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Clans and Families of Ireland and Scotland
IX. The Gaels


after them "Kinelmeaky," now the barony of that name) between the Cineal Laoghaire in the west and the rest of the Cineal nAeda (later Cineal Aodha), under that name, in the east.

The Cineal Aodha or O’Callaghans (O Ceallachain) later claimed descent from an Aodh (older "Aed") in the pedigree of the Eoghanacht of Cashel, and claimed Ceaillachan of Cashel himself as their ancestor, though admitting that they took their name from a namesake of his some generations later. They gave their clan-name to their original territory, now the barony of Kinalea in the south of County Cork between Cork and Kinsale, from which they were driven soon after the Anglo-Norman invasion by Fitzstephen and de Cogan. Afterwards they settled on the banks of the Blackwater, west of Mallow, where they became chiefs of a territory called after them "Pobul Ui Cheallachain." They held this land down to the Cromwellian confiscations of the mid-seventeenth century, after which the head of the family was transplanted to Clare.

From the eighth century onwards the main representatives of the ruling Ui Eachac Mumhan were the Ui Loegairi and the Cineal mBecce. Their chief clan-families in later times were: Of the former, the Cineal Laoghaire, alias Clann tSealbhaigh, or O’Donoghues (O Donnchadha) of Desmond (South Munster), and of the latter, the Cineal mBeice or O’Mahonys (O Mathghamhna). The O’Donoghues take their name from their ancestor Donnchadha, son of Domhnall, son of Dubhdabhoireann, King of Munster. Domhnall commanded, conjointly with Cian, ancestor of the O’Mahonys the forces of Desmond at the battle of Clontarf in 1014, which culminated the Viking wars. The descendants of Domhnall assumed for a time the surname of O Domhnaill, but afterwards took their name from Donchadha. They take their clan-name of Cineal Laoghaire from Laoghaire, fourth in descent from their ancestor Corc. The original patrimony of the O’Donoghues lay in west Cork, but in the time of the Anglo-Norman invasion in the late twelfth century they were driven westward from their territory by the MacCarthys and O’Mahonys and settled in Kerry, where they became lords of all the country around the Lakes of Killarney, to which they gave the name of Eoghanacht Ui Dhonnchadha (Onacht O’Donoghue). The O’Donoghues divided early into two great branches: The O’Donoghues of Loch Lein, the head of which was known as O’Donoghue More (The great O’Donoghue) and resided at Ross Castle at the southern end of the Lakes (the castle was built by them in the fifteenth century), and the O’Donoghues of Glenflesk, the head of which was known as O’Donoghue of the Glen. The estates of O’Donoghue More were confiscated in the reign of Elizabeth, but O’Donoghue of the Glen retained considerable property into modern times, and is now known as "The O’Donoghue." The Moriartys (O Muircheartaigh) are an early branch of the O’Donoghues, and were originally chiefs of the territory lying at the end of Dingle Bay around Castlemaine in County Kerry. Although in 1210 their then chief, by


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