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The Scottish Nation

INGLIS, a surname of great antiquity in the south of Scotland, generally supposed to be derived from the word English. There is, however, a Scottish word that comes nearer to it, namely, ingle, a chimney fire. In the reign of Alexander III. This surname had become numerous in Scotland. (See Douglas’ Baronage, pages 198 and 264). Walter de Inglis, John de Inglis, Philip de Inglis, and others of the name, were in possession of landed property, when Edward I. Overran Scotland in 1296. They had large possessions in Roxburghshire in very early times, particularly the lands and barony of Branksome, &c.

      The old family of the Inglises of Manner or Mannerhead traced their descent from Sir William Inglis, a knight of great courage in the reigns of Robert II. And Robert III., who, in 1395, distinguished himself at Ruel-haugh on the borders, when Sir Thomas Struthers, and English champion, had vauntingly defied any Scotsman to meet him in single combat. Sir William Inglis accepted the challenge, and killed him on the spot, and for that gallant action the latter monarch made him a grant of the lands and barony of Manner, by royal charter, dated in 1396. He died about 1420. His son, John Inglis of Manner, got a charter of confirmation of the barony from Archibald duke of Turenne and earl of Douglas, as superior of these lands. According to Nisbet, as he held most of his other lands in Roxburghshire of the earls of Douglas, he added three stars on a chief to his paternal coat of Inglis, to denote his connexion with, and dependence on, that illustrious house. His son, Thomas Inglis of Manner, exchanged, (charter of Excambion dated at Edinburgh, 23d July 1446), the lands of Branksome of Branksnolme, and others in Roxburghshire, with Sir Walter Scott of Murthockstone or Murdieston in Lanarkshire, progenitor of the dukes of Buccleuch, for the lands and barony of Murdieston. These were conferred on his eldest son, and the family continued in the male line as barons of Murdieston, for some generations afterwards, but at last ended in an heiress, married to a descendant of the family of Hamilton, who, in consequence, assumed the name and arms of Inglis of Murdieston. The estate of Manner went to a second son. Thomas, the eleventh baron of Manner, sold it in 1709, and dying without issue, the representation of that branch of the family devolved on his cousin Charles, son of Thomas Inglis of Craigend. This Charles, a writer in Edinburgh, was clerk to the bills. He died in 1743, leaving a son, Charles, who succeeded him in his office of clerk to the bills. The family is now extinct.

      Among families of this name, Nisbet also mentions Inglis of Newtonleys, and Inglis of St. Leonards, cadets of Murdieston.

      The immediate ancestor of the Inglises of Cramond, a family which once possessed a baronetcy, now extinct, was James Inglis a merchant of Edinburgh about the time of the Reformation, 1560. His son, Archibald, also a merchant in Edinburgh, acquired great wealth, and died in 1599, leaving a son, James, who purchased the lands of Nether Cramond, Mid Lothian, and got a charter of the same from Alexander, bishop of Dunkeld, the superior, dated 19th March, 1624. His grandson, Sir James Inglis of Cramond, was created a baronet of Nova Scotia by King James VII., 22d March 1687. On his death, the following year, his son, then a minor, became second baronet. He was appointed postmaster-general for Scotland in 1717, and held that office till 1725. He was again installed into the same in 1742. The title became extinct on the death of Sir Patrick Inglis, the fifth baronet, in December 1817, without issue.

INGLIS, SIR JAMES, a dignified priest, supposed to have been the author of ‘The Complaynt of Scotland,’ first published at St. Andrews in 1548, flourished in the early part of the sixteenth century. He was esteemed in his time as a poet and man of learning, and is alluded to by Sir David Lindsay in his Prologue to the Papingo, as writer of “ballattis, farsis, and plesand playis.” None of his poetical pieces have come down to us, except ‘A General Satire,’ printed by Hailes and Sibbald. About 1515 he was secretary to Queen Margaret, widow of James IV.; and, in February 1527, he is styled chancellor of the royal chapel of Stirling. He was soon after created abbot of Culross, and was murdered, March 1, 1530, by Blackater, laird of Tulliallan, with an accomplice, a priest of the same abbey, named Sir William Lothian, and, for the crime, they were beheaded at Edinburgh. Mackenzie, evidently confounding him with another person of the same name, inaccurately states that Inglis died in 1554. ‘The Complaynt of Scotland,’ which is the earliest Scottish prose work extant, and contains a minute account of the manners, customs, and popular literature of Scotland at the period at which it was written, has also been attributed to James Wedderburn and Sir David Lindsay.

INGLIS, JOHN, D.D., an eminent divine, was born in Perthshire in 1763. His father was minister of Tippermuir, a charge to which he himself succeeded. Among his brethren he was distinguished for the vigour of his understanding, the soundness of his judgment, and the great knowledge which he possessed of all ecclesiastical matters; so that he was soon enabled to take a lead in all questions relating to the discipline and government of the church. In 1796 he was presented to the charge of the Old Greyfriars’ church, Edinburgh, in which he became the colleague of Dr. Erskine, and the successor of Principal Robertson. Moderator of the General Assembly in 1804, he was subsequently appointed one of the deans of the chapel royal. For nearly 30 years he was the leader of the presbytery of Edinburgh. He died at Edinburgh, Jan 2, 1834, aged 71. Besides some minor publications, he left a work on the Evidence of Christianity, and another in defence of Ecclesiastical Establishments, the latter published in 1833.

INGLIS, JOHN, eldest son of the preceding, born in Edinburgh in 1810, was educated at the High School of his native city, and afterwards studied, first at the university of Glasgow, and then at Baliol College, Oxford; graduating B.A., 1834, and M.A. Oxon. 1836. He passed advocate in 1835. In 1852 he was appointed solicitor-general for Scotland, and soon after lord advocate, but only held the latter appointment for 7 months. In November of the same year, he was elected dean of the faculty of advocates. In 1857 he was chosen lord-rector of the university of Aberdeen, and received thence the degree of doctor of laws. In Feb. 1858, he was again appointed lord advocate, and elected M.P. for Stamford. In June of the same year, he became lord-justice-clerk, when he took the judicial title, as lord of session, of Lord Glencorse. In 1859 he became D.C.L. of Oxford. He married the youngest daughter of Lord Wood (a lord of session), with issue, She died in 1855.

INGLIS, HENRY DAVID, a pleasing and popular writer, whose early works were published under the name of Derwent Conway, was the only son of an advocate in Edinburgh, where he was born in 1795. His maternal grandmother was the daughter of the celebrated Colonel Gardiner, who fell at the battle of Prestonpans; and through this lady, herself the authoress of an heroic poem, Mr. Inglis was allied to the noble house of Buchan. He is chiefly known as a writer of travels, but he excelled also in fiction. His first work was entitled ‘Tales of Ardennes,’ which was followed, in 1828, by ‘Solitary Walks through Many Lands.’ His ‘Travels in Norway and Sweden’ appeared in 1829; ‘Switzerland and the Pyrenees,’ in 1831; ‘Spain in 1830,’ the same year; ‘Travels in the Tyrol,’ 1833; and in the subsequent year, ‘Ireland in 1834,’ and ‘The Channel Islands.’ Of his fictitious works, his ‘New Gil Blas’ has been ranked as the best, yet it was the only one of them all that was unsuccessful. Mr. Inglis died at London, of a disease of the brain, March 20, 1835.

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