physician and medical writer, for several years practised at Bath. He was
a native of Scotland, but neither the date nor the place of his birth is
known. He was noted for extreme irritability of temper, and among other
persons with whom he had a dispute was the eccentric Philip Thicknesse, in
the dedication to whose memoirs is given an account of one of his last
quarrels. He afterwards went to Antigua, and became physician to the
commander-in-chief and the colonial troops, and one of the judges of the
court of king’s bench and common pleas in that island. He was the author
of several medical tracts on regimen, the materia medica, &c., as also of
a pamphlet against the abolition of the slave trade. He died 24th April
1802, at Harrowgate, at an advanced age.
The following is a
list of Dr. Adair’s works:—
Medical Cautions for
the Consideration of Invalids, more especially of those who resort to
Bath. Loud. 1786, 8vo Second edit, greatly enlarged, 1787, 8vo.
A Philosophical and
Medical Sketch of the Natural History of the Human Body and Mind, with an
Essay on the Difficulties of attaining Medical Knowledge. Lond. 1787, 8vo.
Essays on Fashionable
Diseases; the Dangerous Effects of Hot and Crowded Rooms; the Clothing of
Invalids; Lady and Gentlemen Doctors; and on Quacks and Quackery. Loud.
Essay on a
Non-Descript, or Newly Invented Disease; its Nature, Causes, and Means of
Relief, with some very important Observations on the Powerful and most
Surprising Effects of Animal Magnetism, in the Cure of the said Disease.
Lund. 1790, 8vo.
Anecdotes of the Life,
Adventures, and Vindication of a Medical Character, metaphorically
Defunct. By Benjamin Goosequill. Loud. 1790, 8vo, with regard to his own
Life and Character.
A Candid Inquiry into
the Truth of Certain Charges of the Dangerous Consequences of the
Suttonian or Cooling Regimen under Inoculation for the Small Pox; with
some remarks on a Successful Method used some years ago in Hungary, in the
case of Natural Small Pox. Lund. 1790, 8vo.
Two Sermons; the first
addressed to Seamen, the second to British West India Slaves, by a
Physician, (Dr. A.); to which are subjoiued, Remarks on Female Infidelity,
and a Plan of Platonic Matrimony, by which that Evil may be Lessened or
totally Prevented, by F. G. 1791, 8vo.
An Essay on Regimen.
Air, 1799, 8vo.
against the Abolition of the Slave Trade, with a Defence of the
Proprietors of the British Sugar Colonies. Loud. 1790, 8vo.
An Essay on Diet and
Regimen, as indispensable to the Recovery and Preservation of Firm Health,
especially to Indolent, Studious, Delicate, and Invalid; with appropriate
Cases. Loud. 1804, 8vo. ADVANCE \d 5
Regimen and Preparation under inoculation, and on the Treatment of the
Natural Small Pox in the West Indies; with Strictures on the Suttonian
Practice. Med. Corn. viii. p. 211, 1782.
Stimulants, Astringents, Anodynes, Cicuta, Vermifuga, Nausativa, Fixed
Air, Arsenicum Album, &c. lb. ix. p. 206.
Remarks on Alumen
Rupium, and several other Articles of the Materia Medica. lb. x. p. 233.
Three Cases of Pthisis
Pulmonalis, treated by Cuprum Vitriolatum and Conium Maculatum, two of
which terminated favourably. Med. Corn. xvii. p. 4T3, 1792.
Case of Inflammatory
Constipation of the Bowels, successfully treated. Mem. Med. ii. p. 236,
Entries for this name in the Dictionary of National Biography