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The Glengarry McDonalds of Virginia


See American Archives, 4th Series, Vol. 1, page 391, for original:

"At a meeting of the Freeholders and other inhabitants of the County of Frederick, Virginia, and gentlemen practising at the bar, held in the town of Winchester, 8th day of June, 1774, to consider of the beste mode to be fallen upon to secure their liberties and properties, and also to prevent, the dangerous tendency of an act of Parliament, passed in the 15th year of his present Majesty's reign, entitled, `An Act to discontinue in such manner and for such time as are therein mentioned, the landing and discharging, lading and shipping of goods, wares and merchandise at the town and within the harbor of Boston, in the Province of Massachusetts Bay, North America,' evidently has to invade and deprive us of the same.

'`The Rev. Chas. M. Thruston, Moderator.

"A Committee of the following gentlemen, viz., C. M. Thruston, Isaac Zane, Angus McDonald, Alexander White, George Rootes, George Johnston and Samuel Beall, 3rd, were appointed to draw up Resolves suitable to the same occasion, who withdrawing for a short time, returned with the following votes, viz;

"Voted, 1st. That we will always cheerfully pay clue submission to such acts of government as his Majesty has a right, by law to exercise over his subjects, as a Sovereign of the British Dominions and to such only.

"2nd. That it is the inherent right of British subjects to be governed and taxed by Representatives chosen by themselves only; and that every Act of the British Parliament respecting the internal policy of N. America, is a daring and unconstitutional invasion of said rights and privileges?

"3rd. That the Act of Parliament above mentioned, is not only in itself repugnant to the fundamental law of natural justice, in condemning persons for a supposed crime, unheard, but also a despotic exertion of unconstitutional power calculated to enslave a free and loyal people.

"4th. That the enforcing the execution of said Act of Parliament by a military power, will have a tendency to raise a civil war, thereby dissolving the Union which has so long, happily subsisted between the mother country and her Colonies; and we most heartily and unanimously concur with our suffering brethen of Boston and every other part of North America, that may be the immediate victim of tyranny, in promoting all proper measures to avert such dreadful calamities, to procure a redress of our grievances and to secure our common liberties.

"5th. It is the unanimous opinion of this meeting that a joint resolution of all the Colonies to stop all importations from Great Britain and exportations to it, until the said Act shall be repealed, will prove the salvation of North America and her liberties. On the other hand, if they continue their imports and exports, there is the greatest reason to fear that fraud, power and the most odious oppression will rise triumphant over right, justice, social happiness and freedom.

"6th. That the East India Co.; those servile tools of arbitrary power, have forfeited the esteem and regard of all honest men and that the better to manifest our abhorrence of such abject compliance with the will of a venal ministry, in ministering all in their power an increase of the fund of peculation; we will not purchase tea, or any other kind of East India commodities, either imported now or hereafter to be imported, except salt-petre, spices and medicinal drugs.

"7th. That it is the opinion of this meeting that Committees ought to be appointed for the purpose of effecting a general Association, that the same measures may be pursued through the whole Continent. That the Committees ought to correspond with each other and to meet at such places and times as shall be agreed upon, in order to form such general Association, and that when the same shall be formed and agreed on, by the several Committees, we wilI strictly adhere thereto; and till the general sense of the Continent shall he known, we do pledge ourselves to each other and our country, that we will inviolably adhere to the votes of this day.

8th. That C. M. Thruston, Isaac Zane, Angus McDonald, Samuel Beall, 3rd, Alexander White and Geo. Rootes be appointed a Committee for the purposes aforesaid, and that they or any three of them are fully empowered to act.

"Which being read were unanimously assented to and subscribed."

In a foot note appears the following: "On Monday, the 6th instant, tickets were posted up in different parts of Frederick County, Va., signed by friends of liberty, asking the gentlemen, merchants, freeholders and other inhabitants of the County to meet at the Court House on the following Wednesday, at 3 P. M, to consider of the most proper measures to prevent the fatal consequences apprehended from the Act of Parliament mentioned in the votes and to defend and secure the rights and liberties of Americans. In consequence of which (though the notice did not exceed forty-eight hours) a great concourse assembled at the time and place appointed. The Court House being too small to contain the company, they adjourned to the Church, where the above votes were unanimously agreed to."


Mrs. Anne S. Green is of the opinion that our great-grandfather, Angus McDonald (emigrant), was a crown prisoner after Culloden and imprisoned in the Tower of London.

She visited the Congressional Library in Washington and from the "Reports of the Crown Cases" he made copy of the following:

"Mr. Skinner, King's counsel in the prosecution of Angus Aeneas McDonald, gives account of the Pretenders advance into Scotland when he was first joined by the McDonalds and Camerons. First victort- at Preston Pans, on to Falkikk, Inverness and Sterling, repulsed at Fort William, on then to Culloden. Mr. Skinner was McDonald's prosecutor. He was arrainged for high treason at St. Margaret's [fill, Southwork, Dec. 10th at the Court of the King's Bench, Easter term (George II), 1747. Charges had been preferred Jan. 1st, 1746, Angus Aeneas McDonald plead not guilty. His counsel claimed French citizenship (had been educated in France) , McDonald's main defense of counsel.

"The prosecutor dwelt upon his being a citizen of Britian. Defense claimed he had been reared and educated in France. McDonald at same time was being tried for a debt he owed one Ramsey (who probably had given him aid when he was hiding from his pursuers and dodging the King's officials) .

McDonald was condemned to be executed along with Kilmarnock and was Iying under sentence of death, when an order was given by the King to prepare a pardon for McDonald upon condition that he would retire from the country, from His Majesty's Dominion, during McDonald's life time.

"When the messenger came to release him, the Keeper refused to surrender him, giving excuse, alleging action by Ramsey. The Attorney General made motion that those charges be dismissed, he being supported in his position by John Strange, Solicitor General, considering the Iaw, that a person under an attainder is civiliter Mortnus, and cannot be charged without the authority of the Court—thereby defeating the King's pardon.

"The same report cites that McDonald (notwithstanding the pardon) settled with Ramsey, his creditor, and was delivered into the custody of a messenger, by virtue of a warant from the Duke of Newcastle, one of his Majesty's principal Secretaries of State. Justice Foster, in describing High Treason, quotes the leniency of the sentence upon McDonald being right, and thought that his was an extreme case, being only twenty years old and that the law would be deficient if he could not discover any intermediate general limit, to relax, consistently with public safety in such cases.

"In McDonald's plea of defense, as reported, he never averred that he was born out of Britain, but that he was educated in France, which would not have freed him from responsibility, and some unforeseen and unknown influence was exerted in his behalf to obtain the clemency of George II."


To Angus W. McDonald, from his grandmother, while he was a cadet at West Point.

Winchester, December 31st, 1815.

This is the last day of the old year and your different cousins are here, and have been looking for you for some days, but have now given you out.

I should have answered your letter shortly after receiving it, but was so unwell and had such a sick family, with much other business, that I couldn't find the time.

I wish very much you could come home and prove your horses. And I want very much to see you, I cannot expect to last long. I am now in my seventieth year, and that is a great age. As I have so little correspondence with my family, I can say but little about them. They were all well when I heard from them last.

Edward is here and has been for a week and is very hearty and grown very much. As I so seldom go out I can give you but little news, therefore, my letter will be short. Your Cousin Becky is expecting an heir and your Uncle John has one, and as I can think of nothing else worth writing, I will conclude.

Your ever affectionate grandmother,

P. S. Anna Maria Holliday and Anna T., Jane and Betty Hangham, Richard Holliday and Edward McD., are all here, and they make so much noise that I can scarcely write at all.

A. McD.

Copies of letters of introduction, given Angus McDonald by his teachers at West Point Military Academy; originals in possession of Mrs. John B. Stanard, his daughter.

West Point, July 14th, 1817.

This will certify that the bearer, Cadet Angus W. McDonald, has been under my command at the Military Academy at this place nearly three years, during which time he has studied under my particular instruction, Geography, History and Ethics, and also Fortifications and the course of Infantry tactics established for the discipline of the Army of the United States, as far as the Evolutions of the line; in all of which I believe him to be well versed, as well as in Artillery duty.

I also further certify that during the time he has been at the Military Academy, he has been attentive to his studies generally (in which he has made good progress), as well as to his other duties, and that his whole conduct has been that of the Gentleman and the Soldier.

As such, therefore, I confidently recommend him to all whom it may concern.

Capt. of Engs. Comdg.

The bearer hereof, Mr. Angus McDonald, has been a Cadet at the United States Military Academy for several years and has now completed the entire course of studies and military exercises as required by the laws and regulations.

As Mr. McDonald has been under my particular instruction in the higher branches of science, and as I have had the advantage of a thorough knowledge of his moral and intellectual character, it is with great pleasure that I can afford him the most satisfactory and ample testimony.

In regular performance of duty and the acquirements of science, few have been more assiduous and persevering; he has therefore passed through all the classes with credit and conspicuous distinction and excellence; but his merit is far from being limited to mental improvement; Mr. McDonald possesses a refinement in manners, an honorable delicacy in his moral conduct, which cannot fail to attract the attention and obtain the favour of all virtuous and enlightened men.

Prof. Nat. & Ext. Phil.

West Point, July 15th, 1817.

The next one is from Colonel Crozet, who had been one of Napoleon's most trusted engineers, before he became Professor at West Point:

Mr. McDonald succeeded, before I had the pleasure of becoming acquainted with him, to acquire the esteem and approbation of the chiefs and professors of the Military Academy. It would be difficult for me to add to the testimonies which they have given him.

Mr. McDonald joins to his progresse in his studies an eminent military disposition et I am convinced that his country will find in him one of its best officers. I will hear with pleasure of his successe in his career and will always be happy to have a share in his friendship.

Prof. of Eng.

West Point, 19th July, 1817.


The following letter is from one of his associates in the Custom House at New Orleans:

New Orleans, August 15th, 1819.

The Steamboat Alabama leaves here for your town to-day and I cannot suffer the opportunity to escape of writing you. From accounts which we received here, we were apprehensive that your journey would not be so pleasing as you anticipated, and that you would most likely be detained at the mouth of the river for some weeks.

I come now to speak of things highly important to you * * * * perhaps in no place more than in St. Louis is circumspection and prudence more indispensible. With the exercise of these and your natural abilities I trust and feel that you will do well.

Our country is open to the efforts of genius and enterprise, and its advantages are alike accessible to the lowly and the high. Your ambition, too, McDonald, is of that stamp whose eagle flight would soar above the cool and calculating fortune-seekers of the common world, that would pierce the almost inaccessible regions of fame and repose upon the pinnacle of glory. This passion of the mind, unless properly tempered is dangerous and if indulged without regard to a proper restraint, will, I think, prove detrimental to the good of its possessor.

To secure that high and respectable standing in society, which is the aim of every man, a coincidence of thinking and acting with the world is necessary and although it argues a sacrifice of independence—still to render that independence more lasting and independent, we must sometimes stoop to lower things.

There has been a reduction in the Custom House. Gorman Newman, Duplesis Hudgeons, Captain Lake and Lorrain are suspended. Your promise of writing, I hope you will observe, nor retain the opinion, I very well know you left me with, as a fellow of a cold and repulsive nature.

You have no friend in this world, Mc, more sincerely so than myself. My heart is susceptible of the warmest emotions, and the interest I feel in your welfare is as disinterested as it is affectionate. Take care of yourself, my dear fellow, and know that a happy accomplishment of your views, can give no greater pleasure to any friend you have, than to your

Sincere one,

"Bellington wishes you to excuse him for not writing, but will do so goon. He is about leaving for PhiladeIphia."

The following extracts from some of his Ietters while he was engaged in the fur trade, will give some idea of the life he led on the Western frontier.

The following is a copy of a letter written to Joshua Pilcher, Agent for the Missouri Company, at Fort Lissa, Upper Mo.

Dear Sir:—I cannot let pass an opportunity without addressing you a few lines. The prospect of affairs is very much changed since you Ieft here. This dam'd, turbulent band of the Sioux, it seems, cannot pass the winter in peace, though I cannot lay the blame entirely on them. Perhaps they have had sufficient provocation from the Mohawks to make war.

Not Iong since the Mohawks, or a band of them, came to the Lower Yanktons and stole nearly all of their horses and (Indians now say) wounded some of them.

This band have been through fear, confined to their village for fifteen days, since which they have not killed five buffaloes. At last, provoked and ashamed they all assembled and joined with the lower band and to-clay marched to attack the Mohawks. Seventy-seven have left their village and there remain but eight or ten to provide for and take care of the women and children.

I have now fifty pack and in consequence of this war I cannot expect more than 20 or 25 additional this winter (illegible) , so if I make 75 pack I shall exceed my expectations.

Notwithstanding we shall expend more, I do not conceive it to have been the best policy in You to establish the trade of this post at a cheaper rate than elsewhere. This band give you the whole credit of it and I do not doubt, should you winter here next winter, but that they will come to your call where ever you may be.

The little soldier who stays, as he says, to take care of your boy and goods, never lights his pipe without a prayer for the little Chief. The mission to the 'rees having proved their disposition to amity, I presume an expedition will go there in the spring as they will get a great many robes. If it is not necessary to remain here with goods, next spring, I have thought that by accompanying the Little Soldier, I could be of service in procuring him a medal, which I every clay conceive to be of more consequence. (Illegible) The impression you have made upon the Sioux will, I am convinced, give you an ascendancy over every other trader, and I doubt not but that you will have very vigorous opposition here next season.

That villian, Cy, has openly and loudly exclaimed against your inviting Indians down, and by some chicanery has prevailed upon one at the Tetons, who promised to come, to retract.

I think I could be most instrumental in procuring the L. Soldier a medal which I believe would be the most important service I could render the Company. It is the only reason in the world that inclines me to go down in the spring. If, however, I remain, I should like to make an expedition to the Grosvaunts * * * * provided I am furnished with an interpreter for the Grosvaunt language. Think upon it. It is not impossible and if possible, well worth the venture.

If I am to remain here a hermit all next summer, I hope you will have consideration to send me what books Dick can carry. It would reconcile me very much to a solitary life, and please write particularly to Mr. Heampstead to send all my books up in the first boat.

Send me, too, some good tobacco, I am out. Very respectfully,


In another letter he says. "In the spring of 1821 I started with a small equipment and two men to visit the Mandans and Minnatarees and from there to go across the country to the northwest establishments on the Assinaboin, with the view of accumulating such knowledge as might better fit me for the business in which I was about to engage.

"I purchased from the 'roes three horses, informing them beforehand of the purpose for which I wanted them. When about to start, the Little Soldier informed me that the two young men intended to kill and rob me as soon as I got out of sight of the village."

In a letter written Sept. 14th, 1824, he says:

"After having exhausted in extravagant enterprise and perilous experiment seven years of my life, I find that I have achieved only a circle of difficulties and ended where I began."



Leacy Anne Naylor was a daughter of William Naylor, a prominent lawyer and legislator of his day, and was educated at Madam Capron's school at Carlisle, Penn.

The family were originally Quakers and came to this country about the same time that Penn did and located in Erie, Penn. William Naylor came to Virginia from Carlisle, about 1806. His mother was Miss Armstrong, the daughter of Jean Denison, who it is said, ran away from school in Edinburg to marry a clashing officer of the British Navy, Captain Armstrong. Mary Naylor, a sister of William Naylor, married Thos. F. Wilson, who represented the Erie district in Congress in 1816. Another sister married a Stevens and another a Johnston.

When William Naylor first came to Virginia he taught in the Rev. Dr. Hill's school near Winchester and later was a member of the famous Convention of 1829. He was a lawyer in extensive practice, and I have often heard it said that he would never take case which he could not conscienciously advocate.

He married first, Anne Sanford, daughter of William Sanford and Penelope Thornston Sanford, both of Virginia. Of the Sanford genealogy, a letter from Dr. Douglas Forrest, Rector of Cavalry Church, Cincinnati (a Virginian, however), written to J. C. Cresap, Sec. of National Soc. of American Revolution, has this to say: "Daniel French, Sr., of Fairfax Co., died in 1749, leaving a legacy to his loving god-sons, Daniel Sanford and Edward Sanford (spelt some times with a 'd'). Richard Sanford was one of the executors. William Sanford died in 1801 in Hampshire County, leaving a wife, Penelope, and seven daughters and one son. Thomas Sanford, of `Sanford Court,' married a daughter of Lord B ." (Name illegible.)

The Sanford family bible is now in possession of the Cresap family. A letter from Daniel J. Cresap, of Logan County, Ohio, to Marshall McDonald, of date July 24th, 1890, says:

"Anne Sanford married Judge William Naylor; Theresa Sanford, Samuel Slicer; Matilda married Cephas Cresap; Eliza married Henry Myers, and Sidney married Joseph Cresap; Thornton married twice and the children of his first wife all moved South."

A letter from Mrs. Anne Sanford Green, says:

"Captain William Sanford married Penelope Thornton. They had seven daughters and one son, who married twice. The first wife was a Miss Crane, of Loudon County. They had three children, Lawrence, Mary Eliza and John Theodore, all of whom married in Louisiana. Mary Eliza married a Compton, living on the Red river, also one of the sons. The Comptons were people of considerable prominence. Thornton married a second time, Elizabeth Tidball, a daughter of Nancy McDonald, whose father was Angus McDonald (emigrant) . Their eldest son, Joseph Tidball Sanford, married Miss Orrick, of Maryland.

"Two of the seven daughters of William Sanford married Cresaps; another married a Slicer; another a Gaither, and another a Helm and her sons went out to Kentucky and settled in Bardstown. I distinctly remember when the brothers passed through Romney and stayed at my mothers for several days, en route to Kentucky. Anne married our grandfather, William Naylor, and the seventh and last married a Jolliffe, whose daughter Lavinia married Sam Hopkins, of Baltimore, who was either an uncle or a brother of the old bachelor who founded `Johns Hopkins' Hospital.' "

A letter to Marshall McDonald from W. M. Stone, Asst. Comm. Department of the Interior, General Land Office, says:

"The Virginia Military records of this office show that seven warrants were issued for the representatives of William Sanford, for military services of said Sanford, as Captain in the Virginia Continental line, for the seven years and ten months war of the Revolution.

"Each of those warrants being for 746 acres. Said warrants were disposed of by patenting on entries and surveys in the Virginia Military district of Ohio."

A letter from Lieut. James C. Cresap, U. S. N., to Marshall McDonald says:

Annapolis, Md., July 13th, 1890.

Beyond question, your grandmother, Anne Sanford (Mrs. William Naylor), and mine (Sidney Cresap) were sisters. My father knew his aunt Anne and named my sister, Anne Sanford, after her. She is now Mrs. R. S. Bibb, of Beatrice, Neb."

Besides Leacy Anne, there were two other daughters and a son of William Naylor and Anne Sanford (his wife). Jane, the eldest daughter, and Nannie. Jane married first Mr. Chichester Tapscott and second Mr. Campbell. She was quite a noted beauty, besides having many other attractions. Nannie married Dr. Jos. L. Bronaugh, of Loudon County, Virginia. William, the only son was highly educated, a graduate of Princeton and had just begun the practice of law a short time before his death.

It seems that he was deeply in love with Miss Mary Fairfax, of Greenway Court, a niece of Lord Fairfax, though there had been great opposition on the part of his family to their marriage. And when her death occurred very suddenly, he became inconsolable for days. It is said that he never recovered from the shock and died himself at a very early age. He was a skilled musician, playing on several instruments.

William Naylor's second wife was Susan McGuire, a sister of Mary McGuire who married Angus McDonald (2nd) . They had three sons and one daughter. Edward Ralph who early moved out to Shelby County, Mo.; John Samuel, a physician, who followed him later, and James Naylor, who was a Presbyterian minister. James Naylor was a graduate of Hampden Sidney Theological Seminary, and married Miss Graham, daughter of Dr. Graham, of Prince Edward, who I believe was at one time President of the Seminary. He settled in Mississippi.

Millicent, the only daughter of the second marriage, never married and went with her mother to Missouri, where both of them finally died. Though William Naylor himself was a staunch Presbyterian, I have always heard that his mother was a member of the Church of England and that her prayer book was carefully preserved in the family.

I have heard it related of my mother, Leacy Anne, that she was very fond of dancing, of which amusement her father, being an elder in the Presbyterian Church, did not altogether approve; so upon one occasion when she had been invited to a ball, which her father did not wish her to attend, Leacy Anne's desire to go was so apparent and her disappointment so genuine, that at the last moment he relented and consented to her going. Being too late to don the convential evening gown she went, just as she was, in her simple home dress and family tradition has it, that she was the belle of the ball.

Her comparatively early death, Ieft her children very little personal knowledge of her, but I have heard from many sources that she was a woman of most attractive and engaging personality. The following letter, written to Edward C. McDonald some time before her marriage to his brother, Angus, will give some idea of her early life.

Romney, August 21st.

Ever since you left Romney I have been expecting a letter from you, but have not yet received a line, except a short postcript addressed to me, in one of Grandma's letters. In your last letter to Millicent, you said if I did not write to you first, that you were afraid we would never become correspondents. Now you see by this letter, Edward, that I am determined you shall have no excuse and if you do not write now. I shall conclude that it is not your wish to do so.

One apology you offer is that you have nothing to write, which Would be of interest to me. Now when I request my friends to write to me, I do not do it, that I may through them, hear from other people. It is because I wish to hear from them. Tell me what you and Angus are about, when we may expect to see you in Virginia again, and every trifling circumstance that occurs, be it ever so trivial, I can assure it will be of interest to your friends in Romney. So say no more that you can find nothing to say.

There have been few changes in Romney since you left, and we are pretty much as we were this time last year. No marriages, that I can hear of, on the carpet, except Emily Woodrow's to Mr. Kercheval. It is said that one wedding makes others, and I hope it may be the case in this instance. Romney is most outrageously dull, and perhaps this wedding may be the means of enlivening us up a little. Nor am I certain that the wish is not prompted by a little selfishness. Perhaps I expect to come in for a share; I tell you candidly that I do, but my ambition goes no farther, than merely to be second best. And in that, I shall be gratified, as I am to be Emily's bridesmaid.

Millicent is now at your uncle Holliday's and I shall join her there next week. But I do not expect the visit will be quite as memorable as the last week I spent there. Do you recollect the ducking I got in the creek? That alone was enough to distinguish it, to say nothing of the gigging excursions.

On the Fourth of July we had a dinner at the same place we had last year. The company was not quite so numerous as then, nor did we seem to enjoy ourselves as much. Your voice was greatly missed, as every one seemed to be afraid to cheer. Every now and then some one would say "Don't you wish McDonald was here?" Your friends often inquire after you and appear to take great interest in your welfare.

I am delighted to hear that you have some idea of studying law. I think a profession is at any time, almost a fortune. My father, when he came to Romney, had nothing in the world but his profession, not a friend or an acquaintance, and you certainly know how he has succeeded; and he is not the only instance. He was twenty-four years of age when he began the study of law, and you have the advantage of three or four years over him.

There is a good deal of sickness here at present. Nearly every one has either bilious fever, or fever and ague. Though, so far, our family have escaped with the exception of some of the servants.

Now Edward, I shall expect you to write to me as soon as you receive this. Give my compliments to Angus. Perhaps he thinks I ought to call him "Mr. McDonald," but I have always looked upon him as a relation and wish to treat him as such. The family all desire to be remembered to you and Angus. Adieu, Edward, and rest assured that you will always have the esteem and friendship of,


Mr. Edward C. McDonald,
St. Louis, Mo.

Though William Naylor owned slaves during his life, he gave their freedom to all of them who had reached the age of twenty-one at the time of his death (and in some instances made provision for their maintenance), and the younger ones as they attained that age. And I doubt not that this course would have been followed by all slave-holders in Virginia in the course of time.



Cornelia Peake was the youngest child of Dr. Humphrey Peake and Anne Linton Lane (his wife), and was born in Alexandria, Virginia, where her father was Collector of the Port, under President. Monroe's administration. With the election of Jackson, who was of a different political faith, he lost his position and soon afterwards decided to remove with his family to Missouri.

Besides Cornelia, Dr. Peake had four daughters and one son—Julia, who married George Tyler of Prince William County, Va.; Elizabeth, who married Mr. Thomas F. Buck of Frederick County; Susan, who married Edward C. McDonald; Ellen, who married James DeCamp, son of Dr. S. G. De-Camp of the U. S. A., and William Peake, who married Miss Nancy Glasscock of Missouri.

The records of Fairfax County, Virginia, show that two brothers of the Peake family came from England to America in 1654. One settled in Woodstock, Conn., and the other in the northern neck of Virginia.

William Peake (1st) lived near Alexandria, Virginia, and his "seat" was called "Mt. Gilead." It was separated from Mt. Vernon by Little Hunting Creek. He had two children, Mary, who married Abednego Adams, and Humphrey, who married Mary Stonestreet of Maryland about 1748. William Peake served in Braddock's expedition.

The children of Humphrey and Mary Stonestreet were John, who was a physician and educated in Edinburg, Scotland,and married Miss Bowie of Maryland; William. Anne, Harry and Humphrey. Anne maried Francis Adams, her first cousin. Harry married Miss Moffett and Humphrey married Anne Linton Lane, in 1798, a daughter of Capt. William Lane, an officer of the Revolution.

Cornelia was about thirteen years of age when her father moved to Missouri and about sixteen when he finally concluded to settle in Hannibal, where the family of Sam Clemens (Mark Twain) then lived. And her reminiscences of the "Twain" family and "Huckleberry Finn" are well worth recording. "In the town of Hannibal were some very plain people, named Clemens, the head of the family being a magistrate was dignified with the title of Judge, and was also Deacon in the Presbyterian Church. He had several children, Sam being then only a little street boy, with an intimate friend named Ruel Gridly, whom he afterwards immortalized as `Huckleberry Fin.'

"Sam always looked well cared for and comfortably dressed, but Ruel's apparel was remarkable because of an absoute divorce between his trousers and the part of his dress to which they were intended to be fastened, and his chief interest in life, apparently, was to keep them from falling off. He was the child of a pitiful old drunkard. I was at a friend's house once, and observing Ruel from the window in a very sorry plight, my friend ordered her servant to give him some dinner, and when a plate heaped with roast turkey and gravy, with other good things was handed out to him he received it with great joy, and promptly emptying the entire contents into his hat he replaced it on his head and walked off."

Her first impressions of Angus W. McDonald too are interesting:

"Among the guests was a tall, fine-looking man, * * * * Mr. Angus McDonald of Virginia. I was introduced to him, but was too much awed by his dignity and importance to have much to say."

She spent several winters in St. Louis and at Jefferson Barracks, after she grew up, and met many of the young officers stationed at the post, who afterwards became famous during the war between the States.

Among her acquaintances too were the wives of Captain Clarke and Captain Bainbridge of the Dragoons and Dr. Emerson of the U. S. Army, the three ladies being daughters of Capt. Jack Sanford and cousins of Leacy Anne Naylor.


William Lane married Miss de Moville in 16—in Prince William County, Virginia. Their sons were James de Moville and William; James married Patsy Carr and William married Mary Carr. The children of James and Patsy were William, Joseph and Ellen. William married Susan Linton Jennings, Joseph married Miss Prince of Princeton, New Jersey, and Ellen married Col. Simon Triplett of Virginia.

William's children were, James, who married Catherine Alexander, born Triplett; Anne Linton Lane, who married Humphrey Peake; Ralph, who married Susan Triplett; Patsy Carr, who married John Bailey; Elizabeth, who married Philo Lane, after John Wrenn; Catherine, Susan and Alfred never married; Harrison married Lucinda Carter; Sarah never married; Benedict Middleton married first Anne Adams, second Susan Cockerel].

Joseph's only child was a daughter, who married Peter Jett of Rappahannock County, Va.

(The above geneaological notes are copied from the family bible of Donald McDonald.)


Following is a copy of a letter written to Marshall McDonald while at Vicksburg, by his father, Angus W. McDonald:

Richmond, April 11th, 1863.

I received yesterday-, your kind and affectionate letter, and you cannot measure the comfort it imparted. It poured sweet balm into my wounded heart, and rekindled or revived the flickering lamp of hope, almost gone out.

Oh, I beg of you, dear Marshall, continue to write to me—write frankly, as you have done. * * * *  If you persevere in prayer, I have no doubt your petition will be granted. Communion with God by prayer and the contemplation of His infinite goodness and purity, with faith in the exercise of those attributes for your salvation, is certain,—from the inevitable influence of such communion,—to elevate and purify the heart and reclaim it from sinfulness and folly. Such communion is sure to bring forth good fruit.

When you have confessed yourself to your Maker, you will feel no reluctance in opening your heart tc your affectionate father on earth and you know that he will listen and give you comfort, if he can, in return. I know, too, dear Marshall, that unreserved and frequent communication with me cannot but have a happy influence upon a nature constituted as yours is.

I wish that you were with me. When Vicksburg is deemed safe, when it is no longer the post of honor, because the post of danger, I hope you will obtain a transfer to this city, where your attainments and favorite studies and experiments would be of the greatest service to our cause. I consider that your department has a head here which was originally wood or stone; carved into shape and character by some Vest Point artezan wound up like a machine, and set to running with a prescribed speed and in a particular groove, which he never has and never can Ieave, without imminent danger of ceasing to run at all, or running off altogether. * * * *

I feel, dear' Marshall, that "all my young barbarians" still at home, within the tyrant's rule and under his heel, will have to be educated and placed in the path to future honorable position. I cannot expect to live long (God grant it may be until the end of the wear)  * * * * Think of this high task and duty and let it nerve you to conquer all the obstacles which lie in the path, which must be trodden to accomplish it. * * * * Harry, Allan and Kenneth were employed, when I last heard from home, in smuggling to their mother and the little ones, the necessary provisions for their daily subsistence—Milroy not permitting even the necessaries of life to be sold to any citizen who had not taken the "Oath of Loyalty." This, your mother having refused to take, she was not permitted to purchase even flour or meat. The boys, however, flank the pickets at night and bring supplies sparsem from the country people. I glory in them. They have taken the oath of loyalty to the South, administered by me before I left home and they will keep it.

Your most affectionate father,


Edward Charles McDonald, son of Angus (2d) and Mary McGuire (his wife) was born in Winchester, July 26, 1803, and was named for the unfortunate Prince Charlie. Early family connections, besides an inherent loyalty, had made the McDonalds staunch supporters of the House of Stewart for generations and this was a loyal tribute to the dead dynasty.

He was the only brother of Angus W. McDonald and with him and the little sister he was taken by their grandmother, to her home at Glengarry after his mother's death. He went to school in Winchester until 1819, when he entered West Point, and while there, he seems to have had a lively time. His most serious ecapade, it is said, was in assisting about twenty of his comrades to drown a flock of sheep in the Hudson River.

After they had been fed on mutton until the very sight of the dumb creatures themselves roused all their antipathies, it seemed that nothing but the wholesale slaughter of the innocent offenders could appease them. He was also charged with having committed several other minor offenses and while under arrest for some of them, as the records at West Point state: "Did accost the sentinel who was walking in front of his quarters and demand of him why he walked there; and further, that if he did not walk somewhere else, he would thrash him. And when the sentinel ordered McDonald to go to his room, and said McDonald refused to do so, the sentinel called the Corporal of the Guard, who McDonald also refused to obey, telling him that the sentinel had been walking in front of his door long enough and if the Corporal did not send him away he would be d d if he wouldn't thrash him."

While this was certainly insubordination, it at the same time evinced on McDonald's part a spirit of wounded pride, which might have been appealed to more successfully, by other means than brute force; his entire after life proving his nobility of soul and his lofty standards.

The following letter written to his brother Angus, who was some four or five years his senior, in which he gives him some good advice is quite interesting in this connection:

St. Louis, October 6, 1824.

Dear Angus—For two weeks I had anxiously awaited your letter. And I assure you that its seasonable arrival has quite raised my spirits, especially as the enclosure is sufficient for my present needs.

I am much gratified to hear that it is your intention to accomplish your long and much desired object—the study of the law. You have now got your foot upon the step that leads to prosperity and fame. It depends wholly upon yourself now whether you mount or not. You well know the exertions necessary to accomplish it.

You surely will not relinquish your present opportunities (so long wished for) for your chimerical plans in Mexico, the accomplishment of which are more than commensurate with your means. And besides, I believe your associates are growing lukewarm themselves. Lewis Heampstead told me the other (lay that he could get no information respecting your business.

He starts with me next Monday to the Merrimac, where we have determined to spend the winter. And as none of us have sufficient funds to hire hands, we have come to the resolution of using our own by way of experiment. Before I seal this I will see Heampstead and let you know what his prospects are. But it will not do to procrastinate in your present situation.

When this reaches you, if you have not already forwarded more money do not do so, until I write again. I saw Heampstead last night, and he tells me he will not be able to raise funds for the expedition to Mexico, and that he has received no information with respect to the situation of the country.

William Mays has just returned from there and he says that the country is in a very peaceable condition. He brought back about $1,200, which he has made since last spring. If another expedition should be put on foot next spring, however, and I should have the funds for an outfit, I think it more than probable that I shall try my luck.

You, though, had better turn your head in another direction and nothing under Heaven would give me more satisfaction than to know that one of us, at least, had quit a life of adventure.

Give my respects to all my friends, and believe me to be your affectionate brother,


It was not long after he Ieft West Point that he went with his sister, Millicent, and her husband, William Sherrard, to Florida, for the latter's health, and remained there until his brother-in-law finally died, when he returned with his sister again to Winchester. From there he went West and joined his cousin, Major Elias Langharn, who was Indian agent at Fort Snelling and also Surveyor General for Illinois and Missouri.

Here he found employment for some time as a Civil Engineer and during that time Iie traveled extensively through the West, sometimes going as far as Mexico. Later he studied law and after obtaining his license settled for a time in St. Louis, Missouri.

In 1833, he married Miss Frances Elizabeth Singleton, of Winchester, by whom he had three children, Mary Frances, Anne, and one son, Singleton. He finally moved to Hannibal, Mo., where he made his home until his death. He lost his wife in 1840, and in 1842 married a second time, Miss Susan Peake, a sister of Cornelia Peake.

In 1849, he, in common with many others, caught the California fever and made the journey there overland, where lie remained three or four years, returning by the long Isthmus route.

At the breaking out of the war between the States, he at once offered his services; his early military training proving a valuable asset, and he left Missouri, in command of a Regiment and went to join General Price. He was later sent, by Gen. Price, on an important mission to Richmond and while en route was stricken with pneumonia. He was taken to his brother Angus' home at Hawthorne, near Winchester, where he died after a brief illness.

It was the never-to-be-forgotten winter of 1862—when the bitter weather, which the people were so poorly prepared to endure, caused so much sickness and death. Col. Angus McDonald had been ordered to Rommey and came into his brother's sick room to bid him farewell, and his grief, as he bent over the helpless form of the brother whom he had always loved so tenderly, was pathetic in the extreme.

Edward was propped with pillows, to assist his difficult breathing, and both realized in that supreme hour that it was to be their last meeting on earth. Not a word was spoken and the expression of each face, as Angus leaned over and kissed the brow of the dying man will never be effaced from my memory. It was a solemn and impressive moment.

He died the next night and his body reposes in the beautiful cemetery at Winchester, in sight of his native hills, near the spot where he was born, and not very far from where his mother is buried. He left besides his wife, five children of his second marriage, Edward, Thomas, Angus, Millicent and Ellen.

He was a man possessed of many noble traits of character. Of inviolable truthfulness and loyalty. And his Celtic lineage constantly betrayed itself in his romantic ideas, his earnestness and his tendency to hero-worship; traits which were doubtless fostered by his reading. The Waverley novels were eagerly devoured as they came out and he was an ardent admirer and student of Shakespeare. Among the cherished relics left his children are some volumes of his camp library, a pocket and well-thumbed copy of Shakespeare, being among them.

Millicent, the only sister, married a second time, her first cousin, Richard Holliday, and she, too emigrated to Missouri, living first at St. Louis, and afterwards in Hannibal. She was again left a widow and finally made her home with her brother Edward's oldest daughter, Mrs. W. B. Corbyn, of Quincy, Illinois, wife of Rev. Mr. Corbyn, an Episcopal Clergyman.

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