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The Scottish Nation

ADAIR, JAMES MAKITTRICK, physician and medical writer, for several years practised at Bath. He was a native of Scotland, but neither the date nor the place of his birth is known. He was noted for extreme irritability of temper, and among other persons with whom he had a dispute was the eccentric Philip Thicknesse, in the dedication to whose memoirs is given an account of one of his last quarrels. He afterwards went to Antigua, and became physician to the commander-in-chief and the colonial troops, and one of the judges of the court of king’s bench and common pleas in that island. He was the author of several medical tracts on regimen, the materia medica, &c., as also of a pamphlet against the abolition of the slave trade. He died 24th April 1802, at Harrowgate, at an advanced age.

The following is a list of Dr. Adair’s works:—

Medical Cautions for the Consideration of Invalids, more especially of those who resort to Bath. Loud. 1786, 8vo Second edit, greatly enlarged, 1787, 8vo.

A Philosophical and Medical Sketch of the Natural History of the Human Body and Mind, with an Essay on the Difficulties of attaining Medical Knowledge. Lond. 1787, 8vo.

Essays on Fashionable Diseases; the Dangerous Effects of Hot and Crowded Rooms; the Clothing of Invalids; Lady and Gentlemen Doctors; and on Quacks and Quackery. Loud. 1789, 8vo.

Essay on a Non-Descript, or Newly Invented Disease; its Nature, Causes, and Means of Relief, with some very important Observations on the Powerful and most Surprising Effects of Animal Magnetism, in the Cure of the said Disease. Lund. 1790, 8vo.

Anecdotes of the Life, Adventures, and Vindication of a Medical Character, metaphorically Defunct. By Benjamin Goosequill. Loud. 1790, 8vo, with regard to his own Life and Character.

A Candid Inquiry into the Truth of Certain Charges of the Dangerous Consequences of the Suttonian or Cooling Regimen under Inoculation for the Small Pox; with some remarks on a Successful Method used some years ago in Hungary, in the case of Natural Small Pox. Lund. 1790, 8vo.

Two Sermons; the first addressed to Seamen, the second to British West India Slaves, by a Physician, (Dr. A.); to which are subjoiued, Remarks on Female Infidelity, and a Plan of Platonic Matrimony, by which that Evil may be Lessened or totally Prevented, by F. G. 1791, 8vo.

An Essay on Regimen. Air, 1799, 8vo.

Unanswerable Arguments against the Abolition of the Slave Trade, with a Defence of the Proprietors of the British Sugar Colonies. Loud. 1790, 8vo.

An Essay on Diet and Regimen, as indispensable to the Recovery and Preservation of Firm Health, especially to Indolent, Studious, Delicate, and Invalid; with appropriate Cases. Loud. 1804, 8vo.  ADVANCE \d 5

Observations on Regimen and Preparation under inoculation, and on the Treatment of the Natural Small Pox in the West Indies; with Strictures on the Suttonian Practice. Med. Corn. viii. p. 211, 1782.

Hints respecting Stimulants, Astringents, Anodynes, Cicuta, Vermifuga, Nausativa, Fixed Air, Arsenicum Album, &c. lb. ix. p. 206.

Remarks on Alumen Rupium, and several other Articles of the Materia Medica. lb. x. p. 233.

Three Cases of Pthisis Pulmonalis, treated by Cuprum Vitriolatum and Conium Maculatum, two of which terminated favourably. Med. Corn. xvii. p. 4T3, 1792.

Case of Inflammatory Constipation of the Bowels, successfully treated. Mem. Med. ii. p. 236, 1789.

Entries for this name in the Dictionary of National Biography

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