THE Parish of
Banchory-Devenick is divided into two parts by the river Dee, one part
lying in Aberdeenshire, and the other in Kincardineshire. The portion
lying to the north of the river is the smaller, containing about 2374
acres. It is bounded on the north by the. parish of Newhills, and partly
by Old Machar; on the east by Old Machar and the Burgh of Aberdeen ; on
the south by the river Dee ; and on the west by the parish of
Peterculter. It forms a strip about one mile in breadth, and four in
length, and stretches both farther east and farther west than the part
of the parish upon the opposite, or Kincardineshire, side. This portion
of the parish contains the properties of Pitfodels, Cults, part of
Murtle, and part of Countesswells.
The south or
Kincardineshire portion is almost three times the size of the other,
containing nearly 7000 acres. It is bounded on the north and on the
south-east by water,—on the north by the river Dee, and on the
south-east by the German ocean, where it has a coast line of about three
miles. On the north-east it is bounded by the parish of Nigg, on the
south by Fetteresso parish, and on the west by Fetteresso and Maryculter.
The estates of this part are Banchory, Ardoe, with Findon and Portlethen
on the coast, and Auchorthies in the south-west corner.
The word Banchory,
according to the View of the Diocese of Aberdeen, signifies the white
choir, or beautiful church. Some believe it was derived from the Gaelic,
and means the hollow between two hills. Devenick was the name of the
tutelar saint of the parish, sent north by Columba to Christianise the
As the larger portion of
the parish, the Kincardineshire part is historically of the most
importance, and as the estate named after the parish, the lands of
Banchory occupy the first place.