The highest rank in the Peerage was introduced into England in 1337 when
King Edward III created his eldest son Duke of Comwall. The first
non-royal dukedom was created in 1448. In Scotland, the first two dukedoms
were created in 1398.
The second rank in the Peerage is derived from the Gernlan Markgraf,
signifying the guardian of a March, or border territory. King Richard
introduced it into England in 1385, and it was introduced into Scotland by
King James VI in 1599.
The third rank in the Peerage, but the oldest. Its origins are traced back
to Saxon times, when an Ealdornlan administered a shire or province for
the king. The present title of Earl, derived from the Scandinavian Jarl,
dates from the reign of Canute (1016-35).
The fourth rank in the Peerage is derived from the hereditary office of
Vice-Comes, that is, the deputy of a Count. King Henry VI introduced it
into England in 1440.
The Normans introduced the fifth and lowest rank of the Peerage into
England. A Baron was tenant-in-chief of the king, holding his land
directly from him. In Scotland, the equivalent title is Lord of
Parliament, as the word 'Baron' relates to Feudal Barons.
ORDER OF PRECEDENCE
Taken from Burke's Peerage and Gentry 106th edition. The order of
Precedence begins with the
Sovereign. The Peers, of which there are five grades are detailed in the
order of precedence below,
beginning with the highest rank of Duke -
54-Marquesses in the peerage of England.
55-Marquesses in the peerage of Scotland.
56-Marquesses in the peerage of Great Britain.
57-Marquesses in the peerage of Ireland created before the Union of 1801.
58-Marquesses in the peerages of the United Kingdom or Ireland created
since the Union.
59-Dukes' eldest sons according to the same order as dukes themselves.
60-Earls in the peerage of England.
61-Earls in the peerage of Scotland.
62-Earls in the peerage of Great Britain.
63-Earls in the peerage of Ireland created before the Union of 1801.
64-Earls in the peerages of the United Kingdom and of Ireland created
since the Union.
65-Younger sons of Dukes of the Blood Royal.
66-Marquesses' eldest sons.
67-Dukes' younger sons.
68-Viscounts in the peerage of England.
69-Viscounts in the peerage of Scotland.
70-Viscounts in the peerage of Great Britain.
71-Viscounts in the peerage of Ireland created before the Union of 1801.
72-Viscounts in the peerages of the United Kingdom or Ireland created
since the Union.
73-Earls' eldest sons and the eldest sons of peeresses in their own right
who are Countesses.
74-Marquesses' younger sons.
75-The Bishop of London.
76-The Bishop of Durham.
77-The Bishop of Winchester.
78-Other Church of England Diocesan Bishops with seats in the House of
Lords in order of seniority
of confirmation of election.
79-Church of England Diocesan Bishops without seats in the House of Lords
in same order as 78.
80-Church of England Suffragan Bishops in same order as 78.
81-Retired Church of England Bishops in order of original date of
confirmation of election (a
retired Bishop is still in valid Holy Orders and remains a Bishop).
82-Secretaries of State if of the rank of Baron.
83-Barons in the peerage of England.
84-Lords of Parliament in the peerage of Scotland.
85-Barons in the peerage of Great Britain.
86-Barons in the peerage of Ireland.
87-Barons in the peerages of the United Kingdom or Ireland created since
the Union of 1801. Life
peers, who these days are always of baronial rank, are included here, as
also are Lords of Appeal in
Ordinary, who these days are made life peers too. They rank among
themselves according to the date
of the peerage's creation or the date of appointment as a Lord of Appeal
This comment system requires
you to be logged in through either a Disqus account or an
account you already have with Google, Twitter, Facebook or
Yahoo. In the event you don't have an account with any of these
companies then you can create an account with Disqus. All
comments are moderated so they won't display until the moderator
has approved your comment.