OLIPHANT. Laurence, third Lord Oliphant,
(d. 1566) was the
of Colin, Master of Oliphant (killed
at. the battle of Flodden in 1513) by Lady
Elizabeth Keith, second daughter of William, third
He succeeded his grandfather John,
second lord, in 1516 and was one of the Scottish nobless taken prisoner at
the. rout of Solway Moss on 25 November 1542, his capturer being Dacre’s
servant. (2) He reached Newark on 15 December, he and other prisoners
being then so ‘‘crazed’’ by the hardships of their march that their
subsequent journey to London was a
little delayed. (3) The annual value of his lands
was then estimated at two thousand merks
Scots. or five hundred merks sterling,
and the value of his goads at
four thousand merks Scots. (4)
in England in the custody of Sir Thomas Lee.
Knt. but on 1 July, 1543, was allowed to be ransomed for eight hundred
merks sterling on condition that, along with other captive Scottish
nobles. he should acknowledge Henry VIII as lord superior, should
cooperate in procuring him the government of Scotland, and should exert
his in influence to get the infant Queen Mary delivered to Henry, to be
brought up in England. On obtaining his liberty he, however, made no
attempt to fulfil these pledges, and he declined to enter himself a
prisoner in England in August for making of his hand and promise for time
payment of the ransom.
When Lard Huntly began a
reformation of religion in his territories, Lord Oliphant in February
1560, at a meeting at Aberdeen, promised to do as Huntly advised, (5) but
it is doubtful if he ever joined against the Queen-Dowager. (6)
He died on 26 March 1566.
By Margaret, eldest daughter of James Sandilands of Cruvie, he had three
Sons and four daughters. The sons were Laurence,
fourth Lord Oliphant: Peter, ancestor of the
Oliphants of Laugton: and William.
The daughters were: Catherine, married first to
Sir Alexander Oliphant of Kellie, and secondly to George Dundas of Dundas;
Margaret, married first to William Murray of Abercairny, and secondly to
James Clephane of Carsloie; Jean to William Mincrieffe of Monrieff; and
Dilias to Robert Lundie of Balgonie.
1. Diurnal of Occurrents, p. 25 (Bannatyne
2. Hamilton Papers. Ed. Bain, i. 325.
3. ib. p. 335.
4. State Papers. Henry VIII v. 233.
5. Cal. State Papers, For. Ser. 1559 1560. entry
6. ib. 1560 1 Entry 172.
Anderson’s Oliphants in Scotland. 1879 pp. XXXVIIXL.
Douglas’s Scottish Peerage. ed. Wood. 11.333-1.