|Revised March 15, 2002|
At the Battle of
Dunbar, Scotland on September 3, 1650, Oliver Cromwell’s troops killed
3,000 Scots and took another 10,000 prisoner. About 5,000, those ‘wounded
and fatigued by flight’ were released almost immediately on parole.
Cromwell ordered 5,100 Scottish soldiers marched south from Dunbar into
captivity in England. Three McIntire’s were among those 5,100 Scots’
prisoners of war: Micum, Robert, and Philip. Approximately, 1,500
prisoners were lost during the march. Some escaped, but most died of
disease and wounds or were killed by their captors while attempting to
flee home to Scotland. For a period of time during their captivity, the
Scots were housed in Durham Cathedral, where they perished at a rate of
thirty per day. Only 1,400 of the 5,100 men who started the march from
Dunbar in September were still alive two months later, when England’s
traders in flesh came for them. 150 of those prisoners, including the
three McIntire’s, who were thought to be brothers, were put on board the
ship Unity and sent to the colonies, indentured to the Company of
Undertakers, the owners of the Ironworks at Lynn, MA. While there is no
positive proof that Philip was at the Ironworks, it is documented that
Micum and Robert were there. Micum was later sent to work at a sawmill on
the Piscataqua River in New Hampshire and later relocated to York, ME.
Robert may have gone to work at an ironworks in Connecticut. Philip showed
up at Reading, MA about 1660 and settled near John Upton, who had been a
blacksmith at the ironworks. Philip’s family intermarried with that of
John Upton, and the family of George Thomson, another of the Scots’
prisoners. It is documented that Thomson was at the ironworks, and it is
assumed that Philip was there as well. The above information was excerpted
from "The Battle of Dunbar" by Dennis Bell-Sept 20,1998.
Begin your tour at the ‘Saugus Ironworks National Historic Site’, a
property of the National Park Service, US Department of the Interior, 244
Central Street, Saugus, MA 1-781-941-2372.
Driving instructions: Total Route: 30 miles
Saugus Ironworks After visiting
the Ironworks continue your tour by exiting the driveway and turning
Central Street. Follow Central Street around the Ironworks and when you
come to a large smokestack, bear left
continuing on Central St. Central Street ends at Walnut Street. Turn
left onto Walnut Street, pass over Rte 1, and
continue on Walnut Street bearing right when Rte 129 goes left. Continue
on Walnut St. past reservoir, past lights at
Salem St., under Rte 128, and past Colonial Country Club on your left.
Walnut St ends at Summer St. Turn left onto
Summer St. Follow Summer Street until you see Lynnfield Town Hall on
left. Turn left into T.H. parking lot and park to the right.
Lynnfield Center. From here you
can see in front of you across an open field, two burial grounds. This
is where you will find John Upton, died 3/27/1743, aged 60yrs, 16 days.
Across to your right is the Lynnfield Public Library containing the
Genealogy Room, supported by the Essex Society of Genealogists. There
are two Upton genealogies there. The Upton Memorial, 1874, and a
contemporary one by Ken Upton.
Note: The reason I have included Upton and Thomson sites is because
so many McIntires are also descended from John Upton and George Thomson.
John Upton was a Blacksmith at the Ironworks. George Thomson was
McIntire’s fellow POW from Dunbar. The three families lived in close
proximity to each other and their families intermarried. Many of us,
myself included, are descended from all three men.
Exit the parking lot and turn left onto Summer Street, keeping to the
right of the town common. Turn right onto Main Street. Follow Main
Street until Lowell Street crosses at a four-way stop. Turn right onto
Lowell Street. John Upton’s house, built in 1658 is at 735 Lowell
Street. It is on the left, sets back from the road, and is painted red.
As you pass it on your left, you can take your next right turn and make
a u-turn and stop in front of the Upton house.
John Upton House ca. 1658. You
can’t miss this house, it has a sign board out front. John Upton built
this house while working at the Ironworks.
This house is currently in West
Peabody, but in 1692 during the Witch Trials, it was part of Salem
Village. John had moved to Reading by that time, but his family still
occupied the house. In later years, this house was occupied by McIntires
until the 1970’s. Upon leaving the John Upton house, (you did turn
around didn’t you?), you will bear right onto Birch (or Burch) Road. A
few hundred yards on your right is the Upton burial ground.
3A. 1818 Gardner Upton Burial Ground
No McIntires here, stop if you want.
Continue on Burch Road, this is a windy road and for sure it is the same
road that existed in Colonial times. If McIntires and Uptons visited,
this is the path they would have traveled. Burch Road ends at Russell
Street. Turn left onto Russell Street and proceed to stop sign. Turn
right and cross the Ipswich River. The Ipswich is the main watercourse
in North Reading. On your right, at the corner of River Street is the
Samuel Flint House.
Samuel Flint House, ca 1746.This
house would have been built after Philip died but the Flints and the
McIntires were neighbors in colonial times. There were marriages between
the two families. Continue past the Flint house and turn left onto Rte
62 West, Elm Street. On your left you’ll come to the Thomson Country
Thomson Country Club. This club
was founded by the General Electric Company of Lynn, MA and was named
for Elihu Thomson. No connection that we know of to our ancestor, George
Thomson who came to Reading about 1660. Continue west on Rte 62 Elm
Street. MacIntyre Drive will be on your right.
MacIntyre Drive. It was along this
stretch of roadway that Philip probably settled. When Barbara O’Brien,
an officer in "The North Reading Historical and Antiquarian Society, was
contacted by the developers regarding a suitable name for their
development, she suggested McIntire be used in the name because Philip
had settled in this part of town. The developers thought that
‘MacIntyre’ was "CLASSIER" than ‘McIntire’, so they named the
development MacIntyre Crossing. The houses here are priced from
Continue west on Elm Street to Riverside Cemetery on your right.
Riverside Cemetery THIS is where
most all the local McIntires are buried. Enter and take the first lane
to the left. The oldest part of the cemetery is between this lane and
Elm Street. Drive to the far end of the lane but do not go away from Elm
Street. Stop here and look around. The more you look, the more McIntires
you will see. All different spellings, too.
Every time I visit Riverside, I think of how Philip McIntire’s
descendants in Charlton donated the land for a burial ground there. The
fact that Philip settled along the stretch of road where Riverside is,
and the fact that so many McIntires are interred here, makes me wonder
if at any time this was McIntire land.
Exit the cemetery and turn right onto Elm Street.
As you go past the cemetery you
come to the area where I found mention of Raynor’s on the old maps.
Robert Harry McIntire’s book tells us that Philip probably settled
‘where there was an old cellar hole on the northeast corner of the "Raynor
Place’. Swan Pond is off to our right here and I’ve always thought that
Philip may have settled somewhere between the pond and the river. FYI:
The Ipswich River is keeping us company just on the other side of Elm
Continue on to 207 Elm Street, on your right at the corner of Turner
Ebeneezer Upton House, ca 1732.
207 Elm Street, see historic plaque.
Continue on to John Upton, jr house. Only two houses from here.
John Upton jr. House. 215 Elm
Street. The ancient looking black colonial house with the center chimney
at the corner of Harvest Lane is the house that Barbara O’Brien tells me
was built by John Upton, jr.
Continue west on Elm Street bearing left at the blinking yellow light
and continue on Washington Street to the North Reading Shopping Center.
Turn left onto Park Street and Macville.
This end of Park Street, from here to Chestnut
Street, was called Macville because of all the McIntires living here.
The old maps in Flint Library attest to that. There are no known
McIntire houses left from colonial days. The last McIntire homestead in
Macville burned in 1959.
Continue to end of Park Street and turn right onto Chestnut Street.
Follow Chestnut Street bearing left at Flint Street. Go past Harmony
Vale Cemetery, there are no McIntires there, and continue to stop sign
at Haverhill Street. Cross Haverhill Street bearing left and continue on
Chestnut Street bearing right at New Street. Turn left on Upton Avenue.
Go to #12 on left at end of street.
Amos Upton House.
Built in 1702 by Francis Nurse, son of Rebecca
Nurse of Salem Village who was hanged in 1692 for witchcraft. We will
see her homestead later. Reverse direction and retrace your steps to
Turn left onto Haverhill Street. Just before crossing the Ipswich
River you’ll see Railroad Ave. This is the roadbed of the old Lowell &
Salem RR that followed the river through North Reading. There have been
McIntires killed on the RR tracks, and there have been McIntires drowned
in the river. At the stop sign at Park Street you will see on the hill
ahead of you the Third Meeting House. The war memorials are in front of
the Meeting House. Turn right onto
Park Street and take your next left turn being careful to note that
this is a rotary intersection. Proceed to Meeting House and enter the
first driveway and park to the left.
Third Meeting House.
In front of you near the flagpole are the War
Memorials listing many McIntires and Uptons.
Looking to your left you will see the Flint
Memorial Hall Public Library, then the Damon Tavern, then the Rev Daniel
Putnam House, home of the North Reading Historical and Antiquarian
Society, and in the back, the old West Village Schoolhouse. In the foyer
of the Flint Library are two marble wall tablets on which you will find
the names of four McIntires including one that died at Andersonville,
during the Civil War. On the second floor is a local history room that
has the Philip McIntire, and Micum McIntire genealogies and two Upton
genealogies. On the second floor of the Damon Tavern is a large hall
decorated with Rufus Porter murals. The drapes are kept drawn to protect
the murals from the light. On page 135 of "The Genealogical History of
Reading" you can see that four Mcintires were among the petitioners for
common land on which to build a house for the Rev Mr. Putnam. The Putnam
house is in need of a new roof. The Historical Society is currently
raising funds for that purpose. Your donation in the name of Philip
McIntire Clan Association(or in your own name), in any amount, would be
appreciated. I will forward any donations sent to me. Make payable to
‘North Reading Historical and Antiquarian Society’.
Exit the parking lot turning right onto Bow
Street. Enter the rotary and then exit left onto Park Street. At the
North Reading Shopping Center bear left onto Washington Street. At the
blinking light, bear right onto Elm Street. We are retracing our earlier
route. We will pass, all on our left: #10, the John Upton, jr house, 215
Elm Street, at the corner of Harvest Lane; #9 the Ebeneezer Upton House
at 207 Elm Street; #8, area on left near Swan Pond Road that is probably
where Philip settled; #7, Riverside Cemetery; #6, MacIntyre Drive; and
on your right, the Thomson Country Club.
Continue on Elm Street and bear right at fork
before stop sign. Turn right after stopping, and then left onto River
Street. Stay left at Natsue Drive. River Street is about two miles long,
and ends at traffic lights at Rte 114. Turn right onto Rte 114 ( South
Main Street). Within a couple hundred feet, on left, is Log Bridge Road
which will take you to the site of the ‘log bridge’ that the colonials
used to cross the Ipswich River on the way to Salem Village.
Site of Log
site is not marked but if you watch the river while driving Log Bridge
Road, you can see where the river narrows and is the only natural spot
for a bridge. It is less than ˝ mile from Rte 114.
Reverse direction and return to Rte 114. Turn
left onto Rte 114 and continue east to Watson Parkway (at traffic
lights). Turn left on Watson Parkway and continue to end. Turn right
onto Center Street and then turn left
BEFORE RTE 1, (do NOT enter
rte 1), go down, turn right and go UNDER rte 1 and rte 95.
You are now traveling east on Center Street, entering Salem Village.
Watch on left for the Training Field. Turn left at far end of Training
Field and park. From here you can walk back across the Field and see the
John Upton Tavern.
14A. John Upton
Tavern, ca. 1710 at the west end of the Field. I’m still trying to find
out just which John Upton owned this tavern. Speaking with the
inhabitants hasn’t helped me make a determination.
14B. East of the
Training Field, on the left side of 65 Center Street, there is a grass
covered lane that will take you to the cellar hole of the Rev Parris
homestead, the very spot where the infamous Salem Witch Trials travesty
took root. Note the many historic signs on the neighborhood houses, and
also the Training Field. There are granite memorials in front of where
you parked on Ingersoll Street. Few houses remain from the 17th
Regain your car and continue driving down Ingersoll Street, away from
Center Street. The street becomes a lane and then a dirt lane, continue
past Endicott gardens on your left, and Endicott Park on your right.
Enter Glen Magna to the left of the sign.
The Derby Summer House mentioned on the sign is the
McIntire Tea House. See "The
Woodcarver of Salem: Samuel McIntire, His Life and Work", by Frank
Cousins and Phil P. Riley, 1916. You can buy this book at the Salem
Visitors Center at the conclusion of this trip, or order from Higginson
Book Company, 148 Washington Street (a Samuel McIntire house), P.O. Box
778, Salem, MA 01970
Park facing the mansion, and the Tea House will be to your right at
about two o’clock. Pick up a brochure on the main path entering the
grounds and please leave a donation for the Danvers Historical Society,
the owners of this magnificent estate. The Derby Summer House (McIntire
Tea House) formally on Elias Haskett Derby’s Peabody farm, was moved to
Glen Magna in . The life-sized, hand carved figures on top of the tea
house are the ‘Reaper’ and the ‘Milkmaid’.
When you are done, retrace your steps to the
Training Field and turn left onto Center Street. Take your next left
turn onto Hobart Street. Watch on your right for the granite "Witch
Trials Memorial". Turn in and park off the road.
Witch Trials Memorial.
The names of all nineteen persons hanged, and one
who was pressed to death, for witchcraft are listed here. The Meeting
House where some trials took place was directly across the Street. Exit
Witch Memorial and turn right onto Hobart Street, continue to stop sign.
Turn right onto Pine Street. Proceed straight through traffic lights
at Holten Street. Watch on your right side for the historic sign
announcing the "1678 Rebecca Nurse Homestead".
1678 Rebecca Nurse
Homestead. This was the home of Rebecca
Nurse, hanged for witchcraft in July 1692. It was her son Francis who
built the house back in North Reading (#12 on map). The Homestead is
open to the public and the hours should be posted at the end of the
driveway, but drive in anyway and look around. There is a burial ground
down behind the house. Because this location is so well preserved,
Hollywood movies have been filmed here.
Exit the grounds and turn right onto Pine Street. Pine Street becomes
Collins Street. Bear right onto Sylvan Street at Sylvan Street Grille.
Move left and position for a left turn onto Rte 114 East. Continue on
Rte 114 past the Northshore Shopping Center, continue over Rte 128.
Follow signs for Rte 114 east to Salem. (There are a number of turns)
The first is a left onto Pulaski Street, and then a right onto Gardner
Street. At end of Gardner Street, at lights, turn right onto North
Street (Rte 114 east to Salem). Continue into Salem on North Street (rte
114 east). In colonial times, Salem was comprised of the present day
towns of Salem, Peabody, and Danvers. Watch for brown signs directing
you to "Salem Visitors Center". That is your destination. Keep right
over the rte 107 (Bridge Street) overpass and make cloverleaf to your
right at end of overpass onto rte 107 (Bridge Street) north. Watch for
brown "Salem Visitors Center-National Park Service" signs. Enter rotary
and proceed ˝ revolution and exit on rte 107 north (Bridge Street, about
11:30 o’clock), pass Morency Manor on right, At stop sign turn right
onto Winter Street rte 1A south, bear left at Statue of Roger Conant. At
Hawthorn Hotel, turn right onto Essex Street. At the stop sign, turn
right, you are at the Salem Visitor’s Center. Park in the garage across
from the VC.
Salem Visitors Center, National Park Service.
Here is the start point for
your Salem tour. You may want to look around and get the feel of Salem
today and come back tomorrow for a whole day of sightseeing. There are
many things to see and do. Be sure and ask for a brochure for "The
McIntire Historic District Walking Trail". If they don’t have any, tell
them who you are, they may be hiding some. They are always in short
supply for some reason. Here you can buy the "Woodcarver of Salem" book.
Also books on the Witch Trials. Ask for directions to the OLD Customs
House and see a replica of the McIntire eagle over the door (you can see
the original at the Phillips Library, a part of the Essex-Peabody
Museum. It is on display with other original woodcarvings by McIntire.
Just ask the receptionist as you enter the library, and she will direct
you). Stop in at the Chamber of Commerce at Old Town Hall in Derby
Square. Walk the McIntire Trail. When on Summer Street, note that
McIntire lived at 31 Summer Street, now home to an insurance company. In
the rear of his house stood the shop where most of the wood finish and
exquisite carving for McIntire’s houses was prepared. About 1840 this
building was moved to Tapleyville, Danvers, and built onto a dwelling
there. Stop in at Higginson Books at 148 Washington Street, see the
McIntire woodwork, and pick up some genealogy catologues. Lots of good
stuff. Save at least four hours for the Peabody Essex Museum. Lots of
Samuel McIntire things here, mostly at the Phillips Library. Visit
McIntire graves at ‘The Burying Point Cemetery’ on Charter Street.
Memorial to those hanged for Witchcraft is incorporated into the
boundary wall. Visit Pickering Wharf, Derby Wharf, The NPS Maritime
Visitors Center, The 1819 Customs House (get tickets at Maritime Visitor
Center), The House of Seven Gables and much more. Joseph True carved the
eagle on the 1819 Customs House in 1825, receiving $25 for his work.
True apprenticed under Samuel McIntire.
I hope this guide has helped you in some way. Comments, additions,
and corrections are welcome.
Stuart A. McIntire
P.O. Box 863
Andover, MA 01810