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The Scottish Nation

DONALD, the name of several kings of early Scottish history. The first four reigned before the Picts and Scots were united under Kenneth MacAlpin in 843. Donald the fourth, who succeeded in 632, was drowned in Loch Tay, Perthshire, having been there, it is said, “at fishing with his servants for pastime.” [Old Chron. of Scotland, p. 55.]

      Donald V., sometimes called Donald I., succeeded his brother Kenneth in 860. The ancient laws of the kingdom were revised and confirmed under his authority, and according to Pinkerton (Enquiry, vol. ii. p. 178), the Gaël or Dalriads obtained a confirmation of the old laws assigned them by Ed. Fin. [Chr. Pict.] The Norwegians having invaded the kingdom Donald fought and defeated them; but is said at last to have fallen by their hands at Forres in 904.

DONALD, King of Scotland, commonly called Donald Bane, the son of Duncan, and brother of Malcolm Canmore, before usurping the throne was styled maormor or earl of Gowrie, and had large possessions in that district, as on the baptism of his nephew Alexander he conferred on him the lands of Liff and Invergowrie. [Balfour’s Annals, vol. i. p. 6.] On the usurpation of the throne by Macbeth, while his elder brother Malcolm fled into Cumberland, Donald took refuge in the Isles, where he seems to have ingratiated himself so well with the people and with the Celtic portion of the inhabitants of Scotland, that after the death of his brother Malcolm Canmore, in 1093, with their assistance he was enabled to take possession of the throne, to the exclusion of the children of the latter. He was, however, dethroned in 1094, by Duncan the Second, the elder son of the late king, by Ingiobiorge, widow of Earl Thorfinn, (see ALEXANDER I.,) but Duncan was himself treacherously slain in 1095, by Malpedir, thane of Moern or Garmoran, a district in northern Inverness-shire. The other children of Malcolm by his second wife, Edgar, Alexander, and David, had, meanwhile, found refuge in England, under the protection of their maternal uncle, Edgar Atheling, when Duncan being removed, Donald Bane returned from his exile and re-ascended the throne, which he was permitted to fill but for a short time, as in the same year an army, composed of English, Anglo-Saxons and Anglo Normans, (many of whom had been expelled by Donald Bane from the country,) led by Edgar Atheling, and accompanied by the young princes his nephews, invaded Scotland, and the usurper Donald, being deserted by those who had twice enabled him to become king, was made prisoner, his eyes put out, and he was consigned for the rest of his life to a dungeon. This took place in 1098, with Edgar, fourth son of Malcolm by the second marriage, succeeded to the throne. Donald Bane’s son, Madach by name, was earl of Athol in the reign of David the First. He married Margaret daughter of Haco earl of Orkney. Henry the grandson of Madach died in the reign of Alexander the Second, without issue male, and with him Donald Bane’s descendants in the male line failed.

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