This name is Norman in origin deriving from
DLisle meaning in Latin of the island.
The first of the name in Scotland is given as
Ralph de Insula, a follower of Walter the Steward, who witnessed a gift of
land to the monks of Paisley Abbey around 1170.
William de Lile witnessed a charter to lands
in 1222 and 1233. Alan de Insula witnessed many charters of Alexander, son
of Walter the High Steward, prior to 1252.
Both John de Lille of Berwickshire and
Richard del Isle of Edinburgh plead fealty to Edward I of England in the
Ragman Roll of 1296.
They acquired the barony of Duchal in
Renfrewshire, and extended their lands during the reign of David II,
receiving a charter to the barony of Buchquhan in Stirlingshire.
Sir Robert Lyle was raised to the peerage as
Lord Lyle by James II. The 2nd Lord Lyle was sent as ambassador to England
in 1472, he is said to have been present at the murder of James III at
Sauchieburn in 1488.
However, he appears to have been appaled at
the actual murder of the king and joined the Earl of Lennox and other nobles
to take up arms to avenge the kings death.
The fortunes of war did not favour them and
Lord Lyle was forfeited in 1489.
The estates were restored shortly after and
Lyle enjoyed high status for the rest of his life. This title is now
Another family of Lyells received lands in
Forfarshire around 1375.
This family produced a number of
distinguished soldiers, Including Hercules Lyle who fought in the rising of
1745 and was killed at the Battle of Falkirk in 1746.