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American History
Chilocco - Today and Yesterday

Chilocco, Printing Press

The print shop was a very important part of the Chilocco campus. This is where the weekly school newspaper called The Indian School Journal was printed. The school annual was set up on the presses for the Seniors. There were other individual jobs also. Printing of flyers and whatever might be needed for the population of what is sometimes called a small town.

Home Economics was my vocational  trade but I was assigned to the Journalism teacher for my work detail. We worked for one half a day on a detail and went to academic schooling for one half day. Time was divided between our trade and this work detail. I can't remember if I had three days detail and two for trades, one half a day, or visa versa. Anyway I was involved very much with the weekly newspaper and the annual.  Everything the journalism teacher, Mrs. Hayman did, was as if we were working on a regular newspaper. Once the Arkansas City Traveler Newspaper picked up one of my stories. From there it went to the Associated Press. That was a thrill. The story told about a bulldozer turning over while they were working in the dry lake bed.

Mr. Virgil England was the teacher at the print shop. He was a strong leader and a wonderful teacher. The boys who left his shop were able to work anywhere they chose.

From my collection of 1954-55 school papers are these stories about the print shop.


Sunday, August 22, Mr. Virgil England, instructor of printing went to Lawrence, Kansas for a five-day printers' conference at Haskell Institute. He was accompanied by his son, Leon. Mar. Wayne T. Pratt, Acting Chief Branch of Education, from Washington, D.C., was in charge of the conference.

Two other schools besides Chilocco and the host school, Haskell, were represented at the conference-Sherman Institute, at Riverside, California, and Phoenix Indian School, Phoenix, Arizona.

The main topic discussed were offset printing, plate making and negatives, as well as the publication of all Indian Service books and pamphlets.


Mr. Virgil England, print shop instructor, has assigned a group of students to handle the make-up, linotype, presses, and circulation in preparing for the print of The Indian School Journal.

Operating the linotypes are Vernon Harjo, Anthony Lee, Jimmie Brown, and Curtis Lieb. Handling the make-up, Jack Foster, Jerome Vilson, Martin Beaver, and Vernon Harjo. The operation of the presses will be handled by Phillip Matthews, Von Hudson, Tommy Damon and Jack Foster.

Assigned to the circulation of the Journal are Martin Beaver and Jerome Vilson.


The Type Tusslers Club held a meeting Wednesday, September 15, to elect officers for the coming year, with Jimmy Terrel acting as temporary chairman, Officers elected were: Jack Foster, president; Martin Beaver, vice president; Vernon Harjo, secretary; Jimmy Terrell, sergeant-at-arms.

Possibilities of taking field trips were discussed in the meeting. Mr. Virgil G. England is the sponsor.


The print shop had as visitors Mr. England's mother, Mrs. Sallie England of Grove, Mr. and Mrs. Walter A Jarnagin, and Mrs. Nettie Browning also of Grove. Mr. England is the printing instructor. Programs for the Homecoming game were printed by the Senior printers.

And I'll make this the last one. My name is mentioned and I must tell you I cannot remember a single thing about this.


The students of the journalism class and the Print Shop gave a program in the Haworth Hall Auditorium Friday, November 5, at 7:45 a.m. Purpose of the program was to show something of the work that goes into the preparation and printing of the school paper, the INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL.

Narrator For the journalism scenes was Vernon Harjo, who made the introduction. First on the program was the journalism classroom scene on Monday morning, with the students getting ready for the week's work. Galedia Adair impersonated Mrs. Vivian Hayman, Students were seen going out on their beats, to collect news from every department.

“How to Interview” was demonstrated by Dorothy Shields as she interviewed Donna Jones.

The scene following the interview showed all students returning to the classroom and typing their stories, preparing them for printing. Posters showing t he copy reader' marks and the proof readers' marks were displayed by Maxine Dunaway and Jerome Vilson.

Donna Jones then read her Society Column. It was a humorous story of a wedding. Onita Klinekole made a report on suggested substitutes for the “Gossip Column” frown upon by critics.

“How to Take a Gallery Proof was demonstrated by Marshall Colbert and an explanation of the page proof was then demonstrated in a print shop scene. The narrator was Curtis Lieb, a full time printing student. The shop scene also showed the linotype keyboard being operated by student operator, Dennis James; use of the proof-press, and demonstration of hand composition by Tommy Damon. Curtis emphasized the need for cooperation in the gathering of news and the printing of it. The printing instructor is Mr. Virgil England. His assistants are Mrs. Iva England and Mr. Adam Thompson.

After the various scenes were shown the Journal staff member were introduced:   student editor-in-chief, Vernon Harjo; assistant editor, Jack Foster; sports editor Phillip Matthews, society editor, Donna Jones; boys' club editor, Von Hudson; girls' club editor, Georgianna Downing.

All students who participated in the program are either in journalism class or in printing. Senior boys are in both.

To dismiss the assembly, Mr. Jack McCarty, department head of academics introduced Mrs. Hayman and Mr. England.

Return to Donna's Chilocco Page


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