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Clans and Families of Ireland and Scotland
X. The Vikings and Normans

bishoprics for life, with other provisions. The representative of this line, Sir James Livingston of Kinnaird, was created Earl of Newburg (Fife) by Charles II shortly after Charles’ restoration and return from France (he had been granted a viscountcy in 1647 by Charles I). James raised the King’s Life Guard of Horse, "the private gentlemen of the Kings Life Guard," composed largely of Perthshire gentry, on Leith Links, Edinburgh, in 1661. This regiment was later commanded by the Marquis of Tullibardine (of the Perthshire Murrays). It should be noted that some Pennsylvania Germans Englished their name of Loewenstein as Livingston.

The Lynches (de Linse) came to Ireland with the Anglo-Norman invasion, and settled at Knock in what is now County Meath. At the start of the fourteenth century a branch of the family settled in Galway City, where they became the most important of the mostly Norman tribes of that city, often serving as mayors. Several of the name were attainted, their property confiscated, at the end of the Jacobite wars of the late seventeenth century.

The MacCostellos (Mac Oisdealbhaigh) were one of the first Anglo-Norman families in Connacht, settling in Mayo, in what became the Barony of Costello, which originally included part of neighboring County Roscommon (their sixteenth-century seat was near Ballaghadereen, now in Roscommon). They were the first of the Norman invaders to adopt a Gaelic name, which marks their descent from Oistealb, son of the famous Gilbert de Nangle (Latin: de Angulo), who was one of the first Anglo-Norman invaders. His family, the de Angulos, obtained vast estates in Meath, where they were Barons of Navan. The family thence spread into Leinster and Connacht, where the leading family adopted the Gaelic patronymic Mac Oisdealbhaigh, as we have seen. Those in Leinster, and those in Connacht that did not adopt this form, became Nangles (de Nogla); while those in Cork became Nagles. The Waldrons (Mac Bhaildrin) are a branch of the MacCostellos in Mayo.

The Bissets’ (Biseid) ancestor came to Scotland in the train of William the Lion on his return from captivity in England. The first recorded in Scotland was Henricus Byset, who witnessed a charter by William the Lion granted before 1198. His son John Byset witnessed a charter by Henry de Graham in 1204, and was granted wide lands in northern Scotland by the king. The descendants of this John Byset became very powerful barons in the North, but their power was broken as a result of the murder of the young Earl of Atholl by Walter Byset, Lord of Aboyne. He and his nephew, John Byset (founder of the Priory of Beauly in 1231) were exiled from Scotland (another Bisset, Sir William, was freed from guilt), and took refuge in the Glens of Antrim, where they carved out a territory under de Burgo, Earl of Ulster. From this John descends the family of MacKeown (Mac Eoin—son of John) of the Glens of Antrim. It was through an heiress of this family that the Glens came to the MacDonnells. In Scotland the Bissets continued to be a family of importance, although most of the old estates passed through heiresses to the Frasers and

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