The following pages were
written with the dual object of furnishing a Sketch of my Grandfather's life
and, at the same time, supplying a brief history of the Middle Party within
the Church of Scotland which he led from 1842 onwards. The volume had its
genesis in a lecture eighth of a series instituted to perpetuate the memory
of Dr. John Macleod, the immediate successor of Dr. Leishman in the Parish
Church of St. Constantine at Govan. For such a retrospect as is here
attempted the time seems opportune. Exactly a century has elapsed since
Matthew Leishman knelt on the clay floor of Govan Church to receive "the
laying on of the hands of the Presbytery" and now that the tranquilizing
mould covers the heads of all the chief actors in the Disruption period,
while distance enables us to obtain a truer perspective, testimonies
accumulate as to the value of the work done by the once maligned "Forty."
For assuming the task of chronicler the writer may plead the possession of
original documents, eked out by personal recollections of the central figure
and his intimates gained in boyhood during several winters spent under the
roof of Govan Manse and two golden summers at Sunnyside. For much valued
assistance, rendered on special points, my indebtedness is gratefully
acknowledged to various friends named in the body of the work.
Thanks are also due to my kinsman, Charles B. Boog Watson, Esq., for family
traditions and a budget of Matthew Leishman's college correspondence; to the
Misses Samuel for letters of their grand-uncle, Dr. Simpson of Kirknewton;
to Miss J. H. Duncan for the MS. Journal of Dr. William Muir; and to the
Right Hon. Lord Balfour of Burleigh, K.T., for access to a collection of
interesting letters to and from his father, Robert Bruce of Kennet, touching
the Church question.
These acknowledgments would be incomplete without mention of my wife, whose
ever -ready help in the transcription and adjustment of family papers has
been of the greatest assistance.
It only remains to express my very warm thanks to the Rev. Roger S.
Kirkpatrick, B.D., whose varied learning and intimate knowledge of Govan
have been of invaluable service when brought to bear upon the correction of
the proof sheets.
J. F. L.
Manse of Linton,
Matthew Leishman of Govan
And The Middle Party of 1843, A page from Scottish Church Life and History
in the Niveteenth Century by James Fleming Leishman, M.A. (1923)