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Mini Biographies of Scots and Scots Descendants (B)
Buchanan, Franklin

(1800-74) He was born in Baltimore and organized the Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1845. In 1853, he became the first American to set foot on Japanese soil (see Matthew Calbraith Perry). In 1861 as the only full Admiral and senior officer of the Confederate Navy, he was given command of the ironclad Virginia (previous called the Merrimac) but was wounded the day before and did not take part in the battle with the Monitor. Buchanan was of Scottish ancestry and before the war, in which he was twice wounded, had been the first superintendent of the U. S. Naval Academy. After the war, he became president of the Maryland Agricultural College, a bankrupt institution with only a handful of students, and turned it into the University of Maryland.

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