’s parish, Edinburgh, and died 4th January 1763 in Calcutta, India. An officer in the East India Company’s Bengal Army, he married at Edinburgh 17th December 1761, Helen, daughter of John Adam, Master of Falkirk Grammar School;
    3. John, baptised 9th January 1741 in St.Cuthbert’s parish, Edinburgh, and died 1757 in Spain;
    4. Sir Andrew Dick Lauder of Fountainhall, 6th Bt., of whom presently;
    5. Patrick, baptised 21st April 1744 at Pencaitland, East Lothian;
    6. Alexander, baptised 4th November 1745 at Pencaitland;
    7. George, baptised 21st February 1748 at Pencaitland;
    8. Charles, baptised 12th July 1750 at Pencaitland;
    9. James, baptised 24th September 1751 at Pencaitland;
    10. Archibald, baptised 28th September 1756 at Pencaitland;
    11. Hugh, baptised 15th March 1758 at Pencaitland;
    12. Ann, born 6th April 1734 in St.Cuthbert’s parish, Edinburgh;
    13. Margaret, born 23rd November 1736 in St.Cuthbert’s parish;
    14. Marion, born 2nd November 1738 in St.Cuthbert’s parish;
    15. Jane, baptised 16th December 1746 at Pencaitland;
    16. Janet, baptised 24th March 1749 at Pencaitland;
    17. Catherine, baptised 19th March 1753 at Pencaitland;
    18. Isabel, baptised 17th March 1755 at Pencaitland;

Sir Andrew Dick Lauder of Fountainhall, 6th Bt., and 4th feudal baron of Grange, Edinburgh, who also altered his surname, and quartered his arms, was born 28th April 1743 in St.Cuthbert’s parish, Edinburgh and died 16th November 1820 at Fountainhall, Pencaitland, East Lothian, being interred in Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh. He was served heir to his mother, Isabella Dick, on 28th May 1777, and married 10th October 1783 in Edinburgh, Elizabeth (d.1787) daughter of Thomas Broun of Johnstonburn [East Lothian] a cadet of the nearby Coulston family. They had two children:

Agnes, baptized 7th September 1785 at Pencaitland; and

Sir Thomas Dick Lauder of Fountainhall, 7th Bt., and 5th feudal baron of Grange, was born 13th and baptised 21st August 1784 at Pencaitland, and died 29th May 1848 at the Grange House, Edinburgh. He married 8th February 1808 at Edinkillie, Moray, his 3rd cousin Charles Anne (4th April 1785 – 22nd November 1864) heiress of George Cumin of Relugas (1746-1804) by his wife Susanna Judith, daughter of Colonel Craigie Halkett, of Hallhill in Fife.

Sir Thomas served in the 26th (Cameronian) Regiment. He subsequently became an eminent author admired by Sir Walter Scott and whom Queen Victoria chose to write the official account of her first visit to Scotland. A list of his works is given in Anderson’s Scottish Nation.

He was appointed, in 1839, Secretary to the Board of Scottish Manufactures, and, immediately afterwards, Secretary to the Board of British White Herring Fishery, positions he maintained until just before his death. For some time until 1846 he was Secretary to the Royal Institution for the Encouragement of the Fine Arts in Scotland, and was a Fellow of the Royal Society. A noted Whig, he openly supported the Reform Bill. He was Deputy-Lieutenant of the two counties of Moray and Haddington, and left issue:

  1. Sir John Dick Lauder of Fountainhall, 8th Bt., and Grange, of whom presently;
  2. George Dick Lauder of Huntlywood, baptised 14th February 1820 at Edinkillie, Moray and died 23rd February 1850 at the vicarage, Great Tew, Oxfordshire, having married 28th January 1850 at Leamington Priors, England, Antoinette Amelia Barclay (1828 – 1910) daughter to James Macpherson in Amsterdam, Holland. (She remarried 18th December 1851 at St.Cuthbert’s, Edinburgh, Gilbert (1823 – 1900) son of William Mitchell-Innes of Parsonsgreen and Ayton (1778-1860), with issue.)
  3. Elizabeth, born April 1810, died 21st August 1814 and interred in Greyfriars Kirk, Edinburgh;
  4. Susanna, baptised 23rd January 1815 at Pencaitland, was presented to Queen Victoria on 5th September 1842 and died 15th January 1872 at 12 Melville Crescent, Edinburgh, unmarried;
  5. Cornelia, baptised 22nd June 1818 at Edinkillie, Moray, was presented to Queen Victoria on 5th September 1842 and died 22nd July 1900 in Brackland Road, Callander, Perthshire, unmarried;
  6. Charlotte Gordon, baptised 22nd June 1820 at Edinkille, died 17th July 1848 at Ayton Castle, having married 23rd September,1840 at South Leith, Midlothian, Alexander Mitchell-Innes of Ayton & Whitehall [Berwickshire] (1811-1886) with issue, 6 children. (He remarried 2nd December 1852 at Puckcaster, Niton, Isle of Wight, Fanny Augusta Vine (1821 – 1902) with further issue, 9 children);
  7. Isabella, baptised 2nd January 1822 at Edinkillie, was presented to Queen Victoria on 5th September 1842 and died 20th February 1846, unmarried, being interred in Greyfriars Church, Edinburgh;
  8. Julia Jane, baptised 24th September 1823 at Edinkille, died 29th January 1911 at Phantassie House, East Linton, East Lothian, having married 26th January 1841 at South Leith, Midlothian, Thomas Shairp Mitchell-Innes of Phantassie (1813 – 1892), a son of William Mitchell-Innes of Parsonsgreen & Ayton, with issue;
  9. Madelena, baptised 3rd May 1825 at Edinkillie and died 24th April 1885. She was presented to Queen Victoria on 5th September 1842 and married 31st August 1848 at Newbattle, Midlothian, Colonel William John Wilson, Magistrate in Madras, India;
  10. Beatrice Ambrosia, baptised 15th January 1829 at Edinkillie, and died 30th March 1903 at her home, 5 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, having married 20th July 1870 George Ramsay (1809 – 1887).

Sir John Dick Lauder of Fountainhall, 8th Bt., and of Grange, was born 21st April 1813 at Relugas, Moray, baptised 5th June 1813 at Edenkillie, Moray, and died 23rd March 1867 at Bournemouth, Hampshire, England. He married 22nd May 1845 at St.Cuthbert’s, Edinburgh, Anne (2nd July 1820 – 10th August 1919) 2nd daughter of North Dalrymple of Fordel, later 9th Earl of Stair by his wife Margaret Penny (d.1828). Sir John served for two years in the Portugese liberating army and twelve years in the Hon.East India Company’s Bengal Army. He was later a magistrate and depute-lieutenant for Midlothian. By Lady Anne, his spouse, he had:

  1. Sir Thomas North Dick Lauder, 9th Bt., of Fountainhall, and Grange, born 28th April 1846 at Grange House, and baptised 12th June 1846 at St.Cuthberts, Edinburgh. He died 19th June 1919 at Villa Lauder, 16 via St.Leonardo, Florence, Italy. Sir Thomas served as a lieutenant in the 60th Rifle Regiment and the Edinburgh militia. He was a Knight of Justice in the Order of St.John of Jerusalem. He died unmarried.
  2. John Edward Arthur, born 28th July 1848; died 27th June 1913. He married on 14th October 1873, Rosa, daughter of the Hon. Charles Henry Caldecott, M.L.A., Cape Colony, res: Armalinda Park, Fort Jackson, King Williamstown, South Africa, with issue:
    1. Zella Evelyn, O.B.E. (1918), born 20th October 1875; died 8th September 1957 having married 22nd October 1904 George Leather-Culley (d.20th July 1910), of Fowberry Tower, Northumberland, sometime in the Coldstream Guards;
    2. Norma Anne, born 26th August 1878, died 31st December 1924 having married 15th October 1898 Sackville Alick Payne-Gallwey (d.3rd October, 1923) of Brandsby Lodge, Yorkshire.
    3. Marguerita Maud Elizabeth, born 1st March 1883, died 11th February 1949 having married 6th January 1914 Thomas Charles Carpenter Bolster, D.S.O.,R.N.(d.19th August 1955), with issue;
  1. Sir George William Dalrymple Dick Lauder, 10th Bt., of Fountainhall, and Grange, of whom presently;
  2. Stair, a Club Secretary, was born 4th November 1853. He died 23rd June 1945 at 8 Rosebery Crescent, Edinburgh, having married on 2nd December 1878, Eleanor Alma (d.27th February 1942) youngest daughter of George Gordon Browne Leith, of Ancaster, Canada;
  3. Catherine Seton, who died 3rd April 1932 having married Stewart James Charles Duckell, DL.,of Russellstown Park, Co.Carlow, Ireland, on 2nd August 1871 at St.John’s Episcopal Chapel, Edinburgh. Her grandfather, the Earl of Stair, was a witness to the marriage;
  4. Margaret Louisa, born c1847 and died 18th April 1928. She married 29th October 1878 Arthur Charles Van Notten-Pole (died before April 1881), a Captain in the 13th Hussars. They had a daughter, Margaret Florence, (born 1880 in the West Indies; d:20 April 1951) who married 28 July 1904, David William Milne-Home, of Wedderburn Castle & Paxton House, Berwickshire (d. 27th July, 1918);
  5. Charlotte Anne, born c1849 in Scotland and died 14th March 1936. She married firstly on 1st March 1875 in St.Mary’s Episcopal Church, Dalkeith, Midlothian, John Fletcher Hathorn, of Castle Wigg, Whitehorn, Wigtownshire, a Lieut-Colonel with the Coldstream Guards regiment. He died 16th November 1888 at Castle Wigg Cottage, leaving issue: Hugh Fletcher Hathorn, born 19th July 1877 at Castle Wigg. Charlotte married secondly on 16th April 1891 at St.Mary’s Episcopal Cathedral, Edinburgh, Francis Sommerville Head (b.c1846), then described also "of Castle Wigg", a son of Sir Francis Head, Bt., and Mary Garnet.

Sir George William Dalrymple Dick Lauder, 10th Bt., of Fountainhall, and Grange, had served in the Government of India's Opium Department (Uncovenanted Service) and was born 4th September 1852; died 7th May 1936 at his home,16 Regent Terrace, Edinburgh, Midlothian, having married (1) in 1882, Jane Emily Clifford (d.22nd August 1921), daughter of W.P.Woodward, ICS; (2) on 30th April 1923, Alice Elfride (d.2nd December 1973) daughter of Francis John Collinson, barrister-at-law. Sir George had served in the Indian Civil Service. He was the last proprietor of the former Dick family’s old Grange estate in south Edinburgh, which was subsequently broken up for housing developments, the ancient Grange House being demolished. His only child, son and heir, was by his first wife:

Sir John North Dalrymple Dick Lauder, 11th Bt., of Fountainhall, born 22nd July 1883; and died 19th September 1958 at White House, Nigg, Ross & Cromarty, having married 24th February 1914 Phyllis Mary (d.5th April 1976), daughter of Brig.,General Herbert Augustus Iggulden, CIE.

Sir John had been a Lieut.Col. in the 6th DCO Lancers of the Indian Army, served in World War One where he was mentioned in despatches, and subsequently the North West Frontier where in 1930 he was again mentioned in despatches. During World War Two he commanded the 1st Battalion Rossshire Home Guard and was an Hon.Col. 412th Coast Regt.,R.A. (TA) 1948 – 51. By his wife he had:

David John, born 10th February 1915; a spastic, who died 15th January 1943 at The Institution, Larbert, Stirlingshire;

Patricia Mary, born 20th April 1920 in Edinburgh, and married 11th June 1940 Ian Alastair George Davy, T.D.,Major QOCH, with issue;


Sir George Andrew Dick Lauder, 12th Bt., of Fountainhall, born 17th November 1917; died 11th August 1981 at Firth Mill House, Roslin, Midlothian. He married 13th November 1945 Hester Marguerite, daughter of Lt.Col.George Cecil Minett Sorel-Cameron. Sir George had been a major in the Black Watch regiment, serving in the 1939-45 war in Palestine, Sudan, Somaliland, the Middle-East, and Crete where he was taken prisoner while with the 52nd Middle East Commandos. He wrote at least two books of a military nature. His issue is:

Sir Piers Robert Dick Lauder, 13th Bt., of Fountainhall, born 3rd October 1947 at the Civil Hospital, Nicosia, Cyprus. Since 1974 he has worked as an advanced Computer Systems Scientist at Sydney University in their Basser Department of Computer Science. He is a founding member of the Australian Unix and Open Systems User Group and has co-authored Fair Share Schedule, and the Message Handling Systems network (MHSnet) used, amongst others, by the Australian Dept.,of Foreign Affairs and Trade. In 1998 Sir Piers Lauder was elected to the Australian Internet Hall of Fame. He has a natural son by Jane Elix:

  1. Angus Thomas Lauder Elix, born 1st October 1996, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Sir Piers and Jane Elix also have a foster daughter,
  2. Akira Jane Crease, born 3rd March, 2000, Sydney, New South Wales;

Sir Pier’s brother

Mark Andrew Dick Lauder, heir to the baronetcy, was born 3rd May 1951 at the British Military Hospital, Berlin, Germany. He married 16th May 1970 (div.1982) in the Roman Catholic Chapel, University of Stirling, Bridge of Allan, Stirlingshire, Scotland, Jeanne, (born c1948) daughter of Bernard James Mullineaux by his wife Dorothy Westhead. Mark and Jeanne had one son:

Martin, born 17th July 1976 at Raigmore Hospital, Inverness.

Georgina Jane, born 5th January 1949 at Inverness, and married 14th April 1973 at the Episcopal Church of the Good Shepherd, Edinburgh, Nicholas Ernest Kerr-Smiley, with issue;

Selina Rose, born 29th May 1955 in St.Joseph’s Mercy Hospital, Georgetown, British Guiana, and married 3rd September 1978 in Rosslyn Chapel, Midlothian, Piers Henry Chandler, from South Africa, with issue.

The compiler:

Gregory Lauder-Frost has been a member of the Society of Genealogists, London, since 1977, and is a member of the Council of the Scottish Genealogy Society, of which he has been a member since 1981. He was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in Scotland in 1989, and is also a member of the Borders Family History Society (since 1994) and the Heraldry Society of Scotland. He is the author of numerous historical and genealogical articles and was contributing editor to William Wallace’s biography Harry Lauder in the Limelight (1988).

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