Sir James Wilson, KCSI was a
British civil servant in British India, where he spent most of his career in
the Punjab. After his return to the United Kingdom he was a senior civil
servant under the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, representing the
country at the International Institute of Agriculture. He was also an author
of books on dialects and folklore, in India and in Scotland.
Wilson was born in 1853, the son of Rev. John Wilson, DD, minister and
historian of Dunning, Perthshire. He was educated at Perth Academy, the
University of Edinburgh and at Balliol College, Oxford.
He entered the Indian Civil Service in 1873, and arrived in India in
November 1875 to take up the position of assistant commissioner and
settlement officer in Punjab Province, where he stayed for most of his
career in India. He officiated as under secretary to the government of
Punjab in 1881 and 1884, and as senior financial secretary to the financial
commissioned in 1885 and 1886. Appointed deputy commissioner in September
1890, he served as settlement commissioner from November 1899. He was from
1903 to 1908 Secretary to the Government of India in the Department of
Revenue and Agriculture (having officiated as such earlier), and in early
1908 took second place to the lieutenant-governor in his old province, when
he was appointed Financial Commissioner of the Punjab. It was in this post
that he conceived the idea of the Triple Canal Irrigation project, which he
lived to see adding enormously to the economic wealth of the province. He
retired from the Indian Civil Service in late 1910.
In January 1900 he was appointed a Member of the Council of the
Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab, staying as such until 1910.
Following his return to the United Kingdom, he was Superintending Inspector
under the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries from 1911 until 1915, and
served as the permanent delegate for the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada,
Australia, New Zealand and South Africa to the International Institute of
Agriculture in Rome from 1914 until 1917. He regularly communicated
statistics on cereal crops in the world to The Times. He was a governor of
the Agricultural Organisation Society 1912–1914, and a chairman of the
Central Agricultural Wages Committee for Scotland from 1917 until 1921.
Wilson was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Star of India (CSI) in
the 1901 Birthday Honours list on 9 November 1901, for work against famine
in Punjab; and promoted to a Knight Commander (KCSI) in the Order in the
1909 New Year Honours.
He died at his residence, Annieslea, Crieff on 22 December 1926.
Wilson had an interest for dialects and folklore, and published several
books while in India, including Code of Tribal Custom in Shahpur and in
Sirsa and Grammar of Western Punjabi. He also published the more official
Gazetteer of Shahpur District and Settlement Report of Sirsa District.
He continued writing after his return to the United Kingdom, writing books
on Lowland Scotch as spoken in the Lower Strathearn district of Pertshire
(1915), Farm-workers in Scotland, The Dialect of Robert Burns, Scottish
Poems of Robert Burns, and Dialects of Central Scotland.
He was also an active correspondent in The Times.
Wilson married, in 1888, Anne Campbell Macleod, daughter of Rev Norman
Macleod. Lady Wilson was herself a noted author, publishing two books based
on letters to friends and family during her time in India. She also paid
special attention to Indian music while in the country. She died at Crieff
on 13 April 1921. They had children, including a son who died in the First
Lowland Scotch as spoken in the lower Strathearn district of Perthshire
By Sir James Wilson (1915) (pdf)
The Dialect of Robert Burns
As spoken in Central Ayrshire by Sir James Wilson, K.C.S.I., M.A. Edin.
After Five Years in India
Or Life and Work in a Punjuab district by Anne C. Wilson (A. C. MacLeod)
Letters from India
By Lady Wilson (A. C. MacLeod) (1911) (pdf)