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Historical Geography of the Clans of Scotland
By T. B. Johnston, F.R.G.S. and Colonel James A. Robertson
Roll of the Landislordis and Baillies, 1587


[This and the following Roll of Clans are appended to the Act "For the quieting and keping in obedience of the disorderit subjectis inhabitantis of the Bordouris, Hielandis, and Ilis"(1587, c. 59, Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Record edition, vol. iii., p. 461). As to the working of this important Act, and the "General Band" or agreement of all landlords over the kingdom to be held responsible for the good behaviour of their tenants and adherents, see the Register of the Privy Council, vol. iv., pp. liii.-lv, and 781 et seq.]

Landislordis and Baillies.

The Duke of Lennox.
Ludovick, second Duke of Lennox, son of Esme Stuart, Lord of Aubigny in France. Born 1574. Had a charter under the Great Seal, July 31, 1583, of the Earldom of Lennox and various other lands, which had been erected into a dukedom. Was Great Chamberlain and High Admiral of Scotland; attended James VI. to England, created Earl of Newcastle, Duke of Richmond, and KG. Died 1624.

The Laird of Buchanane.
Sir George Buchanan of that ilk, second of that name, and, according to Auchmar, nineteenth Laird of Buchanan. The lands of this family lay chiefly in the districts of Menteith and the Lennox, and are now possessed by the Duke of Montrose.

The Laird of M’Farlane of the Arroquhar.
Andrew Macfarlane of that ilk, descended, in the male line, from Gilchrist, a younger son of Alwyn, second Earl of Lennox, of the old family.

The Laird of Luss.
Humphrey Colquhoun of Luss, who acquired the heritable coronership of Dumbartonshire from Robert Graham of Knockdollian, confirmed by charter under the Great Seal, 1583. Slain by the Macgregors after the battle of Glenfruin, 1604.

The Laird M’Cawla of Ardincaple.
Awlay, afterwards Sir Awlay Macawlay of Ardincaple, one of the principal vassals of the Duke of Lennox.

The Laird of Marchinstoun.
Sir Archibald Napier of Merchiston and Edinbellie, father of John Napier of Merchiston, the inventor of Logarithms. He possessed lands in the earldoms of Menteith and Lennox, and likewise at Ardownane (or Ardeonaig), on the south side of Loch Tay, in virtue of his descent from Elizabeth, daughter of Murdoch Menteth, and sister and one of the co-heiresses of Patrick Menteth of Rusky.

The Laird of Glennegyis.
John Haldane of Glenegeis (now called Gleneagles), descended from Agnes, the other co-heiress of the above mentioned Patrick Menteth of Rusky, through whom he possessed lands in the districts mentioned in the preceding note.

The Erle of Glencarne.
James, seventh Earl of Glencairn. Perhaps only brought here as answerable for his kinsman, Drumquhassill (see next note). Glencairn was also connected with the Highlands by marriage, his first wife being eldest daughter (by the second marriage) of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenurchy.

The Laird of Drumquhassil.
John Cunningham of Drumquhassill was served heir to his father, John Cunningham, in the £5 lands of old extent of Portnellan, Galbraith, and Tullochan, with the Islands of Loch Lomond, adjacent to the same, in the Dukedom of Lennox, 1613.—(Dumbarton Retours, No. 15.)—This family descended from Andrew Cunninghame, said to have been a younger son of Sir Robert Cunningham of Kilmaurs, and to have lived in the reign of David II.

The Laird of Kilcreuch
James Galbraith of Kilcreuch. His name frequently appears in the Privy Council Register as a Commissioner for executing the laws against Papists, and in other similar capacities.—Register of the Privy Council, vol. iv.

The Tutour of Menteith.
George Graham, tutor or guardian to John, sixth Earl of Menteith, of the Graham line, who succeeded to the earldom in 1587 and died in the following year.

The Laird of Knokhill.
William Shaw of Knockhill, in Menteith.

Hary Schaw of Cambusmoir.

The Laird of Kippanross.
James Kinros of Kippenross, in Perthshire, had a charter under the Great Seal, Dec. 6, 1584, erecting Kippenross into a barony.—Reg. Mag. Sig., 1580-1593, Charter No. 764. His daughter Katherine married in 1586 George Shaw, son of William Shaw of Knockhill. lb., Charter No. 1528.

The Laird of Burley.
Sir Michael Balfour of Burleigh, who was superior at this time of the lands of Mochaster, etc., in Menteith.

The Laird of Keir.
Sir James Stirling of Keir.

The Master of Levingstoun.
Alexander, afterwards seventh Lord Livingston, created first Earl of Linlithgow. He possessed the lands of Callander, Corriechrombie in Menteith, and other lands in Perthshire.

The Lord of Down.
James Stewart, first Lord Doune, father of the "bonnie Earl of Moray."

The Lord Drurnmound.
Patrick, third Lord Drummond.

The Laird of Tullibardin.
Sir John Murray of Tullibardine, in Strathearn. He also possessed lands in Balquhidder.

The Laird of Glenorquhy.
Duncan, afterwards Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy.

The Laird of Lawaris.
John, afterwards Sir John, Campbell of Lawers (whose ancestor was a cadet of the family of Glenurchy). He possessed considerable lands both in Breadalbane and Strathearn.

The Laird of Weyme.
James Menzies of that ilk, or of Weym, proprietor of extensive lands in Breadalbane, Strathtay, and Rannoch.

The Abbot of Inchaffray.
James Drummond, Commendator of Inchaffray, and laird of Innerpeffry, possessor also of lands in Balquhidder. He was brother of Patrick Lord Drummond, and was created, in 1609, Lord Maderty. His grandson, William, fourth Lord Maderty, was created Viscount Strathallan in 1686.

Coline Campbell of Ardbeich.
Brother to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy. His lands lay in the vicinity of Lochearnhead.

The Laird of Glenlyoun.
Colin Campbell of Glenlyon, descended from the house of Glenurchy.

The Erle of Athoill.
John, fifth Earl of Atholl, of the Innermeath line.

The Laird of Grantullie.
Sir Thomas Stewart of Grandtully, descended likewise from the house of Innermeath, proprietor of lands in Strathtay.

The Laird of Strowane-Robertsone.
Donald Robertson of Strowan, in Atholl.

The Laird of Strowane-Murray.
John Murray of Strowan, in Strathearn. His daughter was married after this period to Eoin dubh Macgregor (killed at Glenfruin), brother to Allaster Macgregor of Glenstrae, chief of the Clan Gregor.

The Laird of Wester Wemyss.
There were two families in Fife, Wemyss of Wester Wemyss, and Scott of Abbotshall, the heads of which are probably meant here. The family of Wemyss acquired right to an estate in Atholl, called Kinnaird, by marriage of the heiress of Inchmartine, Perthshire. They sold the property of Kinnaird to Stewart of Rosyth, but retained the superiority, and a younger son of Rosyth was the ancestor of the Stewarts of Kinnaird. (Robertson’s Concise Historical Proofs.)

The Laird of Abbotishall.
See above note.

The Laird of Teling.
Sir David Maxwell of Teling, in Forfarshire.

The Laird of Inchmartine.
Patrick Ogilvie of Inchmartine; proprietor of lands in the south-eastern Highlands of Perthshire.

The Laird of Purie-Fothringhame.
Thomas Fothringham of Powrie, a proprietor in the Brae of Angus.

The Laird of Moncreiff.
William Moncreiff of that ilk, proprietor of the lands of Culdares and Tenaiffis in Breadalbane, which he afterwards sold to Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy. These lands had been possessed by the family of Moncreiff for several centuries.

The Laird of Balleachane.
Sir James Stewart of Ballechin in Atholl.

The Barroun of Fandowie.
John Macduff, alias Ferguson, Baron of Fandowie, in Atholl, executed for his accession to Gowrie’s Conspiracy, 1600.

Got an email in on July 20, 2023...

This information is incorrect:

- the Baron of Fandowie in 1600 was David MacDuff

- the 'Barroun' was a cousin of his, called John MacDuff (not Fergusson - the Fergussons of Mullion Castle were also cousins), who was a Bailie of Perth and employed by the Earl of Gowrie; he was called 'Barroun' as a nickname becauze he kept going on about his cousin being a Baron 

- it was John 'Barroun' MacDuff who was hanged (not executed) two weeks after the Gowrie Conspiracy

- the Baron of Fandowie, David MacDuff, was also Baron-Bailie to the Earl of Gowrie in respect of his lands at Trochrie Castle, but he was not executed or hanged.

Hereditary baronies in Scotland were abolished in 1606.

Colin Liddell

The Erle of Erroll.
Francis, eighth Earl of Errol, proprietor of Logiealmond, part of lnchmartine, and other lands on or near the Highland line.

The Erle of Gowry.
James Ruthven, second Earl of Gowrie, and fifth Lord Ruthven, possessed lands in Strathardle and Strathbran, in the south-eastern Highlands of Perthshire. He died in 1588, in his fourteenth year.

The Laird of Cultybragane.
Alexander Reidheuch of Cultebragan. His lands lay in and near Glenleidnoch, in Strathearn. Edward Reidheuch, fiar of Cultebragan, is frequently mentioned in the records at this period.

The Lord Ogilvy.
James, sixth Lord Ogilvie of Airlie. He had large possessions in Glen-Isla and other parts of the Brae of Angus.

The Laird of Clovay.
Alexander Ogilvie of Clova was alive in 1557. James Ogilvie was served heir to James Ogilvie of Clova, his father, in the lands of Clova, etc., 1623. The lands of this family lay principally in the Brae of Angus.

The Laird of Fintray.
Sir David Graham of Fintry, knight, a considerable proprietor in Forfarshire, was alive 1577. This family descended, it is said, from a younger son of the Grahams of Kincardine, afterwards Earls of Montrose.

The Laird of Edyell.
Sir David Lindsay of Edyell, proprietor of Glenesk, and other lands in Forfarshire.

The Erle of Mar.
John Erskine, seventh Earl of Mar, proprietor of Braemar, etc.

The Master of Elphingstoun.
Alexander, afterwards fourth Lord Elphinstone, proprietor of lands in Banffshire.

The Erle Huntlie.
George, sixth Earl, and afterwards first Marquis of Huntly, Lord of Badenoch and Lochaber.

The Master of Forbes.
John, afterwards eighth Lord Forbes, proprietor of estates near the sources of the Don, in Aberdeenshire.

The Laird of Grant.
John Grant of Freuchie.

Lauchlan Macintosh of Dunauchton, Captain of the Clanchattan.

The Lord and Tutour of Lovate.
Simon, eighth Lord Lovat, and Thomas Fraser of Knockie and Strichen, his uncle and tutor.

Cheisholme of Cummer.
Alexander Chisholm of Strathglass was alive in 1578. John Chisholm of Corner is mentioned in 1613.

The Larde of Glengarry.
Donald Macdonald, eighth of Glengarry. He had a charter under the Great Seal of the lands of Glengarry, July 19, 1574, in which he is described as "Donaldus M’Angus M’Allestare, filius et heres apparens Angusii M’Allestare de Glengarrie."

Cohn Mackenzie of Kintail.

The Laird of Fowlis.
Robert More Munro, fifteenth baron of Foulis.

The Laird of Balnagown.
Alexander Ross of Balnagown, descended in a direct line from Hugh Ross of Rarichies, second son of Hugh, fifth Earl of Ross.

The Tutour of Cromartie.
John Urquhart of Craigfintry and Culbo, tutor to his grand-nephew Thomas, afterwards Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty.

The Erle of Suthirland.
Alexander, eleventh Earl of Sutherland.

The Laird of Duffus.
William Sutherland of Duffus.

James Innes of Touchis.
Not known what lands in the Highlands he possessed.

The Erle of Caithness.
George Sinclair, fifth Earl of Caithness.

The Erle Merschall.
George Keith, fifth Earl Marischal.

The Lord Oliphant.
Lawrence, fourth Lord Oliphant. He possessed among other lands, Berriedale in Caithness, on account of which he appears to be included in this Roll.

The Laird of Boquhowy.
Patrick Mouat of Boquhally, a considerable proprietor in Caithness.

The Laird of Dunnybeyth.
William Sinclair of Dunbeath, in Caithness.

Macky of Far.
Hugh Mackay of Farr, father of Donald, first Lord Reay.

Torquill M‘Cloyd of Cogoych.
Torquil Macleod was the eldest son of Roderick Macleod of the Lewis, by that Baron’s second marriage with a daughter of Mackenzie of Kintail. During his father’s lifetime he held the estate of Cogeache, and was known by that title; but on his father’s death he claimed the estates and style of Macleod of Lewis, his title to which was disputed.

The Laird of Garloch.
John Mackenzie of Gairloch.

Makgillichallurn of Raarsay.
Malcolm Macleod, or Macgillechallum of Rasay, nearest heir male at this time of the Macleods of Lewis, after the descendants of the body of Roderick Macleod of Lewis.

M’Cloid of the Harrich.
William Macleod of Harris, Dunvegan, and Glenelg, chief of the Siol Tormaid.

M’Kynnoun of Strathodell.
Lauchlan Mackinnon of Strathwardill in Skye, and of Mishnish in Mull.

M’Cleud of the Lewes.
Roderick Macleod of the Lewis, Cogeache and Assint, chief of the Siol Torcuil.

M’Neill of Barrey.
Roderick Macneill of Barra.

M’Kane of Ardnarnurchin.
John Maccoin, or Macian, of Ardnamurchan, chief of a tribe sprung from the family of the Isles.

Allane M’Kane of Ilandterurn.

The Laird of Knoydert.
Alexander Macranald of Knoydart, chieftain of a branch of the Clanranald.

M’Clane of Dowart.
Lauchlan, afterwards Sir Lauchlan Maclean of Duart.

The Laird of Ardgowir.
Ewin Maclean of Ardgour, representative of an ancient branch of the family of Duart.

Johnne Stewart of the Appin.

M’Coull of Lorne.
Dougal Macdougal of Dunolly.

M’Coull of Roray.
Allan Macdougal of Raray.

The Laird of Lochynnell.
Archibald Campbell, second Laird of Lochnell, killed at the battle of Glenlivat, 1594.

The Laird of Caddell.
John Campbell of Calder or Cadder, frequently written Caddell.

The Laird of Skermourlie, for Rauchry.
Sir Robert Montgomery of Skelmorlie, who seems, at this time, to have possessed the small island of Rachry, or Rachrin, lying near the coast of Antrim.

M’Condoquhy of Innerraw.
Dougal Macconachy (Campbell) of Inverawe, head of an ancient sept of the Campbells.

Angus M’Coneil of Dunyveg and Glennis.

The Laird of Lowip.
Alexander Macallaster of Loupe, in Kintyre.

The Schiref of Bute.
John Stewart, Sheriff of Bute.

The Laird of Camys.
Hector Bannatyne of Kames, in Bute.

Erle of Ergile.
Archibald, seventh Earl of Argyll, then a minor. His principal guardian was John Campbell of Calder.

Laird of Auchinbrek.
Duncan Campbell of Auchinbreck.

The Laird of Ardkinglass.
Sir James Campbell of Ardkinglas.

Malcolm Macnaughtan of Dunderawe.

Archibald Maclachlan of Strathlachlan, or of that ilk.

The Laird of Lawmont.
James Lamont of lnveryne, or of that ilk.

The Laird of Perbrak.
Colin Campbell of Barbreck.

The Laird of Duntrune.
John Campbell of Duntrune.

Constable of Dundy, Laird of Glastry.
James, afterwards Sir James, Scrymgeour of Dudhope, constable of Dundee, and proprietor of the barony of Glassary in Argyllshire.

The Laird of Elanegreg.
Colin Campbell of Elangreg.

The Laird of Otter.
Archibald Campbell of Otter.

The Laird of Coll.
Hector Maclean of Coll.

Makclayne of Lochbuy.
John Moir Maclean of Lochbuy.

M’Fee of Colowsay.
Murdoch Macfie of Colonsay.

The Lord Hamiltoun.
Lord John Hamilton, afterwards Marquis of Hamilton, proprietor of the Isle of Arran.

Return to Historical Geography of the Clans of Scotland


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