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DUNDONALD, Earl of, a title in the peerage of Scotland, conferred in 1669, on Sir William Cochrane, of Cowdon, knight, who had distinguished himself by his loyalty, of the ancient family of Cochrane in Renfrewshire (see COCHRANE). About 1640 he possessed the lands of Auchans and Dundonald, in the north-west district of Kyle, Ayrshire, and was created a peer, December 27, 1647, by the title of Lord Cochrane of Dundonald. In the following year he was sent to Ireland to bring over the Scotch troops there, in aid of the royal cause. After the restoration he was sworn one of the privy council, and constituted one of the commissioners of the treasury and exchequer, and on 12th May, 1669, was created earl of Dundonald and Lord Cochrane of Paisley and Ochiltree. He died in 1686.

      Of this family the following description occurs in Hamilton of Wishaw’s Account of Renfrewshire, compiled about 1710: “this family continued in the male line until the beginning of the last age (the seventeenth century) that is fell in ane heires, who maried Alexander Blair, son to the laird of Blair, who, changing his name to Cochran, became the father of many children, as Sir John Cochran, who was imployed in severall foreign embassies; his immediat younger brother, Sir William, afterward earle of Dundonald; Sir Bryce; Cornell Alexander; Cornell Heugh, and Gavine Cochrane of Craigmuir, – all sensible and judicious men. But the two eldest brothers seamed constantly to content in two cardinall vertews, – the first in liberality, the second in frugality; for whatever the first gott he liberally parted with it, and whatever the second gott or acquired he frugally and noblely improved, for being a gentleman of the greatest accomplishment for manageing affairs that owr nation hath produced, he acquired a vast fortune, which he left to his eldest grandsone, and provided all his other children and grandchildren to plentifull fortunes.” It is added in a note, “Indeed the age appears to have beheld with admiration the earl’s frugality, and his success has been celebrated as one of three wonders of the shire, namely, ‘How Dundonald gathered such an estate, – how Orbistoun spent such an estate, – and how Glencairn lived so handsomely on such an estate.’ “ [Hamilton of Wishaw’s Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire, printed for the Maitland Club in 1831, page 82.] The name Dundonald means ‘Donald’s hill’ or ‘fort,’ and in the castle of Dundonald King Robert the Second died in 1390.

      The first earl of Dundonald married Euphame, daughter of Sir William Scott of Ardross, in Fife, and had two sons, William, Lord Cochrane, who predeceased his father in 1679, and the Hon. Sir John Cochrane of Ochiltree. The latter in 1683, joined with Baillie of Jerviswood and other patriotic gentlemen, in concerting a scheme of emigration to the American colonies, with the view of escaping from the tyrannical government of Charles the Second in Scotland, and he was one of the deputation sent to London to prepare for that purpose, but while there they entered into the conspiracy for a general insurrection, at the head of which were the duke of Monmouth, Shaftesbury, Russell, and Algernon Sidney. On the discovery of the Ryehouse plot, however, the object of which was the assassination of the king, and in which they had no share, Sir John Cochrane and his second son, John (who was forfeited, 9th April 1684, for being in arms at Bothwell Bridge in 1679, when only 16 years of age), escaped to Holland, where they remained till the death of Charles. In 1685, Sir John and his son were in the expedition of the earl of Argyle when he invaded Scotland from Holland, and on the dispersion of Argyle’s followers, at the head of a larger force than had continued with that nobleman, Sir John crossed the Clyde, and had a sharp skirmish with the king’s troops at Muirdykes near Lochwinnoch, where they beat back their assailants. In the encounter Captain Cleland, a royalist officer, was killed; after which Cochrane’s party separated, and every man sought his personal safety by flight. On this occasion the persecuted Covenanters stood aloof from Argyle, and gave no support to his enterprize, not only on account that his declaration made no mention of the Covenants or Presbyterian church government, but that both he and Sir John Cochrane had been themselves implicated in the persecuting measures of the government, Sir John having, in 1680, direct Bruce of Earlshall to Airdsmoss, where Richard Cameron was killed, and Argyle having voted in 1681, for the death of Cargill. Sir John and his son took refuge in the house of his uncle, Gavin Cochrane of Craigmuir, whose wife was the sister of Captain Cleland, killed at Muirdykes, and out of revenge she betrayed them to the royalists, and they were conveyed to the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, bound and bareheaded, ignominiously conducted by the common hangman. His estates were forfeited, but his life was redeemed by his father for a considerable sum. He was sent to London, and admitted to an interview with James the Seventh, when his answers to the questions put to him were deemed satisfactory, and in August 1687, he was despatched by the king to Edinburgh, to negociate the removal of the penal laws against the Roman Catholics. After the Revolution his estates were restored to him, and in 1693 he was one of the farmers of the poll-tax. By his wife, Margaret, second daughter of Sir William Strickland of Boynton, Yorkshire, (one of Cromwell’s lords of parliament) he had two sons and a daughter. The eldest son, William, married Lady Mary Bruce, eldest daughter of Alexander, second earl of Kincardine, and heir of her brother Alexander, third earl, on whose death, unmarried, in November 1705 , she claimed that title, but without success. They had nine sons and four daughters. Thomas, the seventh son, became eighth earl of Dundonald.

      William Lord Cochrane, the elder son of the first earl, had married, in 1653, Lady Catherine Kennedy, second daughter of the sixth earl of Cassillis, and had, with three daughters, four sons. John, the eldest, became second earl. The second son, William Cochrane of Kilmaronock, was member for Renfrew in the Scottish parliament, to which, on 17th July 1695, he presented a petition, requesting reparation for losses sustained by him from the rebels, when his case was ordered to be recommended to the king. In 1703, he was chosen for the county of Dumbarton. He was one of the heads of the cavalier party, and warmly opposing the Union, encouraged the people to have recourse to arms to defeat that measure. In 1708 he was elected a member of the imperial parliament for the Wigton burghs, and rechosen at the general election in 1710. In the following year he was appointed joint-keeper of the signet, along with Sir Alexander Erskine, lord lyon, and John Pringle of Haining. He died in 1717. By his wife, Lady Grizel Graham, third daughter of the second marquis of Montrose, he had a son, Thomas, who succeeded as sixth earl of Dundonald, of whom afterwards, and five daughters.

      Lord Cochrane’s eldest son, John, succeeded as second earl, on the death of his grandfather in 1686, and died 16th May, 1690. By his countess, Lady Susan Hamilton, (afterwards marchioness of Tweeddale,) second daughter of William and Anne, duke and duchess of Hamilton, he had two sons, William, third earl of Dundonald, who died, unmarried, 19th November 1705, and John, fourth earl. At the keenly contested election of sixteen representative peers, 17th June, 1708, the fourth earl voted, though under age, but his votes were set aside by the House of Lords, on account of his minority. At the general election of 1713, he was himself chosen one of the Scots representative peers, and by Queen Anne was constituted colonel of the 4th or Scottish troop of horse guards (reduced in 1747), and continued in that command till 1719. He died 5th June 1720. He married, first, Lady Anne Murray, second daughter of the first earl of Dunmore, by whom he had a son, William, fifth earl, and three daughters, celebrated for their beauty by the elegant Hamilton of Bangour, in his pleasing verses to Lady Mary Montgomerie, namely, 1. Lady Ann, married 14th February 1723, to the fifth duke of Hamilton, and died 14th August 1724, in her eighteenth year, leaving a son, James, sixth duke of Hamilton; 2. Lady Susan, married to the sixth earl of Strathmore, who was killed by Carnegie of Finhaven, in May 1728, without issue, and in 1745, she married, secondly, Mr. George Forbes, her factor, by whom she had a daughter; and 3. Lady Catherine, married to Alexander, sixth earl of Galloway, and had a numerous issue. The earl’s first wife having died in 1711, his lordship married, secondly, in 1715, Lady Mary Osborne, dowager duchess of Beaufort, second daughter of Peregrine, second duke of Leeds, without issue.

      William, fifth earl of Dundonald, the only son, succeeded his father in 1720, and died unmarried, 27th January 1725, in his seventeenth year. He was succeeded in his unentailed property by his nephew, James, duke of Hamilton, and in his titles and entailed estates by his cousin, Thomas Cochrane, son of William Cochrane of Kilmaronock, second son of William, Lord Cochrane, as above mentioned.

      Thomas, sixth earl, born in 1702, was in his 24th year when he succeeded to the titles of his family. He died at the abbey of Paisley, 28th May 1737, in his 35th year. By his wife, Catherine, second daughter of Lord Basil Hamilton of Baldoon, he had two daughters and two sons.

      The elder son, William, seventh earl, had his horse shot under him at the Westport of Edinburgh, 27th October 1745, by a gun fired from the castle while the rebels were in possession of the capital. In 1750, he was captain in Stewart’s Scots regiment in the service of the states of Holland, but afterwards entering the British service, in 1757 he had a company in the 17th regiment of foot. The same year he accompanied General Forbes to America, and was killed at the siege of Louisbourg, in a sortie made by a drunken party of the garrison of that place, 9th July 1758. Dying unmarried, the title devolved upon Thomas Cochrane of Culross, grandson of the Hon. Sir John Cochrane of Ochiltree, second son of the first earl.

      Thomas, eighth earl, was a major in the army. He was chosen M.P. for the county of Renfrew at the general election in 1722, and on 17th April 1730, was appointed one of the commissioners of excise in Scotland. On 2d April 1761, three years after succeeding to the earldom, he resigned his seat at the board of excise in favour of his youngest brother, Basil. This gentleman was the eighth son of William Cochrane of Ochiltree. A full length portrait of him is given in one of the etchings by Kay, in which he appears a tall straight personage. He entered the army at an early period, and rose to the rank of captain in the 44th or Lee’s regiment of foot, with which he was present at the battle of Prestonpans in 1745. Being taken prisoner by the Highlanders, he was marched to Edinburgh with the other prisoners of war. The officers were liberated on their parole not to depart from the city nor correspond with the enemies of the prince. He subsequently for some time held the office of deputy-governor of the Isle of Man, under the duke of Athol. On the resignation of his brother, the earl, as stated, he was, in 1761, appointed one of the commissioners of excise, and on 9th May 1764 was advanced to the board of customs. He died, unmarried, at Dalry, near Edinburgh, 2d October 1788. His brother, the eighth earl, had died at his seat of La Mancha, Peebleshire, nearly ten years before, namely, on 27th June 1778. The earl was twice married. By his first wife he had a son, William, and a daughter, Lady Grizel, who both died young. By his second wife, Jane, eldest daughter of Archibald Stuart of Torrance, Lanarkshire, he had one daughter and twelve sons. The eldest of these having died young, Archibald, the second son, became ninth earl of Dundonald.

      The fourth son, the Hon. John Cochrane, was deputy commissary to the forces in North Britain. The Hon. and Rev. James Athol Cochrane, the fifth son, vicar of Mansfield in the county of Nottingham, and afterwards rector of Longhorsley in Northumberland, was author of the following works: ‘Sermon on Matt. x. 16,’ 1777, 4to; ‘On the existence of a Deity; a Sermon on Rom. i. 20,’ 1780, 8vo; ‘Plan for recruiting the British Navy,’ Lond. 1779, 4to; ‘Thoughts concerning the Proper Constitutional Principles of Manning and Recruiting the Royal Navy and Army,’ Lond. 1791, 4to; ‘Thoughts concerning the Uses of Clay Marl, as Manure; On the Uses of Agriculture Salts; On Decomposing Pit-Coal, Wood, Peat, Sods, and Reeds for Manure; also on Coal Tar, &c.’ Lond. 1805, 8vo; ‘A Letter, addressed to the Right Hon. Wm. Pitt, concerning the establishment of a Provision for Soldiers and Sailors.’ Lond. 1805, 8vo.

      The Hon. Basil Cochrane, the sixth son, was placed on the Madras civil establishment in 1769, and on his return to Britain in May 1807 he purchased the barony of Auchterarder in Perthshire. He published the following works; ‘An Improvement in the Mode of Administering the Vapour Bath, and in the Apparatus connected with it; with Plans and Estimates of fixed and Portable Baths, for Hospitals and Private Houses, and some Practical Suggestions on the Efficacy of Vapour in Application to Various Diseases in the Human Frame, and as it may be beneficial to the Veterinary Art of Medicine.’ Plates. Lond. 1809, 4to; ‘Addenda, in which the Apparatus is given on a reduced Scale, for the Accommodation of Private Families and the Public in general.’ 2 Plates. London, 1810, 4to.

      Sir Alexander Forrester Inglis Cochrane, the ninth son, a distinguished naval officer, was born April 22, 1758. Having early entered the navy, in 1778 he attained the rank of lieutenant, and served as signal officer to Sir George Rodney in the action with Mons. de Guichen, April 17, 1780, when his name was returned among the wounded. In 1782 he was made post captain, and after some years of retirement during the peace, he was, in 1790, appointed to the Hind, a small frigate, which he continued to command until after the commencement of hostilities against the French republic. In the spring and summer of 1793, he captured no less than eight of the enemy’s privateers, mounting upwards of eighty guns. After serving for several years on the coast of America, where he also captured several privateers, he was appointed in February 1799, to the Ajax, of eighty guns. He afterwards served on the coast of Egypt. In April 1804, he was advanced to the rank of rear-admiral, and in 1805 assumed the command of the Leeward Islands station. Early in 1806 Vice-admiral Sir John Duckworth arrived in the West Indies, in search of a French squadron which, under the command of Admiral de Siegle, had sailed from Brest for the relief of St. Domingo. Forming a junction with Rear-admiral Cochrane, they proceeded to that place, where, February 6th, 1806, they obtained a complete victory over the enemy. On this occasion Admiral Cochrane sustained the brunt of the action, and was exposed to imminent danger, having his hat blown off by the wind of a cannon ball. For his share in this important achievement his majesty created him a knight of the Bath of the 29th of March; he also received the thanks of both houses of parliament, and of the corporation of London, the latter accompanied with the freedom of the city, and a sword of a hundred guineas’ value. The under-writers at Barbadoes presented him with a piece of plate valued at five hundred pounds, and the committee of the Patriotic Fund at Lloyd’s with a vase worth three hundred pounds. He manifested great prudence and fortitude in not attacking the squadron of Admiral Villiamez in the West Indies in June of the same year, the French force being too superior to justify an engagement. In the course of 1807, Sir Alexander shifted his flag to the Belleisle, 74; and assisted in reducing the Danish islands of St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix, also of Guadaloupe. On the 14th April 1809, the thanks of the House of Commons were voted to him for his able and meritorious direction of the naval force in effecting the conquest of Martinique. In 1810 he was appointed governor and commander-in-chief of Guadaloupe and its dependencies. In 1813 he was selected to the command of the fleet on the coast of North America, where he declared the ports of the United States under blockade. Promoted to the full rank of admiral in 1819, he was commander-in-chief at Plymouth, from 1821 to 1824. He died suddenly at Paris, January 26, 1832, leaving three sons and two daughters. His eldest son, Vice-admiral Sir Thomas John Cochrane, K.C.B., was commander-in-chief on the East Indian station from 1842 to 1846. Sir Thomas’ son, Alexander Dundas Ross Wishart Baillie Cochrane, Esq. of Lamington, Lanarkshire, M.P. for Honiton (1860), is author of the following works, viz. ‘The Morea,’ London, 1840, 8vo; ‘The Meditations of Other Days,’ 1841; ‘The State of Greece,’ a pamphlet, London, 1847; ‘Ernest Vane,’ London, 1849, 2 vols. 8vo; ‘Lucille Belmont,’ London, 1849, 3 vols. 8vo; ‘Young Italy,’ London, 1851, 12mo; ‘Florence the Beautiful,’ London, 1854, 2 vols, 8vo; ‘Justice to Scotland,’ a pamphlet, Edin. and Lond., 1854. (See BAILLIE).

      The Hon. Andrew Cochrane, the twelfth and youngest son, at one time governor of Dominica, married Lady Georgina Hope Johnstone, third daughter of third earl of Hopetoun, and assumed the name of Johnstone in addition to his own. She died in September 1797, and he married again, at Martinique, Madame Godet, a French lady.

      Archibald, ninth earl of Dundonald, born January 1, 1748, in 1786 obtained a cornet’s commission in the 3d dragoons. He soon, however, quitted the army for the navy, and served as a midshipman under Captain Stair Douglas. He was afterwards stationed on board a vessel on the coast of Guinea as an acting lieutenant. On the death of his father, June 27, 1778, he succeeded to the family titles. He then determined to devote himself entirely to scientific pursuits. While on the coast of Africa, he had perceived that vessels were subject to be worm-eaten in a very short space of time; and he conceived the idea of laying them over with an extract from coal, in the shape of tar, which he thought would prove a sufficient protection. After a variety of trials, this was at length found to answer. Warehouses and buildings for carrying on the process were accordingly erected at Newcastle; and in 1785 his lordship obtained an act of parliament for vesting in him and his assignees, for twenty years, the sole use and property of his discovery, for which he had previously procured a patent. The general adoption of copper sheathing, however, rendered the speculation abortive, and Lord Dundonald sustained a considerable loss by his invention. In 1801 his lordship obtained a patent ‘For a Method of Preparing a Substitute for Gum Senegal and other gums, extensively employed in certain Branches of Manufacture.’ His preparation was to be formed from lichens, from hemp or flax, and the bark of the willow and lime. In 1803 he received another patent, ‘For Methods of preparing Hemp and Flax, so as materially to aid the Operation of the Tools called Hackles, in the Division of the Fibre.’ As this plan was found to lessen the danger of mildew in sailcloth, it was more generally adopted, although it did not prove more profitable than Lord Dundonald’s other inventions. The latter years of this nobleman, so eminent for his scientific research, were embittered by poverty and misfortune. He had been compelled to part with his estates, including Culross abbey, which was bought by the late Sir Robert Preston. At one period he was offered, by an English company, an annuity of between five and six thousand a-year to surrender his coal-tar patent to them, but unluckily for himself he rejected the offer. He died at Paris, July 1, 1831, at the advanced age of 83 years. His lordship was thrice married, first on 17th October 1774, to Anne, second daughter of Captain James Gilchrist of Aunsfield, R.N., by whom he had six sons, the eldest of whom was the celebrated Admiral Lord Cochrane; secondly, to Isabella, daughter of Samuel Raymond, Esq. of Belchamp in Essex, and widow of John Mayne, Esq. of Teffont, Wiltshire; and thirdly, to Anna Maria Plowden, daughter of Francis Plowden, Esq., author of a History of Ireland. The latter, on her father’s account, had a small pension from the crown, which died with her, and after her death the earl was assisted by the Literary Fund Society, as appears from the annual address of the Registrars in 1823. His lordship published several useful tracts and pamphlets, a list of which is subjoined:

      The Present State of the Manufacture of Salt explained, and a new mode suggested for refining British Salt, so as to render it equal or superior to the finest Foreign Salt. Lond. 1785, 8vo.

      Account of the qualities and uses of Coal Tar, and Coal Varnish. Lond, 1785, 8vo.

      Memorial and Petition to the Court of Directors of the East India Company. 1786, 4to.

      A Treatise, showing the intimate Connexion that subsists between Agriculture and Chemistry; addressed to the Cultivators of the Soil; to the Proprietors of Fens and Mosses in Great Britain and Ireland; and to the Proprietors of West India Estates. Lond. 1795, 4to.

      The Principles of chemistry applied to the improvement of the practice of Agriculture. 1799. 4to.

      The eldest son, Thomas, tenth earl, better known by the title of Lord Cochrane, was born December 14, 1775, and entered the navy in his tenth year under the immediate protection of his uncle, Sir Alexander Forrester Inglis Cochrane. In 1799, while lieutenant in Lord Keith’s flag-ship, the Queen Charlotte, he was intrusted with the admiral’s cutter, and sent to relieve the Lady Nelson in the Bay of Algesiras, that ship being then surrounded and attacked by French privateers and Spanish gunboats, when he chased the privateers under the cannon of the harbour. For his conduct on this occasion Lord Keith made him master and commander of the Speedy sloop, of fourteen guns. In this vessel he made numerous captures. An extraordinary display of courage, while commanding the Speedy, was in the attack and capture by boarding of the Spanish frigate Gamo, of thirty-two guns, off Barcelona, on the 6th May, 1801. In the same vessel he succeeded in cutting out a Spanish convoy at Oropeso, lying under the protection of a strong battery and numerous gunboats. Soon after, however, the Speedy was captured by the French squadron, under the command of Admiral Linois, but in consequence of the engagement which took place in Algesiras Bay, between Sir James Saumarez and Linois, on the 6th of July, he soon recovered his liberty. In the ten months that he had commanded the Speedy, he had taken thirty-three vessels, mounting in all one hundred and twenty-eight guns. He received his rank as post-captain, on the 8th August, 1801, for the capture of the Spanish frigate the Gamo. In October 1803, soon after the commencement of hostilities, his lordship was appointed to the Arab, and in the following year to the Pallas frigate, of thirty-two guns. In the latter ship he proceeded to the Newfoundland station, but remained there only a short time. Early in 1805 he was sent out with despatches to his uncle Sir Alexander Cochrane, who was at that time employed in the blockade of Ferrol. This was shortly after the rupture with Spain; and as Lord Cochrane was employed in cruising off the Spanish coast, he had the good fortune to make a considerable number of prizes. Amongst others the capture of the Fortuna, bound from Rio de la Plata to Corunna, and laden with specie to the amount of £150,000, besides a considerable quantity of merchandise, is particularly mentioned. Early in April 1806, the Pallas was employed in the Gironde, a river very difficult of navigation, and at this time he succeeded in cutting out the Tapageuse corvette of fourteen long twelve-pounders and ninety-five men, notwithstanding she lay twenty miles above the Cordovan shoals, under the protection of two heavy batteries. Between the 13th December 1806 and the 7th of January 1807 his lordship took and destroyed fifteen ships of the enemy. In the Imperieuse frigate, he next served off the coast of Languedoc, where in September 1808 he blew up the then newly-constructed semaphoric telegraphs at Bourdique, La Pinede, St. Maguire, Frontignan, Canet, and Foy, together with the houses attached, fourteen barracks of the gens-d’armes, a battery, and the strong tower upon the lake of Frontignan. In 1809 he served at the defence of Rosas and on the coast of Catalonia. On the 120th of April of that year he assisted in the attack on the French fleet, then blockaded by Lord Gambier, in the Basque roads, and personally conducted the explosion ship, and for his services on this occasion he was made a knight of the Bath. He had been returned to parliament first for Honiton and afterwards for Westminster, and as he intimated his intention to oppose a vote of thanks proposed by government to Lord Gambier, who had had the chief command in the Basque roads affair, that nobleman was subjected to a court-martial, but was acquitted. His own prospects of preferment were ruined by his constant opposition to the ministry, and by the stock-jobbing transaction of 1814. Early in that year a false report was spread that Napoleon had fallen, by which means the prices of the English funds suddenly rose, when Lord Cochrane and several of his friends availed themselves of the opportunity to sell out to a large amount, and the evidence against them being concerned in propagating the report was such that a jury found them guilty of fraud. His lordship was sentenced to a heavy fine, to a year’s imprisonment, and to stand in the pillory. He was deprived of his title of knight of the Bath, of his rank in the navy, and expelled from the House of Commons. The pillory was remitted. The electors of Westminster returned him again as their representative. He broke out of prison and appeared again in the house. In 1818 he accepted the command of the fleet of the South American state of Chili, then contending for its national independence. Here his flag was ever triumphant, and he materially contributed to the success of the cause, particularly by the taking of Valdivia, the last stronghold left to the Spaniards. His cutting out of the Esmeralda frigate from under the guns of the castle of Callao, was an exploit unsurpassed by any of his former deeds of daring. Subsequently he was in the service of the Brazils, the emperor of which, Don Pedro, created him marquis of Marenham in 1823. In 1830, on the accession of the whigs to power, he was restored to his rank in the British navy, from a feeling that he had been the victim of party spirit. He succeeded his father as earl of Dundonald in 1831. In 1847 he became a vice-admiral of the Red, and from 1848 to 1851 was commander-in-chief on the North American and West Indian station. Rear-admiral of the United Kingdom, 1854; admiral of the Rec, 1858. The earl was also a baronet of Scotland and Nova Scotia; G.C.B. (1847); Grand Cross of the Imperial Brazilian order of the Cruzero; Knight of the royal order of the Saviour of Greece, and of the order of Merit of Chili. Of great scientific attainments, Lord Dundonald was long in possession of some extraordinary submarine method for blowing up ships, and during the war in the Crimea, he offered to the British government to destroy Sebastopol in a few hours by a plan of his own, but his offer was rejected. Besides an ‘Address to his Constituents of Westminster,’ 1815, 8vo, he published a ‘Narrative of Services in the Liberation of Chili, Peru, and Brazil,’ 2 vols., 1839, 8vo, and his ‘Autobiography,’ 2 vols., 1859. His brother, the Hon. Basil Cochrane, lieut.-col. 36th foot, went a volunteer with his lordship in the Imperieuse at Basque Roads in April 1809. Another brother, the Hon. William Erskine Cochrane, captain 15th dragoons, served under Sir John Moore in Sopain; while a third, the Hon. Archibald Cochrane, also in the navy, distinguished himself under his lordship in the Mediterranean in 1801. He had the rank of master and commander in 1805, and of captain in 1806, and commanded the Fox frigate in the East Indies.

Thomas Cochrane: Craziest Sea Captain in History

[portrait of Tenth Earl of Dundonald]

      The tenth earl died Oct. 31, 1860. He married. the daughter of Thomas Barnes, Esq. of Essex; issue, four sons and a daughter. His eldest son, Thomas Barnes, Lord Cochrane, born in 1814, succeeded as 11th earl. He married. in 1847, 2d daughter of MacKinnon of MacKinnon; issue, 2 sons and 4 daughters.

      Capt. John Dundas Cochrane, R.N., an eccentric pedestrian traveller, nephew of the tenth earl, proceeded on foot through France, Spain, and Portugal, and afterwards through Russia and Siberia, to the extremity of Kamschatka. At the seaport of St. Peter and St. Paul, at the end of the Kamschatka Peninsula, he married a young lady, a native of Bolcheretzk, the ancient capital of that country. He subsequently engaged in some of the mining companies in South America, and died in 1825 at Columbia. He published a ‘Narrative of a Pedestrian Journey through Russia and Siberian Tartary, from the frontiers of China to the Frozen Sea and Kamschatka,’ 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1824.

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