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The Scottish Nation

GRAY, Baron, a title in the peerage of Scotland, possessed by a family of the same name, descended from the Greys of Chillingham in Northumberland. The surname is originally French, being first borne by Fulbert, great chamberlain of Robert, duke of Normandy, from whom he got the castle and lands of Croy or Gray in Picardy, and hence assumed the surname. He is said to have had a son, John, and a daughter, Arlotta, the mother of William the Conqueror. If so, this Fulbert must have been a banner at Falaise before being elevated to the office of great chamberlain. The first of the name who came to England with William the Conqueror, and from that monarch obtained several lordships, is stated to have been the Conqueror’s kinsman. He was progenitor of several families, who spelled the name Grey, and were raised to high rank in the peerage of England; some of them obtaining a prominent place in history, such as the dukes of Suffolk and Kent, the earls of Stamford and Tankerville, De Grey and Grey, the barons Grey of Codnor, Ruthyn, Wilton, Rolleston, Wark and Chillingham. To the Suffolk family belonged the amiable and accomplished Lady Jane Grey, who fell an innocent victim to the ambition of her father, on February 12, 1554.

      Lord Grey of Chillingham is stated to have given the lands of Broxmouth in the county of Roxborough to a younger son of his family, in the reign of William the Lion. In the reign of Alexander the Third, John de Gray (the Scottish way of spelling the name), steward to the earls of March, is witness to many donations to the monastery of Coldstream. Sir Hugh de Gray, a subsequent proprietor of Broxmouth, left three sons; Sir Hugh de Gray, Henry de Gray, and John de Gray. The two elder brothers were among those who swore fealty to Edward the First in 1296; and the eldest, Sir Hugh de Gray, died about 1300.

      His son, Sir Andrew Gray, faithfully adhered to Robert the Bruce; and in 1307 was joined with Sir James Douglas and Sir Alexander Fraser in command of a detachment sent against the lord of Lorn. In 1312 he was present at the taking of the castle of Edinburgh, with Randolph, nephew of Robert the Bruce, when Frank or Francis, the guide, was the first that scaled the walls, Sir Andrew Gray followed him, and Randolph himself was the third. For his services he obtained from King Robert a grant of several lands; among the rest the barony of Longforgund, now Longforgan, in Perthshire, which had belonged to Edmund de Hastings. This was the first connection of the Grays with the county of Perth, in which the family ever after had their residence. Sir Andrew Gray married Ada Gifford, daughter of Thomas Lord Yester, and had two sons, Sir David, and Thomas. The latter, in 1346, accompanied King David the Second to the battle of Durham, where he was taken prisoner, and not released till ten years afterwards.

      The elder son, Sir David de Gray, fourth baron of Broxmouth, and second of Longforgan, died between 1354 and 1357. His son, Sir John Gray, was one of the twenty young men of quality proposed to be sureties for King David’s ransom in 1354, and after the king’s release in 1357, he was appointed his clerk register, in which office he was continued by Robert the Second. He died in 1376. He had two sons, John and Patrick. John, the elder, was one of the noble Scottish heirs who were sent to England for King David’s ransom in 1357. He died before his father, without issue.

      Sir Patrick, the younger son, was in great favour with both King Robert the Second and his successor. He added considerably to his possessions in Perthshire, and from the former monarch he had a pension of £26 13s. 4d sterling. In 1413 he entered into a bond of manrent at Dundee, with the earl of Crawford, that he, the said Sir Patrick, “is becumyn man of special retinue till the said earl, for the term of his life, nane ontaken but amitie and allegiance till our lord the king, for which he shall have in his fee of the said earl, the town of Elithk” &c. He had four sons and three daughters. Sir Andrew, the eldest son, was one of the Scottish nobles who met King James the First at Durham in 1423, to concert measures for his liberation. He was created a peer of parliament, under the title of Lord Gray, before 9th October 1437, when he was one of the lords of the articles in parliament for the peers. He died before July 1445. He was twice married; first, to Janet, a daughter of Sir Roger de Mortimer, with whom he got the lands of Fowlis in Perthshire; and, secondly, to Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Walter Buchanan. By his first wife he had, with seven daughters, a son, Sir Andrew, first Lord Gray, and by his second wife four sons and one daughter.

      The eldest son, Andrew, second Lord Gray of Fowlis, was one of the hostages for King James the First, in his father’s lifetime, March 20, 1424; when his annual revenue was estimated at six hundred merks. He obtained liberty to return to Scotland in 1427, and was one of the train of knights who accompanied the princess Margaret of Scotland to France in 1436, on her marriage to the dauphin. He was employed in most of the public transactions of his time, and in 1449 was one of the ambassadors to England who that year concluded a two years’ truce, for which, and for a renewed truce for three years on its expiration in 1451, he was one of the guarantees on the part of Scotland. He obtained the royal license, of date August 26, 1452, to build a castle upon any part of his lands, and, in consequence, he erected in Longforgan the beautiful edifice called Castle Huntly, long the principal residence of the family. The tradition of the country is that he named it after his lady, a daughter of the earl of Huntly, but like most other traditions, it is wrong in its main incident, as his lady’s name was Elizabeth Wemyss, eldest daughter of Sir John Wemyss of Rires in Fife. A subsequent Lord Gray married the daughter of the second earl of Huntly, and this may have given rise to the mistake. In 1615 Castle Huntly, with the estate attached to it, was sold to the Strathmore family, then earls of Kinghorn; and becoming a favourite residence of Earl Patrick, the name was changed to Castle Lyon, and the estate, by charter of Charles the Second in 1672, was erected into a lordship called the lordship of Lyon. This name it retained till 1777, when it was purchased by Mr. Paterson, the father of George Paterson, Esq., who marrying Anne, daughter of the twelfth Lord Gray, restored the name of Castle Huntly. In the beginning of 1455, the second Lord Gray accompanied William, earl of Douglas, and James, Lord Hamilton, on a pilgrimage to Canterbury, for which they got a safe conduct from the English monarch. The same year, he was appointed master of the household by King James the Second, and four years afterwards one of the wardens of the marches. He got charters of a great many lands, and died in 1469. With two daughters, he had two sons, Patrick, master of Gray, and Andrew. The latter had several sons, one of whom, a merchant in Aberdeen, made a considerable fortune, and was ancestor of the Grays of Schives and Pittendrum.

      Patrick, master of Gray, was one of the gentlemen of the bedchamber to King James the second; and when that monarch stabbed the eighth earl of Douglas, he seconded the blow with a stroke from his battle-axe. He had a son and three daughters. Predeceasing his father, his son, Andrew, became third Lord Gray. This nobleman was one of the lords of the privy council of King James the Third, and after that monarch’s murder, the hereditary office of sheriff of the county of Forfar was conferred on him, on the forced resignation of David, duke of Montrose and earl of Crawford, 14th December, 1488. He had the office of justice-general north of the Forth, on the forfeiture of Lord Lyle in 1489, and in 1506 he was appointed lord-justice-general of Scotland. He died in February 1513-14. He married, first, Janet, only daughter of John, Lord Keith, and had a son, Patrick, and two daughters; secondly, Lady Elizabeth Stewart, third daughter of John, earl of Athol. Brother uterine of King James the Second, and by her had four sons, namely, Robert, of Litfie, killed at Flodden, without issue; Gilbert, of Buttergask, who carried on the line of the family; Andrew, of Muirtoun; and Edward, an ecclesiastic; and five daughters.

      Patrick, fourth Lord Gray, died at Castle Huntly, in April 1541. It was this nobleman who married Lady Janet Gordon, the second daughter of the second earl of Huntly, chancellor of Scotland, and relict of Alexander, master of Crawford. He had three daughters, and dying without issue male, he was succeeded by his nephew, Patrick, eldest of three sons of his brother of the half-blood, Gilbert.

      Patrick Gray of Buttergask, fifth Lord Gray, was one of the prisoners taken at the rout of Solway in 1542, but soon released, on payment of a ransom of five hundred pounds sterling. He was, we are told, feared by Cardinal Bethune, “because at that time,” says Calderwood, “He used the company of those that professed godliness, and carried small favour to the cardinal.” The latter, therefore, strove to set his lordship and Lord Ruthven, whom “he hated for knowledge of the word,” at variance, and had the art to induce the regent Arran, when at Perth with him in 1544, to confer the office of provost of Perth, held by Lord Ruthven, on John Charteris of Kinfauns, who was allied to Lord Gray. The citizens, however, refused to acknowledge the cardinal’s nominee, and, with Ruthven at their head, would not allow him to enter the town. Having applied to his friend Lord Gray for assistance, the latter, at the head of an armed force, attacked the town from the bridge, but the tide did not answer the designs of Charteris, who with Norman Leslie, and others of his friends, was bringing up great guns by water to storm the open side of the town. Ruthven had purposely withdrawn his guards from the bridge into the neighbouring houses, and Lord Gray, ignorant of the snare thus laid for him, boldly marched up into the town, when Ruthven suddenly sallied out, and briskly charging him, routed his party, sixty of whom were slain. This skirmish took place on 22d July 1544. In the following January Lord Gray was ordered to attend the regent and the cardinal at Dundee, and by a stratagem they got his lordship, the earl of Rothes, and Mr. Henry Balnaves, into their power, and immediately sent them prisoners to Blackness castle, where they remained for some time. Lord Gray was one of the first promoters of the Reformation in Scotland, and in 1567 he joined the association for the defence of King James the Sixth. He died in 1582. He had six sons and as many daughters. The sons were, Patrick, master of Gray; Andrew, ancestor of the Grays of Invergowrie; James, who had a charter of Buttergask, and was one of the equeries of the queen’s guards in 1564; Robert of Drummelzier; and another Patrick.

      Patrick, sixth Lord Gray, before succeeding to the title, was appointed an extraordinary lord of session, 5th May 1578, in room of Lord Boyd; but on the 25th October following, the latter was restored, and the master of Gray lost his place. Boyd was again superseded, on 10th December 1583, by the notorious James Stewart, earl of Arran, on whose promotion, Lord Gray was reappointed to a seat on the bench, on 12th November following. He held his seat till 27th June 1587, when Lord Boyd again dispossessed him of it. He died in 1609. He had four sons and five daughters. The sons were, Patrick, master of Gray; James, gentleman of the bedchamber to James the Sixth; Gilbert, of Ballumby in Fifeshire; Robert, of Millhill; and Andrew, grandfather of Sir James Gray, British envoy at the court of Naples.

      Patrick, the eldest son, was the celebrated master of Gray, the favourite of James the Sixth, and rival of the earl of Arran. He is described as having possessed a handsome countenance, most graceful manners, and an insinuating address, united to a boundless ambition and a restless and intriguing spirit. He was educated at the college of St Andrews, where he professed the Protestant religion, but when very young he went to France, and getting acquainted with one Friar Gray, he was through him introduced to the popish bishop of Glasgow, the Scottish Jesuits and Papists of the seminary of Paris, and spent some time at the court of France. As he always professed the deepest attachment to the unhappy Mary queen of Scots, then a captive in England, he was employed by the house of Guise as a confidential envoy in their negociations with her. On the 13th November 1583, he returned with the duke of Lennox to Scotland, and immediately set himself to obtain the favour of the young king, James the Sixth, by revealing all he knew of his mother’s secrets, and was appointed one of the gentlemen of his bedchamber, master of the wardrobe, one of the members of his privy council, and in 1584 commendator of the monastery of Dunfermline. In the latter year he was sent ambassador to Elizabeth, and by his smooth and specious representations soon obtained her favour, as he had done that of his own sovereign. To ingratiate himself the more with her, he offered to do his utmost to prevail on James to recall the banished lords, and to promote a league between England and Scotland for the defence of the protestant religion. This line of policy Elizabeth accordingly adopted, and on his return to Scotland he had the art to defeat a project of an association which had been contemplated between James and his mother. In his secret correspondence with Elizabeth the master of Gray wrote to her under the title of Le Lievreau. In 1585, on the imprisonment of the earl of Arran at St. Andrews, on the charge of being accessory to the death f Lord Russell, an English nobleman slain by his kinsman Ker of Fernyhurst, on the borders, by a bribe to the master of Gray, he was allowed to go to his own castle of Kinniel, there to remain under ward. Afraid of his return to court, the master, on 14th August of that year, addressed a letter to Archibald Douglas, who had been present at the murder of Darnley, and was then in exile in England, offering his aid for the return of the protestant lords, but was counterplotted by Arran, who was fast regaining his influence with the king; in consequence of which, it is said that Gray even contemplated his assassination. In the following October, on the banished lords reaching Berwick on their return, Arran, breaking from his ward, hurried to the king, then at Stirling, and rushing into James’ presence, declared that the lords were already in Scotland. Accusing the master of Gray as the author of the whole conspiracy, he urged James to send for him instantly, and put him to death. Gray was at that time in Perthshire raising his friends, and at once determined upon obeying the summons. Posting to court, he defended himself to ably from the accusation, and was so graciously received by the king, that Arran and his faction were obliged to retire. On the approach of the banished lords, a siege of the castle was commenced, when the king sent out the master of Gray, with a flag of truce, to demand the cause of their coming. The negociation was conducted by Gray, who was at the bottom of the whole plot, and the result was, that the banished lords were admitted to an audience with the king. In 1586, when Elizabeth had resolved upon the death of the hapless Mary, James despatched the master of Gray and Sir Robert Melville to intercede for her; and although on his arrival in the English court, on 29th December, in his public conferences with Elizabeth and her ministers, and in his open despatches to Scotland, he exhibited great apparent activity and interest on her behalf, he privately encouraged Elizabeth in her design of putting her to death, and even whispered in her ear that “the dead don’t bite.” His request, however, that Mary’s life might be spared for fifteen days to give time to communicate with James, was peremptorily refused. The following year his own fall occurred. On the accusation of Sir William Stewart, then about to proceed on an embassy to France, he was tried for high treason, condemned, and on the point of being executed, but, on the intercession of the earl of Huntly and Lord Hamilton, his life was spared, and the sentence changed to banishment. In his “dittay” or indictment, (Pitcairn’s Criminal Trials, vol. I. P. 157), are contained various points of treason. “But his most flagrant offence,” says Tytler (Hist. Of Scotland, vol ix. P. 13), “was the base betrayal of his trust in his recent negotiation in England, where he secretly recommended the death, instead of pleading for the life of the Scottish queen. At first, with his wonted effrontery, he attempted to brazen out the matter, and overawe his enemies; but in the end he pleaded guilty, and as abject as he had been insolent, threw himself on the king’s mercy. None lamented his disgrace.” He retired first to France, and afterwards to Italy, but in 1589 was permitted to return to Scotland, and was even received at court, though he never recovered his former position. In 1592 we find him named as one of the accusers of the celebrated preacher, Mr. Robert Bruce, on the unfounded charge of harbouring the turbulent earl of Bothwell. At this time Gray had promised that restless nobleman to get him restored to the king’s favour; but Bothwell, apprehensive of his treachery, did not keep an appointment which had been fixed between them, and Gray, so far from bringing any accusation against Bruce, became his champion, for on leaving the court he offered “to fight his honest quarrel in that behalf” with any may but the king. He succeeded his father as Lord Gray in 1609, and died three years afterwards. He married, first, Elizabeth, second daughter of Lord Glammis, chancellor of Scotland, without issue; secondly, Lady Mary Stewart, eldest daughter of Robert, earl of Orkney, and had by her two sons, Andrew, eighth Lord Gray, and William, and six daughters. It is stated in a ‘Discourse’ inserted in Calderwood’s History (vol. Iv. P. 253), that when at St. Andrews in his youth “he was married to a young gentlewoman of good parentage and fame, whom he repudiated, lyke as his father also cast away his mother. So, about a yeere after his marriage, he passeth to France,” &c. An adventure in which his brother James was engaged in 1593 affords an apt illustration of the rude manners of the times. He had carried off a gentlewoman, the daughter and heiress of one John Carnegie, but by order of the council, she was delivered up to her father. Notwithstanding this, he again carried her off from a house in Edinburgh where she and her father were residing, and we are told, (Calderwood’s Hist. Vol. V. p. 252), that she “was hailled doun a closse to the North Loche, and convoyed over in a boat, where there were about ten or twelve men on the other side to receave her. They sett her upon a man’s sadle, and convoyed her away, her haire hanging about her face. The Lord Hume keeped the High Street with armed en till the fact was accomplished.”

      Andrew, eighth Lord Gray, was lieutenant of the gens d’armes in France, under Lord Gordon, in 1624, and was much engaged in the wars in that country. He resigned the hereditary office of sheriff of Forfarshire, which had been held by his family for more than 150 years, to King Charles the First, for 50,000 merks (about £3,000 sterling), for which he got his majesty’s bond, but the civil wars breaking out shortly thereafter, he was never paid. Being with the marquis of Montrose on 6th October 1645, he was ordered to be banished the kingdom by the Estates, never to return on pan of death; but after being delayed till the following June, the sentence does not appear to have been carried into effect. In 1649 he was excommunicated by the commission of the General Assembly, n account of his being a Roman Catholic, and was fined £1,500 by Cromwell, who excepted him out of his act of grace to the Scotch in 1654. He was soon after prevailed upon by Charles the Second and his brother the duke of York, then in exile in France, to resign his lieutenancy of the gens d’armes in favour of Marshal Schomberg. This office had long been held by a Scotsman, and could never afterwards be recovered. Lord Gray died in 1663. He was twice married: first, to Margaret Ogilvie, countess of Buchan, daughter of Matthew, Lord Deskford, by whom he had a son, Patrick, master of Gray, killed at the siege of a town in France, unmarried, and a daughter, Anne, of whom afterwards; and, secondly, to Catherine Cadell, by whom he had one daughter. Having no surviving male issue, Lord Gray, in 1639, made a resignation of his honours into the hands of King Charles the First, and obtained a new patent, dated 8th January that year, in favour, after himself, of his daughter and heiress, Anne, who had married William Gray, younger of Pittendrum, and had the honours conferred on his son-in-law, with the style, during his own life, of master of Gray, which patent was ratified in parliament 7th November, 1641. This William Gray was eldest son of Sir William Gray of Pittendrum, who had been created a baronet by King Charles the First. His father was Thomas Gray of Brighouse, nephew of Andrew Gray of Schives, and he acquired great wealth as a merchant in Edinburgh. For corresponding with the marquis of Montrose Sir William was fined by the parliament at St. Andrews, 100,000 merks Scots, and at the desire of General Leslie, he was imprisoned in the castle and tolbooth of Edinburgh, but on the application of his friends to the committee of Estates the fine was reduced to 35,000 merks, which was paid by his son, the master of Gray. The sum of £10,000 sterling was also extorted from him, by way of a loan, and never repaid. Sir William died in 1648. By his wife, Egidia, sister of Sir John Smith of Grothill and King’s Cramond, provost of Edinburgh, he had six sons and twelve daughters. Of the sons, William, the eldest, married Anne, mistress of Gray, as already mentioned; Robert, the second son, was killed at Inverkeithing, leaving a son, John Gray of Crichie, who became tenth Lord Gray; David, the third son, was killed at Tangier with the earl of Teviot; Alexander, the fourth son, died unmarried; and Andrew, the youngest, was minister of Glasgow.

      William, master of Gray, the eldest son, had 232,000 merks given him by his father on his marriage. Like the rest of his family he was a staunch loyalist, and at the battle of Worcester, in 1651, he commanded a regiment n the army of Charles the Second, which had been raised mostly at his own expense. He was killed in a duel near London, by the earl of Southesk, in the end of August, 1660, in the lifetime of his father-in-law. By his first wife, Anne, mistress of Gray, he had three sons: Patrick, ninth Lord Gray; William, who died unmarried; and Charles, admitted advocate, 21st December 1675. By his second wife, a daughter of Gibson of Durie, who had been twice a widow, he had no issue.

      The eldest son, Patrick, succeeded as ninth Lord Gray, on the death of his grandfather in 1633, and died in 1711, leaving a daughter, Marjory, mistress of Gray, who married her father’s cousin-german, John Gray of Crichie. The ninth Lord Gray, with consent of his only surviving brother, Charles, on 20th February 1707, made a new resignation of the honours into the hands of Queen Anne, and obtained a new patent of the same, with the former precedency, to the said John Gray of Crichie, and to his eldest son by the said Marjory, mistress of Gray, and their heirs; in virtue of which patent John Gray of Crichie became tenth Lord Gray, even during the life of the ninth lord, and on 11th March following he took the oaths and his seat in parliament. Marjory, his wife, died before her father. In September 1686, her husband obtained from King James the Seventh an order to the commissioners of the treasury in Scotland, for a sum of £1,500 sterling, in consideration of his loyalty, and that of his family, and the losses sustained by his grandfather during the civil wars. He died in 1724. He had three sons and three daughters.

      John, his eldest son, eleventh Lord Gray, died 15th December 1738. His son, John, twelfth lord, greatly embellished the family estates, by planting and other improvements. At the election of peers of Scotland 12th May 1739, he protested for precedency, and against the calling of Lord Forbes or any other baron before him. He married, 17th October 1741, Margaret Blair, heiress of Kinfauns in Perthshire, by which marriage that fine property came into possession of the family. He had four sons, three of whom, seceded to the title, and seven daughters. The twelfth lord died at Kinfauns, 28th August 1782, in his 67th year.

      Alexander, 13th lord, an officer in the first regiment of dragoon guards, quitted the army in 1783, and died at Edinburgh, Dec. 18, 1786, in his 35th year, unmarried. His brother, William John, 14th lord, an officer in the Scots Grays, died Dec. 12, 1807, also unmarried, in his 54th year.

      His brother, Francis, 15th Lord Gray, born at Edinburgh, Sept. 1, 1765, was major in the first battalion of Breadalbane fencibles in 1793, and in August 1807 was appointed postmaster-general of Scotland. He succeeded to the title the same year, and in 1810 resigned the office of postmaster-general. He was for many years one of the Scottish representative peers. In 1822 the superb edifice of Kinfauns castle, about 3 miles from Perth, was built by him, from a design by Smirke. Gray house, in Forfarshire, is another seat of the family. Broughty castle (long in ruins), near Dundee, was built in the end of the 15th century by the 3d Lord Gray, the first hereditary sheriff of Forfarshire of this family, on whom the lands of Broughty had been conferred by James IV. In 1547, aster the battle of Pinkie, Fort de Gray, as Broughty was termed, was delivered by Patrick, Lord Gray, to the English, and remained in their occupation till Feb. 20, 1550. In 1666 it was sold to Fothringham of Powrie and Fothringham. The 15th Lord Gray married in 1794, Mary Anne, daughter of Lieutenant-colonel James Johnston, issue 1 son, John his successor, and 3 daughters, 1st, Madalina; 2d Margaret, married in 1820 John Grant, Esq., of Kilgraston, and died in 1822, leaving a daughter Margaret, married Hon. Capt. D. Murray, brother of 3d earl of Mansfield; 3d, Jane Anne, married in 1834 Col. Charles Philip Ainslie, 14th light dragoons, which marriage was dissolved in 1843. His lordship died 20th August, 1842.

      The only son, John, 16th Lord Gray, born May 12th 1796, a representative peer, and deputy-lieutenant of Perthshire, married July 23d, 1833, Mary Anne, daughter of Colonel Charles Philip Ainslie, 4th Dragoons, 2d son of Sir Philip Ainslie, of Pilton, without issue. As the peerage, failing male heirs, descends in the female line, his lordship’s sister, the Hon. Madelina Gray, born 11th November 1799, is heiress presumptive to the title and estates (1861).

      A branch of the family of Gray has possessed the estate of Carntyne, in Lanarkshire, since before 1595.

GRAY, GILBERT, a learned principal of Marischal college, Aberdeen, was appointed to that dignity in 1598, being the second after the foundation of that university. He studied under Robert Rollock, the first principal of the university of Edinburgh, whose worth and learning he has commemorated in a curious Latin oration, which he delivered in 1611, in praise of the illustrious writers of Scotland, and which will be found prefixed to Mackenzie’s Lives. It is entitled ‘Oratio de Illustribus Scotiae Scriptoribus,’ habita a magistro Gilberto Grayo, Gymnasiarcha Academiae Novae Abredoniae, A.D. 1611. Many of the authors named in it are fictitious, especially as regards the Scottish kings, the worthy principal being a firm believer in the fabulous stories of Fergus the First having written on the subject of law 300 years before the birth of Christ, Dornadilla, a century after, composing rules for sportsmen, Reutha, the seventh king of Scotland, being a great promoter of schools and education, and King Josina, a century and a half before the Christian era, writing on botany, and the practice of medicine! Principal Gray died in 1614.

GRAY, JAMES, the Rev., the friend of Burns, and himself a poet of no mean pretensions, was originally master of the High School of Dumfries, and associated a god deal with Burns while residing in that town. He was afterwards appointed to the High School of Edinburgh, where he taught with much reputation for upwards of twenty years, but being disappointed in obtaining the rectorship, he quitted that situation, and was made rector of the academy at Belfast. He subsequently entered into holy orders, and went out to India as a chaplain in the Hon. East India Company’s service. He was stationed at Bhooj in Cutch, near the mouths of the Indus; and the education of the young Rao of that province having been entrusted to the British government, Mr. Gray was selected as well qualified for the office of instructor to that prince, being the first Christian who was ever honoured with such an appointment in the East. He died there in September 1830, deeply regretted by all who knew him, having been much esteemed for the primitive simplicity of his heart and manners. He was the author of ‘Cuna of Cheyd,’ and the ‘Sabbath among the Mountains,’ besides innumerable miscellaneous pieces. He left in manuscript a poem, entitled ‘India,’ and a translation of the Gospels into the Cutch dialect of the Hindostanee.

      Mr. Gray married Mary Phillips, eldest sister of Mrs. Hogg, wife of the Ettrick Shepherd, and his family mostly settled in India. “He was,” says Hogg, “a man of genius, but his genius was that of a meteor, it wanted steadying. A kinder and more disinterested heart than his never beat in a human bosom.” Hogg introduced him into the ‘Queen’s Wake,’ as the fifteenth bard who sung the ballad of ‘King Edward’s Dream.’ He is thus described:

                        “The next was bred on southern shore,
                        Beneath the mists of Lammermore,
                        And long, by Nith and crystal Tweed,
                        Had taught the Border youth to read.
                        The strains of Greece, the bard of Troy,
                        Were all his theme and all his joy.
                        Well-toned his voice of wars to sing;
                        His hair was dark as raven’s wing;
                        His eye an intellectual lance;
                        No heart could bear its searching glance;
                        But every bard to him was dear;
                        His heart was kind, his soul sincere.

                                                * * *

                        Alike to him the south or north,
                        So high he held the minstrel worth,
                        So high his ardent mind was wrought,
                        Once of himself he scarcely thought.
                        Dear to his heart the strains sublime,
                        The strain admired in ancient time;
                        And of his minstrel honours proud,
                        He strung his harp too high, too loud.”

GRAY, ALEXANDER, founder of an hospital for the sick poor at Elgin, youngest child of Deacon Alexander Gray, a wheelwright and watchmaker in that town, by his wife, Janet Sutherland, sister of Dr. Sutherland, a physician who at one time practised at Bath, was born in 1751. After receiving a liberal education, he became the apprentice of Dr. Thomas Stephen, a physician in his native town, and completed his medical studies at the university of Edinburgh. Soon after he was appointed assistant-surgeon on the Bengal establishment, in the service of the Hon. The East India Company, and was a long time resident in Calcutta. In advanced life he married a lady much younger than himself, from whom he separated some time before his death, which occurred in 1808. He had no children, and having, by economical habits, accumulated a considerable fortune, he left £26,000 for the endowment of an hospital for the sick poor of the town and county of Elgin. The building was erected in 1819, on a slight but spacious eminence at the west end of the town. Its situation is remarkably well chosen, and being a very handsome edifice in the Grecian style, with a projecting portico of Doric columns on its eastern front from a design of Gillespie, it forms a splendid termination to the High Street of Elgin. He also bequeathed a handsome annuity to his sister, the only surviving member of his family, with other legacies, and the annual interest of £2,000 to “the reputed old maids in the town of Elgin, daughters of respectable but decayed families.”  The interest of £7,000 was settled during life upon his widow, £4,000 of the principal at her death to be appropriated to the building of a new church at Elgin, and until such church is required, the interest of that sum to be applied to the use of the hospital.

GRAY, CHARLES, Captain R.M., a minor poet, was born in Anstruther, Fifeshire, in 1782. In early life he obtained a commission in the royal marines, in which he rose to the rank of captain, and after continuing in the service for a period exceeding thirty-six years, he retired on full pay about 1839. He belonged to the Woolwich division of his corps, to which a maternal uncle, (the excellent and truly Christian, Major-general Burn,) and several brothers, were also attached, some of whom fell in battle. In 1811 Captain Gray published a small volume of poems and songs; and in 1841 he collected all his best pieces into an elegant volume, entitled ‘Lays and Lyrics,’ which had for frontispiece a full-length portrait of himself in uniform, and a vignette of Anstruther, his birthplace, and was dedicated to his friend and schoolfellow, William Tenant, author of ‘Anster Fair,’ &c. As a song-writer Charles Gray will be remembered for not a few simple and genial lays, some of which were published in Wood’s Book of Scottish Song, a work to which his extensive knowledge of Scottish songs and song-writers enabled him to contribute much useful and interesting information. His knowledge of the writings of Ramsay, Fergusson, and Burns, and of our earlier Scottish poets, was extensive and minute. For the works of Burns, especially, he entertained an enthusiastic admiration.

      About 1845 he contributed to the Glasgow citizen a series of vigorous and tasteful papers on the songs of Burns; and a critical examination of the various biographies of the poet occupied his attention during the long illness which terminated in his death. He died at Edinburgh, where he had spend the latter part of his life, on the 13th April, 1851, in the 69th year of his age.

Lord Grey and the World War
By Hermann Lutz, translated by E. W. Dickes (1928) (pdf)

Albert, Fourth Earl Grey
By Harold Begvie (1918) (pdf)

Lord Grey of the Reform Bill
Being the Life of Charles, Second Earl Grey, b George MacAulay Trevelyan (1920) (pdf)

Letters and Papers relating to Patrick, Master of Gray
Afterwards Seventh Lord Gray (1835) (pdf)

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