In 1621, King James granted a
huge tract of land to his fellow Scot Sir William Alexander, whose charter
included not only what is still called Nova Scotia but also much of what
was to become Canada and the United States not already occupied by English
settlers. This grandiose scheme resulted in two settlements being
established, but after only 11 years a treaty gave the Nova Scotia
peninsula to the French and the Scots, mere pawns in a game of
international diplomacy, had to leave.