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Scots Prisoners sent to Berwick, Maine - 1651


In November 1650 a number of these prisoners were apparently sent to Boston in the "Unity," arriving in New England early in 1651, no doubt. Sixty of these prisoners were sent to Lynn, to work in the iron industry, and the others dispersed. As the prisoners were sold as indentured servants at about 30 pounds each, the average passage at the time being about 5 pounds, Col. Banks has suggested that the owners of the "Unity" cleared a handsome profit of about 1,500 pounds on the trip.

John Gifford, Saugus iron works manager, wrote in 1653: "For 62 Scotts died and 35 only left on the works, 17 to Awbrey, 3 to commissioners; 2 sold and rest we desire to whom disposed of, which is 5 at 20 pounds. Col. Banks listed the following as being probably prisoners who settled in Berwick, formerly a part  of Kittery, Maine: Niven Agnew, James Barry, Alexander Cooper, William  Furbush, Daniel Ferguson, Peter Grant, George Gray, William Alexander Gowen, David Hamilton, Thomas Holme, John Key, Alexander Maxwell, John Neal, John  Ross, John Taylor, William Thomson and James Warren.

Manuscript Source:   http://bz.llano.net/gowen/ 


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