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Mini Biographies of Scots and Scots Descendants (B)
Bennett, James Gordon (Jr.)

(1841-1918). He was educated in Europe to avoid verbal and physical abuse from his father. He served with the Federal Navy in the Civil War and moved with the 'fast set' in New York. He dispatched Stanley on the trail of David Livingstone and financed a search for the Northwest Passage. During the economic panic of 1873-74, The Herald opened soup kitchens for the poor. He became increasingly eccentric and lost many of his reporters. In 1877, he began what is now the International Herald Tribune in Paris. This journal was the first truly international publications. It introduced the linotype to Europe and as the first paper in Europe to use wireless telegraphy for news dispatches. Today, the paper has a circulation of 170,000. It is printed in nine countries and distributed in 164 others. Bennett loved yachting, introduced polo to Newport, RI in the 1870's, encouraged aeroplane and balloon racing. He loved dogs and owls and gave enormous tips. It is believed he spent $30,000,000 from the earnings of The Herald. An elaborate monument commemorates the two Bennetts in Herald Square, in NYC.

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