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Sir John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell


Lorne, Marquis of. - The Right Hon. Sir John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, K.G., G.C.M.G., Marquis of Lorne, ex-Governor-General of Canada, was born at Stafford House, St. James Park, London, England, on the 6th of August, 1845. He is the eldest son of the eighth Duke of Argyle and Lady Elizabeth Georgina Sutherland Levison-Gower, eldest daughter of the second Duke of Sutherland. The young Marquis seems to have been a favourite when a child, for we find Her Majesty the Queen, in her "journal of our Life in the Highlands," makes the following very pleasing aallusion to the boy, who as time sped on was to become her son-in-law. Speaking of her reception at Inverary Castle, the seat of the Duke of Argyle, in Argyleshire, Scotland, she says:- "It was in the true Highland fashion. The pipers walked before the carriage, and the Highlanders on either side as we approached the house. Outside stood the Marquis of Lorne, just two years old, a dear, white, fat, fair little fellow, with reddish hair, but very delicate features, like both his father and mother; he is such a merry, independent little child. He had a black velvet dress and jacket, with a sporan, scarf and Highland bonnet." The marquis was educated at Eton, and afterwards passed successively to the University of St. Andrews and Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1866, he became connected with the military, by appointment, as captain of the London Scottish Volunteers, and in 1868 was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the Argyle and Bute Volunteer Artillery Brigade. For literary and artistic pursuits the marquis possesses much natural ability as well as cultivated taste, the result of study, observation and experience. His first published work was, "A Tour in the Tropics," the result of his observations during a trip through the West Indies and the eastern part of North America, in 1866. Although the author was very young at this time, the appearance of this work displayed to the public the keen sense of observation and discriminating judgment which he inherits from his father. During this trip he made his first visit to Canada, and conceived a very favourable impression of this country. His next publication was, "Guido and Leta, a Tale of the Riviera," a meritous poem which attracted much interest, not so much on account of its titled author, as because of the genuine worth and beauty of its composition. In 1877 appeared from his pen "The Book of Psalms, literally rendered in Verse," which is doubtless the best of his literary productions. It called forth considerable praise, and is really a work of great merit. In 1868, he became a member of the House of Commons, representing the constituency of Argyleshire, and was re-elected by acclamation in two subsequent general elections, and continued in parliament until his appointment to Canada. During part of the Duke of Argyle's term of office in Mr. Gladstone's Cabinet, the Marquis acted as his private secretary, displaying much aptitude for affairs of state. On the 21st of March, 1871, he was united in marriage to Her Royal Highness the Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, Duchess of Saxony, the sixth child and fourth daughter of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, who was born on the 18th of March, 1848. Since her marriage brought her prominently before the public, she has been regarded with much affectionate interest by the people, and her personal qualities, independently of her high rank, are such as to have earned for her love and respect. She is very accomplished in art and music, and gladly took her part in the duties of hospitality devolving on the Governor-General, when she was in Canada. Her marriage with the Marquis took place at Windsor, in St. George's Chapel and was solemnized with imposing ceremonies. Soon after this event, the Marquis of Lorne was mentioned in connection with the governor-generalship of Canada, and it was generally believed that he would be the successor of Sir John Young, but the appointment was finally given to Lord Dufferin. Upon the expiration of the latter's term of office, however, it was deemed expedient to offer the appointment to the marquis for various reasons, and he and his Royal wife were received in the Dominion with great popular demonstrations of welcome. On the occasion of their visits to all the principal cities of Canada, during the summer of 1879, they were accorded a welcome which could scarcely be more enthusiastic to their Queen's representatives. In 1883 his lordship's very satisfactory term expired, and he was succeeded in his office by the Marquis of Lansdowne.


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