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Oliphants
OLIPHANT. Laurence, third Lord Oliphant


OLIPHANT. Laurence, third Lord Oliphant, (d. 1566) was the son of Colin, Master of Oliphant (killed at. the battle of Flodden in 1513) by Lady Elizabeth Keith, second daughter of William, third Earl Marischal.

He succeeded his grandfather John, second lord, in 1516 and was one of the Scottish nobless taken prisoner at the. rout of Solway Moss on 25 November 1542, his capturer being Dacre’s servant. (2) He reached Newark on 15 December, he and other prisoners being then so ‘‘crazed’’ by the hardships of their march that their subsequent journey to London was a little delayed. (3) The annual value of his lands was then estimated at two thousand merks Scots. or five hundred merks sterling, and the value of his goads at four thousand merks Scots. (4)

He remained in England in the custody of Sir Thomas Lee. Knt. but on 1 July, 1543, was allowed to be ransomed for eight hundred merks sterling on condition that, along with other captive Scottish nobles. he should acknowledge Henry VIII as lord superior, should cooperate in procuring him the government of Scotland, and should exert his in influence to get the infant Queen Mary delivered to Henry, to be brought up in England. On obtaining his liberty he, however, made no attempt to fulfil these pledges, and he declined to enter himself a prisoner in England in August for making of his hand and promise for time payment of the ransom.

When Lard Huntly began a reformation of religion in his territories, Lord Oliphant in February 1560, at a meeting at Aberdeen, promised to do as Huntly advised, (5) but it is doubtful if he ever joined against the Queen-Dowager. (6)

He died on 26 March 1566. By Margaret, eldest daughter of James Sandilands of Cruvie, he had three Sons and four daughters. The sons were Laurence, fourth Lord Oliphant: Peter, ancestor of the Oliphants of Laugton: and William. The daughters were: Catherine, married first to Sir Alexander Oliphant of Kellie, and secondly to George Dundas of Dundas; Margaret, married first to William Murray of Abercairny, and secondly to James Clephane of Carsloie; Jean to William Mincrieffe of Monrieff; and Dilias to Robert Lundie of Balgonie.

References:

1. Diurnal of Occurrents, p. 25 (Bannatyne Club).
2. Hamilton Papers. Ed. Bain, i. 325.
3. ib. p. 335.
4. State Papers. Henry VIII v. 233.
5. Cal. State Papers, For. Ser. 1559 1560. entry 710.
6. ib. 1560 1 Entry 172.

Anderson’s Oliphants in Scotland. 1879 pp. XXXVIIXL. Douglas’s Scottish Peerage. ed. Wood. 11.333-1.


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