The Macbeans, Macbanes, or Macbains, derive
their name from the fair complexion of their progenitor, or, according to some, from their
living in a high country, beann being the Gaelic name for a mountain, hence Ben Nevix, Ben
Lomond, &c. The distinctive badge of the Macbeans, like that of the Macleods, was the
red whortleberry. Of the Mackintosh clan they are considered an offshoot, although some of
themselves believe that they are Camerons. It is true that a division of the MacBeans
fought under Lochiel in 1745, but a number of them fought under Golice or Gillies MacBane,
of the house of Kinchoil, in the Mackintosh battalion. This gigantic Highlander, who was
six feet four and a-half inches in height, displayed remarkable prowess at the battle of
"In the time of William, first of the name, and sixth of Mackintosh, William Mhor,
son to Bean-Mac Domhnuill-Mhor and his four sons, Paul, Gillies, William-Mhor and
Farquhar, after they had slain the Red Comyn's steward at Innerlochie, came, according to
the history, to William Mackintosh, to Connage, where he then resided, and for themselves
and their posterity, took protection of him and his. No tribe of Clan Chattan, the history
relates, suffered so severely at Harlaw as Clan Vean".
Another Account of the Clan
BADGE: Lus nam Braoileag (vaccineum
vitis idaea) Red whortleberry.
PIBROCH: Mo Run Geal Og.
much is known of the origin of the name and race of the MacBeans.
According to some the cognomen means "the son of the Ben" or
mountain; but such a name would be applicable to many Highland tribes, and
is not specific enough to convey any distinctiveness. Had this been the
origin of the name there would almost certainly have been some local or
colour qualification added. But no one has ever heard of a family called
MacBean Dearg or MacBean Vorlich. Dr. Almand MacBain, the well-known
Gaelic scholar, considers the race and name to be the same as that of
MacBeth. Both, he says, came from Moray, a Badenoch branch was actually
called "Chlann ‘Ac-al-Bheath," and the name MacBheathain would
formerly have been Mac-’ic-Bheatha, or MacBeth. It seems much more
likely, however, that the name took its origin from the outstanding
characteristic of an ancestor. One of the Scottish Kings of the eleventh
century was known as Donald Ban, or Donald the Fair, and the adjective is
commonly enough, as a distinction, attached to the name of clansmen at the
present day, a notable instance being that of Duncan Ban MacIntyre the
Gaelic poet. In the matter of race, the MacBeans have been claimed as a
sept of Clan Cameron, chiefly by reason of the fact that some of them
fought under the banner of Lochiel at Culloden. But on that occasion a
still larger party fought in the ranks of the Mackintoshes, and there is
further reason to believe that from very early times the clan regarded
itself as a part of Clan Chattan. The Kinrara MS. records several facts of
the time of King Robert the Bruce which make it certain that at any rate
one family of the name then recognised Mackintosh as its chief. The first
reference mentions how in the time of Angus, the sixth Mackintosh chief
"Bean MacDomhnuil Mor lived in Lochaber and was a faithful servant to
Mackintosh against the Red Comyn, who possessed Inverlochy. "Shortly
afterwards the MS. records show, "In the time of William, first of
the name, and seventh of Mackintosh, William Mhor MacBean Vic
Domhnuill-Mhor, and his four sons, Paul, Gillies, William-Mhor, and
Farquhar, after they had slain the Red Comyn’s steward at Inverlochie,
came to Cosinage, where Mackintosh then resided, and for themselves and
their posterity, took protection of him and his." The same annalist
refers to another incident which would seem to show that, a century later,
the MacBeans were regarded as distinctly a sept of the same great
confederacy. "No tribe of Clan Chattan," the history relates,
"suffered so severely at Harlaw as Clan Vean."
Mr. A. M. Mackintosh in his
History of the Machintoshes and Clan Chattan quotes a number of
charters and bands which show that the MacBeans took an intimate part in
the affairs of the Mackintosh chiefs. In 1490 Donald MacPaul or Macphail
(son of Paul) witnessed a band between the lairds of Mackintosh and
Kilravock, and two years later Donald Macphail and Gillies Macphail
witnessed a contract between Ferquhard Mackintosh and the Dunbars. This
Gillies, Mr. Mackintosh identifies with the Gillies M’Fal who appears in
the Exchequer Rolls as tenant of Dulleter in 1502-8, and his son as the
William MacGillies MacFaill who signed Clan Chattan’s band in 1543.
So far the family were
merely tenants of land. The next head of the house, Paul M’William vic
Gillies, who in 1568 witnessed the infeftment of the sixteenth Mackintosh
Chief in Dunachton, is designated merely as "in Kinchellye."
Even in 1609, when the head of this house was clearly recognised as chief
of his race, he was still only a tenant. In that year Angus MacPhail
"in Kinkell" signed the Band of Union, "taking the full
burden in and upon him of his kin and race of Clan Vean." In 1610,
however, Angus obtained a feu of his lands from Campbell of Cawdor, and he
duly appears as laird "of Kinchyle" in the Valuation Roll of
Angus’s son John was the
first to bear clearly the present family name. He received his sasine of
the lands of Kinchyle in 1651 as "John MacBean, alias M’Angus vic
Phaill, lawful son and nearest heir of Angus M’Phaill vic William vic
John’s son and successor
Paul took no part in Mackintosh’s feudal demonstration in Lochaber in
1667, but in 1667 he atoned to the Captain of Clan Chattan by giving him a
regular bond of manrent in the ancient style, undertaking to "follow
him as his chief, with all his men tenants, family, and followers of the
Clan Vean, against all men except only the King, Lord Huntly, and the
Laird of Calder." Later, with two others, he undertook, for a payment
of blackmail, to protect the lands of Strathdearn, Strathnairn, and
adjoining districts against the depredations of cattle thieves.
Paul’s son William, who
was infefted in the family estate in his father’s lifetime, seems to
have fallen into money difficulties. In 1697 he and his father were put to
the horn; in 1708 he had to grant sasine of his lands of Kinchyle, Dores,
Chapelton, Achnashangach, and others, to Mackintosh of Borlum, on a bond
for 8000 merks; and ten years later Mackintosh of Culclachy held a wadset
over Dores and Chapelton for £5000.
From these embarrassments
the family seems never to have recovered, and its difficulties were
certainly not lessened by the part taken by its chiefs in the Jacobite
risings of 1715 and 1745. AEneas or Angus MacBean, William’s eldest son,
was a captain in Mackintosh’s regiment in the Earl of Mar’s army,
while the fifth son John was a lieutenant. They shared the march into
England and surrender at Preston. AEneas is believed to have been living
in 1745, so that his brother, Gillies Mor, who played a heroic part then,
was not "of Kinchyle" as is generally stated. At the proving of
his will he was described as son to Kinchyle and late tacksman at
Dunachton, domiciled at Dalmagerry. Among his property was a copper still
valued at seven pounds; in the "List of Persons concerned in the
Rebellion" he is described as a "brewer "; and it has been
conjectured that, his farm at Dunachton having proved unsuccessful, he was
the innkeeper at Dalmagerry.
Brewer or innkeeper, Major
Gillies MacBean stands out as one of the most valiant figures on the
Culloden battlefield. Six feet four and a half inches in height, and armed
with claymore and target, he was a formidable figure. When the Argyll
militia broke down a wall on the right, which enabled the dragoons to
attack the flank of the Highland army, MacBean set himself at the gap, and
cut down man after man as they came through. Thirteen in all, including
Lord Robert Ker, had fallen under his strokes, and when the enraged enemy
closed round him in numbers, he set his back to the wall and proceeded to
sell his life as dearly as possible. An English officer, struck by his
heroism, called to the soldiers to "save that brave man," but at
that moment the heroic Major fell, his thigh bone broken, a dreadful sword
cut on his head, and his body pierced with many bayonet wounds. His widow
is said to have composed a pathetic lament to his memory—Mo run geal
oig, "My fair young beloved." His fate was also enshrined in
a set of verses which appeared in a northern periodical and have been
attributed to Lord Byron. Three of the stanzas run;
Though thy cause was the
cause of the injured and brave,
Though thy death was the hero’s and glorious thy grave,
With thy dead foes around thee, piled high on the plain,
My sad heart bleeds o’er
thee, my Gillies MacBain !
horse and the horsemen thy single hand slew!
But what could the mightiest single arm do?
A hundred like thee might ‘the battle regain;
But cold are thy hand and heart, Gillies MacBain!
With thy back to the wall
and thy breast to the targe,
Full flashed thy
claymore in the face of their charge;
The blood of their boldest that barren turf stain,
But alas! thine is reddest there, Gillies MacBain!
Another member of the clan,
of the same name, Gillies MacBean of Free, formerly of Falie, also fought
at Culloden, but under the banner of Lochiel. He received two bullets in
his leg, but was able to leave the field. Coming up with Lochiel, who had
been wounded in both ankles, and was being carried out of action by two
near relatives, MacBean undertook to convey him to a place of safety
whence he might easily get to his own country. On crossing the Nairn at
Craigie they were intercepted by some of Cumberland’s men. Compelled to
fight, they killed some of their opponents and the others made off. At
home the wife of Gillies dressed Lochiel’s wounds, and with a pair of
scissors extracted the bullets from her husband’s leg. MacBean lived to
be an old man, and has his virtues recorded in a Gaelic inscription in the
churchyard of Moy.
Still another gentleman of
the clan, AEneas MacBean, whose son was afterwards Secession minister at
Inverness, was pursued from the battlefield by two dragoons. His path was
barred by a torrent, and he was about to be cut down when by a tremendous
effort he leaped across. The dragoons followed, but the fugitive making a
circuit, again leapt the chasm, and with tremendous exertion he repeated
these tactics till his pursuers tired of the effort, and gave it up. He
also lived long afterwards to tell the tale.
Meanwhile Donald, the son
of Major Gillies MacBean, who also had taken part in the battle, and had
escaped, succeeded his uncle AEneas as Chieftain and Laird of Kinchyle.
Obtaining a commission in the first regiment raised by the Hon. Simon
Fraser in 1757, he proceeded on service to North America. The trustees
whom he left in charge of his affairs, finding them hopelessly
embarrassed, sold Kinchyle and the other family estates to Simon Fraser, a
Gibraltar merchant, who also purchased the Mackintosh estate of Borlum.
After the disbanding of Fraser’s Highlanders in 1763 MacBean became a
captain in Lord Drumlanrig’s regiment, and retiring later, lived in 1780
at Teary, near Forres.
It seems probable that the
succession was carried on by one of the kinsmen named as trustee by Donald
MacBean when he went abroad. This Captain-Lieutenant Forbes MacBean of
1757, seems to have been the grandson of Paul MacBean of Kinchyle who
infefted his son William in his estates in 1689. The Captain-Lieutenant
became General Forbes MacBean, R .A., and according to Mr. A. M.
Mackintosh, the historian of Clan Chattan, the representative, through
three generations of distinguished soldiers was, in 1903, Archibald
MacBean, late captain in the 37th Regiment.
The three most important
cadets of Clan Vean were the MacBeans of Failie, of Tomatin, and of
Drummond. Of these branches the first and last no longer possess their
family lands. Only MacBean of Tomatin remains a land-owner in the old
country of his clan.
Still another branch of the
race were the Bains or Baynes of Tulloch in Ross-shire. About the time
when the Kinchyle family were being definitely recognised as chieftains a
fray occurred at a market in Ross-shire which showed that the Bains of
Tulloch were a family of considerable position and esteem. At a market at
Logieree on the Conan on Candlemas Day, 1597, a brother of Macleod of
Raasay, swaggering about with a "tail" of six or eight henchmen,
not only refused to pay for certain wares he had bought, but proceeded to
assault the merchant and his wife. Indignant at the outrage, Ian Bain,
brother of the Laird of Tulloch, remonstrated with the aggressor. The
latter answered scornfully, and from hot words the dispute came to blows.
Bain had only his foster-brother to support him, but he slew Macleod and
two of his men. The Mackenzies then took the side of the Macleods, while
the Munros came into the fray to support Ian Bain. In a running fight as
far as Mulchaich several were slain on both sides, but Bain and his
foster-brother escaped unhurt, and took refuge with Lord Lovat at Beauly.
Lovat not only protected them, but sent his kinsman, Fraser of Phopachie
to represent their case at court, with the result that Bain was assoilzied,
while proceedings were ordered to be taken against his opponents.
Holders of the name of
Bain, MacBean, and MacVean have long been outstanding in the municipal and
business life of Inverness. In the eighteenth century James Baine,
minister of Killearn and Paisley became minister of the first Relief
congregation in Edinburgh in 1766, and published a history of modern
church reformation. Of the same period was Alexander MacBean, one of the
six amanuenses whom Dr. Samuel Johnson employed in the compilation of his
dictionary. And in our own day the clan has been able to count such
notable members as the late Australian statesman Sir James MacBean,
K.C.M.G.; Alexander MacBain, the well-known antiquary, and man of letters,
editor of Reliquiae Celtica and other works; and George Bain,
author of the History of Nairnshire, and The River Findhorn, and
editor of The Nairnshire
Septs of Clan MacBean:
Bean, MacBeath, MacBeth, Macilvain, MacVean.
Thanks to James
Pringle Weavers for the following information
MACBEAN,or MACBAIN: The true origin of this race must remain uncertain, for while it is alleged they left Lochaber with Eva, heretrix of Clan Chattan when she married Angus MacKintosh of that Ilk about 1291, other legends describe them as a Moray clan akin to the MacBeaths. That they had early affinity with the Mackintoshes and Clan Chattan is undoubted, for at Harlaw in 1411 they suffered heavily fighting in their cause. It is claimed that a line of MacBain chiefs can be traced through the 14th and 15th centuries but no 'duthus' can be ascertained until 1609, when Angus MacBain, de jure chief, received a charter of the lands of Kinchyle in Dores parish from Campbell of Cawdor. Kinchyle, as representer of his race, signed the Bond of Union between the kindred of Clan Chattan the same year, and in 1672 the clan was officially recognised by Lyon Court as a branch of the Chattan Confederation. Principal cadet families were those of Drummond near Dores; of Faillie in Strathnairn, and Tomatin in Strathdearn. In the Jacobite Rising of 1745 the chief's son was a Major in the Regiment raised for the Prince by 'Colonel Anne', Lady Mackintosh, and many MacBains/MacBeans appear in the 'muster rolls' of the same regiment. Kinchyle was lost in 1760 when lawyers acting for MacBain sold his lands to meet debts while he was fighting the French in America as an officer in the Fraser Highlanders. The chiefly line continued in Canada until 1958 when MacBean of Glen Bean resigned the chiefship in favour of Hughston M. MacBain, a U.S. citizen, who was vested in the chiefly arms as McBain of McBain by decree of Lyon Court in 1959. He recovered part of Kinchyle and created the MacBain Memorial Park there above Loch Ness. The Bains, or Baynes of Tulloch in Ross-shire are regarded as a sept of the Clan Mackay, who also claim origins in the old Royal House of Moray and as Bain/Bean and MacBain/MacBean are interchangeable in the records, with the Beaths and MacBeaths (MacBeths) of Moray and the vicinity, most may well share common origin.