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31st August 2007


It's your Electric Scotland newsletter meaning the weekend is nearly here :-)

You can view what's new this week on Electric Scotland at http://www.electricscotland.com/update.html and you can unsubscribe to this newsletter by clicking on the link at the foot of this newsletter.

See our Calendar of Scottish Events around the world at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/calendar_help.htm 

CONTENTS
-----------------
Electric Scotland News
Scotland on TV
The Flag in the Wind
The Scottish Nation
New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
Beth's Newfangled Family Tree
Scottish Canadian Newspaper
Clan Newsletters and Information
Clan Donnachaidh (Robertson)
Poetry and Stories
Proceedings of the Scotch-Irish Fourth Congress at Atlanta
Good Words - Edited by the Rev Norman MacLeod
Transactions of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland in 1876
The Island Clans During Six Centuries
Book of Scottish Story
Reminiscences of Old Scots Folk (new book)
A Chat with Alan Axelrod author of Blooding at Great Meadows
Commemorative Biographical Record of the County of Kent, Ontario


ELECTRIC SCOTLAND
---------------------------------
I note that Canada did well in the World Pipe Band Championship in Scotland. Second place in the coveted competition went to the Simon Fraser University band from Vancouver in British Columbia. Another Canadian pipe band, the Scottish Lion 78th Fraser Highlanders, came in third. So well done to them. In first place were the Field Marshal Montgomery Pipe Band from Northern Ireland.

For Canadian readers you might be interested that you can get your home insulated for free thanks to grants available through the Canadian government. I was told about it this week and the way it worked is that a contractor gave me a quote for doing the insulation which was around $6,000. I then pay between $300-$400 to get an inspector in to do a house audit. The inspector will then approve the contract quote and when the job is done do an inspection to ensure the job was done properly. When approved the inspector approves the grant payment and within 60 days you get a cheque which covers 100% of the cost. Seems too good to be true but you can read about it at http://www.homeperformance.com/en/library/grants_rebates.html

There might be a similar system in other parts of the world so would be worth while checking it out.

Got the advertising link up for STV so those interesting is Scottish News will be able to click the link and get your fix of Scottish News. See http://www.stv.tv/

I might add that in the next few weeks you will be able to post up your own videos to ScotlandOnTV and once up folks with web sites will be able to embed these videos into their site. We'll certainly look at making this service available on our site :-)

If you are in Ontario do remember that the "Sail Past" is on this Sunday with 11am and 2pm sailings. This is truly great fun and many come on it every year and all have a great time. You can see pictures and videos of last years event at http://www.electricscotland.com/ssf/empire_sandy2006.htm and you can book your place at http://www.scottishstudies.com/940empiresandy2007.htm

Scotland On TV have arranged to send me a What's New each week for this newsletter which I hope you will find useful. They will thus have a regular section in here from now on.

I might just correct a mistake in the last newsletter where I mentioned that Jeanette had married an Englishman and was now living in England. In fact the latter remark was accurate but it appears that the first was incorrect as he is in fact a Scotsman :-)


ABOUT THE STORIES
-----------------
Some of the stories in here are just parts of a larger story so do check out the site for the full versions. You can always find the link in our "What's New" section at the link at the top of this newsletter and pick up poems and stories sent into us during the week from Donna, Margo, Stan, John and others.


Scotland on TV
-----------------------
Visit their site at http://www.scotlandontv.tv

Last weekend, Flora, Nigel and Richard from the Scotland on TV team visited the Cowal Highland Gathering in Dunoon. They all managed to catch the ferry along with the pipers, and got to see all sorts of Highland events, including Highland Dancing, Pipe Bands and Heavy Athletics. Details of all the clips from the event can be found on the special Cowal Highland Gathering page at http://www.scotlandontv.tv/cowal_gather.html

The very first Cowal Highland Gathering took place over 100 years ago on 11th August 1894.

Our friend and stv North cameraman from Aberdeen, Alistair Watt, has been to visit the Alford Heritage Centre. A fascinating treasure trove of a place which is helping to capture the times back when the area had farming and fishing as its traditional industries, rather than oil. We get a guided tour which includes a traditional classroom, cobbler's shop and model railway. And Alistair's made a great film, which really shouldn't be missed: http://www.scotlandontv.tv/?channel=History&clipid=1380_SMG1075

I might add that you will soon be able to read about the Parish of Alford in our Statistical Account.


THE FLAG IN THE WIND
------------------------------------
This weeks Flag is compiled by Ian Goldie. This issue he reminds us "Our ‘national conversation’, instigated by First Minister Alex Salmond, has taken off. If you want to take part on the web, then google ‘a national conversation in Scotland’ and you get a variety of websites to choose from."

Ian has also started his own conversation about Anti and Pro Independence which makes a good read.

In the Synopsis we learn...

Tribute to Scots soldiers at Passchendaele

Minister for Europe Linda Fabiani has unveiled a Scottish Memorial in Flanders which pays tribute to all Scots who were involved in the First World War. The Celtic Cross symbolises the importance of Scottish engagement in the Great War and commemorates those who gave their lives in battle.

Linda Fabiani said:

"I am deeply honoured to be unveiling the Scottish Memorial. Scotland's soldiers contributed so much to efforts in the First World War and it is only right that we honour their sacrifice.

"This is an important landmark - there is now finally a memorial which acknowledges the contribution made by Scottish troops. On behalf of Scotland, I want to thank all those involved in erecting this Celtic Cross.

"It is fitting that the Cross is situated on the Frezenberg where the 9th and 15th Scottish Divisions fought during the Battle of Passchendaele and only a few kilometres away from where the 51st Highland Division were engaged in battle.

"We are very proud of the brave men and women who gave their lives in defence of their country. I hope that this monument will be visited by many people, young and old, as they come to reflect on the history of Passchendaele and commemorate all the Scottish soldiers who played such an important part in the Great War."

As part of the Scottish Weekend, the Minister also attended the international tattoo involving Scottish and European bands and took part in a walk at dawn through the areas of the Scottish attacks during the Passchendaele campaign.


In Peter's cultural section he continues his excellent time line of Scottish History with...

31 August 1874
The Aberdeen Tramway Company horse-drawn tramway system opened for public traffic with seven tram cars operated by 56 horses. The first year’s revenue was £5,535.

31 August 1946
The Edinburgh Film Festival, the first film festival in the United Kingdom, was opened by Edinburgh’s Lord Provost Sir William Falconer at the Playhouse Cinema. Originally showing documentaries the fledgling festival developed into an international film festival ranking with Cannes and Berlin.

1 September 2006
Thirty-three people were rescued after an unexpected squall hit and capsized 28 racing boats in Largo Bay, Fife. The vessels were involved in two yacht races in the Firth of Forth.

2 September 1812
Birth of Kirkpatrick MacMillan, blacksmith and inventor of the bicycle, in the parish of Keir, Dumfriessshie.

2 September 1929
Birth of Joan MacKenzie, noted Gaelic singer and Mod Gold winner in 1955 (Aberdeen Mod), in Point, Lewis.

2 September 2006
A RAF Nimrod, based at RAF Kinloss in Moray, crashed in Afghanistan killing all 14 men aboard.

3 September 1651
A Scots Royalist army under King Charles I and David Leslie, Lord Newark, was defeated by Oliver Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester. David Leslie was taken prisoner and spent nine years imprisoned in the Tower Of London.

3 September 2006
Two Scottish Socialist Party MSPs, Tommy Sheridan and Rosemary Byrne, launched their own left-wing party Solidarity in Glasgow. The split with their former party followed the court action by Tommy Sheridan against the News of the World. The other four SSP MSPs had appeared for the defence.

5 September 1746
Prince Charles Edward Stewart joined Cluny of MacPherson in his hide-out ‘Cluny’s Cage’ on Ben Alder. He remained there until word came of the arrival of the French frigate L’Heureux in Loch nan Uambh in which the Prince escaped to France.

5 September 2006
The debating chamber in the Scottish parliament reopened after more than £500,000 was spent repairing the roof after a 12-foot oak beam came loose from its mounting bracket.

You really should browse through all the dates he had put up over many years at http://www.scotsindependent.org/dates.htm

The timeline is split into sections...

Taking you up to the crowning of Alexander III, King of Scots (1249)
From the crowning of King Alexander III (1249) to death of Robert I, King of Scots (1329)
From the death of Robert I, King of Scots (1329) to the Scottish Reformation (1560)
From the Scottish Reformation (1560) to the Jacobite Rising of 1745
From the Jacobite Rising of 1745 to the Scottish Reform Bill (1832)
From the Scottish Reform Bill (1832) to the outbreak of the First World War (1914)
From the First World War (1914) to the reconvening of the Scottish Parliament (1999)
From the reconvening of the Scottish Parliament (1999) to the official opening of new Scottish Parliament building (2004)
From the official opening of the new Scottish parliament building (2004) onwards

You can read the Flag, listen to the Scots Language, enjoy the Scots Wit and lots more at http://www.scotsindependent.org


The Scottish Nation
----------------------------
My thanks to Lora for transcribing these volumes for us.

Completed the H's with Hyndford and started the I's with Ilay, Inglis and Innes.

Here is how the account of Innes starts...

INNES, a local surname of great antiquity, derived from the British Ynys, (Gaelic Inis,) and having the same signification as its derivative Inch, an island. The name, as given to the barony of Innes in the parish of Urquhart, in Moray, is very appropriate, part of it being an island formed by two branches of a stream running through the estate. The word is also sometimes used to denote level ground near a river. One Berowald, a supposed Fleming, a person of considerable rank and distinction in the reign of Malcolm IV. (1153-1165) got a charter from that monarch, for good services done against the rebellious natives of Moray, of the lands of ‘Innes and Easter Ureart,’ wherein he is styled Berowald Flandrensis. This charter is dated, as was the practice in those days, from a remarkable era, “apud Perth, in natali domini proximo post concordiam regis et Sumerledi,” &c. As there were two reconciliations of the Sumerleds to the crown, one in 1154, and the other in 1164, and as William, bishop of Moray, one of the witnesses, died in 1162, the date must refer to Christmas 1154.

Berowald’s grandson, Walter, was the first that assumed the surname of Innes from his lands, and thus was the progenitor of all the Inneses in Scotland. He got a confirmation of the charter of his estate from Alexander II. In 1226. Walter’s grandson, William, was the first designed, in the chartulary of Moray, dominus de Innes, and his son, also named William, is mentioned in the burgh records of Elgin as baron de Innes. The grandson of the latter, Alexander, the seventh from Berowald and the eighth of his house, had three sons. 1. Sir Walter, who, on his death in 1393, succeeded him, but died unmarried. 2. Sir Robert, who continued the line of the family; and 3. John, bishop of Moray, from 1406 to 1414. It appears from his tombstone that this prelate gave great assistance to the rebuilding of Elgin cathedral.

There is also a mention of...

INNES, THOMAS, a Catholic priest, distinguished for his researches in early Scottish history, was superior of the Scots college at Paris, during the first part of the 18th century. In 1729, he published, at London, ‘A Critical Essay on the Ancient Inhabitants of the Northern Parts of Britain,’ 2 vols. 8vo, which contains much valuable information of interest to the historian, the critic, and the antiquary. According to Wodrow, he was also engaged collecting materials for an ‘Early History of the Church of Scotland,’ which was never published. He died in 1744. He succeeded his brother, Louis Innes, as principal of the Scots college, Paris. Louis held that office when James VII. And II. Sought an asylum in France, and was made almoner to the queen, and secretary of state to the expatriated monarch. To Louis Innes is ascribed the compilation of ‘The Memoirs of James II.,’ an abstract of which was published by Dr. J. S. Clarke, at London, in 1806, in 2 vols. Quarto.

And I might add that I will be publishing his book "The Civil and Ecclesiastical History of Scotland AD80 - AD818"

You can read the rest of this entry at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/innes.htm

You can read the other entries at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/index.htm 


New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
--------------------------------------------------------------
Have made a start at this huge publication which will likely be with us for a few years. The first volume I am dealing with is the one on Aberdeen. There are some 85 parishes in this volume and a write up on each.

This week have added...

Parish of Belhelvie at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/belhelvie.htm
Parish of Fraserburgh at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/fraserburgh.htm

Here is the Topography and Natural History of Fraserburgh...

Situation,—This parish is situated upon the east coast of Scotland, in that part of Aberdeenshire called Buchan; and the town of Fraserburgh is eighteen miles to the west of Peterhead, and twenty-one miles by the old road, but twenty-six miles by the new one, eastward from Banff, the next town of any consequence upon the coast.

Name.—From records of an old date, it appears, that the name of this parish was originally Philorth; this being the name of the estate of the patron and principal proprietor. A town and harbour, however, having been built early in the sixteenth century, and the town erected into a burgh of regality in October 1613, it was called Fraserburgh, no doubt in honour of Sir Alexander Fraser of Philorth, who obtained the charter.

Extent, &c.—The parish is at an average about 3½ miles broad, and nearly 8 miles long : the land gradually rising from the coast to its most distant and elevated district. Owing, however, to one of those irregularities, which were fallen into in the division of many parishes, the upper part is intersected for the space of nearly an English mile by the adjacent parish of Rathen. According to measurement, it contains a little more than 10,000 acres, and though the soil, like that of other parishes upon the coast, is in many places sandy and light, yet in others it is partly clay and loam. The rest is more gravelly, and interspersed with a few mosses and moors. It extends along the coast about 4 miles, nearly two of which to the south of the town are low and sandy, bounded by hillocks, overgrown with bent. The rest is rocky and flat, except Kinnaird's head, a high land projecting into the sea, which is generally believed to be the "Promontorium Taixalium" of Ptolemy, being the turning point into the "Æstuarium Varariae," or Murray Frith. From Kinnaird's head the land trends due west on the one hand, and on the other makes a curve to the south-east, forming the bay of Fraserburgh. The sea has receded from the land in some places, and encroached on it in others. Westward of Kinnaird's head, is a stony beach, evidently thrown up by the sea. Many of the benty hillocks, which skirt the bay, stand upon moss or clay; and in 1760, a tree with roots and branches, and a stem twenty feet long, was found entire under the sand within the high water-mark. By a strong south-east wind, the sands on this shore, if dry, are drifted; and, were they not intercepted by the bents, would overspread the adjacent fields. Bent, therefore, ought to be carefully preserved, especially that kind of it which grows in the hay here, resembling the river-bulrush in length of joint, thickness of reed, and largeness of leaf and top, and which is seemingly upon increase. It would appear that this parish at one time abounded with wood. Large roots of trees, mostly oak, still remain in the mosses; and about Philorth House, the seat of Lord Saltoun, is some old timber, to which several plantations have been added. But owing to the marine atmosphere, and the strong winds which sometimes blow here from the north and the east, trees and hedges are reared with no small difficulty. The only hill of any magnitude in this district is that of Mormond, covered with moss and heath, standing 810 feet above the level of the sea, and is the more conspicuous, as the surrounding country is to a considerable extent low and champaign. In various parts of the parish are mineral springs of a chalybeate nature; one of which is at the south-east corner of the town, which has been deemed useful as a tonic for weak stomachs, and over which a well has been erected for the more convenient use of those, who choose to avail themselves of it. From the upper end of the town a bed of limestone runs to the south, out of which a quarry has been dug, and stones obtained for building the houses of the town, and the piers of the harbour. There is also abundance of granite in the upper part of the parish, and ironstone of a good quality also abounds amongst the rocks on the coast, but which has been seldom wrought, owing to the scarcity of fuel. Great attention has been paid for many years to the improvement of roads in this district, and there are now excellent turnpike roads from this to Aberdeen, Peterhead, Banff, and Strichen.

Being situated upon the coast, the atmosphere is here temperate, moist, and saline, and, with no mountain but that of Mormond to attract and break the clouds, there is less rain and snow than in the interior of the country, and snow, when it does fall, soon dissolves. Hence it is, perhaps, that we are seldom visited with any epidemic distemper, and escaped the cholera, when it was prevailing elsewhere. Upon the south side of the parish flows the water of Philorth, which takes its rise in the upper district, and increased in its course by a few tributary streams, discharges itself into the sea. The bay, to which we have already adverted, is the most interesting natural object at Fraserburgh. It is about three miles long, and attracts the notice of every stranger as he approaches the town from the south, and exhibits to him a beautiful and delightful scene in a fine summer day, when there is clear sunshine and a profound calm, and many vessels are there riding at anchor.

You can read the rest of this account at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/fraserburgh.htm

On the index page of this volume you can see a list of the 85 parishes and also a map at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/volume12.htm


Beth's Newfangled Family Tree
---------------------------------------------
You can see Beth's current monthly edition and the archives at http://www.electricscotland.com/bnft/index.htm

Bath's September issue will go up on September 1st so do look out for it.


Scottish Canadian Newspaper
--------------------------------------------
Added another issue of this newspaper...

October 29, 1891 at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/scotscan/issue49.htm

This issue carries an article about Castle Menzies, on the first page.

You can see all the issues to date at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/scotscan/index.htm


Clan Newsletters and Information
-----------------------------------------------
Added the Lammas 2007 newsletter from Clan Gregor at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/newsletters/gregor/Lammas_Summer_2007.pdf


Clan Donnachaidh
--------------------------
Our thanks to James Irvine Robertson for sending us in articles from the Clan Donnachaidh annual magazines of which he has been editor for some 10 years. You can see the collection of articles at http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/dtog/donnachaidh/index.htm

Got up additional articles this week including...

List of Chiefs
Margaret's Story
The Highland Crofter
George's House
Poet Chief
The Burial Places of the Chiefs of the Clan Donnachaidh
Dull Dig
The Breadalbane Evictions

Here is how The Breadalbane Evictions starts...

From 'Reminiscences and Reflections of an Octogenarian Highlander' by Duncan Campbell. Inverness 1910.

THE BREADALBANE EVICTIONS.

As second Marquis, "the son of his father," contrary to all prognostications, became, as soon as expiring leases permitted it, an evicting landlord on a large scale, and he continued to pursue the policy of joining farm to farm, and turning out native people, to the end of his twenty-eight years' reign. But like the first spout of the haggis, his first spout of evicting energy was the hottest. I saw with childish sorrow, impotent wrath, and awful wonder at man's inhumanity to man, the harsh and sweeping Roro and Morenish clearances, and heard much talk about others which were said to be as bad if not worse. A comparison of the census returns for 1831 with those of 1861 will show how the second Marquis reduced the rural population on his large estates, while the inhabitants of certain villages were allowed, or, as at Aberfeldy, encouraged to increase. When such a loud and long-continued outcry took place about the Sutherland clearances, it seems at first sight strange. that such small notice was taken by the Press, authors, and contemporary politicians, of the Breadalbane evictions, and that the only set attack against the Marquis should have been left to the vainglorious, blundering, Dunkeld coal-merchant, who added the chief-like word "Dundonnachie" to his designation. One reason — perchance the chief one — for the Marquis's immunity was the prominent manner in which he associated himself with the Non-intrusionists, and his subsequently becoming an elder and a liberal benefactor of the Free Church. He had a Presbyterian upbringing and lived in accordance with that upbringing. His Free Church zeal may therefore have been as genuine as he wished it to be believed; but whether simply real or partly simulated, it covered as with a saintly cloak his eviction proceedings in the eyes of those who would have been his loud denouncers and scourging critics had he been an Episcopalian or remained in the Church of Scotland. The people he evicted, and all of us, young and old, who were witnesses of the clearances, could not give him much credit for any good in what seemed to us the purely hard and commercial spirit of the policy which he carried out as the owner of a princely Highland property. Such of the witnesses of the clearances as have lived to see the present desolation of rural baronies on`the Breadalbane estates can now charitably assume that had he foreseen what his land-management policy was to lead up to, he would, at least, have gone about his thinning out business in a more cautious, kindly, and considerate manner, and not rudely cut, as he did, the precious ties of hereditary mutual sympathy and reliance which had long existed between the lords and the native Highland people of Breadalbane.

You can read the rest of this entry at http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/dtog/donnachaidh/article6.htm


Poems and Stories
----------------------------
Donna sent in a poem, Impressions at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/donna/poetry/poem38.htm

and a journal entry, Dear Daughters, Granddaughters at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/donna/journal/journal85.htm

Got in a fun article about Florida Haggis Lore by by Mick “Croc’o’Haggi” Dunlop Dunedin, Florida, which you can read at http://www.electricscotland.com/haggis/florida.htm

Got an article in about the Selkirk Settlers Commemorative Celebrations in Winnipeg which you can read at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/selkirk_settlers.htm

Proceedings of the Scotch-Irish Fourth Congress at Atlanta, GA., April 28 to May 1, 1892
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Added more sections to this volume...

Short Impromptu Addresses

By Hon. David D. Roper, Slatington, Pa. at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsirish/congress4-28.htm
By Mr. Helm Brace, Louisville, Ky. at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsirish/congress4-29.htm
By Judge James B. Gordon, Philadelphia, Pa. at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsirish/congress4-30.htm
Shamrock and Thistle, a poem. By Mr. Charles Hubner, of Atlanta, Ga. at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsirish/congress4-31.htm 
Closing Religious Exercises at DeGive's Opera House including Dr. John Hall's Sermon at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsirish/congress4-32.htm

Here is the Address by Judge James B. Gordon, Philadelphia, Pa.

Delivered at the Third Annual Banquet of the Pennsylvania Scotch-Irish Society in Response to a Toast.

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen: The toast which has just been announced suggests a theme that may be treated either historically or prospectively. It may serve as a text for recounting the glory and achievements of the past, or for sounding a call to future sacrifice and duty. The temptation is very strong on an occasion like this to dally in the pleasant ways and safe retreats of history. The good cheer and good fellowship under whose softening influence "the horizon of the board" expands "into the horizon of man," strongly invite the contemplation of that common heritage of greatness and renown that so justly constitutes our ancestral boast. On such a theme one may always rely upon having approving hearers. Even a slight "trace" (as the chemists would say) of Celtic admixture in our composition would assure the recital against being pitched in a minor key. Indeed, the pure Scot himself has never been accused of minimizing the distinction of his ancestors. Something of the redundant eloquence of Caleb Balderstone when portraying the imaginary hospitality of the Lord of Ravenswood still lingers with his remote descendants on this side of the sea. This disposition toward an exaggeration of the merits and prowess of one's ancestors is universal, and from this fact is probably not to be criticised. "He censures God who quarrels with man's infirmities." And yet it is an infirmity, though a generous one. The mistake is in confounding eulogy with emulation. The heir too often extols the thrift of the ancestor and wastes his estate. It is so much easier to praise than to practice; to write an epitaph than to earn a monument. There is a self-consciousness in the laudation of progenitors that is not infrequently satisfied with mere eulogy. But the eulogists only narrate and generally distort history; it is the critics who make it. To emulate is to strive, to imitate but to excel, and to excel is to improve upon conscious defects.

Therefore it is, that I think something may bo gained by considering the sentiment of the toast in relation to our duties and obligations in the future as citizens of the republic.

The Scotch-Irish in America have fared well at the hands of the historians. It has become almost trite to say that they were " the choice and master spirits " who inspired, animated, and impelled the forces of revolution in the rebellious colonies. Ample testimony has been borne by every chronicler, even the most reluctant, to the enormous debt owed by the United States to the Scotch-Irish race. Our laws, social observances, the spirit of our institutions bear the impress of this race beyond all others. Call the muster roll of our heroes, whether on the field of battle, in the conflict of the Senate, in the strife of the forum, in ecclesiastical activity, in the ranks of educators, or in the heterogeneous but honorable array of social and political reformers, and the list will sound like a parish register of the province of Ulster, into which a foreign foundling has now and then been intruded. It is an incontrovertible truism to say that the United States of America constitute the contribution of Scotch-Irish genius to modern civilization.

But, Mr. Chairman, there is another side to this picture; and it is the one I would like to exhibit in strong relief. Great as is the debt of America to the Scotch-Irish, infinitely greater is the obligation of the Scotch-Irish to America. Let us brush away the distorting mists of prejudice and look the truth fairly in the face. We would depart from our traditions if we were not veracious and were not grateful. Antedate American independence, and you antedate the glory of Scotch-Irish history. Before that its fame is as the first gray streaks of dawn; thereafter it is as the day star when he "flames in the forehead of the morning sky." America presented a theater for the development and exercise of the Scotch-Irish genius that it had never enjoyed when confined to the knuckle end of an island, and wasn't on speaking terms with its neighbors. No people will ever exhibit heroic qualities where they neither govern nor are oppressed. This was the singular fate of the Scotch-Irish. They were quartered upon a country that was not their home by a power that never failed to remind them of their dependence and obligation. It would be difficult to devise circumstances better calculated to dwarf and repress all that was great, noble, and generous in people. Nothing is more marvelous in the history of the Scotch-Irish than that they survived the blight of so baleful a situation. They must have been made of good stuff not to sink to the level of surroundings so depressing. But they kept their pride, they kept their thrift, they kept the schoolmaster always in commission, they read their Bibles and they never revised their Shorter Catechism. It would be vain to speculate as to what would have been their fate had destiny confined them to the contracted situation and limited opportunities in which English diplomacy had placed them. But America beckoned them across the wave, and they came with eager steps. No great enterprise over found fitter agents for its consummation; no people ever found a fitter task for the highest development and exercise of all that is heroic and excellent in human nature. The most momentous social experiment of the ages was to be tested here. The young republic was to have her foundations laid, and on the soundness and solidity of that work depended the hope of free government, the fate of unborn millions.

You can read the rest of this address at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsirish/congress4-30.htm

You can get to the index page of this volume at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsirish/congress4ndx.htm


Good Words - 1860 Edition
---------------------------------------
Edited by Rev. Norman MacLeod

You should note that as this is a weekly publication you'll find larger articles are continued week by week.

This week have added articles on...

The Crowded Harbour (Pages 71-72)
Sketches in Natural History (Pages 73-75)

Here is how The Crowded Harbour starts...

The storm is yet fresh in our memories which wrecked the Royal Charter, strewing her rich treasures from the Australian shores upon the sands of England, and sinking into their "dark and wandering grave" those priceless human treasures, for whose anticipated return hundreds of hearts were beating and bounding with welcomes of love—welcomes which were doomed to die down into the silence of unceasing sorrow, until the day when the sea shall give up her dead.

Many a lighter craft on that rock-bound coast, nor there alone, shared the fate of the full-freighted ship. Many a fishing-boat never made port again. Many a brave sailor never gladdened from that night the longing heart of wife or child.

Like an hospital after the day of battle, the harbour of an English sea-port, in the neighbourhood of which I was then visiting valued friends, was crowded with disabled vessels from various quarters; and frequently a foreign tongue was heard along that thickly-peopled quay.

Such an opportunity as this of sending far and wide messages of peace, was not to be lost.

Cards of prayer, and little books, were heartily welcomed by the sailors, and conversation on subjects of eternal importance was eagerly sought. The captain of a large American barque courteously and cordially offered the deck of his ship for a Scripture-reading. And the superintendent of police, with the hearty and earnest sympathy of a genial nature and a Christian soul, made it known along the lines of ships which filled the harbour.

When the appointed hour arrived, the captains and crews of almost ail the vessels there had assembled on deck, and on the pier alongside the ship. Foreigners, with their interpreters, mingled with the crowd of English and American sailors. A policeman set a tune for the hymn, beginning—

"Come, let us join our cheerful songs
With angels round the throne,"

in which strong, manly voices joined with feeling and fervour; and then, reverently, with uplifted caps, the seamen listened to prayer for the presence and mighty working of God's Holy Spirit.

You can read the rest of this story at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/goodwords/goodwords38.htm

You can read the other articles at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/goodwords/index.htm


Transactions of the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Am adding a variety of articles from this publication and this week have included...

On the Manufacture of Kelp
Report on Lord Blantyre's Improvements on the Cottages at Abbeymains, Lennoxlove Estate, in 1844 & 1845
Cottage Premiums

Here is how the report on "Cottage Premiums" starts...

Report of the Committee on Cottages for 1847; read before the General Meeting of the Society on the 11th of January 1848, by Mr Baillie of Coulterallers, the convener; the Chair being occupied by the Right Hon. the Earl of Rosebery, one of the Vice-Presidents of the Society.

As the object and design of the different premiums offered by the Highland and Agricultural Society for the improvement of cottages, and for the promotion of cleanliness and comfort among the peasantry, do not seem of late years to be generally known even to the members of the Society, and have not attracted the attention which they deserve, the committee consider it their duty to give a short account of the different forms in which this class of premiums has been offered to the public.

Many years ago, the Society, with a view of improving the condition of the poorer classes, and of removing the reproach which our Southern neighbours had long cast on the peasantry of Scotland, of being deficient in habits of order and cleanliness, proposed to give premiums under certain regulations, to a limited number of parishes, for the best kept cottages and gardens. As it was assumed that landed proprietors would gladly avail themselves of the Society's premiums, it was resolved, that they should be offered in turn to every county in Scotland; certain counties being selected from the north, and an equal number from the south. This plan was pursued for several years, but was ultimately changed, as some districts seemed indifferent about the premiums, and others frankly avowed that the cottagers were not in a condition to derive benefit from them—their houses being so bad, as to preclude them from joining the competition with any hope of success. It was therefore considered advisable to discontinue the premiums to the counties, and to allow any parish, wherever situated, to compete, provided a guarantee was given by the parties applying for the premiums, to contribute one half of the amount offered. This, it was hoped, would have had the effect of interesting proprietors and other influential persons in the different parishes, and of leading them personally to superintend and stimulate the competitions. The change seemed at first to promise well; for, on looking back to reports made some years ago, not only was the number of competing parishes allowed by the rules complete, but many more applications were made than could be complied with in any one year. This zeal, however, on the part of proprietors, was more apparent than real; for in many instances, parishes applied for and obtained the right to premiums, but never held a competition nor sent in a report. The committee regret to say that for several years there has been a falling off in the number of applications ; and it has been suggested, notwithstanding the pains which the directors have always taken to publish the premiums, and to invite competition, that this may be owing to landed proprietors not being in the habit of reading the lists, and to their being consequently unaware of the benefit offered-—the committee are of opinion, that it may be attended with some advantage, to lay before the General Meeting a short statement of the different premiums connected with cottages, and of the manner in which they may be applied for.

Hitherto, premiums have been offered for the best and second best kept cottages, and the committee now propose that a third prize should be added. If a third prize be given, the first premium may be reduced to one pound five shillings and a medal, as at present, where there are five competitors; the second will be one pound; and the third, fifteen shillings. This alteration has been suggested by several gentlemen who take an interest in cottage competitions, and who have observed that the merits of the several competitors are frequently so nicely balanced, as to make it difficult to decide who should have the preference, and that, in such cases, the difference between the first and second premium is, under the present arrangement, too great. As it is desirable that a cottager who has won the first premium, and who is therefore precluded from again competing for it, should not afterwards retrograde, and that the habits which he may have acquired should be confirmed, it is proposed that, in future competitions, he shall be allowed to enter the lists; and if it is found that his cottage is kept equally well with that which shall be declared to be the best for the current year, he shall receive an additional medal, but no money premium.

It is proposed that the garden premium still should be one pound; but as this prize has hitherto failed to excite the interest among the peasantry which it so highly deserves, the committee suggest that a medal shall be also presented to the winner. The cost of a silver medal is inconsiderable, and there is no doubt that the honour of acquiring a prize, which can be exhibited to his neighbours, and transmitted to his children, is generally more valued by a competitor than double its intrinsic value in money. The conditions and regulations applicable to the cottage and garden competitions, are too numerous to be mentioned here; but they may be consulted at length in the general premium list, which is appended to the present number of the Transactions.

You can read the rest of this account at http://www.electricscotland.com/agriculture/page17.htm

You can get to the other articles at http://www.electricscotland.com/agriculture/index.htm


The Island Clans During Six Centuries
------------------------------------------------------
By The Rev. Canon R. C. MacLeod of MacLeod (1920's).

Have completed this publication with the final chapters...

Chapter VIII - Employment and Unemployment at
http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/island_clans_chap8.htm
Chapter IX - A West Highland Estate During Four Centuries at
http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/island_clans_chap9.htm
Chapter X - Some Island Folklore at
http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/island_clans_chap10.htm

Here is how Chapter X starts...

I should imagine that no country in the world is richer in folk-lore than the West Highlands. The ceilidh was an institution, and our people loved to gather together on a winter's evening, and to tell each other again and again the old stories which they had received from their forbears.

Many of these traditions are of great historical interest. They record, more or less accurately, events which really happened in the past, and, indeed, the history of every clan largely depends on information obtained from this source. Many of the old stories which relate to my own clan have been recorded in my two volumes on the History of the MacLeods. One or two of those which follow I have heard since these books were written, and two or three more, which are specially interesting because they throw so much light on the superstition of our forefathers, I have ventured to repeat. I am under the impression that some of them have never been published.

Some of the traditions were given to me by the late Miss Emily MacLeod, some by my venerable friend, Miss Tolmie, and a great many by Mr John Mackenzie, the factor at Dunvegan, all three of whom got them from old people who had often heard them told at ceilidhs.

These old stories are worthy of careful study, for they reveal to us the character of the people who loved to tell them, and enable us to form an idea concerning their beliefs, their ideals, and their fancies.

There are two methods of telling these traditions. The first is the one adopted by J. F. Campbell, in his "Popular Tales of the West Highlands." In this he gives a literal translation of the Gaelic in which he heard them. A single short story told in this manner has a charm of its own, but, when many stories are told, I think that this method becomes tiresome and monotonous. I have, therefore, arrived at the conclusion that it is better to tell the stories in my own words, only occasionally preserving a quaint bit of phraseology. The first two tales in my collection are love stories. They show how highly our fathers valued the great qualities of constancy and fidelity.

You can read the rest of this chapter at http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/island_clans_chap10.htm

You can read the other chapters of this book at http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/island_clans_ndx.htm


Book of Scottish Story
--------------------------------
Kindly sent in to us by John Henderson

The Book of Scottish Story Historical, Humorous, Legendary, Imaginative
by Standard Scottish Writers Published by Thomas D. Morison, 1896

This week we have the story of Duncan Campbell by James Hogg and here is how it starts...

Duncan Campbell came from the Highlands, when six years of age, to live with an old maiden aunt in Edinburgh, and attend the school. His mother was dead; but his father had supplied her place by marrying his housekeeper. Duncan did not trouble himself about these matters, nor, indeed, about any other matters, save a black foal of his father's and a large sagacious collie, named Oscar, which belonged to one of the shepherds. There being no other boy save Duncan about the house, Oscar and he were constant companions; with his garter tied round Oscar's neck, and a piece of deal tied to his big bushy tail, Duncan would often lead him about the green, pleased with the idea that he was conducting a horse and cart. Oscar submitted to all this with great cheerfulness, but whenever Duncan mounted to ride on him, he found means instantly to unhorse him, either by galloping, or rolling himself on the green. When Duncan threatened him, he looked submissive and licked his face and hands; when he corrected him with the whip, he cowered at his feet. Matters were soon made up. Oscar would lodge nowhere during the night but at the door of the room where his young friend slept, and woe be to the man or woman who ventured to enter it at untimely hours.

When Duncan left his native home he thought not of his father, nor any of the servants. He was fond of the ride, and some supposed that he scarcely even thought of the black foal; but when he saw Oscar standing looking him ruefully in the face, the tears immediately blinded both his eyes. He caught him round the neck, hugged and kissed him—"Good-bye, Oscar," said he, blubbering; "good-bye. God bless you, my dear Oscar," Duncan mounted before a servant, and rode away—Oscar still followed at a distance, until he reached the top of the hill— he then sat down and howled; Duncan cried till his little heart was like to burst.

"What ails you?" said the servant.

"I will never see my poor honest Oscar again," said Duncan, "an' my heart canna bide it."

You can read the rest of this story at http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/story2.htm

The index page of the book where you can see the list of chapters to come is at http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/index.htm


Reminiscences of Old Scots Folk
------------------------------------------------
By T. Ratcliffe Barnett (1913)

A new book started this week. I might add there are a number of interesting wee colour pictures in this publication. As it says in the book title...

TO THE OLD SCOTS FOLK WHO DELIGHT TO HEAR THEIR MOTHER TONGUE, AND WHOSE HEARTS STILL TURN TO THE LAND OF HOME.

The first story is about "A Preacher of the Covenant in the Killing Times" and here is how it starts...

HE CAME OF GENTLEFOLK, THIS SAME John Blackader of Troqueer. For, he was of that namely family in Berwickshire which was far and widely kenned during the fifteenth century as the Black Band of the Blackaders. They were fell fighters and worried the Englishers to death again and again. It was old Cuthbert Blackader and his seven strapping sons who went bravely out to fight at Bosworth Field, all accoutred in their armour of fine-made steel and dour Scots courage. But, three of them fell with their doughty father, and only four returned in dool to the bonny Berwickshire merse. King James of Scotland, with a proper pride in their great adventures, gave leave to the living Blackaders to commemorate the dead, by carrying, for ever after, on their shields a red rose and a white—and to this day their crest is a right hand holding a sword, with this for a family text below: Courage helps fortune.

It was out of that siccar Scots fighting family, that John Blackader of Tulliallan, two centuries after, came—not to fight with sword and whinger, but to wage the better war of his Captain, Jesus Christ, in the killing times of persecution when the Blue Banner of the Covenant was dipped in the blood of the martyrs.

All through his wandering, hunted life you can hear the jingling of horses' bits, the clash of swords, and the thud of hoofs on the heather, as the redcoats ride down with a curse those clean-souled men with their innocent wives and bairns whose memory today makes Scotland dirl with pride.

A patient, scholarly saint himself, he was settled at Troqueer in Dumfriesshire over a parish of wild, godless folk in 1653. But soon he cleansed his flock and his session from evil ways, and took inspection into their behaviour, until he garred them curb their profanity by the help of God's own grace. If old Cuthbert, the Berwickshire laird, was a captain of the foray, young John of Troqueer was a non-such Captain of Christ.

But, after nine years of this good gospel drill in the parish of Troqueer, John Blackader was outed with the rest for conscience and the Covenant.

He was off for the moors at the first sound of the galloping dragoons, determined henceforth to give his life to the wide, windy diocese of Scotland's outed folk, rather than bow the knee to the usurper of Christ's crown and Covenant.

You can read the rest of this story at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsfolk/chapter1.htm

You can get to the index page where we now have four stories up for you to read at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/scotsfolk/index.htm


A Chat with Alan Axelrod author of Blooding at Great Meadows
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
By Frank Shaw

Here is how the article starts...

I have interviewed many authors over the years and most have written more than one book. I have, however, never interviewed an author who has written or edited as many books as Alan Axelrod. Following this “chat” article, you will find a list of books by Mr. Axelrod. If you are like me, you will be in for a treat and a surprise at the sheer number of volumes and their wide range of topics. To tell you the truth, I’ve never seen such prolific work in so many areas by any one author. It staggers the mind!

Alan Axelrod received his Ph.D in English (with emphasis on American literature and culture) from the University of Iowa in 1979. Alan taught at Lake Forest College in Illinois and, ironically, at my alma mater, Furman University – although I had graduated nearly 20 years prior to his arrival. Having served as associate editor with two of America’s great museums, Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum in Delaware and Van Nostrand Reinhold in New York, Mr. Axelrod became senior editor at New York’s Abbeville Press from 1984-1991. He then joined Zenda, Inc. in New York, a consulting firm to museums and cultural institutions. He came south in 1994 to Atlanta joining a subsidiary of Turner Broadcasting Systems, Inc., as acquisitions editor for Turner Publishing, Inc. In 1997 Mr. Axelrod founded The Ian Samuel Group, Inc, a creative services and book packaging firm, and serves as its president.

Axelrod has consulted with numerous museums and cultural institutions including the Margaret Woodbury Strong Museum (Rochester, NY), the Airman Memorial Museum (Suitland, Maryland), and the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum (Winterthur, Delaware). Alan has been a creative consultant (and on-camera personality) for The Wild West television documentary series for Warner Brothers, the Civil War Journal for the A&E Network, and the Discovery Channel.

We welcome Alan Axelrod to the pages of A Highlander and His Books.

Q: Blooding at Great Meadows is a gutsy little book that sets the stage for George Washington’s military career. How did you come to write on this man who was first in everything but married a widow?

A: It is true that Washington was the first to fight in the French and Indian War—this book is about how he started it—and was America’s first general-in-chief and president, yet he was, as his marriage to the rich widow Martha suggests, also a follower. He followed the examples of manly conduct presented by his father and by his beloved half-brother, Lawrence, and he followed the leading edge of the pioneers, buying up land just behind them. Washington was the right man at the right time—sometimes he was the first man, but sometimes he simply knew when to ride the crest of a wave or the leading edge of a trend.

You can read the rest of this at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/frank/axelrod.htm


Commemorative Biographical Record of the County of Kent, Ontario
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Our thanks once again to Nola Crewe for sending in more entries from this publication.

This week we have added two biographies...

The Charles Stewart entry starts...

CHARLES STEWART, one of the self-made men and esteemed citizens of the County of Kent, now a retired farmer of the township of Harwich, residing on Concession 5, Lot 15, was born October 66th, 1830, in Appin, Argyllshire, Scotland.

William and Catherine (Hastie) Stewart, his parents, were both born in Argyllshire, and he is a descendant of the historic house of Appin and Ardsheil. His father died in Jamaica, where he went to seek his fortune, in 1842. The mother died in Scotland when their two sons, Charles and Duncan, were but lads. Duncan still resides with his family in Scotland, and is a leading business man of his community. In 1882 he visited his only brother in Canada, and the reunion was very pleasant.

Charles Stewart was eleven years of age when, in 1841, he started for the home of his uncle, Duncan Johnson, who lived in Canada. The long journey was made on a sailing-vessel to New York, and thence he came to Buffalo by way of the Erie Canal, finally reaching the County of Kent by boat across Lake Erie. He was employed by his uncle until he started in life for himself. After earning the means he purchased 100 acres of wild land, erected a little log cabin in the woods, and in 1850 married Harriet Douglass, who died one year afterward, leaving one child, Harried, born in 1851. She is now the widow of Samuel Rouse, of Chatham, and has two children, Gertrude A. and Victoria Alma, and one child, Grace, is deceased. Mrs. Stewart was a daughter of Dr. Douglass, who lived and died in Scotland, she and two sisters coming to Canada when young.

You can read the rest of this at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/kent/stewart_charles.htm

The other entry is of Finlay Oswald at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/kent/oswald_finlay.htm

You can to the index page of this publication at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/kent/index.htm


And that's all for now and hope you all have a good weekend :-)

Alastair
http://www.electricscotland.com 

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