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Canadian Scottish History
Part 1


Got a story of a Scots ancestor?  Then do send it in for inclusion on these pages to Alastair

  • The Canadian
    This is our own sister web site dedicated to Canada.
  • The Scot in British North America
    This is a 4 volume set about the Scots in Canada and the great part they played in its creation.
  • The Scotsman in Canada
    This is a 2 volume set with volume 1 being on the Scots in Eastern Canada and volume 2 being on the Scots in Western Canada.
  • The Scot at Home and Abroad
    Being the substance of a lecture by Scots Canadian Poet John Imrie.
  • Commemorative Biographical Record of the County of Kent, Ontario
    These are extracts from this publication which was printed in 1904.
  • History of Bruce County, Ontario
    By Norman Robertson (1906)
  • Alberta, Past and Present, Historical and Biographical
    By John Blue, B.A. (1924)
  • Books by John McDougall
    John McDougall was born in 1842 in Sydenham, Upper Canada to George and Elizabeth McDougall. George McDougall was a Scottish Methodist missionary and, as a result, John grew up attending mission schools and learning to speak Ojibwa and Cree. He wrote several books about his life growing up in Alberta.
  • The Scot in New France
    By J. M. LeMoine (1881)
  • Scottish Myths from Ontario
    By C. A. Fraser
  • The constitution of Canada in its history and practical working
    By William Renwick Riddell, LL.D.
  • A look at Canada and Canadians
    From an article in July 2011 in MacLean's Magazine
  • Tommy Douglas
    In 2004, in a vote conducted by the CBC, Canadians elected him the Greatest Canadian of all time.
  • Falling Brook Farm Heitage Site
    The fight to keep the site in Georgetown, Ontario.
  • Robert Dunsmuir
    Coal-miner, entrepreneur, and politician
  • Sir Hugh Allan
    Shipping magnate, railway promoter, financier, and capitalist
  • Selkirk Faire
    The 2008 Faire outside Wallaceburg.
  • Tartan Day in Toronto
    Some pictures from the 2007 event courtesy of David Hunter.
  • The  Hastings & Prince  Edward Regiment
    The Hastings & Prince Edward Regiment is a reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces.
  • Sir William Alexander
    He was knighted in 1609, granted the plantation of Nova Scotia in 1621 and made Viscount of Canada. He was appointed Secretary of State for Scotland in 1626, and was created Earl of Stirling in 1633.
  • John Macdonald of Glenaladale
    Laird of Glenaladale and Glenfinnan, philanthropist, colonizer, soldier, born in Glenaladale, Scotland, about 1742; died at Tracadie, Prince Edward Island, Canada, 1811
  • Pioneer Drawings
    Some drawings that might give you a better idea of early settlement issues
  • Douglas Brymner
    Famous Archivist of the Dominion of Canada from 1872.
  • Dr. Thomas McCulloch
    In November 1803, a ship arrived at Pictou from Scotland. Among its passengers were Reverend Thomas McCulloch D.D., his wife and their children, all bound for Prince Edward Island, where McCulloch was to minister a Presbyterian congregation.
  • Stan Rogers and General Brock's War [External Link]
    The War of 1812 was fought largely in Southern Ontario, on a front from Michilimackinac in the Northwest to the St Lawrence river, especially in the small area between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Historians regard the war as a critical event in the histories of the United States and Canada.
  • Rev Charles Jas Stewart Bethune
    The Bethune family trace its lineage very far back in Scottish and French historical records. The first of the name came to Scotland in the reign of Malcolm the Third, a contemporary of William the Conqueror, in the eleventh century.
  • Hon. Malcolm Cameron
    Was the son of Mr. Angus Cameron, formerly of Argyleshire, Scotland, and who came to Canada in 1806, as the hospital sergeant of a Highland regiment.
  • Archibald Hamilton Campbell
    Of Toronto and born on 12th August, 1819, at Carbrook, Stirlingshire, Scotland, the country seat of his father, John Campbell, W.S., who was born in 1770, and who was the great grandson and representative in the male line of John Campbell of Easter Shian and Garrows, in the County of Perth, grandson of John Campbell of Edramuckie Castle, on Loch Tay.
  • Sir Alexander Campbell
    By name and blood a Scotchman, by birth an Englishman, and by adoption a Canadian.
  • Rev. William D.D. Caven
    Principal of Knox (Presbyterian) College, Toronto, was born in the Parish of Kirkcolm, Wigtonshire, Scotland.
  • The Story of Renfrew
    This is a pdf file of the book in which you can learn about the many Scots who settled in this place in Ontario. Names like McIntyre, Wright, Ross, MacLean, and many others.
  • Captain William Bigger Chisholm
    He later commenced fruit growing and packing, etc, he introduced the present improved mode of handling fruit for market, and is now running the largest fruit package and basket factories in Canada.
  • John Crerar
    Barrister-at-law and County Crown Attorney, Hamilton, was born at Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland, in 1836.
  • Andrew Darling
    In 1879, he associated with him his brother Thomas, and commenced business in Toronto, the firm being styled A. & T. J. darling & Co. This firm deals in hardware. Through the sound business qualities of its members, it has pushed its way steadily onward, and is now one of the leading  establishments of its kind in the Dominion.
  • George Andrew Drew
    Of the village of Elora, in the county of Wellington, Ontario, judge of the County Court of Wellington, local judge for the High Court of Justice for Ontario, chairman of the General Sessions of the Peace, and judge for the Surrogate Court for the County of Wellington
  • William Galbraith
    The Galbraith family is a race of millers, our subject being the fourth generation, all having been engaged in this pursuit.
  • The Family of Crewe
    Mostly based in South West Ontario
  • John Morlson Gibson, Lt.-Colonel
    In 1884 he was appointed to the important chairmanship of the Standing Committee on private bills, a position requiring the exercise of much tact and judgment.
  • James A. Grant
    M.D., Ottawa, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, London; Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh; Corresponding member of the Boston Gynecological Society, the distinguished gentleman who form the subject of this sketch was born at Inverness-shire, Scotland, on the 8th August, 1830.
  • Rev. William Gregg
    He was moderator of the Presbyterian Church of Canada, usually called the Free Church, in 1861, when the union was effected between this church and the United Presbyterian Church of Canada.
  • Alex Allan Henderson, M.D.
    Dr. Henderson originated the idea of and was the first in Canada to apply successfully the plaster-of-Paris jacket for the immediate relief and subsequent cure of spinal irritation without any deformity.
  • William Henderson
    He was destined in the troublous times of 1837 to be in the melee, and was found in the city guards aiding in restoring order and maintaining the law. Always taking a broad and intelligent view of civic affairs and public matters generally, he came to be recognized as one who should be in a legislative sphere.
  • Historical Essay on the Scots of the Upper St. Francis District of Quebec
    An interesting account of the Scots who settled here and the progress they made.
  • Robert Henry
    Ex-Mayor of the City of Brantford was born in Perthshire, Scotland, on November 30th, 1844.
  • The Iona Peninsula
    The Iona area is rich in Scottish heritage. It was first settled in the early 1800's by MacNeils from the Island of Barra in Scotland.
  • Adam Laidlaw
    Mr. Laidlaw organised a Joint Stock Company, under the name of Laidlaw Manufacturing Company, Mr. Laidlaw occupying the position of vice-president and manager.
  • John Woodburn Langmuir
    A review of his fourteen years of official labour would practically comprise a history of Ontario's public institutions' system. His reports to the legislation number fourteen large volumes, aggregating 4,000 pages of printed matter. No less than eight important public institutions were founded and organized under his supervision.
  • Sir William E. Logan
    The eminent, and distinguished geologist, was born in Montreal on the 20th of April, 1798. His grandfather, James Logan, and his grandmother, Margaret Edmund, were natives of the parish of Stirling, Scotland.
  • Dr A. A. Macdonald
    He arrived in Toronto in 1878, and has been practising his profession in that city every since, each year with increasing success, till now he had one of the largest practices established in the Queen City.
  • Hon. John Sandfield Macdonald
    Was descended from a Highland family of much antiquity and respectability, and was born at St. Raphael, on December 12th, 1812.
  • Right Hon. Sir John Alexander Macdonald
    It was he who led and shaped the movement, and conducted negotiations in the maritime provinces and in England; and in recognition of his zeal and service he was called to lead the first administration under confederation, and had a knighthood conferred upon him.
  • Archibald McKellar
    During the last four years of his political life he was a member of the Government, both in the Blake and Mowat administrations, as Commissioner of Public Works and Minister of Agriculture and Emigration, and afterwards as Provincial Secretary.
  • William Innes Mackenzie
    He managed the construction of the celebrated Thames embankment, one of the most wonderful works in the world.
  • John Innes Mackenzie
    He was prominent in establishing the Dominion Telegraph Company, and was vice-President of that organization for many years. He was also a Director of the Wellington, Grey & Bruce Railway during the construction of that road; was an alderman in the city of London and Hamilton.
  • William Lyon Mackenzie
    The staunch and impulsive Reformer and editor of the The Colonial Advocate.
  • Charles Herbert Mackintosh
    M.P. for the city of Ottawa and editor of several newspapers.
  • Honourable Sir David Lewis Macpherson
    Was appointed Speaker of the Senate, and member of the Executive Council without portfolio, and this position he held till the 17th of October, 1883, when he resigned the speakership and was appointed Minister of the Interior.
  • Hon. Oliver Mowat
    Perhaps the event in his career of which he feels and ought to feel, most proud, is having obtained in England, before the Judicial Committee of the Imperial Privy Council, a decision in favour of Ontario for an extensive territory long in dispute and supposed to comprise 100,000 square miles.
  • John Muir
    Barrister and Captain
  • Books on Scots in Canada
    Here is a listing of books about Scots in Canada that are held by the National Library of Scotland.
  • Thomas Ogilvy Anderson
    One of the leading and most public spirited mercantile men in the "Queen City of the West".
  • Archibald Henry Macdonald
    Lieutenant-Colonel, commanding the 1st Provisional Brigade of Field Artillery, Active Militia, Barrister-at-Law and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Ontario.
  • William Bell
    The head of the well-known firm of organ-builders at Guelph, Ontario.
  • William Brown
    D.L.S., C.E., Professor of Agriculture, Guelph Agricultural College, was born on the 14th April, 1835, at Turriff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. He is a son of James Brown, LL.D., author of "The Forester", and now a resident of Port Elgin, Ontario, Canada.
  • Rev. Dr. George Bryce
    Author of "Manitoba; its Infancy, Growth and Present Condition" and many other books.
  • Sheep Farming in Canada
    Taken from the Colonial Advocate, Thursday, June 3, 1824. Published by W. L. Mackenzie, Bookseller, Queenston, Upper Canada.
  • Upper Canada Gazette
    Or American Oracle, Volume 1, Number 1, Thursday, April 18, 1793.
  • Proclamation
    By WIlliam Lyon MacKenzie in 1837.
  • Colonial Advocate Newspaper
    No. 1 Tuesday, May 18, 1824
  • Wallaceburg
    The settlement of Wallaceburg, Ontario.
  • Ross, Arthur Wellington
    An M.P. lawyer and developer.
  • Hon. Malcolm Cameron
    Ferry boy to Politician.
  • Stuart, John
  • Crieff in Ontario
    A Scottish community
  • Lewis Grant, PLS
    A substantial account with many letters
  • Hon. John Simpson
    Senator, banker and businessman.
  • Sir William Grant
    Attorney-General of the Province of Qubec
  • D. McTavish
    Partner in the North-West Company of Canada.
  • Lt.-Col. Thomas Ross
    Accountant of Contingencies, Finance Department, Otawa
  • John Allan Cameron
    Cape Breton musician who served as honorary chieftain of the Fergus Scottish Festival and Highland Games for more than 20 years.
  • Neilson
    Father and son created the largest diary operation in Canada.

Continue to Part 2

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