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5th Ohio (12th Corps, 2nd Division, 1st Brigade)
Hamilton County in 1861. Mustered at Camp
Denning, Cincinnati Ohio, June 21, 1861.
Location: Culp's Hill and Little Round
Commander: Colonel John H. Patrick, of
Scotland, (1820-1864) Wounded and died at New Hope Church, GA.
Raised: Hamilton County in 1861. Mustered in at
Camp Dennison in Cinncinatti June 21, 1861.
Commander: Col. John H. Patrick of Scotland (1820-1864), mortally wounded at New Hope
No. 295. -- Report of Col. John H.
Fifth Ohio Infantry
July 4, 1863.
LIEUTENANT: In pursuance to orders from brigade headquarters,
I have the honor to make the following report of the part taken by the Fifth Ohio
Volunteers in the action near Gettysburg: We commenced operations by an order to proceed
to the extreme left of our line, and occupied a hill covered with trees. The One hundred
and forty-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers was also placed under my command, to extend and
increase the front of our position. We deployed as skirmishers in our front across an open
valley to a light strip of woods, and in front of that timber facing an open field, for
the purpose of guarding against a flank movement of the enemy. We remained there until the
following morning, when we received orders at 5 o'clock to return to the brigade. We
advanced to the right of our line; halted, formed double column closed en masse, stacked
arms, and remained until evening, when we were ordered to a position on our right flank,
for the purpose of holding the enemy in check, for they had advanced on our right. We
remained there about two hours, when we were ordered to return and take position. The men
rested on their arms until daylight, when we were replaced, by an order from Col. Charles
Candy, commanding brigade, farther forward, in order that we might have a better view of
the enemy and be well protected from his fire. The first firing commenced about 3.50 a.m.,
and continued until 11 a.m. without intermission.
As the fight progressed and the forces took position, it
became obvious to me that a line of skirmishers should be thrown forward on our flank and
behind a stone wall, which would enable us to give the enemy a cross-fire. I immediately
ordered Company F, of our regiment, in command of Lieutenant Brinkman (a brave and gallant
officer, who fell during the action), to advance with his company as skirmishers, having
the stone wall for a protection. I instructed him to fret the enemy as much as possible,
for the purpose of drawing him from his intrenchments. The result was most satisfactory,
the skirmishers annoying the enemy so much that they were compelled to make a charge on
our skirmishers, and either capture or drive them, neither of which was accomplished. As
soon as they were fully uncovered, they received volley after volley, until they were
forced to retire. The same effort was made a second time, and with the same result.
To the above strategy I attribute a large share of our
success, for the rebels were driven back with terrific slaughter after the second repulse,
and retreated from the breastworks. Very soon after this last repulse, we occupied the
intrenchments. During the rest of that day and the night following, they annoyed us
considerably with their sharpshooters. Some of them had air-rifles, and we could not
discover their whereabouts. At night the flashes of the regular rifles can be seen, but
there is no warning from the air-rifle. The enemy retreated from our front some time in
the forepart of the night.
Colonel Fifth Ohio.
Lieut. A. H. W. CREIGH,
A. A. A. G., First Brig., Second Div., Twelfth Corps.