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Clans and Families of Ireland and Scotland
VII. The Érainn

remained in the original Clare homeland, with branches also settling in Kerry and Roscommon.

The O’Gradys (0 Grada) were an important Dalcassian family in County Clare. They were originally seated in the parish of Killonasoolagh, near the River Fergus in South Clare, but after 1318 they obtained a wide territory around Tomgraney in the north of that county, from their O’Brien kinsmen and patrons. This territory embraced several parishes in Clare and Galway. In 1543, Donogh O’Grady, "captain of his nation," was knighted by Henry VIII, and formally granted the lands of his clan. After him, the heads of the O’Gradys served the English interests, and some Anglicized their name as "Brady," though this was an alias and usually the form "O’Grady" was resumed. A branch of the family settled in Gonnacht, while the chief family settled in Limerick several centuries ago.

The O’Hanrahans or Harhans (0 hAnradhain) are a Dalcassian family of County Clare. After rising to some importance in Limerick under the O’Briens, they are chiefly associated with Clare and Limerick.

The O’Hickeys (0 hlcidhe) were a great medical family in Thomond, and were hereditary physicians to their kinsmen the O’Brien rulers of Thomond. Their original seat was at Ballyhickey in County Clare.

The O’Mearas or Maras (0 Meadhra) were a Dalcassian family in Tipperary. They were chiefs of a district called Rosarguid, in the barony of Upper Or. mond, in north-central Tipperary, and their chief, The O’Meara, had his seat at Toomyvara (Tuaim Ui Mheadhra). The O’Mearas retained a considerable property down to the revolution of 1690.

The O’Molonys (0 Maoldhomhnaigh) are a Dalcassian family who were formerly chiefs in the barony of Tulla in the east of County Clare.

The O’Moroneys (0 Murruanaidh) are another family of the Dalcassians still numerous in Thomond.

The Cineal mBaoith were one of the original Dalcassian clans from the time of Brian Boru. Their representatives in historical times were the O’Hartagans and the O’Lonergans. The O’Hartagans (hArtagain) are a Dalcassian sept of Limerick, and are descended from Dunlaing O’Hartigan, one of the heroes of the battle of Glontarf, who fought against the Vikings in 1014 (see under O’Brien, above). The O’Lonergans (0 Longargain) are a Dalcassian sept that was originally settled in County Clare in the earlier Middle Ages, but after 1318 they settled in Tipperary after being driven from their original patrimony by the O’Briens and MacNamaras. The family produced a number of great ecclesiastics during the Middle Ages.

The Clann Dealbhaoith anciently inhabited the Barony of Bunratty, in the south of County Clare. The main stem of the clan was the ancient family of O’Neill of Thomond, but this family is now represented by its two modern branches, O’Nihills of Limerick (from the Norse form of O’Neill) and the Creaghs of Bunratty. The Greaghs (Craobhach) derive their cognomen of

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