During the whole of the 15th century the
Clanranald had been engaged in feuds regarding the lands of Garmoran and Uist; first, with
the Siol Gorrie, or race of Godfrey, eldest brother of Ranald, the founder of the tribe,
and afterwards with the Macdonalds or Clanhuistein of Sleat, and it was not till 1506,
that they succeeded in acquiring a legal title to the disputed lands. John, eldest son of
Hugh of Sleat, having no issue, made over all his estates to the Clanranald, including the
lands occupied by them. Archibald, or Gillespock, Dubh, natural brother of John, having
slain Donald Gallach and another of John's brothers, endeavoured to seize the lands of
Sleat, but was expelled from the North Isles by Ranald Bane Allanson of Moydart, eldest
son of the chief of Clanranald. The latter married Florence, daughter of MacIan of
Ardnamurchan, and had four sons - 1. Ranald Bane; 2. Alexander, who had three sons, John,
Farquhar, and Angus, and a daughter; 3. Ranald Oig; and 4. Angus Reochson. Angus Reoch,
the youngest son, had a son named Dowle or Coull, who had a son named Allan, whose son,
Alexander, was the ancestor of the Macdonells of Morar.
In 1509 Allan Macruari was tried, convicted, and executed, in presence of the
king at Blair Athol, but for what crime is not known.
His eldest sons, Ranald
Bane, obtained a charter of the lands of Moydart and Arisaig, Dec. 14, 1540, and died in
1541. He married a daughter of Lord Lovat, and had one son, Ranald Galda, or the stranger,
from his being fostered by his mother's relations, the Frasers.
On the death of Ranald Bane, the fifth chief, the clan, who
had resolved to defeat his son's right to succeed, in consequence of his relations, the
Frasers, having joined the Earl of Huntly, lieutenant of the north, against the
Macdonalds, chose the next heir to the estate as their chief. This was the young Ranald's
cousin-german, John Moydartach, or John of Moydart, eldest son of Alexander Allanson,
second son of Allan Macruari, and John was, accordingly, acknowledged by the clan captain
of Clanranald. Lovat, apprised of the intentions of the clan against his grandchild,
before their scheme was ripe for execution, marched to Castletirrim, and, by the
assistance of the Frasers, placed Ranald Galda in possession of lands. The Clanranald,
assisted by the Macdonalds of Keppoch and the Clan Cameron, having laid waste and
plundered the districts of Abertarf and Stratherrick, belonging to Lovat, and the lands of
Urquhart and Glenmoriston, the property of the Grants, the Earl of Huntly, the king's
lieutenant in the north, to drive them back and put an end to their ravages, was obliged
to raise a numerous force. He penetrated as far as Inverlochy in Lochaber, and then
returned to his own territories. The battle of Kinlochlochy, called Blar-nan-leine, "the field of shirts," followed, as
related in the account of the clan Fraser. The
Macdonalds being the victors, the result was that John Moydartach was maintained in
possession of the chiefship and estates, and transmitted the same to his descendants. On
the return of Huntly with an army, into Lochaber, John Moydartach fled to the Isles, where
he remained for some time.
The Clanranald distinguished themselves under the Marquis
of Montrose in the civil wars of the 17th century. At the battle of Killiecrankie, their chief, then only
fourteen years of age, fought under Dundee, with 500 of his men. They were also at
Sheriffmuir. In the rebellion of 1745, the Clanranald took an active part. Macdonald of
Boisdale, the brother of the chief, then from age and infirmities unfit to be of any
service, had an interview with Prince Charles, on his arrival off the island of Eriska,
and positively refused to aid his enterprise. On the following day, however, young
Clanranald, accompaiied by his kinsmen, Alexander Macdonald of Glenaladale and ’neas
Macdonald of Dalily, the author of a Journal and Memoirs of the Expedition, went on board
the prince's vessel. and readily offered him his services. He afterwards joined him with
200 of his clan, and was with him throughout the rebellion.
At the battles of Preston and Falkirk, the Mcdonalds were
on the right, which they claimed as their due, but at Culloden the three Macdonald
regiments of Clanranald, Keppoch, and Glengarry, formed the left. It was probably their
feeling of dissatisfaction at being placed on the left of the line that caused the
Macdonald regiments, on observing that the right and centre had given way, to turn their
backs and fly from the fatal field without striking a blow.
At Glenboisdale, whither Charles retreated, after the
defeat at Culloden, he was joined by young Clanranald, and several other adherents, who
endeavoured to persuade him from embarking for the Isles, but in vain. In the act of
indemnity passed in June 1747, young Clanranald was one of those who were specially
excepted from pardon.
The ancestor of the Macdonalds of Benbecula was Ranald,
brother of Danald Macallan, who was captain of the Clanranald in the latter part of the
reign of James VI. The Macdonalds of Boisdale are cadets of Benbecula, and those of Staffa
of Boisdale. On the failure of Donald's descendants, the family of Benbecula succeeded to
the barony of Castletirrim, and the captainship of the Clanranald, represented by Reginald
George Macdonald of Clanranald.
From John, another brother of Donald Macallan, came the
family of Kinlochmoidart, which terminated in an heiress. This lady married Colonel
Robertson, who, in her right, assumed the name of Macdonald.
From John Oig, uncle of Donald Macallan, descended the
Macdonalds of Glenaladale "The head of this family," says Mr. Gregory,
"John Macdonald of Glenaladale, being obliged to quit Scotland about 1772, in
consequence of family misfortunes, sold his Scottish estates to his cousin (also a
Macdonald), and emigrating to Prince Edward's Island, with about 200 followers, purchased
a tract of 40,000 acres there, while the 200 Highlanders have increased to 3000. "
One of the attendants of Prince Charles, who, after
Culloden, embarked with him for France, was Neil MacEachan Macdonald, a gentleman sprung
from the branch of the Clanranald in Uist. He served in France as lieutenant in the
Scottish regiment of Ogilvie, and was father of Stephen James Joseph Macdonald, marshal of
France, and Duke of Tarentum, born Nov. 17, 1765; died Sept. 24, 1840.
October 17, 1999 The Mail on Sunday
By Andrew Beaven
A Highland Chieftain yesterday made an emotive plea for planning authorities to permit the
renovation of his clan's ancestral home.
For more than 250 years Castle Tioram - once the mainland stronghold of the powerful
Clanranald - has lain in ruins.
Legend has it that the imposing mediaeval fortress was torched by clan members during the
Jacobite uprising to prevent it falling into the hands of the invading English.
Now ambitious proposals have been finalised to restore the castle.
But although the plans are to be submitted for official consideration next month,
conservationists have already voiced their opposition, believing the castle should be left
Last night the 24th chief of the Clanranald, Captain Ronald MacDonald argued that the
restoration must go ahead.
He said: "Castle Tioram is extremely important for members of my clan the world over.
There are hundreds of thousands of clan members out there, in dozens of different
"There are very few who do not cherish their Highland heritage. It gives them a
certain support wherever they may be. These people would be thrilled to know that Castle
Tioram is being given a new lease of life".
Built in the 13th century, the castle towers above Loch Moidart in the West Highlands.
It was finally destroyed by fire in 1715. Folklore has it that the blaze was deliberately
started onthe orders of the castle's occupant, Allan of Clanranald, to discourage
Hanoverian troops from taking possession.
One later historian reports that the henchman commanded to torch the castle was initially
reluctant, but eventually conceded declaring: "I shall never come back again and it
is better that our old family seat should be given to the flames than forced to give
shelter to those who are about to triumph over our ruin".
Despite its delapidation, Castle Tioram remained in the hands of the Clanranald until
early this century when it was sold to foreign owners.
Put up for sale again by its absentee American landlords in 1997 for £100,000, it was
bought by Scottish air charter millionaire Lex Brown, who immediately announced an
ambitious and controversial plan to re-roof the castle with a view to making it his home.
The new plans to restore the castle as closely as possible to its 17th century splendour -
at a cost of £3million - will be passed to Highland Council next month.
In addition to routine planning permission, the project requires Sheduled Monument Consent
from Historic Scotland, who have signalled disapproval.
The Clanranald Castle Tioram Trust, a community ownership trust which failed in a bid to
buy the property, argues it would be wrong to convert the historic monument. Spokesman Dr
Michael Foxley believes it should be left a ruin.
He said: "For almost 300 years it has stood clearly as a burnt-out shell and as a
statment to what was effectively the lordship of the isles and the Clanranald empire.
Lex Brown was not available for comment last week but spokesman Iain Crawford said
"The castle needs substantial resources to be spent to prevent it
Ranald Macdonalds of Lochaber
Ranald Macdonalds of Garmoran
Dark Isle Wolf - A clan members web site
Vindication of the Clanronald of Glengarry
With remarks as to the Descent of the Family who style themselves "Of Clanronald," &c. The following Statement, it will be seen, also involves the question of the Male Representationship of the ancient Sovereigns and Princes of the Isles; for whoever is Heir Male of Ranald of the Isles, Founder of Clanranald, is also the Male Representative of his remote Ancestor Donald of the Isles, Grandson and Heir of Somerled first King of the Isles, after whom the Macdonalds are surnamed at the present day. It is well known that the descendants of Somerled (who lived in the 12th century) were Sovereign Princes, and treated as such by Foreign Powers. (pdf)