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Mini Bios of People of Scots Descent
Biography of Herbert M. CRAWFORD

Submitted by Valerie Crook, <>, March 2000

The History of West Virginia, Old and New
Published 1923, The American Historical Society, Inc.,
Chicago and New York, Volume III,
pg. 350-351

HERBERT M. CRAWFORD. One of the well known mining men and operators of Barbour County is Herbert M. Crawford, a resident of Philippi and president of the Crawford Coal Company. He is a civil and mining engineer by profession, but for a dozen years or more his time has been fully taken up with the practical operations of coal production.

Mr. Crawford was born at Kittanning in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, June 12, 1867. His family came to America from Scotland, and some four or five generations have lived in Pennsylvania. His grandfather, James Crawford, was a farmer in Armstrong County, and married Rebecca Peoples, whose father was an officer in the American Revolution. They had four sons and three daughters. The sons were, James, Samuel M., Jehu and Robert, the last three being soldiers in the Union Army in the Civil war. The daughters were: Amanda, who married William Brown; Susan, who married Silas Rider; and Adaline, who married William Morrison.

Samuel M. Crawford, father of Herbert, is a native of Armstrong County, received a common school education and early in life entered the Union Army. He was in the Army of the Potomac, was wounded at Gettysburg, but subsequently rejoined his command and continued in service until the end. After his military experience he became a contractor of painting and carpenter work, and followed that vocation until he retired. He is now living at Aspinwall, Pennsylvania. He married Rosanna Crum, whose father, Capt. Daniel Crum, was a Union soldier and was killed in the battle of the Wilderness. The children of Samuel M. Crawford and wife are: Herbert Maurice; Mrs. Pearle Beatty, of Aspinwall; and Muriel, wife of Dr. F. C. Robinson, of Uniontown, Pennsylvania.

Herbert M. Crawford grew up at Kittanning, graduated from high school at the age of eighteen, and subsequently entered Lehigh University, where he took the civil engineering course and graduated in 1895. For five years he was an engineer on the engineering staff of the Frick Coal and Coke Company. He then opened an engineering office at Uniontown, known as the Fayette Engineering Company, of which he was senior engineer. His first work in West Virginia was as mining engineer, representative of the Fayette Engineering Company of Uniontown in the construction of the Midland Coal Company's plant in Barbour County. During this work he became interested in this mineral region, investing in some coal lands in the Tygart Valley. He first came to Philippi in 1905, and in 1908 began the development of his property. His company owns the Luella Mine at Arden and the Black Jo Mine at Clements. During the World war these mines were running at capacity, with a force of from 100 to 150 men. He is also vice president of the First National Bank of Philippi and one of its directors.

During the war period he was county chairman of the Bed Cross, and had charge of one of the Liberty Loan drives, putting it "over the top." He has been a member of the Philippi City Council, being on the board when the electric light plant was installed. Mr. Crawford is president of the Kiwanis Club of Philippi, is a Lodge and Chapter Mason, and his family are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

At Indiana, Pennsylvania, June 25, 1901, Mr. Crawford married Miss Luella Smith, a native of Indiana County and daughter of William and Sarah Smith, who had four daughters and one son. Mrs. Crawford has two sisters living: Mattie, wife of George Barren, an attorney at Greensburg, Pennsylvania; and Mrs. Elizabeth Wachob, of Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania. Three daughters and a son have been born to the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Crawford: Emily Catherine is a student in the Chevy Chase School at Washington, District of Columbia; Ruth and Josephine are students in the Philippi High School; and Herbert Maurice, Jr., is attending grammar school.

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