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The Scottish Nation

MACINTOSH, the name of one of the two principal branches of the clan Chattan, the Macphersons, or clan Vurich, being the other. The Macintoshes are supposed to have derived their name from the Gaelic word toisich, meaning properly the first or front, and applied to the oldest cadet of a family, as, from the earliest times, he held the highest rank in the clan, next to the chief, and was its leader in battle. The title of captain or leader of the clan was afterwards substituted for it, when it was confined principally to three clans, namely, the clan Chattan, the clan Cameron, and the clan Ranald. “It is evident, says Mr. Skene, “that a title which was not universal among the Highlanders must have arisen from peculiar circumstances, connected with those clans in which it is first found; and when we examine the history of these clans, there can be little doubt that it was simply a person who had, from various causes, become de facto head of the clan, while the person possessing the hereditary right to that dignity remained either in a subordinate situation, or else for the time disunited from the rest of the clan.” (Skene’s Highlanders, vol. ii. pp. 177. 178.)

      The original possessions of the clan Chattan included the whole of Badenoch, the greater part of Lochaber, and the districts of Strathnairn and Strathdairn, which formed a portion of the ancient maordom of Moray. It is said to have derived its name from Gillichattan-more, its founder and head. The armorial bearings of all the clan Chattan exhibit the cat as their crest, with the motto, “Touch not the Cat, but the Glove,” but here meaning without. The badge of the Macintoshes is the red whortleberry, while that of the Macphersons is the box evergreen. At an early period these two tribes separated, and the chiefship of the clan became a disputed point between them, one portion acknowledging Macintosh of Macintosh as their head, and the other Macpherson of Cluny. According to the Gaelic manuscript of 1450, discovered in the Advocates’ library by Mr. Skene in 1846, and now frequently quoted in Celtic genealogies, the Macphersons and the Macintoshes are descended from Neachtan and Neill, the two sons of Gillichattan-more. The Macintoshes themselves, however, claim a different descent. They say that their ancestor was Macduff, earl of Fife, and that about the end of the 13th century they obtained the chiefship of the clan Chattan by marriage with Eva, the daughter and heiress of the grandson of the founder, Gillichattan-more. Nisbet, who deduces the clan Chattan from the Catti, a people said to have been driven from Germany by Tiberius Caesar, about the year of our Lord 76, says that Eva “was married to Macintosh head of his clan, and that he got with her several lands in Lochaber, and a command of part of the people, for which he was called captain of the clan Chattan. But Ewan Bane, second son of Muriach, after the death of his elder brother (Gillichattan) and the son of the latter, was owned as chief by the whole clan. He had three sons, Kenneth, John, and Gillies. From Kenneth, the eldest, is come the family of Macpherson of Cluny, which was then and since known by the name of MacEwan.” (Nisbet’s Heraldry, vol. i. p. 424.) From the obscurity in which the early history of the clan is involved it is not certain which of the lairds of Macintosh it was who married Eva. Some writers assert that it was the fourth, Buchanan of Auchmar says the fifth, while another authority affirms the sixth. In charters granted by the lords of the Isles, confirmed by David II., the son of Eva is designated captain of the clan Chattan, and in support of the claim of their head to this title the Macintoshes can produce abundance of documentary evidence, including various other charters, many of them from the Crown. They can even show that on two occasions the Macphersons themselves acknowledged the head of the Macintoshes as such, once, in the 14th century, when the laird of Macintosh was by them recognised as “captain of the kin of clan Chattan,” and again, in 1609, when they conceded to him the title of “Principal captain of the haill kin of clan Chattan, according to the king’s gift of chieftaincy of the whole clan Chattan.” But nowhere can it be shown that the head of the Macintoshes was ever acknowledged or even styled chief of the clan Chattan either by the king or by the rival branch. It was not, indeed, within the prerogative of the king or of any power on earth, to create a chief of a clan. That was a matter of blood and birth and lineal descent and representation, or of election by the tribe alone, and it would have been of no consequence or weight whatever, even though the sovereign for the time had named the laird of Macintosh the chief, as in numerous instances he was styled the captain of the clan Chattan. The claim of the head of the Macphersons is to be held the lineal and feudal representative of the ancient chiefs of the clan Chattan, will be noticed under the head MACPHERSON.         

      That the Macintoshes are descended from Neill, the second son of Gillichattan-more, above mentioned, and not from Macduff, earl of Fife, as they themselves represent, to the detriment, it may be thought, of their own claims to the chiefship, appears to be established by Mr. Skene, founding on the Celtic genealogy of 1450, before referred to. It may also be concluded that so far from being of German origin, as Nisbet states, the clan Chattan were in reality descended from the ancient Celtic inhabitants of the maordom of Moray, and were the largest and most powerful of the various tribes or clans settled within it which became independent, when it had ceased to exist. According to Sir George Mackenzie, their crest or emblem of a cat was assumed, not from any connexion with the Catti of Nisbet, if indeed there ever was any immigration of such a tribe into the north, as asserted, which is very doubtful, but from the number of wild cats that once infested what are now the counties of Sutherland and Caithness, and led to the district comprehending both being styled Cattu, the latter only retaining the name of Cattu-ness or Caithness.

      In1336, William Macintosh, then the head of the clan, obtained from John of Isla, afterwards lord of the Isles, a grant of the lands of Glenluy and Locharkaig in Lochaber, which was the cause of a lasting feud between the clan Chattan and the clan Cameron. These clans had a common origin, and for some time followed the same chief (Major’s History of Scotland, page 302); but about the period named, a separation took place between them. The clan Cameron supported the Macphersons in their dispute with the Macintoshes relative to the chiefship, and according to a tradition contained in a MS. history of the Camerons, introductory to the life of Sir Ewen Cameron, quoted by Mr. Gregory (Highlands and Isles of Scotland, page 75), they and the clan Chattan were the tribes engaged in the memorable combat on the North Inch of Perth in 1396, so graphically described in Sir Walter Scott’s ‘Fair Maid of Perth,’ and with less embellishment in his ‘Tales of a Grandfather.’ The parties who encountered on that occasion are usually said to have belonged to the clan Quhele and the clan Kay, the latter erroneously supposed to have been the Mackays. The earls of Dunbar and Crawford having failed to effect an arrangement of the matter in dispute, these noblemen, with the king’s brother, the duke of Albany, recommended that it should be decided by public battle between thirty on each side, in presence of the king, Robert III., and his court. If the dispute had related, as on good grounds it is believed that it did, to the chiefship, the king, by consenting to such a mode of arbitrement, clearly showed that he had no power to dispose of it otherwise, as it was entirely a matter which concerned only the contenting clans, with which he had nothing to do, but to see fair play between them.

      On the day appointed the combatants appeared on the North Inch at Perth. Barriers had been erected on the ground, and the king and queen, accompanied by a large body of nobles, took their places on a platform to view the combat. Wyntoun says that those who engaged were armed

                        “With bow and axe, knyf and swerd,
                        To dead amang them their last werd.”

      The fight, however, was very nearly prevented by the absence of one of the clan Quhele, or clan Chattan. Some accounts state that the one missing had fallen sick. According to Bower, his heart having failed him, he had slipped through the crowd, plunged into the Tay, and swam across, and although pursued by thousands, effected his escape. As the combat could not proceed with the inequality of numbers thus occasioned, the king was about to break up the assembly, when a little bandy-legged man named Henry Wynd, a burgher of Perth, and an armourer or saddler by trade, sprang within the barriers, and thus spoke: – “Here am I! Will any one fee me to engage with these hirelings in this stage play? For half a merk will I try the game, provided, if I escape alive, I have my board of one of you so long as I live.” This offer of Bow Crom, as he was called by the Highlanders, that is, crooked smith, was granted by the king, and he took his place with the clan Chattan. The signal was then given, and the battle began. Henry Wynd bending his bow, and sending the first arrow among the opposite party, killed one of them. After a discharge of arrows the combatants rushed upon one another, and as they fought with the two-handed sword, dagger, and battle-axe, the field of battle was soon covered with the killed and wounded.

      “In the midst of the deadly conflict,” narrates Sir Walter Scott, in his ‘Tales of a Grandfather,’ “the chieftain of the clan Chattan observed that Henry Wynd, after he had slain one of the clan Kay, drew aside, and did not seem willing to fight more. ‘How is this?’ said he; ‘art thou afraid?’ ‘Not I,’ answered Henry, ‘but I have done enough of work for a half crown.’ ‘Forward and fight,’ said the Highland chief; ‘he that does not grudge his day’s work, I will not stint him in his wages.’ Thus encouraged, Henry Wynd again plunged into the conflict, and by his excellence as a swordsman, contributed a great deal to the victory, which at length fell to the clan Chattan.” Twenty-nine of the clan Kay had been killed, and nineteen of the clan Quhele. The ten remaining of the victors were all grievously wounded. Henry Wynd and the survivor of the Clan Kay escaped unhurt. The latter, seeing the odds against him, threw himself into the Tay, and swam to the other side. Henry Wynd, who had rendered the clan Chattan such signal assistance, was liberally rewarded by their leader, but, continues Sir Walter, “it was remarked, when the battle ended, that he could not tell the name of the clan he had fought for; and when asked on which side he had been, he replied, that he had been fighting for his own hand. Hence originated the proverb, ‘Every man for his own hand, as Harry Wynd fought.’”

      With regard to the cause or object of the combat, one of the most remarkable events of its kind in the annals of the Gael, and the parties engaged, Dr. Browne, in his ‘History of the Highlands and Highland Clans,’ (vol. iv. p. 474,) says: “Excepting the general fact, little is known concerning this conflict. We are ignorant of the precise nature of the dispute, which was thus submitted to the arbitrement of the sword, the axe, and the dagger, and almost equally so respecting the precise clans who had agreed to settle their differences in this manner. It is said, indeed, that the cause of contention had arisen a short time before, and that Sir David Lindsay and the earl of Moray had suggested, if not actually arranged, this barbarous mode of adjustment, although with what particular view it is impossible to ascertain at this distance of time. It appears, also, that the clans called clan Kay and clan Chattan by Sir Walter Scott and others, were, by the ancient authorities, denominated clan Yha and clan Quhele; and from this circumstance, taken in conjunction with some others. Mr. Skene has concluded that the Macphersons were the clan Yha, and the Macintoshes the clan Quhele. But, however this may be, it is admitted, on all hands, that the clan Chattan, or clan Quhele, were victorious in the combat; and if any inference at all can be drawn from the names, it seems to be this, that the victors were the champions of the clan which is commonly known by the former of these denominations, namely, that of clan Chattan. The point in dispute was thus settled in their favour; the Macintoshes were acknowledged as the chiefs of the clan, though, under a different denomination, (that of captain,) and from the date of the conflict at Perth, in 1396, they continued to be regarded as its heads.”

      In 1411, the chief of Macintosh was slain, fighting on the side of Donald, lord of the Isles, at the battle of Harlaw. In 1429, when Alexander, lord of the Isles and earl of Ross broke out into rebellion at the head of 10,000 men, on the advance of the king into Lochaber, the clan Chattan and the clan Cameron deserted the earl’s banners, and went over to the royal army, when the rebels were defeated. In 1431, Malcolm Macintosh, then captain of the clan Chattan, received a grant of the lands of Alexander of Lochaber, uncle of the earl of Ross, that chieftain having been forfeited for engaging in the rebellion of Donald Balloch. Having afterwards contrived to make his peace with the lord of the Isles, he received from him, between 1443 and 1447, a confirmation of his lands in Lochaber, with a grant of the office of bailiary of that district. His son, Duncan, styled captain of the clan Chattan in 1467, was in great favour with John, lord of the Isles and earl of Ross, whose sister, Flora, he married, and who bestowed on him the office of steward of Lochaber, which had been held by his father. He also received the lands of Keppoch and others included in that lordship.

      On the forfeiture of his brother-in-law in 1475, James III. granted to the same Duncan Macintosh, a charter, of date July 4, 1476, of the lands of Moymore, and various others, in Lochaber. It was the policy of James IV. to secure the attachment of the heads of the clans to his person and government by conciliatory measures. Tytler says: “To attach to his interest the principal chiefs of these provinces, to overawe and subdue the petty princes who affected independence, to carry into their territories, hitherto too exclusively governed by their own capricious or tyrannical institutions, the same system of a severe, but regular and rapid administration of civil and criminal justice, which had been established in his Lowland dominions, was the laudable object of the king; and for this purpose he succeeded, with that energy and activity which remarkably distinguished him, in opening up an intercourse with many of the leading men in the northern counties. With the captain of the clan Chattan, Duncan Macintosh; with Ewan, the son of Alan, captain of the clan Cameron; with Campbell of Glenurquhay; the MacGilleouns (MacLeans) of Dowart and Lochbuy; Mackane (MacIan) of Ardnamurchan, the lairds of Mackenzie and Grant, and the earl of Huntly, a baron of the most extensive power in those northern districts; he appears to have been in habits of constant and regular communication; rewarding them by presents, in the shape either of money or grants of land, and securing their services in reducing to obedience such of their fellow chieftains as proved contumacious, or actually rose in rebellion.” (Tytler’s History of Scotland, vol. iv. pp. 367, 368.) But all was of no avail; the feuds among the chiefs continued, and it was often found difficult to vindicate the supremacy of the law in the remote and then almost inaccessible portions of the Highlands where their possessions lay.

      In 1491, a large body of western Highlanders, principally Macdonalds and Camerons, under Alexander Macdonald of Lochalsh, nephew of the lord of the Isles, advanced from Lochaber into Badenoch, where they were joined by the clan Chattan, led by Farquhar Macintosh, the son and heir of Duncan, the captain of the clan Chattan. They proceeded to Inverness, where Farquhar Macintosh stormed and took the royal castle, in which he established a garrison. The battle of Blairne-park followed, and the result was the final forfeiture of the lordship of the Isles, and its annexation to the crown in May 1493. When the king that year proceeded in person to the West Highlands, Duncan Macintosh, captain of the clan Chattan, was one of the chiefs, formerly among the vassals of the lord of the Isles, who went to meet him and make their submission to him. These chiefs received in return royal charters of the lands they had previously held under the lord of the Isles, and Macintosh obtained a charter of the lands of Keppoch, Innerorgan, and others, with the office of bailiary of the same. In 1495, Farquhar Macintosh, his son, and Kenneth Oig Mackenzie of Kintail, were imprisoned, by the king, in Edinburgh castle. “This,” says Mr. Gregory, (Highlands and Isles of Scotland, page 91,) “may have been partly owing to their lawless conduct in 1491; but was, more probably, caused by a dread of their influence among the Islanders, for the mothers of these powerful chiefs were each the daughters of an earl of Ross, lord of the Isles.” Two years thereafter, Farquhar, who seems about this time to have succeeded his father, as captain of the clan Chattan, and Mackenzie made their escape from Edinburgh castle, but, on their way to the Highlands, they were treacherously seized at the Torwood by the laird of Buchanan. Mackenzie, having offered resistance, was slain, but Macintosh was taken alive, and returned to his dungeon, where he remained till after the battle of Flodden.

      To save the life of their captive chief, the Macintoshes broke off all connexion with the other vassals of the Isles, and joined the force of the earl of Huntly in his attempts to reduce Lochaber to obedience. In consequence, their lands in Badenoch, which were held under that nobleman, were, on the breaking out of the insurrection of the islanders under Donald Dubh in 1503, plundered and wasted by the rebels with fire and sword.

      Farquhar was succeeded by his cousin, William Mackintosh, who had married Isabel M’Niven, heiress of Dunnachtan; but John Roy Macintosh, the head of another branch of the family, attempted by force to get himself recognised as captain of the clan Chattan, and failing in his design, he assassinated his rival at Inverness in 1515. Being closely pursued, however, he was overtaken and slain at Glenesk. Lauchlan Macintosh, the brother of the murdered chief, was then placed at the head of the clan. He is described by Bishop Lesley (History of Scotland, page 137) as “a verrie honest and wyse gentleman, an barroun of gude rent, quha keipit hes hole ken, friendes and tennentis in honest and guid rewll.” According to Sir Robert Gordon (page 99) he was “a man of great possessions, and of such excellencies of witt and judgement, that with great commendation he did conteyn all his followers within the limits of ther dueties.” The strictness with which he ruled his clan raised him up many enemies among them, and, like his brother, he was cut off by the hand of an assassin. “Some wicked persons,” says Lesley, “being impatient of virtuous living, stirred up one of his own principal kinsmen, called James Malcolmson, who cruelly and treacherously slew his chief.” This was in the year 1526. To avoid the vengeance of that portion of the clan by whom the chief was beloved, Malcolmson and his followers took refuge in the island in the loch of Rothiemurchus, but they were pursued to their hiding place, and slain there.

      Lauchlan had married the sister of the earl of Moray, and by her he had a son, named Lauchlan, who, on his father’s death, was but a child. The clan, therefore, made choice of Hector Macintosh, a bastard brother of the young chief’s father, to act as captain till he should come of age. Apprehensive that his ambition might lead Hector to do some injury to the heir, the earl of Moray caused the boy to be carried off, and placed in the hands of his mother’s relations. Hector was highly incensed at the removal of his nephew, and used every effort to get possession of him, but baffled in every attempt, he collected his followers, and with his brother William invaded the lands of Moray. Having overthrown the fort of Dyke, he next besieged the castle of Darnaway, belonging to the earl of Moray, and plundered the surrounding country, burning the houses of the inhabitants, and slaying a number of men, women, and children. Raising the siege of Darnaway castle, the Macintoshes proceeded into the country of the Ogilvie, and laid siege to the castle of Petty, which, after some resistance, surrendered. The garrison, among whom were no fewer than twenty-four gentlemen of the name of Ogilvy, were massacred. The whole of the country adjoining was devastated and plundered.

      To repress these disorders, King James V., by the advice of his council, granted a commission to the earl of Moray to proceed against the perpetrators. The earl, accordingly, at the head of a considerable force, went in pursuit of Hector Macintosh and his followers, and having surprised them, he took upwards of 300 of them prisoners, all of whom he hanged. William Macintosh, the brother of Hector, was one of those who were thus summarily executed. His head was fixed upon a pole at Dyke, and his body being quartered, the quarters were publicly exposed at Elgin, Forres, Aberdeen, and Inverness. A striking instance of the fidelity of the Highlanders to their chiefs was shown in this case, for out of such a vast number put to death on this occasion, not one would reveal the secret of Hector Macintosh’s retreat, although promised his life for the discovery. “Their faith,” says Sir Robert Gordon, (page 100), “wes so true to ther captane, that they culd not be persuaded, either by fair meanes, or by any terror of death, to break the same or to betray their master.”

      By the advice of Alexander Dunbar, dean of Moray, Hector Macintosh fled to the King and tendered his submission to his majesty, which was accepted, and he received a remission for all his past offences. But not long after, he was assassinated at St. Andrews by one James Spence, who was, in consequence, beheaded. The clan Chattan continued quiet during the remaining years of the minority of the young chief, who, says Bishop Leslie (History, page 138) “wes sua well brocht up by the meenes of the erle of Murray and the laird of Phindlater in vertue, honestie, and civil policye, that after he had received the government of his cuntrey, he was a mirrour of vertue to all the hieland captanis in Scotland.”

      On attaining the age of manhood. Lauchlan Macintosh was duly acknowledged head of the clan Chattan. Soon after, however, a feud broke out between the Macintoshes and the earl of Huntly, then lieutenant in the north. It is supposed to have been instigated by Lauchlan, the son of the murderer of the last chief. Macintosh commenced hostilities by surprising and burning the castle of Auchindoun, on which Huntly marched against him, at the head of his retainers, and a fierce struggle ensued. The Macintoshes were defeated, and the young chief, despairing of mercy at the hands of Huntly, presented himself as a supplicant before his countess, in the absence of her husband. But he sued in vain, as she caused his head to be struck off. Huntly, however, was obliged to put the son of the ill-fated chief of the Macintoshes in possession of his paternal inheritance. The government likewise interposed in his favour, with the view, no doubt, of counterbalancing the power of Huntly in the North. He had a commission from the latter, as his deputy, dated at Inverness the penult day of October 1544. In the year 1550, as Huntly, with the earl of Sutherland, was about to escort the queen-regent to France, a conspiracy was formed against him, at the head of which was William Macintosh, captain of the clan Chattan. On its discovery the earl ordered Macintosh to be apprehended. In a court held by the earl at Aberdeen, on 2d August of that year, Macintosh was tried and convicted by a jury, and sentenced to lose his life and lands. Being immediately carried to Strathbogie, he was, notwithstanding a pledge to the contrary, beheaded, soon after, by the countess, at the instigation, it was generally believed, of the earl. By an act of parliament, 14th December, 1557, the sentence was reversed as illegal, and the son of Macintosh was restored to all his father’s lands. As Lauchlan Macintosh, a near kinsman of the deceased chief, was suspected of having betrayed him to Huntly, the clan entered his castle of Petty by stealth, and slew him. They likewise banished all his dependants from their territories. In consequence of the execution of their chief, the clan owed a deep grudge to Huntly, and thwarted him in many of his designs. In 1562, when he had resolved to seize the young queen Mary at Inverness, with the avowed design of compelling her to marry his second son, John Gordon of Findlater, the timely assistance afforded by the Macintoshes to the queen mainly contributed to defeat a scheme which might otherwise have proved successful.

      In 1590, the earl of Huntly began to build a castle at Ruthven in Badenoch, in the neighbourhood of his hunting forests. This gave great offence to Macintosh and his people, as they considered that the object of its erection was to overawe them. Being the earl’s vassals and tenants, they were bound to perform certain services, among which the furnishing of materials for the building formed a principal part; but, instead of doing what was required of them, they endeavoured to prevent Huntly’s workmen from going on with their operations, and positively refused to give any assistance whatever. They next joined the Grants against Huntly, and put themselves under the command of the earls of Athol and Moray, who had entered into the combination formed against that powerful nobleman. On his side, Huntly assembled his followers, and proceeding into Badenoch, summoned his vassals to appear before him, but none of them came. He then proclaimed and denounced them rebels, and obtained a royal commission to apprehend them. A meeting of the hostile chiefs was held at Forres, to concert measures for attacking him, but on the approach of Huntly with a large force, it broke up without anything being resolved upon.

      The murder of the “bonny earl of Moray” in 1591, by a party of Gordons, under the earl of Huntly, was the cause of serious commotions in various parts of the kingdom, and particularly in the North Highlands. The king instantly cancelled the commission granted to that nobleman, and he was committed a prisoner to Blackness castle, but released eight days after, on giving security to appear and stand his trial when called upon. To revenge Moray’s death, the Macintoshes and Grants made hostile incursions into various parts of Huntly’s estates. In retaliation, the latter caused the clan Cameron to invade and plunder the lands of the Macintoshes in Badenoch, and sent the Clanranald of Lochaber under Keppoch, their chief, to spoil the lands of the Grants in Strathspey. The Camerons, though warmly opposed, succeeded in defeating the clan Chattan, who lost fifty of their men, after a sharp skirmish. On recovering from their defeat they invaded Strathdee and Glenmuick, and killed four gentlemen of the Gordons, amongst whom was the old baron of Breghly. The baron was very hospitable, and unsuspicious of any danger, he entertained the Macintoshes in his best manner, but they afterwards basely murdered him. This occurred on 1st November 1592. To punish this aggression, Huntly collected his followers, and entering Petty, then in possession of the clan Chattan, as a fief from the earls of Moray, laid waste all their lands there, killing many of them, and carrying off a large quantity of cattle. On returning from this foray he received intelligence that William Macintosh, son of Lauchlan Macintosh, the chief, with 800 of the clan Chattan, had invaded the lands of Auchindoun and Cabrach. Accompanied by Sir Patrick Gordon of Auchindoun and 36 horsemen, he instantly set off in quest of Macintosh and his men. Overtaking them on the top of a hill called Stapliegate, he attacked them with his small party, and, after a hot contest, defeated them, killing about sixty, and wounding William Macintosh and others. He next undertook another expedition into Petty, and did great damage to the lands of the Macintoshes, several of whom were killed by his followers, and then returned home with a large booty.

      Alexander Ranaldson Macdonnell of Keppoch had seized the castle of Inverness for Huntly, but was forced by Macintosh to evacuate it, from want of provisions. This took place before September 1593, when Macintosh concluded an agreement with the magistrates of Inverness, for holding the town against Huntly.

      To weaken and divide the force of the clan Chattan, Huntly, by his intrigues with the Macphersons, encouraged them to declare themselves independent, and they refused any longer to follow Macintosh as captain of the clan Chattan.

      In 1594, when the youthful earl of Argyle was sent with an army against the three Popish earls, Huntly, Angus, and Errol, the Macintoshes ranged themselves on the side of Argyle, and the Macphersons joined the banners of Huntly. The castle of Ruthven, belonging to the latter, was so well defended by a body of the clan Pherson, that Argyle was obliged to abandon the siege. At the battle of Glenlivet, which was fought soon after, the Macintoshes formed a part of Argyle’s right wing. In 1599 on Huntly being restored to the King’s favour, and created a marquis, the Macintoshes and other hostile clans again submitted to him.

      In the protracted feuds in which the Macintoshes were involved with the Camerons, the Macdonalds of Keppoch, and other Lochaber clans, their chief was obliged to accept of the assistance of the Macphersons, as independent allies rather than as vassals and dependents. Cameron of Lochiel had been forfeited in 1598, for not producing his title deeds, when Macintosh claimed the lands of Glenluy and Locharkaig, of which he had kept forcible possession. To save himself, Lochiel entered into a contract with Macintosh, to continue for nineteen years, by which he agreed to take from that chief one half of the disputed lands in mortgage, for the sum of 6,000 merks, and to hold the other half under Macintosh, for the personal service of himself and the tenants of the lands. In 1613, Lochiel was outlawed for having slain several of his clansmen who had shown themselves hostile to him. Subsequently he had interrupted Sir Lauchlan Macintosh, captain of the clan Chattan, (who had been knighted by James VI., and made gentleman of the bed-chamber to the prince) when on his way to hold courts at Inverlochy, as heritable steward of Lochaber. In 1618 Sir Lauchlan prepared to carry into effect the acts of outlawry against Lochiel, who, on his part, put himself under the protection of the marquis of Huntly, Macintosh’s mortal foe. In July of the same year Sir Lauchlan obtained a commission of fire and sword against the Macdonalds of Keppoch, for laying waste his lands in Lochaber. As he conceived that he had a right to the services of all his clan, some of whom were tenants and dependants of the marquis of Huntly, he ordered the latter to follow him, and compelled such of them as were refractory to accompany him into Lochaber. This proceeding gave great offence to Lord Gordon, earl of Enzie, the marquis’ son, who summoned Macintosh before the privy council, for having, as he asserted, exceeded his commission. He was successful in obtaining the recall of Sir Lauchlan’s commission, and obtaining a new one in his own favour.

      The same year, the earl brought an action of eviction of certain lands against Sir Lauchlan Macintosh, for not performing the service under which he held them from the marquis of Huntly, the earl’s father; and as the earl had right to the tithes of Culloden, which belonged to Macintosh, he served him, at the same time, with an inhibition, prohibiting him from disposing of these tithes. Macintosh circulated a report that he would oppose the claim, by force if necessary, and try the issue of an action of spulzie, if brought against him. On this the earl abstained from enforcing his right; bit, having formerly obtained a decree against Macintosh, for the value of the tithes of the preceding years, he sent two messengers at arms to distrain the corn on the ground under that warrant. The messengers were, however, resisted in the execution of their duty by Macintosh’s servants. The earl, in consequence, pursued Sir Lauchlan and his servants before the privy council, and got them proclaimed rebels to the king. After this, collecting a number of his friends, he prepared to distrain the crop at Culloden, and carry it to Inverness. To prevent him, Macintosh fortified the castle of Culloden, and laid in all the corn within its reach. Then, committing the care of it to his two uncles, Duncan and Lauchlan Macintosh, and rejecting all proposals made to him for an accommodation, he proceeded to Edinburgh, and thence went privately to England.

      On the approach of the earl, with a large force, to Culloden, Duncan Macintosh deemed it advisable to surrender the castle; on which the earl returned him the keys, and gave the corn to Macintosh’s grandmother, who enjoyed the liferent of the lands of Culloden as her jointure. As, however, he had other claims against Sir Lauchlan Macintosh, he cited him before the lords of council and session, but, failing to appear, he was again denounced rebel, and outlawed for his disobedience. Sir Lauchlan, who was then at court in London, complained of the earl’s proceedings to the king, as harsh and illegal. On being informed of this, the earl hastened to London, and laid before his majesty a true statement of matters. Sir Lauchlan was, in consequence, sent to Scotland, and committed to the castle of Edinburgh, until he should give the earl full satisfaction. Through the mediation of friends, a reconciliation was, soon after, effected between them, when the earl remitted him part of a large sum of money which he became bound to pay. Sir Lauchlan had, in June 1622, by his representations at court, procured a commission against Lochiel, directed to himself and twenty-two other chiefs and gentlemen of note throughout the Highlands and Isles, but his sudden death the same year gave an opportunity to Lochiel’s friends to interest themselves on his behalf. His disputes with the family of Macintosh were submitted to the decision of friends, by whom the lands of Glenluy and Locharkaig were adjudged to belong to Macintosh, who was to pay to Lochiel certain sums of money in compensation. Lochiel, however, delayed completing the transaction, and the dispute was not finally settled till the time of his grandson, the celebrated Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel. On Sir Lauchlan’s death, the ward of part of his lands fell to the earl, as superior, during the minority of his son.

      The year 1624 was marked by a serious insurrection of the clan Chattan against the earl of Moray. That nobleman having deprived them of the lands in Petty and Strathearn which his father had conferred upon them, they resolved either to recover these, or to lay them waste. Accordingly, a gathering of the clan, to the number of about 200 gentlemen and 300 followers, took place about Whitsunday of that year. As their chief was a mere child, this party was commanded by three uncles of the late Sir Lauchlan Macintosh. Spalding says: “They keeped the feilds in their Highland weid upon foot with swords, bowes, arrows, targets, hagbuttis, pistollis, and other Highland armour; and first began to rob and spoulzie the earle’s tennents who laboured their possessions, of their haill goods, geir, insight, plenishing, horse, nolt, sheep, corns, and cattell, and left them nothing that they could gett within their bounds; syne fell in sorning throw out Murray, Strathawick, Urquhart, Ross, Sutherland, Brae of Marr, and diverse other parts, takeing their meat and food per force, wher they could not gett it willingly, frae friends alse weill as frae their faes; yet still keeped themselves from shedeing of innocent blood. Thus they lived as outlawes oppressing the countrie (besydes the casting of the earle’s lands waist) and openly avowed they had tane this course to get their own possessions again, or then hold the country walking.” (Spalding’s History of the Troubles and Memorable Transactions in England and Scotland.)

      As no force that the earl of Moray could himself bring into the field was sufficient to overawe the marauding clan, he went to London and laid a statement of the case before King James, who, at his earnest solicitation, granted him a commission, appointing him his lieutenant in the Highlands, and giving him authority to proceed capitally against the offenders. On his return to Scotland, he proclaimed the commission he had obtained from his majesty, and issued letters of intercommuning against the clan Chattan. He also opened a communication with some of the principal persons of the clan, who readily made their peace with him, by basely informing against such persons as had given them protection or assistance. He next, by virtue of his commission, held justice courts at Elgin, where “some slight louns, followers of the clan Chattan,” were tried and executed, but all the principals concerned were pardoned. Spalding’s account may be here quoted: “Then presently was brought in befor the barr; and in the honest men’s faces, the clan Chattan who had gotten supply, verified what they had gotten, and the honest men confounded and dasht, knew not what to answer, was forced to come in the earle’s will, whilk was not for their weill; others compeared and willingly confessed, trusting to gett more favour at the earle’s hands, but they came little speid; and, lastly, some stood out and denyed all, who was reserved to the tryall of an assyse. The principall malefactors stood up in judgment, and declared what they had gotten, whether meat, money, cloathing, gun, ball, powder, lead, sword, dirk, and the like commodities, and also instructed the assyse in ilk particular; what they had gotten frae the persons pannalled; an uncouth form of probation, wher the principall malefactor proves against the receiptor for his own pardon, and honest men, perhaps neither of the clan Chattan’s kyne nor blood, punished for their good will, ignorant of the laws, and rather receipting them more for their evil nor their good. Nevertheless thir innocent men, under collour of justice, part and part as they came in, were soundly fyned in great soumes as their estates might bear, and some above their estate was fyned, and every one warded within the tolbuith of Elgine, while the least myte was payed of such as was persued in anno 1624.” (Spalding’s Hist. pp. 3, 4.) The earl of Moray had an interest in imposing these enormous fines, as they went into his own pockets! He subsequently obtained an enlargement of his commission from Charles I., but it was afterwards annulled, because, as Sir Robert Gordon observes, “it grieved divers of his majesty’s best affected subjects, and chieflie the marquis of Huntlie, unto whose predicessors onlie the office of livetennendrie in the north of Scotland had bein granted by former kings, for these many ages.”

      In 1639, on the breaking out of the civil war, when the marquis of Huntly raised the royal standard in the north, Lauchlan Macintosh, captain of the clan Chattan, joined the force of the Covenanters on the north of the river Spey, and in 1650, when the Scots army was collected to oppose Cromwell, his clan, under his command, formed part of it. In the reign of Charles II., Macintosh, to enforce his claim to the disputed lands of Glenluy and Locharkaig against Cameron of Lochiel, raised his clan, and assisted by the Macphersons, marched to Lochaber with 1,500 men. He was met by Lochiel with 1,200 men, of whom 300 were Macgregors. About 300 were armed with bows. General Stewart says: “When preparing to engage, the earl of Breadalbane, who was nearly related to both chiefs, came in sight with 500 men, and sent them notice that if either of them refused to agree to the terms which he had to propose, he would throw his interest into the opposite scale. After some hesitation his offer of mediation was accepted, and the feud amicably and finally settled.” This was in 1664, when the celebrated Sir Ewen Cameron was chief, and a satisfactory arrangement having been made, the Camerons were at length left in undisputed possession of the lands of Glenluy and Locharkaig, which their various branches still enjoy.

      In 1672, Duncan Macpherson of Cluny, having resolved to throw off all connexion with Macintosh, made application to the Lyon office, to have his arms matriculated as laird of Cluny Macpherson, and “the only and true representative of the ancient and honourable family of the clan Chattan.” This request was granted; and, soon afterwards, when the privy council required the Highland chiefs to give security for the peaceable behaviour of their respective clans, Macpherson became bound for his clan under the designation of the lord of Cluny and chief of the Macphersons; as he could only hold himself responsible for that portion of the clan Chattan which bore his own name and were more particularly under his own control. As soon as Macintosh was informed of this circumstance, he applied to the privy council and the Lyon office, to have his own title declared, and that which had been granted to Macpherson recalled and cancelled. An inquiry was accordingly instituted, and both parties were ordered to produce evidence of their respective assertions, when the council ordered Macintosh to give bond for those of his clan, his vassals, those descended of his family, his men, tenants, and servants, and all dwelling upon his ground; and enjoined Cluny to give bond for those of his name of Macpherson, descended of his family, and his men, tenants, and servants, “without prejudice always to the laird of Macintosh.” In consequence of this decision, the armorial bearings granted to Macpherson were recalled, and they were again matriculated as those of Macpherson of Cluny.

      Between the Macintoshes and the Macdonalds of Keppoch a feud had long existed, originating in the claim of the former to the lands occupied by the latter on the Braes of Lochaber. The Macdonalds had no other right to their lands than what was founded on prescriptive possession, whilst the Macintoshes had a feudal title to the property, originally granted by the lords of the Isles, and, on their forfeiture, confirmed by the crown. After various acts of hostility of both sides, the feud was at length terminated by “the last considerable clan battle which was fought in the Highlands.” To dispossess the Macdonalds by force, Macintosh raised his clan, and, assisted by an independent company fo soldiers furnished by the government, marched towards Keppoch, but, on his arrival there, he found the place deserted. He was engaged in constructing a fort in Glenroy, to protect his rear, when he received intelligence that the Macdonalds, reinforced by their kinsmen of Glengarry and Glenco, were posted in great force at Mulroy. He immediately marched against them, but was defeated and taken prisoner. At that critical moment, a large body of Macphersons appeared on the ground, hastening to the relief of the Macintoshes, and Keppoch, to avoid another battle, was obliged to release his prisoner. It is highly to the honour of the Macphersons that they came forward on the occasion so readily to the assistance of the rival branch of the clan Chattan, and that so far from taking advantage of Macintosh’s misfortune, they escorted him safely to his own territories, and left him without exacting any conditions or making any stipulations whatever as to the chiefship. From this time forth the Macintoshes and the Macphersons continued separate and independent clans, although both were included under the general denomination of the clan Chattan.

      At the Revolution the Macintoshes adhered to the new government, and as the chief refused to attend the viscount Dundee, on that nobleman soliciting a friendly interview with him, the latter employed his old opponent, Macdonald of Keppoch, to carry off his cattle. In the rebellions of 1715 and 1745, the Macintoshes took a prominent part, although their chiefs were not concerned in either. On the death of Queen Anne in 1714, the earl of Mar, who, in the following year, raised the standard of the Pretender, caused a letter to be addressed to him, for the purpose, it is thought, of throwing the government off its guard, by eleven of the heads and branches of the Highland clans, expressive of their loyalty to King George. Of those who subscribed it, Macintosh of Macintosh was the sixth. At this time the latter was a minor. Influenced by his uncle, Brigadier Macintosh of Borlum, an old and experienced soldier and a zealous Jacobite, the clan Macintosh were among the first to espouse the cause of the Chevalier, and had seized upon Inverness before some of the other clans had taken the field. Among the Culloden papers (page 38, No. xlix.) Is the following letter, written at the commencement of the rebellion by the young chief to Lady Forbes of Culloden, that estate having formerly belonged to his family: “To the Honourable my Ladie Cullodin, you. at Cullodin. Madam, you can’nt be a stranger to the circumstances I have put myself in at the tyme, and the great need I have of my own men and followers wherever they may be found. Wherefor I thought fitt, seeing Cullodin is not at home, by this line to entreat you to put no stopp in the way of these men that are and have been my followers upon your ground. Madam, your compliance in this will very muich oblige your most humble servant. L. Mackintoshe. 14 September 1715. P.S. Madam, if what I demand will not be granted, I hope I’ll be excused to be in my duty.”

      On the 5th of October about 500 Macintoshes, under the command of “Old Borlum,” as he was familiarly called, joined the earl of Mar at Perth, and they were, almost immediately, engaged in the hazardous service of attempting the passage of the Forth, in the face of several English men-of-war, then lying in the Firth. To join the English insurgents in Northumberland, Brigadier Macintosh was despatched from Perth, at the head of 2,000 men, among whom were the whole of the Macintoshes, and to avoid the English frigates which were stationed between Leith and Burntisland, it was arranged that the expedition should embark at Crail, Pittenweem, and Ely, three small towns near the mouth of the Firth, at the east end of Fife. The first division crossed in boars on the night of the 12th October, and the second followed next morning. Two of the boars, with forty men, were captured, and eight boats, with 200 men, took refuge in the Isle of May. The brigadier landed with about 1,600 men on the coast of East Lothian, and immediately marched to Haddington, where he took up his quarters for the night. Next day, instead of proceeding into England, according to his instructions, he marched towards Edinburgh, but finding, on his arrival within a mile of the city, that preparations had been made for defending the capital, he turned aside to Leith, of which he took possession without opposition. His men he quartered for the night in the citadel in North Leith. Next day, the duke of Argyle appeared before it and summoned the rebels to surrender. The answer was a refusal, accompanied by a discharge of cannon from the ramparts, on which the duke returned to Edinburgh.

      The same night Macintosh evacuated the citadel, and marched away eastward. He had previously sent a boat across the Firth with dispatches to the earl of Mar, giving an account of his proceedings, and to deceive the frigates in the Roads, he caused several shots to be fired at it, after its departure from the harbour. The officers in command of the ships, in the belief that it had some friends of the government on board, allowed the boat to pursue its course without molestation. On the 16th the brigadier arrived at Seton House, the seat of the earl of Wintoun, which he fortified, expecting an attack. After remaining there for three days, he proceeded to the borders. At Dunse he proclaimed the Chevalier, and at Kelso he met the English insurgents under Mr. Forster, and those of the south of Scotland under Lord Kenmure. Whilst in the latter town he seized the public revenue, as was his uniform custom in every town through which he passed.

      On the advance of General Carpenter to Wooler, with about a thousand men, Macintosh strongly urged that the insurgents should give him battle, and sticking his pike in the ground, he declared that he would wait and fight him there. The English Jacobites, however, were for marching at once into Lancashire, and carried their point, in spite of the arguments of Borlum, that, if they succeeded in defeating Carpenter, they would soon be able to fight any other troops, but if Carpenter should beat them, they would be better able to shift for themselves in Scotland than they could be in England. It was with great reluctance that he gave his consent to proceed to the south. As for his Highlanders, they refused to cross the borders, and when the English cavalry threatened to surround them and compel them to march, Macintosh informed them that he would not allow his men to be treated in such a way. The Highlanders themselves, despising the threat, gave them to understand that they would resist the attempt, and, soon after, separating themselves from the rest of the army, they took up a position on Hawick moor, where, grounding their arms, they declared that they would not march into England, but would fight the enemy on Scottish ground. The English officers again threatened to surround them with their horse and force them to march, on which, cocking their pistols, they intimated that, if they were to be made a sacrifice, they would prefer being killed in their own country. In the belief that they were going to Dumfries, the Highlanders were prevailed upon to resume the march, but, finding the expedition to England resolved upon, about 500 of them went off in a body to the north.

      On the arrival of the insurgent army at Preston, they learnt that General Wills, at the head of a large force, was approaching for the purpose of attacking them. As Forster had under his command nearly 4,000 men, he affected to believe that the royalist general would never venture to face him, but Old Burlum advised him not to be too confident, adding, “I tell you, man, he will attack, and beat us all, if we do not look about us.” Then, observing from a window where they stood, a party of the new Lancashire recruits, who had just joined them, passing by, he contemptuously said, “Look ye there, Forster, are you fellows the men ye intend to fight Wills with? Good faith, Sir, an ye had ten thousand of them, I’d fight them all with a thousand of his dragoons.” Next day, the insurgents erected barricades in the principal streets, of one of which Brigadier Macintosh had the command, and his brother, Colonel Macintosh, at the head of the Macintoshes, held another. Against these were directed the principal attack of Wills’ troops, who were repulsed from both with loss.

      The following day, General Carpenter joined the force under Wills, when Forster proposed to surrender. To this the Scots officers would not consent, and Wills gave them till next morning to decide, stipulating that they should not erect any more barriers in the streets, nor permit any of their men to escape from the town during the night. For the performance of these conditions, the earl of Derwentwater and Old Borlum were sent to his headquarters as hostages. Next morning, Forster notified to General Wills that the insurgents were willing to surrender at discretion. Old Borlum, being present when this message was delivered, observed that he would not be answerable for the Scots surrendering without terms, as they were capable of desperate fortunes, and that he, who had been a soldier himself, knew what it was to be a prisoner at discretion. He then returned to his friends, but came back immediately, and informed Wills that Lord Kenmure and the rest of the Scots noblemen, as well as his brother, agreed, as the English had done, to an unconditional surrender. The brigadier gave up his sword to an officer of the name of Graham. It had been a present to him from Viscount Dundee in 1689, for Borlum had supported the Jacobite interest after the Revolution, although his chief and the clan generally did not, and he exacted a promise from Graham, on surrendering it, that it should be restored to him if he escaped with his life.

      With the other prisoners he was conveyed to London, and the night previous to the day fixed for his trial for high treason, he and fifteen others broke out of Newgate, after knocking down the keepers and disarming the sentinels. Eight were retaken, but Macintosh and seven others escaped, and he was subsequently attainted. Some years after, when he was dead, Graham’s regiment being stationed at Fort Augustus, Borlum’s successor demanded from him the sword of the brave old brigadier, or, in case of his refusal, that he should fight him for it, on which it was restored to his family.

      Lauchlan, the chief of the Macintoshes, died in 1731, without issue, when the male line of William, the 15th chief, became extinct. Lauchlan’s successor, William Macintosh, died in 1741. Angus, the brother of the latter, the next chief, married Anne, daughter of Farquharson of Invercauld, a lady who distinguished herself greatly in the rebellion of 1745. When her husband was appointed to one of the three new companies in Lord Loudon’s Highlanders, raised in the beginning of that year, Lady Macintosh traversed the country in male attire, and, in a very short time, enlisted 97 of the 100 men required for a captaincy. On the breaking out of the rebellion, she was equally energetic in favour of the Pretender, and, in the absence of Macintosh, she raised two battalions of the clan for the prince, and placed them under the command of colonel Macgillivray of Dum-na-glas, as already stated. In 1715, the Macintoshes mustered 1,500 men under Old Borlum, but in 1745 scarcely one half of that number joined the forces of the Pretender. She conducted her followers in person to the rebel army at Inverness, and soon after her husband was taken prisoner by the insurgents, when the prince delivered him over to his lady, saying that “he could not be in better security, or more honourably treated.”

      The rout of Moy, one of the most striking incidents of the rebellion, was caused by an attempt on the part of Lord Loudon to surprise Prince Charles, at Moy castle, the seat of the laird of Macintosh, about ten miles from Inverness. He had arrived there with an advanced guard of about fifty men, when Lord Loudon formed the design of seizing him during the night while off his guard. Accordingly, with 1,500 men he left Inverness, where he had been stationed with 2,000 men of the royal army, and proceeded in the dark towards Moy. Meantime, Lady Macintosh had received timely notice of the approach of the military, by a boy who had been despatched by her mother from Inverness, where she lived, and immediately gave the alarm. The prince, who was in bed, was instantly awakened, and jumping up, he put on his clothes in haste, left the castle with a guard of about 30 men, and disappeared in a neighbouring wood. Lady Macintosh then sent five or six of her people, headed by a country blacksmith, named Fraser, to watch the advance of Lord Loudon’s troops. With the view of surprising them he posted his men on both sides of the road to Inverness, about three miles from Moy, and enjoined them not to fire till he gave directions, and then to fire one after another. When the head of the first detachment of Lord Loudon’s troops, consisting of 70 men under the laird of Macleod, was within hearing, the blacksmith called out with a loud voice, “Here come the villains who intend carrying off our price; fire, my lads; do not spare them, give them no quarter!” He, thereupon, discharged his piece in the direction of the detachment, and his party, after following his example, ran in different directions, calling upon the Macdonalds to advance on the right, and the Camerons to form on the left, and repeating aloud the names of Keppoch and Lochiel. In the belief that the whole Highland army was at hand, the detachment turned back in haste, and a panic seized the whole of the advancing soldiers, who took to flight, and never stopped till they reached Inverness, which was immediately evacuated by Lord Loudon.

      At the battle of Culloden the Macintoshes were on the right of the Highland army, and in their eagerness to engage, they were the first to attack the enemy’s lines, losing their brave colonel and other officers in the impetuous charge. On the passing of the act for the abolition of the heritable jurisdictions in 1747, the laird of Macintosh claimed £5,000 as compensation for his hereditary office of steward of the lordship of Lochaber.

      In 1812, Æneas Macintosh, the 23d laird of Macintosh, was created a baronet of the United Kingdom. He died 21st January 1820, without heirs male of his body. At his funeral six pipers preceded his corpse, playing the Macintoshes’ Lament, one of the most touching of that species of music. The funerals of the chiefs of Macintosh were always conducted with great ceremony and solemnity. When Lauchlan Macintosh, the 19th chief, died, in the end of 1703, his body lay in state from 9th December that year till 18th January 1704, and 2,000 of the clan Chattan attended his remains to the family vault at Petty. Keppoch was present with 220 of the Macdonalds, Across the coffins of the deceased chiefs are laid the sword of Brigadier Macintosh of Borlum already spoken of, and a highly finished claymore, presented by Charles I., before he came to the throne, to Sir Lauchlan Macintosh, gentleman of the bed-chamber.

      On the death of Sir Æneas Macintosh in 1820, the baronetcy expired, and he was succeeded in the estate by Angus Macintosh, the male heir, his son, became Macintosh of Macintosh. The plaid and several other articles which had belonged to Prince Charles, are in the possession of the laird of Macintosh, whose principal seat is Moyhall, near Inverness. The original castle, now in ruins, stood on an island in Lochmoy.

      The eldest branch of the clan Macintosh was the family of Kellochy, a small estate in Inverness-shire, acquired by them in the 15th century. Of this branch was the celebrated Sir James Mackintosh. His father, Captain John Macintosh, was the tenth in descent from Allan, third son of Malcolm, tenth chief of the clan, who was slain, on the side of Donald of the Isles, at the battle of Harlaw, in 1411. Macintosh of Kellochy, as the eldest cadet of the family, invariably held the appointment of captain of the watch to the chief of the clan in all his wars.

Sir James Mackintosh


      Charles Macintosh, F.R.S., a native of Glasgow, distinguished for his chemical researches and discoveries, born 29th December 1766, was the inventor of several waterproof manufactures, in which a solution of caoutchouc, or India rubber is employed. Another Scotsman, Macadam, by his improvements in road-making, added a new verb to the English language, namely, to Macadamize, and the name of Macintosh will, in like manner, be perpetuated as that of a gentleman’s outer covering or cloak, rendered waterproof by his peculiar invention, for which he obtained a patent. He was the son of Mr. George Macintosh, who introduced the manufacture of cudbear and Turkey red dyeing into Glasgow, by his wife, a daughter of the Rev. Charles Moore of Stirling, the brother of Dr. John Moore, author of ‘Zelucco,’ and consequently cousin of Lieutenant-general Sir John Moore, who fell at Corunna. Mr. Macintosh, who studied chemistry under the celebrated Dr. Black at Edinburgh, died 25th July 1843, in his 77th year. His manufactory of water-proof articles, first carried on in Glasgow, was ultimately transferred to Manchester.

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