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The Scottish Nation

A surname derived from the district of that name, in the south—east of Inverness-shire, anciently belonging to the powerful family of the Cumyns. In 1230, Walter Cumyn, earl of Menteith in right of his wife, the second son of William Cumyn, earl of Buchan, acquired the lordship of Badenoch, by a grant of Alexander the Second. (Chalmers’ Caledonia, vol. ii. p. 563.) In 1291, John Cumyn, lord of Badenoch, acknowledged Edward the First as superior of Scotland. His son John, called the Red Cumyn, was the personage who was slain at Dumfries, by Robert the Bruce, 10th February 1306. On the forfeiture of the Cumyns, Bruce annexed the lordship of Badenoch to the earldom of Murray, and the clan Chattan, whose original possessions were in Lochaber, appear about this period to have settled in Badenoch. (Gregory’s Highlands, p. 77.) Robert the Second granted Badenoch to his son Alexander, earl of Buchan, commonly called, from his ferocity, "the Wolf of Badenoch." (See BUCHAN, earls of.) In 1452 the crown bestowed Badenoch on the earl of Huntly, who, at the head of the clan Chattan, maintained a fierce warfare with the western clans, and his neighbours of Lochaber. (See HUNTLY, earl of.) As early as 1440 we find one Patrick Badenoch serving the office of baillie of Aberdeen. (Extracts from ABERDEEN Burgh Records, pp. 6, 8, &c.) The name is not uncommon in the north of Scotland.

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