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Weekly Mailing List Archives
3rd October 2008


Alastair McIntyreElectric Scotland's Weekly Email Newsletter

Electric Scotland - The No.1 Scottish History Site Aois - The Celtic Community
The Electric Scotland Article Service

Dear Friend

It's your Electric Scotland newsletter meaning the weekend is nearly here :-)

You can view what's new this week on Electric Scotland at http://www.electricscotland.com/rss/whatsnew.php and you can unsubscribe to this newsletter by clicking on the link at the foot of this newsletter.

See our Calendar of Scottish Events around the world at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/calendar_help.htm

CONTENTS
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Electric Scotland News
The Flag in the Wind
The Scottish Nation
Poetry and Stories
New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
Book of Scottish Story
Merchant and Craft Guilds
History of Glasgow
Reminiscences of a Highland Parish
The Scottish Historical Review
Some New Recipes
Beth's Newfangled Family Tree


ELECTRIC SCOTLAND NEWS
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I always meant to mention this but when I send out the newsletter I always get some of these "out of office" replies. I confess that from them, out of sheer curiosity, I often go to the web address just to see what company you're with. I'm always very impressed on the range of companies you work for. Some of them do things I wouldn't even have thought about and so it's a kind of education in a way :-)

I also note some of you sure take lots of holidays or are out of the office a lot :-)

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Seems I'm a zombi... went to get blood taken this week and after trying in four different places on my body they could still not find any blood. So now have another appointment where someone else will try to extract some :-)

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Attended the University of Guelph meeting that I mentioned last week. The talks on the Saturday were very good and one in particular was so good that I am going to get a copy of the powerpoint presentation. I was given permission to use it and Dr Graeme Morton is meant to be emailing it over to me but haven't heard back from him as yet. Just hope he hasn't lost it! You can see some of the pictures I took of the event at
http://www.electricscotland.com/ssf/coloq2008f.htm

I didn't note down the speakers name but will definately follow up on some of the things he was telling us.

I might just add that I got some Pictures of Otago which I'd been seeking for some time since I did the book about settling in Otago in New Zealand. My thanks to Kim who was giving a talk at the meeting for providing these and you can see them at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nz/otago_pictures.htm

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The move is now on for us to go to Michigan... we're just waiting for a firm date from our new ISP (Verizon). Once they can confirm the date for installing our new double T1 leased line we'll be ready to announce the move date. It will be during October and we're trying for the 17th but might need to move that forward a week. I'll update you once I know as we'll be down 24 hours on the day of the move.

I'm still hoping that Steve will get our new site search engine up and running. I know it's now many months since I first announced this but ever hopefull now that Steve's divorce is now final. Should he get down to it we may be down for a very short while since I'm told we need to bring down the server to install the software and get the first indexing done.

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This week I put in my application to become a Canadian Citizen. In actual fact you can hold dual citizenship so I don't need to give up my British citizenship. Given the long lines going through customs it actually makes a lot of sense keeping British citizenship as that way I can go into any of the European Union countries as a local :-) I do feel that as Canada has treated me very well the least I can do is become a Canadian citizen.

I have found many British people here that have Permanent Landed Status and have been here for some 30 plus years yet never taken out citizenship. Not sure I agree with that but that's of course their choice. I'm told the process can take up to 15 months so still a while to go.

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Am due to start on a new book next week and you can get to choose which one it will be. The books you can choose from include...

The Sea of Galilee Mission of the Free Church of Scotland
Published for the Jewish Committee of the Free Church of Scotland (short book)

The Pioneers of Old Ontario
By W. I. Smith and Illustrations by M. McGillvray (1923) (I personally found this book very enjoyable and it has lots of illustrations of old pioneer life.)

John Witherspoon
A signatory to the American Declaration of Independence by David Walker Woods (1900) (An interesting account and the people of Ryegate in Vermont can thank him for selling his land to them.)

Reminiscences of Cromar and Canada
By Donald Robert Farquharson (Remembering what life was like in old Scotland and then an account of emigration and settling in Canada.)

The Story of the Scots Stage
By Robb Lawson (1917) (Don't have anything on the site about the Theatre in Scotland so this is new information for the site.)

Sketches of North Carolina
Historical and Biographical, illustrative of the Principles of a portion of her Early Settlers By Rev. William Henry Foote (1846) (Quite an account of lots of old Scots and Scotch Irish settlers in this book.)

Notes and Sketches illustrative of Rural Life in the 18th Century
By Wm. Alexander (1877) (The book was based on a lecture the author gave to local people about what life was like for their grandparents in Scotland.)

John Knox, A Biography
By D MacMillan, M.A. (1905) (We've all heard of John Knox and so I figured it was time to get up a biography about him as he had a major affect on the religious life of the Scots.)

MacKenzie, Selkirk, Simpson
The Makers of Canada, By Rev. George Bryce, D.D. (1910) (These are biographies of Scots who made a major impact on Canada.)

Old Time Customs
Memories and Traditions and Other Essays by John Burgess Calkin, M. A. LL.D. (1918) (This is actually a look at the old customs of folk that emigrated to Nova Scotia.)

If I don't get any feedback I'll just pick one at random :-)


ABOUT THE STORIES
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Some of the stories in here are just parts of a larger story so do check out the site for the full versions. You can always find the link in our "What's New" section at the link at the top of this newsletter or on our site menu.


THE FLAG IN THE WIND
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This weeks Flag is compiled by Ian Goldie.

[Electric Scotland Note: You know I often wonder why the Flag doesn't give more positive news about Scotland and some of the things that Scotland is achieving with the new SNP Government. For example, in the last week it looks like we'll exceed the 31% target for electricity from renewable energy by 2011. Scottish Power has also commited many millions toward building wave and tidal power stations. Scottish school children are to get free healthy school meals. Crofters are going to get more power to decide on their own priorities. Surely positive stories like these would do far more to promote the idea of Independence as they demonstrate what Scotland is achieving under an SNP led government.]

In Peter's cultural section I thought for a change I'd bring you his dates in history...

3 October 1721
Birth of Rev. John Skinner, poet, theologian, Episcopalian minister at Longside in Buchan, at Balfour in the Parish of Birse, Aberdeenshire. His song ‘Tullochgorum’ was regarded by Robert Burns as “the best Scotch song ever Scotland saw”, (letter from Burns to Skinner October 1787).

3 October 2007
Detectives investigating the disappearance of 15-year-old Falkirk schoolgirl Vicky Hamilton, who went missing in 1991, searched a house in Southsea, Hampshire, England.

4 October 1956
Scotland’s High Constable, the Countess of Erroll, unveiled a cairn at Loch nan Uamh commemorating the departure of Prince Charles Edward Stewart from France on 20 September 1946. As the Countess unveiled the cairn, its builder John MacKinnon of Arisaig played a Pibroch in salute.

4 October 2007
The missing Leonardo da Vinci masterpiece ‘Madonna of the Yarnwinder’, stolen in 2003 from Drumlanrig Castle, was following a raid in Glasgow. Four men were arrested in connection with the theft of the £37 million painting.

6 October 2007
Demonstrations took place in Edinburgh and Glasgow in support of the protesting monks in Burma. The cities joined 700 others around the world in the Amnesty International’s Global Day of Action.

7 October 1922
The largest salmon caught by rod in the UK was landed by Georgina Ballantine from a boat on the Glendelvine stretch of the River Tay in Perthshire. Her salmon was a massive 64lb.

8 October 1908
‘The Wind in the Willows’ by Edinburgh-born writer Kenneth Grahame was first published and has never been out of print since.

9 October 1745
Pitsligo’s Horse, with an estimated strength of 100 to 200, commanded by Alexander, 4th Lord Forbes of Pitsligo, joined the Jacobite army in Edinburgh. Lord Pitsligo was a member of the Prince’s Council and following the Jacobite defeat at Culloden was hidden by his tenants in Aberdeenshire until his death in 1762.

9 October 2003
The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh was officially opened by Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal. The £190 million hospital was a modern, purpose-built replacement of the outdated Victorian building at Lauriston Place, Edinburgh, and the first patients were treated in January 2002.

You can read the Flag, listen to the Scots Language, enjoy the Scots Wit and lots more at
http://www.scotsindependent.org

Christina McKelvie MSP's weekly diary for this week can be read at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/mckelvie/081002.htm


The Scottish Nation
-------------------
My thanks to Lora for transcribing these volumes for us.

We're now onto the S's with Stoddart, Stone, Stormont, Strachan, Strang and Strathallan.

An interesting account of Strang which starts...

STRANG, STRANGE, or STRONG, a surname originally of Fifeshire. An ancient family of this name possessed, at one time, the estate of Balcaskie, parish of Carnbee, in that county. John Strang of Balcaskie, married, before 1362, Cecilia, sister of Richard Anstruther of that ilk, and received from the latter certain tenements in Anstruther.

In 1466 William Strang of Balcaskie was one of an assize of perambulation for clearing of marches. In 1482 John Strang of Balcaskie and Ewingston had a charter to these lands, which were, in the same year, acquired by George Strang, probably his father, from George Porteous, portioner thereof, in exchange for the lands of Whiteside and Glenkirk,

John Strang of Balcaskie is mentioned in 1514 and 1521. He had a son, George, who, in 1517, formed one of a jury who made a valuation of Fifeshire. George predeceased his father, leaving a son. John Strang of Balcaskie was slain at Pinkie in 1547, and was succeeded by his grandson.

In 1605 a son of the family joined the expedition to the Lewis, for the colonization of that island and improvement of the fisheries. On the destruction of the expedition this gentleman settled in the Orkneys.

John Strang of Balcaskie, born before 1578, had a son, Thomas, who, in 1641, was served heir to his great-grandfather, slain at Pinkie. After the sale of Balcaskie, in 1615, he became colonel of Cochrane’s Scots regiment.

Sir Robert Strange, the eminent engraver, a memoir of whom is given below, was the fourth in lineal descent from Sir David Magnus Strang or Strange, sub-chanter of Orkney from 1544 to 1565. Sir David is assumed to have been a younger son of the Strangs of Balcaskie, of which, however, there is no proof.

You can read the rest of this account at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/strang.htm

You can read all these entries at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/s.htm


Poetry and Stories
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Another poem from John Henderson called "Bonny Annie" which you can read at
http://www.electricscotland.com/poetry/doggerel281.htm

John has also sent in another pdf file in his "Village Cricket" series at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/sport/village_cricket.htm

We also have some new poems and articles from Donna, Alastair and others in our Article Service at
http://www.electricscotland.com/article/


New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
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Having now concluded the Aberdeenshire volume I intend to make a start at the Lanarkshire volume next week. In the meantime I got in the Penicuik account from the Edinburgh volume with thanks to Alan McKenzie for that.

You can read this account at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/penicuik.pdf

I might add that we have a book on the site about Penicuik at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/penicuik/index.htm

The index page for the New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845) can be found at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/


Book of Scottish Story
----------------------
Our thanks to John Henderson for sending this in for us.

This week have added...

Colkittoch

Here is how it starts...

The name of Colkittoch often occurs in the history of the great rebellion in the reign of Charles I. By some he is denominated Macdonald of Colkittoch, by others Colkittoch, and by many he is confounded with his son. His name was Coll, or Colle, Macdonald: he was a native of Ireland. His father was Archibald Macdonell, who was an illegitimate son of the Earl of Antrim. With the aid of his partisans, Coll took violent possession of the island of Colonsay, one of the Hebrides, having driven away the Macfees, who had held it for many centuries. Coll was denominated Kittoch, or, more correctly, Ciotach, from his being left-handed. Coll had distinguished himself in the unhappy disturbances in lreland, and when Lord Antrim sent troops to Scotland as auxiliaries in the royal cause, he served as an officer under his own son, Allister, or Alexander, who had the chief command of the corps. The father and son were well qualified for this service, both of them being well known in the Highlands, and connected by blood or marriage with some of the best families in that country.

Coll was noted for his strength and prowess, though tainted with the cruelty too familiar to his countrymen at that time. He fought in all the battles in which the Irish auxiliaries were engaged under Montrose; he was also concerned in their plundering expeditions in Argyllshire, where private revenge was unfortunately added to the horrors of war. Many of the lyric compositions of those days extol his bravery and his bloody vengeance on his antagonists, the Campbells, though it seems he was on very friendly terms with some of that name.

Coll had possession of the Castle of Duntroon, and having placed a garrison in it, he went to another quarter ; but in his absence it was taken by stratagem. He was ignorant of this misfortune, and on his return he steered his boat direct for the castle. His own piper was then a prisoner there; and knowing his master’s boat, to warn him of his danger, he played a tune which he composed for the purpose; and so accurately did the sound correspond with the meaning, that Coll understood the intention, and avoided the castle.

You can read the rest of this at
http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/story63.htm

The other stories can be read at
http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/index.htm


Merchant and Craft Guilds
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A History of the Aberdeen Incorporated Trades by Ebenezer Bain (1887)

More chapters up this week including...

Chapter II
The Convener Court — The Old Registers —Convener Court Book — Statutes of Convener Court—List of Office-Bearers

Chapter III
Dr. William Guild and the Trades—his Literary Work--Signing the Covenant—Notes on Trinity Monastery—Gift to the Trades—Trinity Chapel

Chapter IV
The Bursars' House—Action in Court of Session—Financial Statement

Chapter V
Trades Hospital—Charter of Administration—Decreet of Declarator Patron—Master of Hospital—Lists of Patrons, Masters of Hospital, Assessors, &c.

Chapter VI
Relics and Reminiscences of Old Trades Hall—Inventory and Description of Antique Chairs —Collection of Portraits—New Trades Hall

Chapter VII
Hammermen Trade—The Crafts Associated as Hammermen—Seals of Cause—"Tryar of Gold and Silver "—Statutes of the Trade— Essays—Mortification—Prosperity

Chapter VIII
Baker Trade—Bakers', Marks—Price of Wheat and Bread—Seal of Cause—Statutes—Essays —Convictions

There is an interesting old poem about the Bakers...

When from the shades of Night and Chaos came,
This vast round Globe, and Heav'n's all beauteous frame,
The same dread Word that stretch'd the ample sky,
And bad bright Orbs in myriads rowl on high,
Commanded from the fertile womb of Earth,
The vegetable kinds to take their Birth;
Each various fruit: and chief the gen'rous grain,
The favour'd race of Mankind to sustain.
Obedient at his call each springing field,
Verdant with Life abundant Harvests yield,
Which, ev'n tho' ripe, were crude in some degree,
For Heav'n provides, but man the cook must be:
By careful art, and all-correcting fire,
Refin'd and Bak'd, they answer'd each desire;
Diffusing strength thro' all the human frame,
And aiding, with glad-warmth, the vital flame.
Hence comes the swain's brisk mein and healthful air,
And that gay bloom that crowns the sprightly fair;
Then, let the BAKER with due praise be crown'd,
And Floreant Pistores echo round
So old, so universal is our Trade,
So useful, that the staff of life is Bread
And, what immediately does life sustain,
Of ev'ry art the precedence should gain.
In various forms we work the yielding paste,
To strength adapt it, and to curious taste
And while we rev'rence Heav'n's Omnific Pow'r,
We imitate His works in miniature;
As from the formless chaos of the paste,
Which, with fermenting fluids we conjest,
Loves rise, like worlds, from our creating hand,
And various figures rise at our command.
O'er our fair Labours, artful we diffuse,
Choice cordial sweets, and rich ambrosial dews,
Consign'd to the deep oven's glowing cell,
They, in their mimic Purgatory, dwell,
Till time suffice, then forth they come releas'd,
Fragrant to smell and grateful to the taste.
In mathematick form the pye we rear,
Which, like some sumptuous castle does appear,
Beasts, fowls, and fruits, the Magazines supply,
Which round the crusted walls we fortify.
Magnificently roof'd it stands in state,
Till scal'd and plunder'd by some potentate.
Without our aid, what regal table's spread?
What Hero fights without the strength of Bread?
Round the wide world, our labour still is dear,
To soldier, sailer, peasant, prince, and peer.
The priest and lawyer's vocal lungs we aid,
And help the merchant to pursue his trade.
What Nymph so lovely, or of birth so high,
But will to pastry her soft hands apply;
And who the occupation shall despise,
Which ev'n the fair disdain not to practise.
But higher yet, our honours we pursue,
Angels ate bread, and angels bak'd it too
Abram, the friend of God, in Mamre's plain,
Three angels once did kindly entertain.
Fine flour his princely spouse did knead and bake,
And social they, of human food partake.
And once Elijah, wand'ring in the wild,
By haughty Iezebel's proud threats exil'd,
As stretch'd beneath a juniper he lay,
Slumbring and faint, and far from human way,
An angel, Heav'y-descended, form'd a cake,
And to divine refreshment bid him wake.
Tho' we have angel's sanction, yet our cause
Fresh lawrels from the prince of angels draws;
When, here on earth, he taught us how to pray,
Give us our daily Bread he bid us say;
Nor is it foreign to our honour'd trade,
That with five loaves, five thousand souls He fed.
He too, the mystick presence did consign
Of his own flesh and blood, to bread and wine,
Ev'n He, by whom the numerous worlds were made,
Partook on Earth the sustenance of Bread;
And after his ascention from the grave;
When to the twelve He his third presence gave,
Them fishing on Tiberian waves, He call'd,
And to the shore, their loaded netts they haul'd;
When to a fire, and bread thereon prepar'd
By His own hands, which He amongst them shard.
While thus with noblest Trades we boast our part,
Nor yield to any in the sphere of Art,
May He, the Sun of Righteousness, display,
On all our actions his celestial ray;
May we in peace our daily bread possess,
And smiling Providence our labours bless;
Contented may we live, and die resign'd,
And, in the skies, a crown of glory find.

You can read the rest of this chapter at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/guilds/part3chapter8.htm

The index page can be found at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/guilds/index.htm


The History of Glasgow
----------------------
By Robert Renwick LL.D. and Sir John Lindsay L.D. in 3 volumes (1921)

We are now making progress with these volumes and this week we're make a start at the second volume.

Chapter LIII
Early Council Record—Navigation of the River Clyde—University's Exemption from Taxes and Subsidies—Vicarage of Colmonell—Seal of Cause to Cordiners

Chapter LIV
Duke of Chatelherault, Bailie of Regality—Protection to Archbishop —Progress of Reformation—Attacks on Churches and Monasteries—Treaty with England—Return of French Army—Departure of Archbishop Beaton—Meeting of Parliament

Volume II

Preface

Chapter I
Economic Effects of the Reformation

Chapter II
Queen Mary's Reign—The Battle of Langside

Chapter III
The Transference of Church Property under Mary and Moray

Chapter IV
The Regent Lennox—Capture of Dunbarton Castle

The Preface for volume II starts...

WITHIN the last ninety years most important additions have been made to the documentary evidence readily available for a complete History of Glasgow. In 1843 the Maitland Club published the entire extant Registrum Episcopatus Glasguensis containing the charters of the bishopric from the twelfth century till the middle of the sixteenth. Three years later the same club published the Liber Collegii Nostre Domine, documents dealing with the affairs of the Church of St. Mary and St. Anne, now the Tron Church, and Munimenta Fratrum Predicatorum de Glasgu, the documents of the monastery of the Dominicans or Friars Preachers in High Street. In 1854 it published the muniments of the University, and in 1875 the Grampian Club, under the name of Diocesan Registers, published a series of Protocols of the Cathedral Chapter, of the years 1499 to 1513, and the Rental Book of the Archbishops from 1509 to 1570. These collections of documents furnished authentic and fairly complete material for a history of the bishopric and city of Glasgow down to the time of the Reformation. Twenty years later, in 1876, Sir James Marwick, then Town Clerk, began publishing the Burgh Records, or minutes of the Town Council, from the year 1573. Under the authority of the Council itself the publication was supplemented by a series of the protocols of the Town Clerks from 1530 till 1600. At the same time Sir James published, in three quarto volumes, Charters and Documents, the actual legal deeds upon which the material fortunes of the city had been built. The civic records which were thus made readily accessible provide detailed data of unquestionable kind for a history of Glasgow from Reformation times downward.

On the rich store of facts contained in these publications Sir James Marwick set to work, and in several compilations—an elaborate introduction to Charters and Documents, The River Clyde and the Clyde Burghs, and Early Glasgow—threw parts of the information into narrative form. But Sir James died in 1908.

After that event the publication of the Burgh Records was continued by Mr. Robert Renwick, Town Clerk Depute and Keeper of the Register of Sasines, and completed down to the year 1833, when the provisions of the Reform Bill came into action, and the old Town Council of selected members gave place to a new popularly elected body. The publication of the records was finished in 1916. Shortly afterwards, in view of the highly interesting and valuable information embedded in these old minutes, Dr. Renwick (he had received the degree of LL.D. from Glasgow University in 1915) was invited by the Town Council to compile a comprehensive History of Glasgow. This invitation, though he was then seventy-five years of age, he was persuaded to accept, and forthwith set about the task. The work was planned to occupy four volumes—(1) from the earliest times till the Reformation, (2) from the Reformation till the Revolution; (3) from the Revolution till the passing of the Reform Bill; (4) from the passing of the Reform Bill till the present time.

You can read the rest of the Preface at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/glasgow/preface2.htm

The index page of the book is at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/glasgow/historyndx.htm


Reminiscences of a Highland Parish
----------------------------------
By Norman MacLeod D.D. (1871)

Made some good progress on this book and have up the following chapters...

The Boys of the Manse and their Education
The Manse Boy sent to College
The Manse Girls and their Education
The Minister and his Work
Passing Away
Some Characteristics of the Highland Peasantry
Stories of Snowstorms for the Fireside

Here is the first story from "Stories of Snowstormes for the Fireside"...

I. - OLD JENNY OF GLEN IMMEREN.

When the sheep were sent to the hills, the shielings were no longer of any use, and so they fell into ruins. But for many a year one hut remained far up in Glen Immeren, inhabited by "old Jenny." How she came to live there we never heard. Perhaps she had been there when a child with her father and mother, and with others who had passed from her sight, but not from the eye of her heart: and so she would see forms among the hills that others saw not, and hear voices of the old time whispering in her ear, or echoing among the knolls that others heard not. Thus in the lonely glen Jenny was not alone. And I think she knew One who was more real to her than all those dreams of heart—One who was her Father in heaven, and ever present with her. It is certain, however, that Jenny was singularly respected. When she came down from the glen once a year to the "big house," the laird's wife brought her into the dining-room and chatted with her, and gave her something from her own hand to eat and drink as a pledge of friendship. The minister visited her regularly; and she came as regularly to see the family, and would remain for days a welcome guest in the kitchen. Besides this, she was often sent for to nurse the sick, and there were few houses which had not received her advice and assistance in time of trouble; for Jenny knew a remarkable collection of "cures,"—that is, medicines made up from plants and roots,—as remedies for those accidents and diseases which were common in the country. These "cures" were at one time familiar to many in the Highlands, and until educated physicians settled there, they were the only sources of relief to the sufferer; and very good service they did. By such means old Jenny became a sort of public character. No one passed her cottage, on the way across the mountains to the thickly-peopled valley on the other side, without calling on her and giving her all the news of the district.

A goat and a few hens were all Jenny's property. But then she got wool from one family, and meal from another, and her peats from a third; so that she 'lived in such comfort as no forced poor-law ever gave, or can give; for charity did not injure self-respect, and every gift was a sign of kindness. Spring was the trying season, when the winter had almost exhausted all her means of living. The meal was nearly done—potatoes were not then so common among tile poor—the pasture was scanty for the goat ; and Jenny was sometimes forced to take a journey to visit her kind neighbours down near the sea-coast, driven, like a vessel in a storm, for shelter to a friendly harbour. Well, it so happened that one day a dreadful snowstorm came on just as she was planning an excursion to get some meal, and when her but was almost empty of food except the little milk she could get from her goat. For a long time that snow-storm was a sort of date in the parish, and people counted so many years before or after "the great storm." Never had they seen such a constant and heavy fall with such deep snowdrifts. When the heavens at last became clear, the whole face of the country seemed changed. It was some time before the thought suddenly occurred to a shepherd—"What has old Jenny been doing all this time?" No sooner was her name mentioned than she at once became the theme of conversation among all the cottages in the Highland hamlet nearest Glen Immeren, and throughout the parish. But for many days, such was the state of the weather that no mortal foot could wade through the snow-wreaths, or buffet the successive storms which swept down with blinding fury from the hills. Jenny was given up as lost! When the minister prayed for her there was deep silence in the small church, and manly sighs were heard. At last, three men resolved, on the first day the attempt was possible, to proceed up the long and dreary glen to search for Jenny. They carried food in their plaids, and whatever comforts they thought necessary—nay, they resolved to bring the old woman home with them, if they found her alive. So off they went; and many an eye watched those three black dots among the snow, slowly tracking their way up Glen Immeren. At last, they reached a rock at an angle, where the glen takes a turn to the left, and where the old woman's cottage ought to have been seen. But nothing met the eye except a smooth white sheet of glittering snow, surmounted by black rocks; and all below was silent as the sky above! No sign of life greeted eye or ear. The men spoke not, but muttered some exclamations of sorrow. "She is alive!" suddenly cried one of the shepherds; "for I see smoke." They pushed bravely on. When they reached the hut, nothing was visible except the two chimneys; and even those were lower than the snow-wreath. There was no immediate entrance but by one of the chimneys. A shepherd first called to Jenny down the chimney, and asked if she was alive; but before receiving a reply, a large fox sprang out of the chimney, and darted off to the rocks.

"Alive!" replied Jenny; "but thank God you have come to see me! I cannot say come in by the door; but come down—come down."

In a few minutes her three friends easily descended by the chimney, and were shaking Jenny's hand warmly. Hurried questions were put and answered.

"Oh, woman! how have you lived all this time?"

"Sit down and I will tell you," said old Jenny, whose feelings now gave way to a fit of hysterical weeping. After composing herself, she continued, "How did I live?" you ask, Sandy. "I may say, just as I have always lived—by the power and goodness of God, who feeds the wild beasts."

"The wild beasts indeed," replied Sandy, drying his eyes; "did you know that a wild beast was in your own house? Did you see the fox that jumped out of your chimney as we entered?"

"My blessings on the dear beast!" said Jenny, with fervour. "May no huntsman ever kill it and may it never want food either summer or winter!"

The shepherds looked at one another by the dins light of Jenny's fire, evidently thinking that she had become slightly insane.

"Stop, lads," she continued, "till I tell you the story. I had in the house, when the storm began, the goat and hens. Fortunately, I had fodder gathered for the boat, which kept it alive, although, poor thing, it has had but scanty meals. But it lost its milk. I had also peats for my fire, but very little meal; yet I never lived better; and I have been able besides to preserve my bonnie hens for summer. I every day dined on flesh meat too, a thing I have not done for years before; and thus I have lived like a lady."

Again the shepherds were amazed, and asked in a low voice, as if in pity for her state, "Where did you get meat, Jenny?"

"From the old fox, Sandy!"

"The fox!" they all exclaimed.

"Ay, the fox," said Jenny; "just the dear, old fox, the best friend I ever had. I'll tell you how it was. The day of the storm he looked into the chimney, and came slowly down, and set himself on the rafter beside the hens, yet never once touched them. Honest fellow! he is sorely miscalled; for he every day provided for himself, and for me, too, like a kind neighbour, as he was. He hunted regularly like a gentleman, and brought in game in abundance for his own dinner—a hare almost every day—and what he left I got, and washed, and cooked, and ate, and so I have never wanted! Now that he has gone, you have come to relieve me."

"God's ways are past finding out!" said the men, bowing down their heads with reverence.

"Praise Him," said Jenny, "who giveth food to the hungry!"

The other chapters can be found at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/hparish/index.htm


The Scottish Historical Review
------------------------------
I have added several more articles from these publications...

The History of Divorce in Scotland
Seems there were a lot more reasons accepted for a divorce settlement in Scotland.

Scotsmen Serving the Swedes
Quite an account of Scots who did great service for the Swedes.

The Hospitallers in Scotland in the Fifteenth Century
THE Knights of S. John of Jerusalem, and their brethren the Templars, were popular Orders in their early history, and as fighting forces of trained warriors their services during the Crusades and in support of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem are recognised as valuable, and would have been still more so but for the jealousy and frequent quarrels between them.

Interesting discussion on the History of Divorce which starts...

THE variety of divorce laws in the United States is a favourite subject for observation and animadversion. Newspaper and magazine writers are fond of pointing out that in the State of Washington the Court can grant divorce, if satisfied that, for any cause, the parties can no longer live together; that New York has divorce only for adultery; and that South Carolina has no divorce at all. We are apt to forget how great is the dissimilarity between the divorce laws of England, Ireland, and Scotland. The ignorance of well-educated people on the subject is astounding. An English squire, university bred, recently asked me why I had been made a member of the Royal Commission on Divorce in England. 'You know,' he gravely said, 'you can't have had any experience; and this Commission is confined to England. You have no divorce at all in Scotland. You are like Ireland!

Consider how important the differences are: First, in England and Scotland divorces are granted by courts of law; in Ireland the remedy can be obtained only by Act of Parliament. Second, in England divorce is given only for adultery; in Scotland desertion, wilful, without lawful excuse, and so long continued as to imply a permanent abandonment of the marital relation, is considered sufficient ground for divorce.

You can read more of this article at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/review/review9.htm

The other articles can be read at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/review


Biographical Record of the County of Kent, Ontario
--------------------------------------------------
Our thanks to Nola Crewe for sending us another biography from these records.

This week we have the biography of Alexander Julien which you can read at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/kent/julien_alexander.htm


Some New Recipes
----------------
Allison Shaw sent us in some of her favourite recipes this week which we've added to our Visitors Recipe page at
http://www.electricscotland.com/food/visitors/index.htm

The recipes are at the foot of the page and include...

Fire in the Hole
Pickles
Holiday Recipes
Deep Dark Chocolate Cake
Mexican Coffee
18 Karat Cake


Beth's Newfangled Family Tree
-----------------------------
Edited by Beth Gay

The October issue is now available on the site with the usual reports from the Scots-American community.

http://www.electricscotland.com/bnft

And that's it for now and hope you all have an enjoyable weekend :-)


Alastair
http://www.electricscotland.com 

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