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Mini Biographies of Scots and Scots Descendants (B)
Brackenridge, Hugh Henry

Author, born in Campbeltown, Argyllshire, but settled in Pittsburgh in 1782, a judge of the Supreme Court, he was also a novelist and magazine editor. When Alexander Hamilton proposed an excise tax, the Presbyterian farmers around Pittsburgh, who produced most of the new nation’s spirits resisted the measure strongly (the Whiskey Rebellion). They were led by this Princeton-educated Scot. Washington ordered 13,000 troops and the rebellion ended. He was largely self-taught who managed to go from the Pennsylvania backwoods to Princeton and in 1770 wrote, with Philip Freneau, Father Bombo’s Pilgrimage to Mecca, the first novel ever written in America. Publication was somewhat delayed, but it was finally published by Princeton University in 1975, 105 years after it was written. He was the principal founder of the University of Pittsburgh.

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