ENOCH BATEMAN McLAIN
COMPANY I, 4th MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY REGIMENT
McLain family line begins in America in 1776 when the family
immigrated from Scotland.
Enoch's father, Allen McLain,
was born in Scotland in 1775. He died in
Amite County in 1855.
Allen McLain married Neome Bateman
of Tennessee who was
born in 1790. Neome
died in Amite County in
1845. Their son was Enoch Bateman
McLain, (1829 - 1915) one of our direct lineal Confederate
Enoch B. McLain is related
to the Kennedy family through the Toler line. Enoch Bateman McLain's
daughter by his first wife, Nancy
Berryhill (1836 - 1855), was
Nancy J. McLain (b. 1854)
who married into the Toler family in 1877. This relationship provides
the direct lineal connection to Enoch B. McLain.
McLain served in a cavalry battalion raised in the counties of
near Liberty, Amite County.
His records were traced through Confederate Army enlistment records
for Amite County, Mississippi.
The 4th Mississippi Cavalry (battalion) was redesignated as
a 'regiment' during the war and was assigned to the western theater
of operations. It eventually served under General Nathan Bedford
Forrest's cavalry corps.
The 4th Mississippi Cavalry was surrendered with the bulk of
Forrest's command at Citronnelle,
Alabama in May 1865.
Enoch served the entire war with his unit and was mustered out of
service at the end of hostilities when his unit was demobilized at
Records of Enoch
McLain's service are almost non-existent. This is due to a couple of
reasons. First, he was only a private during the war. His accession,
pay, and mustering out
records are all that
exist since he had no major responsibilities accorded to senior NCOs
or commissioned officers. State pension records have been received as
of the date of this writing verifying the information on Enoch's
service. Additionally, many Confederate records were destroyed in
May 1863 when Jackson was burned by Sherman's corps enroute to
Vicksburg and again near the end of the war when the federal soldiers
committed unwantoned burning of dwellings and official buildings. It
is probable that his records were among the many that were lost in
Jackson or elsewhere.
important, and remarkable, is that Enoch McLain served the entire war
on $15.oo a month pay (greatly depreciated by 1865) while supporting a
family at home. In order to enlist, he had to provide his own horse
and equipment and was supposed to be paid forty-five cents a day for
the use of his horse by the Confederate government. He did not quit
service or desert but remained on duty with his regiment. He later
described his service to his granddaughter (Harriet
[Mamie] Toler) who married
Dr. William Ross Kennedy.
His descriptions of service included serving under General Forrest,
which, in fact, the 4th Mississippi Cavalry did from February 1865
until May 1865.
of the 4th Mississippi Cavalry are found in the following sources:
The Official Records, Series I, volumes 31, 32, 39, 41, 45, 48+, 49,
and 52. A capsualized unit history (enclosed in the family history
binder) is available from the Simpson Confederate Research Center,
Hill College, Hillsboro, Texas. No official unit history is cited in