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Clans and Families of Ireland and Scotland
X. The Vikings and Normans

the time period of about 1153 to 1165. Symone de Ramsay witnessed a charter by Gilbert, Earl of Strathearn before 1198, and William de Rameshej witnessed a charter by William the Lion before 1200. William de Ramessay appears as de Dalwussy (Dalhousie near Edinburgh) in about 1235, and Sir Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie appears in 1342, (the family were later earls of Dalhousie). Michael de Ramesay was Sheriff of Fife in 1395. By the middle of the thirteenth century the Ramsays appear as landowners in Angus, dividing into several branches during the fourteenth century.

The Reids (Ruadh) of Colliston in Buchan and the Reid Barons of Strathloch are early fifteenth-century branches of the Ramsays, and probably descend from Patrick Reid (Red Patrick) Ramsay, who apparently married the heiress of Strathloch in Atholl, a granddaughter of the chief of the Robertson. The Strathloch family adhered to the Robertsons.

The Fothringhams of Powrie in Angus held large estates in that county, and had a cadet family, the Fotheringhams of Ballindean, seated in Perthshire. They descend from Henry de Fodringhay or Foddrynghame, deputy of the sheriff of Perth in 1358, who received the lands of Balewny, near Dundee, from Robert II before 1377. They take their name, originally Fotheringhay (Fotheringham is a corruption caused by the resemblance of the final "ay" to "in" in old records) from the manor and castle of Fotheringhay in Northamptonshire in England, owned in the twelfth century by the Royal House of Scotland. Prince David, before he became King David I in 1124 was closely associated with these estates, and that is why so many Anglo-Norman families in Scotland came from Northamptonshire. Hugh de Foderingeye of the County of Perth rendered homage in 1296. Walter de Fodringgeye was one of the executors of the will, in 1291, of Dervorgilla, wife of John Balliol, the competitor for the Scottish Crown, and was later associated with the son, Edward Balliol, with whom he came north in the latter Balliol’s invasion of Scotland in 1332.

The Stirlings of Keir appear about 1160, and branches of the family came to hold wide lands north of the town of Stirling and around Cadder in Stirlingshire. They take their name from the town of Stirling. Gilbertus de Striuelin and Walter de Striveling were witnesses for King David in 1136, while Peter de Striuelin appears as a witness to a gift to the Abbey of Hollyrood in Edinburgh in 1158. Sir John Stirling of Moray swore fealty in 1291, and was probably the ancestor of the Stirlings of Edzell, whose large highland district of Glenesk in North Angus passed through an heiress to the Lindsays. King James III was probably killed by Stirling of Keir after the battle of Sauchieburn, after he had burned Stirling of Keir’s tower (castle-house) a few days before. A branch of the family settled early in Nairnshire.

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