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The Scottish Nation

CARDROSS, LORD, a title first conferred on the earl of Mar, but now a secondary title of the earl of Buchan. The first possessor having been invested with the right of conferring it on any of his male heirs renders the title of Lord Cardross unique in the peerage either of Scotland or England. There is no other instance of such a power having been granted to a subject. David, who became, on his grandfather’s death in 1634, second Lord Cardross, was one of the Scottish peers who protested against the delivering up of Charles the First to the English army at Newcastle in 1646. He died in 1671. Of his eldest son, Henry, third Lord Cardross, distinguished for his patriotism, a separate notice is given under the head of ERSKINE, HENRY, third Lord Cardross. A younger son, the Hon. Colonel John Erskine of Carnock, was father of John Erskine, the well-known author of the ‘Institutes of the Law of Scotland,’ and grandfather of the celebrated Dr. John Erskine, minister of Greyfriars, Edinburgh, of both of whom notices are given under ERSKINE. On the death, in 1695, of William Erskine, eighth earl of Buchan, the succession of that title opened to David, fourth Lord Cardross, eldest son of Henry, the third lord, and in the parliament of 1698, an act was passed allowing him to be called in the rolls of parliament as earl of Buchan. [See BUCHAN, Earl of].

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