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Clans and Families of Ireland and Scotland
IX. The Gaels


King of Munster in 954. As a result of the Anglo-Norman invasion they were driven from the plains of Tipperary into Cork and Kerry where they remained very powerful down to the end of the seventeenth century. They were divided into three great branches, the heads of which were known respectively as MacCarthy More (the Great MacCarthy) centered in Kerry, MacCarthy Reagh, Lord of Carbery in southwest Cork, and MacCarthy of Muskerry in west Cork. The MacAuhffes (MacAmhlaoibh) of Castle MacAuliffe in Cork were an important branch of the MacCarthys. Their territory stretched northwest from Newmarket to the borders with Kerry and Limerick. The O’Meehans (O Miadhachain) were a branch of the MacCarthys, seated at Ballymeehan in Leitrim.

The O’Keeffes (O Caoimh) descend from Art Caomh, son of Finguine, King of Munster in 902, a cousin of Ceaillachan of Cashel. They were pushed by the Anglo-Norman invasion from the barony of Fermoy in north-central Cork westward into the northwest of the barony of Duhallow. They remained in possession of their new territory, called after them "Pobble O’Keeffe," to the end of the sixteenth century.

The O’Sullivans (O Suileabhain) are also a branch of the Eoghanacht Chaisil. Their original patrimony, prior to the Anglo-Norman invasion, was along the River Suir in the plains of Tipperary, their principal seat being at Knockgraffon, about two miles north of Cahir. In 1192 they were forced out of their territory and settled in the mountains of Cork and Kerry, where they divided into several branches under chiefs, the most important of which were O’Sullivan More, possessor of the barony and castle of Dunkerron, near Kenmare; and O’Sullivan Beare, who owned Beare, now the baronies of Beare and Bantry on the southwestern peninsula of Cork and Kerry.

The MacGiilycuddys (Mac Giolla Chuda) are a sixteenth-century branch of the O’Sullivan More branch of the O’Sullivans. They gave their name to MacGillycuddy’s Reeks, the mountain range in central Kerry, their chief being known as MacGillycuddy of the Reeks.

The Ui Eachach Mumhan
The Ui Eachach Mumhan (Munster) or Eoghanacht Raithlinn were an early branch of the Eoghanacht descended from Cas, son of Conall Corc. They inhabited the territory in Desmond between the upper reaches of the Lee and the Blackwater in the south of County Cork, and were thus somewhat isolated from the rest of the Eoghanacht, though they were nonetheless powerful. In the sixth century they divided into two great branches, the Ui Loegairi (later Cineal Lao ghaire) of the western part, and the Cineal nAeda (of whom Feidlimid was king of Munster in the late sixth century) farther to the east between the mouth of the Lee and the River Bandon. The main line of the Cineal nAeda gave rise in the late seventh century to the further sub-clan of Cineal mBecce (later Cineal mBeice), inhabiting the eastern part of the original territory (called


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