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Castles of Scotland
Dirleton Castle

Dirleton CastleIn Dirleton village 3m W of North Berwick on the A198. Tel: 01620 850330

A romantic castle often in the forefront of Scottish history since it was built in the 12th century. The renowned gardens, added in the 16th century, include an Arts and Crafts herbaceous border and Victorian garden.

The yellow clustered towers of Dirleton Castle high on its rocky knoll strikes an imposing sight. It was originally surrounded by a deep fresh water filled ditch which heightened its position. Also the present victorian gardens around the castle give a false impression since the whole area was bog and marsh land which added to the castles outer defenses. To the east was a wooden Barmkin which enclosed the castles town.

The first stone castle was raised by the Anglo-Norman De Vaux family around 1225. With additions by the Halyburtons in the 1300ís and the Ruthven family in the 1500ís.

The 1st castle consisted of four round towers and 2 square towers set randomly around the site which was dictated by the shape of the rocky knoll.

In 1298 the castle was attacked and occupied by King Edward I of England. Later in 1311 King Robert the Bruce had the castle recaptured and two of its great round towers were slighted to ground level to make it unserviceable to the English.

In 1350 a great rebuilding work was undertaken by the Haliburtons, a new gate house kitchen, vaults and great hall were built on the stumps of the earlier 13th century towers.

In the 1500ís the Ruthvens added a walled garden outside the castle and a new oblong Ruthven range to the courtyard of the castle. Also a bee hive docot and a wall replacing the earlier barmkin palisade was added to the castle-town.

In 1650 a group of Scottish moss troops were operating from Dirleton attacking Cromwells convoys. Cromwell then bombarded the castle using mortar pieces to tear open the gate house and entered by storm.

In 1663 the castle passed to the Nisbet family and was abandoned as a residence in favour of a new manor house at Archerfield. The castle then became the local quarry used to build walls and cottages locally.

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