Elsie Ritchie for this information
The Covenanting Traills
The best known senior cadet line of the Traills,
beginning with their ancestor Colonel Andrew Traill (1534 1586)
Andrew was one of the
younger sons of the Laird of Blebo, John Trail (born 1502) and his wife
Agnes Bruce, daughter of Alexander Bruce of Earls Hall and his wife Janet
Stewart. Blebo is in the county of Fife on the river,.
Andrew joined the army
about 1550 ( He was born in 1534) Till the 1570's he lived in Scotland and
fought for the Scottish King. We have his payroll details during the 1570s
as a captain. Serving under the Earl of Moray. Mary Queen of Scots half
Payit siclike to capitaine
Traill and his company for his mone this pay fra the vim day of Marche
1571 to the viij day of Aprile 1572 conforme to my lord regentis grace
precept and the said capitanis acquittance producit upoun comptvc|xxxiiij
Payit siclike to capitane
Traill and his cumpany for his monethis pay of Aprile 1572..
Payit siclike be my lord
regentis grace speciale command to Robert Portarfeild to gif xxiij men of
weir quhilk wer directit to pas to Dundie with capitane Halyburton
threttie pund, as his acquittance producit upoun compt beiris, quhilk wes
all payit agane to the comptar accept samekill awand be capitane Traillvj
Payit siclike to capitane
Traill and his cumpany for his monethis pay of Maii 1572..
Item the xij day of Aprile
be my lord regentis grace speciall command to the werkmen for thair
laubouris of the work preceded with at capitane Traills blokhouse li.
The ordinar gunnaris, wrychtis and smythis in the moneth of December the
yeir of God jmvc|xxij yeiris.
Item to capitane Andro
Traill haifing jc futemen for thair pay of this moneth as his acquittance
schawin upoun compt berisvc|xxxiiij
Item to the provest and baillies of Jedburgh [in Roxburghshire] for all
debts outstanding to the inhabitants thairof by capitaine Andro Traill and
At the end of this stretch
he went to the continent which afforded many opportunities for a career
soldier, joining the Army of the Confederate States in the Low
Countries(Holland to you and I) in the war for independence against Spain.
Led by William the Silent Prince of Orange and Nassau
Some records on Captain
Trail (as he was before he left Scotland at this time) are available
The Scots Brigade in
Holland Vol I 1572-1697 published 1899
Paid out to Captain Traill £3427-0/0d First of June 1573 to last of July
Paid out to bring the
soldiers from England to Scotland including for the soldiers of Captian
Traill (1/1/157 to 31/5/1577)
Date of licence of Andrew
Traill as captain 26/10/1577.
But during the 1580s Spain
was also involved in trying to influence the French succession. This was
called the War of the Three Henries, beginning in March of 1585. When
Andrew died in Flanders in 1586 he is said to have been in the Protestant
army fighting for Henry of Navarre, by which time he was a Colonel and in
his 52nd year. When he died he was owed the sum of £2,700
English by the Confederation, as well as £1440 by the city of Bruges. It
is probable that he had changed to Henry of Navarres protestant army
because the Dutch had failed to pay him.
In a M.S. written about
1753 by Rev. Dr. Robert Trail. Professor of Divinity at Glasgow, and Col.
Andrews grt. grandson of Rev. Robert Trail of Greyfriers, he gives a
short account of his ancestors life.
Andrew Trail brother
germain to the Laird of Blebo, was a Colonel, and for sometime in the
service of the City of Bruges, in Flanders against the King of Spain. He
served also under the King of Navarre, afterwards King Henry IV of France
in the civil wars of that Kingdom. He had the address to gain a town by
the following stratagem. He disguised himself in the habit of a woman,
with a basket on her arm, and getting admission at the gate, he stabbed
the sentinel, and gave a signal to a party in ambush, who rushed in
immediately and took the place. He expressed regret ever after for having
killed a man in cold blood.
Edinburgh, Register of
Testaments, 1514-1600; Bristol Wills, 1572-1792
West Lothian, & Midlothian;
Gloucestershire: Edinburgh; Bristol- Commissariot Record of publication of
Col. Andro's will The Commissarint Record of Edinburgh.
Register of Testaments.
First Section--1514-1600. Edited by Francis J. Grant, W.S., Carrick
Pursuivant of Arms.
Traill, Colonel Andro, in Many in Flanders 25 Jul 1586
In or about 1552, when
Andrew was serving with the Scots army as an officer, he married Helen
Myrton daughter of Thomas Myrton of Cambo and Catherine Lindsay It is
known that they had at least two sons James, and David. It seems probable
that 4 more children who settled near Andrews property Beley were his,
This has yet to be proven. David died in the Netherlands before the 15th
March 1589 when his wife is on record as having applied to The Hague for
his back pay which was granted to her and his (Davids) heirs. A David
Trail married Alison Duncan at Ceres on the 26 May 1577. They had only two
daughters Janet (b.23 February 1578) and Margaret Trail (b. 3 July 1580.)
Rendered Nov 28th 1586
(David), dead before 31st
March 1590 when Captain William Brog succeeded him. His widow and heirs
were recommended in 1594.
1588 and 1589
Foot soldiers paid by
Trail 130 men (estimated)
The Advocate of Holland
decided that no despatch of discharge should be sent regarding the others,
those namely like Trail...
Given at the Hague 20 June
similar commissions issued
on 27th June to...David Trail.
"On the request of William
Hunter de Menhal about preventing him holding transfer from the widow of
David Treyl over the service arrears of the same" [Representations to the
King made by the Ambassadors] 1/7/1594.
Helen Myrton remarried
after Col Andrews death She is commemorated on a monument at St Andrews.
It is a memorial to the Trails of Blebo, the Myrtons of Cambo [in
Kingsbarns parish, Fife; the surname probably came from the lands of
Myrton in Kemback parish; Malcolm de Myrtoun witnessed resignation by Sir
David de Wemyss of land in Fife 1373; another 14th century ancestor held
office as mair of the barony of Crail] and the Melvilles of Carnbee
[probably of Anglo-Norman descent, Galfridus de Malveill was a witness to
a grant to the church of St Andrews 1165-71]. At the top is a panel with
three shields side by side above a level cornice. The dexter coat of arms
is Colonel Andrew Trail of the House of Blebo impaling those of his wife
Helen Myrton. The centre coat of arms is Helen Myrton and her 2nd husband
Sir Robert Dennistoun. The sinister coat of arms is James Trail and his
wife Matilda Melville. The initials of the squires are along the tops of
the shields and those of the dames are down the sides. The inscription,
now indecipherable but a translation was reproduced in Monteith's Theatre
of Mortality, published in 1702- "consecrate to the memory of Helen Myrton,
a most deserving matron, first spouse to an excellent man Colonel Andrew
Trail; thereafter spouse to Sir Robert Dennistoun, Knight, counsellor and
conservator; she died 13th February 1609. As also to the memory of Matilda
Melville, a most godly woman and most choice spouse to James Trail; she
died 23rd November 1608".
James Traill of Beley Colonel Andrew
Traills heir (1555 1635)
James of Beley and later of
Killcleary, Fermanagh was 9 years old
when James the VI was born. He entered the Scots Army in 1570, When his
father and brother David went to Holland in 1577, James Traill appears to
have remained at home, where he rose to the rank of Colonel by the time
James inherited the English throne in 1603. He appears indeed to have
become a soldier attending the court, as all the records we have found of
him seem to refer to his service in Court circles.
At sometime before 1612
when Prince Henry (b 1594) died Colonel Traill was made a Gentleman of the
Privy Chamber to the young prince. In all likliehood this was probably
prior to the settlement of Ulster between 16081610. One other Scotsman
selected in the list was also like James Trail previously a Gentleman of
the Privy chamber.
James was one of the group
who were allocated land in County Fermanagh when this area was resettled
with Scots between 1608 and 1610 after the flight of the earls in 1607.
The portions were given out as follows.
The Government of James I divided the land
into estates of three sizes: 810 hectares, 607 hectares, and 405 hectares.
Estates were granted to three kinds of people: English and Scottish
settlers, who were not allowed to have Irish tenants; Servitors (men who
had served in the English army in Ireland), who might take both British
and Irish tenants; and Irishmen, who could have Irish tenants. Rents were
low, but settlers were expected to build fortified houses. The relative
small size of the estates granted reflected the lower incomes of the
Scottish lairds. King James also exercised his influence on allocations
and many wealthy towns men were rejected in favour of middle ranking
lairds with experience in handling landed estates. The nine chief
undertakers were all titled and eleven of the 50 ordinary undertakers were
also knights of the realm. In the list of the Undertakers of 1607. I found
this on the list
48. TRAIL, James: Dresternan, 1,000 acres,
Knockninny barony, Fermanagh.. This is undoubtedly the property he called
This property was quite
near Michael Balfour of Garthslarger land grant of 3000 acres. Michael
was James second cousin, as their grandmothers had been sisters. The
sisters were Agnes Bruce who had married John Traill of Blebo and Janet
Bruce who had married Andrew Balfour. Michaels brother the second
Andrews wife Mary Melville was a cousin also of Mathilda Melville James
Traills first wife. In later generations several of the Balfour family
were intermarried with the Orkney Traills, thus keeping up the family
connection, between the Balfours and the Traills.
It is recorded in the Irish
records that James Trayle, 1000 acres; took possession, returned into
Scotland.Sent over four persons to make freeholders, &c. Some timber and
provided, and six horses and mares out of Scotland.
The on the 4th
August 1618 the property was sold to Sir Stephan Butler .
According to the notes of
the Rev.David Bruce Nicholl (whose wife was a granddaughter of Rev. Samuel
Traill) James endeavored to recover the sums due to his father by the
Flemish cities, and in the year 1625 petitioned the new King Charles 1 for
leave to arrest a ship and goods belonging to the City of Bruges in
London, but although Sir Henry Martin, the Judge of the Admiralty, gave a
favorable report, the petition failed in pursuit, owing, as was, believed,
to the influence of the Duke of Buckingham, (George Villiers first became
a courtier and the Kings James favourite in 1615). whose favour had been
gained by the opposite party: nor could James Trail ever afterwards obtain
payment of any part of the debt. By which means together with the expenses
of the prosecution, Col Traill was so far reduced as to be obliged to sell
the small paternal estate of Beley.( this implies that both Killinchy and
his home at Anstruther were better and bigger properties) James whose
second marriage to Grizzell Myrton had according to his son Robert
numerous children, retired to Anstruther, where he appears to have had a
second home as he is referred to as James Traill of Anstruther in
documents in 1622. James of Beley died at Anstruther on 26th
April 1635, at the age of 80. He was known to have been a godly man
according to a biographer of Robert of Greyfriers . Although we do not
know all the names of this second family Thomas, and Catherine appear in
the records at Anstruther at this time.
Lt Colonel James Traill of Tullochin (1597 1663)
His eldest son James became
known as James Traill of Tullochin, a strong supporter of the
Parliamentary army. Notes taken by Rev. Samuel Trail D.D from a manuscript
seen by him give some idea of James life.
December 1597, died 18th May 1663. In 1624 he is first recorded
as matriculating in theology at Leiden University in the Netherlands, on
the 2 May 1624.. He then became employed as tutor to Mr. Greville, heir of
Lord Brooke and afterwards traveled with the eldest son of Lord Carlisle,
then (1630) Ambassador at Paris. Afterwards perhaps from his connection
with Lord Brooke who was a general in the Parliamentary Army and was
killed at Lichfield in 1642) he entered the Parliamentary forces, and rose
to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He was much esteemed by Cromwell as a
brave and skilful officer. (Oliver Cromwell said of him "If only I had
10,000 James Traills, I would drive the Pope out of Italy".)
It is known that many of
the Parliamentary Army were given land grants to make up for arrears in
salary. It appears that he may have already been a soldier of the
occupation forces when he married Mary Hamilton on 21st March,
1646 being the Sabbath day in Ireland. Mary was the daughter of John
Hamilton of Hamilton Bawn or Baune, County Armagh, brother of the Rt. Hon.
It is also on record that
in 1649 James Trail was forced to leave Ireland on account of malignants
and that he remained for some time at Roberts in Edinburgh. The public
record describes problems in Ireland at the time
1641 AD The native Irish assisted by the
Hiberno-English rose in rebellion and attacked the settlements of
Anglicans and Presbyterians. They drowned, murdered, and burned alive,
men, women and children. While the stories say that they killed 200,000
people, this is probably grossly overestimated.
1642 AD Owen Roe O'Neill returns from
Spain and forms his 'Catholic Army of Ulster'. A battle is fought at
Battletown outside Comber, where Viscount Montgomery and his forces
repel the rebels. No further action takes place in North Down.
1646 AD The Catholic Army of Ulster
defeats the English at Benburb.
1649 AD Oliver Cromwell lands in Dublin.
With Irish resistance on the wane he takes Drogheda by storm and then
Wexford. He found on entry that the local protestants had been tortured
and massacred, not only by the locals but also by the English garrisons.
He gave no quarter and put to death 2600 in Drogheda and 2000 in
James was in Edinburgh when
Cromwell took the castle in 1650, and it was due to Cromwells knowledge
of James that Robert was treated well. .At Sometime in the 1650s James no
doubt as many other volunteer soldiers did who had fought for Cromwell,
received land in lieu of his back pay and this land near Killyleagh he
named Tullochin.. The last portion of this property was sold in 1770, by
his grt gramdson, the Rev. Hamilton Trail, who died in 1795, aged 75.
Thus James Traill of
Tullochin finally settled permanently in Ireland where he is buried in the
graveyard at Killyleagh. As recorded below.
Killyleagh Church of Ireland Graveyard
O. S. 24 Grid Ref. 528527
Traille/Trail /M. D., 12, 374. Memorial
tablet in south wall of the nave, with arms:- a chevron between two
lozenges in chief and a trefoil in base (Traille), impaling three
cinquefoils piereced, on a chief a human heart of the field (Hamilton)/.
Heere lyeth the body of Lef. Col. Jam(es) Traille who having severall
years faithfully served his mast. in ye warr against ye Irish Rebells
departed th(is) life at Tollachin 18 May 1663, haveing had issue by his
wife Mary Traille als Hamilton, daughter to John Hamilton of Hamiltons
Baun in ye county of Ardmagh, Esqr., broth(er) to ye Right Honl. ye Lord
Viscount Claneboys; 4 sons & 8 daughters, James, John, Hans, James, Jane,
Ann, Mar(y), Mathelda, Sarah, Ellenor, Magdalen, Margaret. Here lieth the
body of Elizabeth Trail alias Read of Hollypark who departed this life 10
Jan 1818. And also near to this lies the remains of her husband, the Revd.
Archibald Hamilton Trail of Hollypark, Killinchy, who departed this life
16 Apr 1844 in the 89th year of his age.
Rev. Robert Traill (1603 1677) of Greyfriars,
Col.Andrew Traills second
grandson A tough old Covenanter and Robert of Elys father
Robert born in 1603 was
educated at St Andrews. Here Follows A Summary by the Rev. Samuel Trail
from Robert Traills memoirs written for his children.
in March or April 1603, when King Jqmes VI, went up to London, to receive
the crown of England. His father and mother were then living in the
village of Bealie or Beley in the parish of Dunino near St Andrews. Mr.
William Patterson, Minister of the parish, baptized him. In his 3rd
or 4th year his father went to live in St. Andrews, where
Robert was put to school under a Mrs. Janet Auchenbeck. He was treated
with particular kindness by his grandmother Helen Myrton, who had been the
wife of Colonel Andrew Trail. At 5 years of age, in 1608, he was put to
the Grammar School under Mr. Henry. At 14 years of age (1617) he entered
the college under Mr. Robert Barron, Regent. At the end of his first
course his father went to live in Anstruther (1621). About 1623 the
service book or English liturgy was brought into the Divinity College by
the bishop and Professor Wedderburn for morning and evening prayers. In
the 3rd year of his Divinity course (1824) his elder brother
James, being in France, with his pupil, the son of Lord Brook, wrote to
him to go to France, for which country he sailed in 1625.
When Rochelle was taken by
king Louis XIII in 1628, the old Duchess de Rohan, mother of the famous
Duc. De Rohan and of the Duc de Soubize, came to a house of her own in the
parish in which Robert Trail was teaching. He became acquainted with the
Duchess and taught English to her daughter Mademoiselle Anne de Rohan
He did enter his training
for the ministry and in 1630 took a position as chaplain to the Marquis of
Robert Trail of Greyfriers
from his own memoirs.
He resolved to return to
On his arrival in London he
met his brother James, who had been travelling with the son of Lord
Carlisle, and who advised him without delay to enter the ministry. Robert
arrived in August in Kirkcaldy and went to Anstruther Easter to see his
father whom he found greatly reduced in circumstances by the loss of the
lawsuit to recover arrears due to Col. Andrew Trail and by the burden of a
numerous family by his second wife. Robert assisted his father with the
money he brought from France.
In 1637 he expressed great
satisfaction with the resistance to the service book and the downfall of
In 1639 he was called to
the Parish of Ely, which by Mr. Arthur Auchinbeck. In the same year on
December 23rd he married Janet Annand (called has been newly erected out
of the Parish of Kilconquer. He was inducted on July 17th 1639,
Jean in M.S.Folio) Daughter of the Laird of Auchterellon, in the county of
Aberdeen, and by her had 3 sons and three daughters, all living in 1669,
when he wrote the memoir of his life. William, who died minister of
Borthwick; Robert, the author of the following sermons had no children;
James, lieutenant of the garrison in Stirling castle; Helen, married to
Mr. Thomas Paterson, minister of Borthwick; Agnes, married to Sir James
Stewart of Goodtrees, Lord Advocate of Scotland, and Margaret, married to
James Scot of Bristow, writer in Edinburgh.
Extract from the session
Minutes or Parish registry of Ely in Fifshire, relative to the Reverend
Robert Traill, copied from the original Papers in the hands of Dr. William
Trail, Chancellor of Connor.
Trail was ordained the
first Minister of the gospel at Ely, having been presented thereto upon
the 17th July 1639.
He was indefatigable in his
labours in this newly erected parish. The towns people, who at that time
carried on a considerable trade, had been in the use of wandering into the
country on the Lords day, to visit friends and transact business; others
who remained at home were so eager in gaining the worlds good opinion that
they bleached their linen on that day. To put a stop to these gross
profanities, diverse very proper laws were made and publicly intimated.
Amongst others it was enacted that those who do not keep the Kirk when
they conveniently can, be fined 40pence Scots for the first fault, 6
shillings and 8 pence for the second and so on toties quoties. To the end
that all people might be effectively engaged to their own parish church,
and the poor duly taken care of, as if they were obliged to bury their
dead in their own church yard.
The elders were very
punctual in their visitations, both before and after noon, in the time of
public worship, and in making their reports to the session, which was held
weekly, commonly on the Sabbath evening, sometimes in the middle of winter
on a Monday, which was the day they had constantly a weekly sermon upon so
that no delinquency of any sort was overlooked.
There was an order for
catechizing in summer every Thursday; beside every Lords Day, between
five and six in the evening.
When the sacrament of the
Lords Supper, intimation was made on the Sabbath immediately preceding,
and the congregation exhorted to attend on the Doctrine of preparation the
Saturday following. In less than ten years it was dispensed 14 several
times, and for six of these for two Lords days running. These solemnities
were always concluded by a sermon of Thanksgiving on Sabbath evening. As
these times were full of trouble and danger numbers of humiliation days,
both public and private were kept, no fewer than sixty four in aforesaid
space, including Thanksgiving Days, two whereof were celebrated on account
of victories, and a third for the taking of Newcastle.
7th May 1643.
The Rev. Robert Trail gave his own oath for publicly de fideli
administration officii sui" he took the oaths of the elders to the same
effect. The solemn League of the covenant were twice publicly sworn to and
(Then follow two receipts
from Samuel Rutherford, Moderator of the Presbytery of St. Andrew to
Robert trail for a contribution from Ely parish to the common cause,
consisting of 5 pieces of Gold of Queen Mary, each worth £4, and other
money amounting in all to 600 Merk or £400, date 26 June 1640, the second
receipt for £100 from Ely parish for the distressed poor of Argyll and a
third collection of £60 for relief of some persons of quality from
The Rev. Robert Trail
during his incumbency was necessarily absent from his parish at different
times upwards of 12 months, once at Aberdeen, twice at the general
Assembly, and twice with the army in England, where he continued six
months at one time.
He married Jean Annand,
December 20th 1639 and while in this parish had children by her
two sons and three daughters. (the youngest James, later of Stirling
Castle was born in Edinburgh 10th March 1651)
William baptized Sept. 28th
Robert ditto May 9, 1642
Helen ditto March 14, 1644
Agnes ditto Feb. 6, 1646
Margaret ditto Jan 31, 1648
He preached his farewell
sermon before his move to Edinburgh upon 11th March 1649
The above particulars were
extracted from the register belonging to the Parish of Ely 25 April 1650,
by (signed) John Reid, Sessions Clerk.
In 1640 Robert was
appointed to attend the army for three months. In 1644 he attended
Erskines, called "The Ministers' Regiment. In 1647 he was sent to the army
in England to attend General Lord Leslie for 4 months
In 1649 he became minister
of the Greyfriers Church in Edinburgh, as Colleague to Mr. Mungo Law.
In the same year the
Edinburgh records show
Midlothian: Edinburgh -
Roll of Burgesses, 1406-1700
Roll of Edinburgh
County: Midlothia; Country:
Traill, Mr. Robert, B. and
G., "ane of the ordinarie pastors of this Brugh," by act of C. of 21 Mar
1649 inst. 14 Mar 1649
Montrose, who had refused
to have any part in the Solemn League, accepted the King's commission as
Lieutenant General, commanding the Royalist Army in Scotland. After defeat
at Marston Moor, he returned to Scotland in disguise and raised a small
force including some 1,000 wild Irishmen and Islemen commanded by Alistair
MacDonald. Montrose led his small force to victory in six battles against
the odds and carried fire and sword into the lands of the Campbells. Just
when the Lowlands lay before him, Montrose was defeated by Leslie at
Philliphaugh. But the Covenanting victory was stained by a horrible
massacre of Royalist prisoners, echoing that which has occurred after the
Battle of Naseby.
After Montrose was
condemned in 1645, Mr. Robert Trail and some others attended him in prison
and were authorized to take off the sentence of excommunication, which had
been pronounced against him by the Church, but Montrose did not desire
this. On 21st May 1650 Mr. Robert Trail and Mr. Mungo Law attended the
Marquis on the scaffold for the same purpose, but he did not apply to
them. Mr. Trail wrote a short account of the Marquis' behavior. ( See the
Edinburgh Magazine. Part of the sentence against Montrose was, that in
case he should not repent, whereby the sentence of excommunication might
be taken off by the Church, his body should be buried in the Greyfriers,
of which the said Robert Trail was Minister, on which account he was
chosen to attend him.
In 1647 the Rev. Robert Traill was sent to
the army in England to attend General Lord Leslie for 4 months,
In 1650 he was described as
one of the "Grim Geneva Ministers in the poem on the Execution of Montrose
by W.E. Ayton
The grim Geneva ministers
With anxious scowl drew near,
As you have seen the ravens flock
Around the dying deer.
In 1651) 1st January Mr
Trail assisted the Coronation of Charles II at Scone. After Charles II
came to Scone Mr. Traill was employed to carry to him a declaration for a
fast on account of the sins of the King's House. The King with a slight
alteration, assented. Mr. Trail preached before him.
In December 1650 the Castle
of Edinburgh surrendered to Cromwell. Robert Trail who was inside the
castle when it surrendered was spoken for by his brother James, who was
with Cromwell's army beseiging the castle. Cromwell who had a very high
opinion of James Trail agreed to let Robert go free, after an interview
held with Robert while he was severely wounded. While inside the castle
R.T. had found the original M.S. of Melvilles Memoirs, which he delivered
to the Melville Family. from it the Memoirs were afterwards printed.
A record of the interview
between Oliver Cromwell as handed down in the family is recorded in his
grt grandson Dr. Robert Trails Brief Account
When Cromwell came to
Edinburgh, he showed kindness to Robert who was in the castle, when it was
taken, on his brothers account, and told him that he would be glad of an
opportunity of serving him, to which the Rev. Robert replied that Oliver
Cromwell had been persecuting the people of God in Ireland and was now
come to do so in Scotland, and that he (Robert) desired none of his
favours. Cromwell said "God forbid that he should ever persecute the
people of God anywhere and ordered Robert Trails effects to be brought
carefully out of the castle and carried to his own house
Robert of Greyfriars
although much appreciated by his congregation fell out of favour with
Charles II in 1661.
When Charles the second
returned some of the Presbyterian ministers were disappointed by his
failure to keep some of his promises.
Woodrow says (Vol.1 73) "Mr
Trail was brought before the Parliament towards the end of March 1661" and
gives his speech at full length.
On Aug.23,1660 the
Protectors met near to the place where the Committee of Estates was
sitting. They drew up a Petition to the King, putting him in mind of his
Oath of the Covenant. The committee sent to them three times, ordering
them to disperse and disown their petition and tear it. This offer being
refused, The committee sent three of their number to apprehend them and
commit them as prisoners in the Castle of Edinburgh.
Those imprisoned were
Messrs James Guthrie, Robert Traill of Edinburgh, John Stirling, the
Marquis of Argyll was beheaded.
"They were charged in a
proclamation with intending to rekindle a civil war, and embroil the
kingdom in new trouble, The King was most jealous of them, neither were
they less jealous of the King. The chancellor told them that the King
would not meddle with their lives, but would not suffer any man who would
own the Remonstrance of 1650 to live in Scotland, but would send them to
Mr. Traill, was imprisoned
seven months in Edinburgh, and banished from the realm. His answers to his
libel do him much honour, as a man and a Christian. From these, and some
of his private letters still extant, he appears to have been a judicious
and holy servant of our Lord Jesus Christ. He afterward returned to
Scotland, and died during the time of the persecution; we have seen
nothing of his in print, but a letter to his wife and children, from
Robert Traill was sentenced
to banishment 9th December 1662 and had to sign a declaration
"I , Robert Traill,
Minister at Edinburgh, bind and oblige me to remove forth of the Kings
Dominions within a month after the date hereof, and not to remain within
the same thereafter under pain of death. For witness whereof I have
subscribed there presents at Edinburgh Dec.11, 1662
signed Robert Traill
Robert Trail then left and
went to Holland in `1663; returned to Edinburgh sickly in 1674; and died
of palsy 10th July 1676 being 74 years of age. Dr. Robert Trail
records that after his grt grandfathers return to Scotland in 1674 he was
still obliged to hide.
The Greyfriars kirk
committee took the risk of sending the stipend to Robert of Greyfriars in
Holland in case he needed it.
The record reads
24th July 1663- The Bailyie
Johne Lawder having reported that Jean Annan spous to Mr Robert Traill
late minister of this burgh is necessitate to goe beyond sea to waite upon
her husband [Mr Robert Traill, having refused the oath of allegiance, was
banished] and thairfor humblie desyris that the Lord Proveist Baillies and
Counsale wold be pleased to advance unto her so mutch of the money
addebted to hir husband be act of Counsale...as they may with convenience
And the Counsale finding that be the said act...there is resting to the
said Mr Robert of principall and annuelrent the sowme of ane thousand
seven hundreth and sevintie pund Thairfor they ordaine Johne Fullertoun
late collector of the merk on the tun to content and pay to the said Jean
Anane or to Johne Lawder in hir name the sowme of seven houndreth and
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