A Journey to the
M. L. MacIntyre
MAC INTYRE: Variations in Spelling1 and Names2
Probable Sept Name
Coshem or McCoiseam
Shared or Unrelated Names5
MacTìre, MacTier and McTyr could be a sept of
Clan Ross (Clann Andrias)
1. Mac ( . . .
contracted to M’, Mc, Mc) is a Gaelic prefix meaning
"son" and corresponds to son in Teutonic names; Fitz
in Norman-French names; and to
Map, shortened to ‘ap or ‘p in Welsh names,
according to George Fraser Black in "The Surnames of Scotland,"
page 519. Many Gaelic names are translated phonetically into English to
preserve the sound of the original. Before the spelling of one’s name
became important for documents, the spelling was left to the discretion of
the writer who was often a government official. For immigrants this was
the immigration officer and the "thick" Scottish accent led to a
multitude of spellings that all sounded the same. Even in the family of
the chief of Clan MacIntyre, the spelling of the name has varied. One
researcher has uncovered a tradition of a son with the same given name as
his father, changing the "I" to "E" and vice versa,
instead of "Sr." and "Jr."
2. It was common for names to be
shortened (‘Teir) or translated (Wrightson) or both (Wright).
translations like carpenter or joiner may be synonymous with MacIntyre if
their ancestors immigrated from Scotland, especially western Scotland. One
might speculate that Wright is more common in Scotland and northern
England while Carpenter and Joiner in southern England.
4. MacAteer and its various
spellings sound the same as Mac an t-Saoir when said by a Gaelic
speaker. In Ireland, there are three possible rationales for a Scottish
connection and two possible sources for a purely Irish origin. These will
be discussed in Part II.
5. Although they are
pronounced the same in English, standing alone in Gaelic, Tire,Tier, and
Tyr can be translated as "wolf", and would not be pronounced the
same as Teir, Teer or Tere, meaning "wright." Spelling in
English as a way to differentiate Gaelic names is "iffy" at
best. Family history and location in Scotland are the best methods to
determine the most probable Clan association for a surname.
of Glen Noe Coat of Arms, St. Conan's Kirk, Lochawe, Scotland
(2 color pages of tartans)
MAC INTYRE TARTANS
ANCIENT HUNTING (FADED)
MODERN DRESS RED
ANCIENT DRESS RED
The Highland Fling at Glen Noe,
Laurie Ann MacIntyre, age 12, granddaughter of L. D. MacIntyre, author of
the first edition and daughter of M. L. MacIntyre, author of this edition.
Thanks for help in different ways go
to Martin and his wife, Rosemary, for planning and executing the
visit to Glen Noe and the publication of this Story, to my wife, Alice,
for encouragement, and help in editing, indexing and preparing the
manuscript; to Donald MacIntyre, eighth Chief of Clan MacIntyre, his wife,
Catherine, and their son, James, for photographs of the Chief and his
heirlooms; to the late Alexander James MacIntyre of Inveraray, Scotland
and his family (May, Angus and Alexander) for assistance given over the
years; to Carol (our daughter and Carl Purcell and Donald (our son) and
his wife Carol, for their financial help in getting this book published;
to our grandchildren for their efforts and interest; and to Ian Stuart
McIntyre of Bucks, England for urging me to complete and publish this
Thanks for this new edition go to
Thomas McIntyre for maintaining and organizing the historical files; to
Alan Bridgeman MacIntyre, Colin Macintyre, and Marcia McIntyre for
reviewing the new material for accuracy and adding valuable information;
to Wanda Wells and P. K. Murphy for editing; and to the many members of
Clan MacIntyre Association who re-typed the first edition into a word
processing format. Thanks also to the innumerable inter-netters who sent
corrections and additions. Writers will never again be alone.
Special acknowledgment goes to those
who have written histories of Clan MacIntyre: Chief of Clan MacIntyre,
James (V) (1875-1863); Duncan MacIntyre, 14th of Camus-na-h-Erie,
Cadet of Glenoe (1901); Alexander James MacIntyre (1895-1968); L.D.
MacIntyre (1897-1991); and Duncan McIntyre of Sydney Australia (living).
Thanks also goes to James Wallace MacIntyre, 9th of Glenoe, his
wife, Lady Marion, their son, Donald Russell MacIntyre of Glenoe, 10th
of Glenoe, and to Ian MacIntyre,17th of Camus na h-Erie.
CLAN MAC INTYRE A Journey To The
Authors: L. D. MacIntyre and Martin
Library of Congress Catalog Card
Copyright: Martin Lewis MacIntyre
Publisher: MacIntyre Publishing, 41
Temescal Terrace, San Francisco, CA 94118-4324
www.electricscotland.com/webclans/m/macintyre E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication Sponsor: Clan MacIntyre
Editor: Martin Lewis MacIntyre
Craobh de dh-abhall a gharaidh aig
Loch Eite agus Mac-an-t-Saoir
da thuath anach a 's sinne 'n
("An apple tree at Loch
MacIntyre of Glenoe are the two
farmers in Scotland.")
The apple tree and MacIntyres
of Glen Noe are both long gone. The Clan has scattered like leaves
of a tree in winter to far places of the earth. Though Glen Noe is
bereft, those who survive do honor to the motto "Per Ardua."
That the days of all who bear the name may be long and their
hardships light is the hope of the compiler of this volume, and to
them it is dedicated. MacI
The second edition is dedicated
to the memory of L.D. MacIntyre and Alice Sonnenschein MacIntyre who
lovingly prepared the first edition. MLM
Photo of L. D. MacIntyre and
L. D. and Alice MacIntyre, Author
and Editor of the First Edition
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MacIntyre, Variations in Spelling and Names
PART I. SCOTTISH HISTORY- 7000 B.C. to 1800 A.D.
Sources of Information
The Scots - Origin, Names, Clan System
The Influence of Bloodlines and Cultures
Demise of the Clan System
The Scottish Dispersion
PART II. MAC INTYRE HISTORY - c. 800 A.D. TO 2000
Origin of the MacIntyre Name and Clan
Meaning of the Name
Traditional Legends of Origin
Where From and Where To?
Second Sight and Mountain Spirits
Glen Noe - Home of the MacIntyre Chiefs
MacIntyres at Glenoe
Before the MacIntyres Came
Undocumented MacIntyre Chiefs
The Snowball and the Fatted Calf
Documented MacIntyre Chiefs
MacIntyres in the Highland Wars
The Last MacIntyre Chief at Glenoe
MacIntyres Outside of Scotland
MacIntyre Armorial Bearings
Coat and Shield of Arms
HOUSES OF CLAN MAC INTYRE
House of Glenoe
First Documented Chief
MacIntyre Chiefs and Glenoe
Recorded MacIntyre Chiefs of Glenoe
House of Camus-na-h-Erie
Prior to the First Chieftain of Record
The Chieftains of Record
House of Stranmore
House of Etive
PART IV. MAC INTYRE CULTURE
Duncan Ban MacIntyre
Other Bards, Storytellers, and Seanachie
MacIntyre Who’s Who
Clan MacIntyre Association
Clan MacIntyre Society, Inc.
Land of the MacIntyres
A Family Journey To The Past . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Martin and Rosemary
Tour of MacIntyre Country . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M. L
In Memoriam: L.D. and Alice MacIntyre M.
PART V. SCOTTISH
AND MAC INTYRE STORIES
The Stone of Destiny
The Isle of Destiny
Deirdre of the Sorrows
Two Brothers, One Pri.
The Viking and his Clach Nodha
The Viking Raid and the White Cow
Maurice MacNeil and Somerled
The Mountain Spirits and Glen Noe
The First MacIntyre at Glen Noe - Fiction by Alexander James MacIntyre The Two
Sons of Chief Duncan
The Snowball and the Fatted Calf
The Piper’s Warning
Clach Nodha and the Glencoe Massacre
Fairy Dart of Glen Noe
The ‘Loss’ of Glenoe
A Very ‘Special’ Delivery Non-Fiction by M. L.
Another MacIntyre Miracle: The ‘Wright’ man at
the Right time . . . Non-Fiction by M. L. MacIntyre
PART VI. POEMS
Verses On Arms . . . . Duncan
Ban MacIntyre Metrical translation from the Gaelic . George Calder
Free metrical description . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rev. James M. Joss,
On Samuel Johnson, Who Wrote Against Scotland . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . James 3rd Chief of Glenoe
Cruachan Beann . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . Patrick, 16th Chieftain of
Farewell To Alban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . translation by Angus Macintyre,
Nostalgia. . . . . . . . . . . . Angus Macintyre, Taynuilt
and Tobermory ? Robert McIntyre of Australia
To the Chief ……. . . . . . L. D. MacIntyre
Return of the MacIntyres . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M L. MacIntyre,
Need permission from Duncan McIntyre of Australia
for poems) Duncan McIntyre of Australia
I. The Tenure of Glenoe
II. Timeline of the World, Scotland and The
Duncan Ban MacIntyre’s Monument
MacIntyre Coat of Arms, St. Conan’s Kirk
L.D.MacIntyre and Alice MacIntye
Highland Dancer at Glen Noe, Ancestral Home of the
(Gaelic Name) Site where the cow laid down
Lairg Nodha (Stone of
the Fatted Calf)
Snow on Ben Cruachan , Midsummer’s day, 2000 A.D.
White Bull near Ardchattan Priory
Ardchattan Priory, Burial Grounds for MacIntyre
Gravestone of Duncan (I) of Glen Noe at Ardchattan
Gravestone of Camus-na-h-Erie on Isle of St. Munn ,
Cairn to the Chiefs at Glen Noe
Clach Nodha - Magic Stone
Return of the MacIntyres (from the 1976 film)
Teir Bond to Lord Glenorchy
between Donald (II) of Glenoe and Glenorchy
1746 James (III)’s
Document of Safe Passage
1770 Renunciation of
1656 Wadset (Partial)
1775 Rental Receipt
for Lease of Part of Glenoe
1808 James (V)’s
1808 Letter from Glen Noe, Scotland
1927 Letterhead of the
Clan MacIntyre Association of Glasgow
1940 Invitation to
Micum McIntyre Picnic
1955 Armorial Bearings
and Letters Patent of Camus-na-h-Erie
1991 Armorial Bearings
and Letters Patent of Glenoe
Genealogy of Prehistory MacIntyres, MacNeils,
MacDonalds, and MacDougalls
Genealogy of MacIntyre Chiefs
Genealogy and Cognizances of the Glenoe Chiefs
Genealogy and Cognizances of the Camus-na-h-Erie
Time Map of MacIntyres, Scotland, and the World
Vicinity of Glen Noe
FOREWORD TO THE FIRST EDITION
My earliest memories are of my
father’s bedtime stories about Scotland. What kind of stories could
impress a four-year-old so much?
Plenty of action? . . . These
stories had enough battles to rival the Old Testament!
An abundance of emotion? . . . There
was love and hate sandwiched between pride and revenge.
A moral? . . . Always a moral –
perseverance and justice; justice and perseverance.
A hero? . . . Aye, what better
heroes than Wallace, Robert the Bruce, and Bonnie Prince Charlie?
Yes, all of these things made a
lasting impression on me; but what I remember most was the sound of my
father’s voice, the wrinkling of his brow, and the fire in his eyes that
made me feel he had just come from the battle and was giving a first-hand
report. The cunning, the pride and instant justice were real to him and he
passed that reality on to me. The conviction and truth with which he
spoke, right down to an appropriate rolling of an "rrr" is what
I cherish to this very day.
My favorite story, although it lacked bloodletting
or a hero, was about the MacIntyres of Glen Noe -- how they arrived on the
mainland of Scotland, and why they had to leave. Somehow, when my father
told this story there was more conviction and truth than in any of the
others. Of course, we were MacIntyres, and proud of it, and this was a
story about us.
Now my father, in his eightieth
year, has summarized in this book what he knows about the MacIntyres after
forty-five years of searching for his heritage. Perhaps you will
appreciate the accuracy or the detail. I hope you will sense the passion,
the perseverance of forty-five years, the integrity, and the indignation
against the Lord Lyon King of Arms that still burns brightly in his
breast. If you only could see the fire in his eyes and hear his voice ring
with conviction, still yearning for the justice due the MacIntyres of Glen
Perhaps his story of the MacIntyres
will cause another MacIntyre to take up the standard and carry it to still
greater heights, even to the top of Ben Cruachan, if that is necessary to
find the truth and proclaim it to the world.
Martin Lewis MacIntyre, Eighth
generation removed from Scotland
FOREWORD TO THE
Since the First Edition in 1977,
many important events have taken place in the history of Clan MacIntyre.
No longer with us are Donald, eighth Chief of record, his wife, Lady
Catherine, their son, James, ninth Chief of record, my father, L. D.
MacIntyre, the author of the first edition, and my mother, Alice MacIntyre,
the editor of the first edition.
Over this same period many other
things have occurred. The Clan MacIntyre Association was formed in 1979
and with its support, James Wallace MacIntyre, successfully petitioned the
Lyon Court of Heraldry and Arms in Scotland for matriculation of his Arm
as Glenoe, the ninth Chief of record of Clan MacIntyre. There was the
accession of Donald Russell MacIntyre as the tenth Chief and the
birth of his son, James Thomas MacIntyre, the younger and heir apparent.
I can assure Sir Malcolm Innes of
Edingight KCVO, Lord Lyon King of Arms, and his officers of arms, that my
father did not carry to his grave the feelings of injustice described in
the Foreword to the First Edition. Without the assistance of Sir Crispin
Agnew of Loch Naw, Rothesay Herald at Arms Bt., and Mr. Hugh Peskett,
genealogist, the matriculation of the Arms of Glenoe would not have been
successful. The recognition of Glenoe by the Lyon Court gave my father the
elation and peace that all of us should experience at least once in our
Although the story is over for those
no longer with us, the story never ends. MacIntyres the world over must
continue to forge a bright future, search for our elusive past, and tell
our stories to the next generation so they will carry on where we leave
M. L. MacIntyre
Foreword of Unpublished History of
Alexander James MacIntyre of
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION
Beginning in 1931, I planned to
write a history of Clan MacIntyre since I found none was available and I
was curious about the roots of the people whose name I bore. This led to a
deep and lasting interest in all things Scottish. Although I was
discouraged by my first contact with the Secretary of the Clan MacIntyre
Association in Glasgow on the basis that a person outside of Scotland
would not be able to carry through such a project, I persisted. During the
years, I collected materials at the Library of Congress and the National
Archives in Washington and through correspondence with the late Alexander
James MacIntyre of Inveraray and many others; and through personal
contacts in the United States and in Scotland. Also, from Donald MacIntyre,
the present Chief of the Clan, I received a copy of the unpublished
manuscript from Alexander James MacIntyre dated 1936. A facsimile of the
latter’s deeply felt Foreword is reproduced above.
Leslie D. MacIntyre, Bannockburn, Bethesda, Maryland
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION
My father and mother, L.D.
and Alice MacIntyre, passed on to me the desire and responsibility to
revise their story of Clan MacIntyre. When our family published the first
edition, we optimistically printed 3,000 copies – all that we could
afford. This number seemed more than sufficient until suddenly, the last
copy was in sight. The choice s were, either reprint the first edition
with an addendum, or make a new edition. Considering all that had
transpired in the interim, I decided on a new edition.
I accepted this formidable challenge
knowing that Dad would be my guide for facts and Mom for language. Any
misgivings on my part for having fallen short is tempered by the knowledge
that someone must do it and my turn has come. Surely, the future will
bring forth another who will pick up where I leave off.
After completing the first draft, I
was given a copy of MacIntyres, A Clan History – a carefully
researched and personal book by Duncan McIntyre of Sydney, Australia. He
has done what I had thought impossible – matched, and in some areas,
surpassed my father’s knowledge of MacIntyre history while exhibiting an
equal enthusiasm for the truth. He has proved once again, what my father
always knew, that one could write a scholarly history of Clan MacIntyre
without living in Scotland.
Notwithstanding Duncan of Australia’s
excellent history, I have completed the second edition of my father’s
book in the belief that there is room for two visions of the same story.
The first edition of this book was
limited in size and scope to ensure its completion by L. D. MacIntyre’s
eightieth birthday. In 1977, there was a great deal of uncertainty about
recouping our family’s investment so we kept costs to a minimum without
sacrificing quality. While the second edition also has time and cost
limitations, there is no longer any doubt about interest in the subject
Most of what was in the first
edition has been retained although not always in the same sequence.
Because this may be the reader’s first encounter with Scottish as well
as MacIntyre history, I have greatly expanded the section on the origins
of our Scottish heritage and placed it at the beginning. Another major
addition is the relevant history since the first edition was published
thirty years ago. At the end of the book are stories, poems, and music by
and about MacIntyres. There is also information on Glen Noe and the
surrounding historical sites for those with the urge for a pilgrimage to
the land of their forefathers.
Martin L. MacIntyre , San Francisco, California
This history of Clan MacIntyre1
contains information collected by the original author, L. D. MacIntyre,
and by many others. His search for a history of Clan MacIntyre and its
Chief began in 1930. When he couldn't locate a history,he
decided to write one2.In 1933, he finally located in New York
State, James MacIntyre, 7th Chief of Glenoe, and his son,
Donald MacIntyre, heir apparent.
The Lyon Court of Heraldry in
Scotland did not recognize James as the MacIntyre chief. Recognition would
have required a petition proving his direct lineage from a chief living in
Scotland before 1783. In 1933, the Chief had no personal desire to be
recognized by the Court and the Lord Lyon King of Arms had no desire to
recognize a chief who resided outside of Scotland. Regardless, it seemed
unlikely that the necessary documentation could be compiled.
This did not deter L.D. MacIntyre
from trying to obtain his Chief’s recognition. His quest seemed to be as
futile as Don Quixote’s, after a representative of the Lord Lyon's
office told him in person that no petition from a claimant in the United
States would be considered even if it could be proven that his ancestors
were born in Scotland!3 While this dampened L.D.’s desire to follow
through on obtaining the Chief’s recognition, it spurred him toward
completing his second goal, a history of Clan MacIntyre. The purpose would
be to set the record straight and give both the Chief and Clan MacIntyre
the respect they were due. In 1977, forty-seven years after he had begun,
the first edition was published on his eightieth birthday.
Letterhead of the Clan MacIntyre Association of
1. MacIntyre has many spellings, some of
which are on the inside of the front cover. In this edition, MacIntyre
will be used except when individuals are referenced who spell it
differently. This is also the spelling used by the present Chief and
2. L.D. did not locate the 1901 history by Duncan MacIntyre, 14th
Chieftain of Camus-na-h-Erie, the senior cadet to MacIntyre of Glenoe
until he began corresponding with Donald, heir apparent to James, the 7th
3. As recently as 1977, the instructions specifically stated, "Grants
of Scottish Arms by Letters Patent are not made to non-British
subjects." If this prohibition had remained, it would have been
impossible for James Wallace MacIntyre or any of his descendants, to be
recognized as Chief.