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The Southern States of America
Biographies - William McIntosh

McINTOSH, William, Creek chief: b. near Cus-seta, Chattahoochee county, Ga., probably about 1780; murdered at his farm on the banks of the Chattahoochee, April 30, 1825. Son of William Mcintosh, a colonel in the British army, and a full-blooded Creek woman of influential tribe. He was educated, tall, finely formed and intelligent, and a firm friend of the whites. He attained the leadership of the Lower, or Georgia, Creeks, as contrasted with the Upper Creeks of Alabama. In 1810 he headed a deputation to assure Governor Mitchell of his tribe's desire for continued friendship. During the War of 1812, when the Upper Creeks, instigated by the British, took up arms against Georgia, he aided the whites, and was given the title of general by the Federal authorities. He became a man of substances, owning two large farms on the Chattahoochee, in what is now Carroll county, with over a hundred negro slaves and three full-blooded Indian wives. When Governor Troup was attempting to acquire the Creek lands, and President Monroe summoned a council at Indian Springs to consider a treaty, Mcintosh earnestly advocated the treaty, in opposition to the chiefs of the Upper Creeks. In revenge for the part he had played, his house was surrounded by a band of marauding Upper Creeks on the night of April 29, 1825. Toward daybreak the house was set on fire, and Mcintosh was murdered and scalped as he rushed from the flames.

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