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Notable Dates in History

19 August 1745 Prince Charles Edward Stewart's standard unfurled at Glenfinnan to start the most famous Jacobite Rising which ended tragically on the field of Culloden on 16 April 1746.
20 August 1745 Hanoverian forces under the command of Sir John Cope marched north from Stirling to counter the south-ward march of the Jacobite army.
27 August 1745 The Appin Regiment commanded by Charles Stewart of Ardshiel, Tearlach Mr, and the MacDonalds of Glencoe under Alexander MacDonald of Glencoe joined the Jacobite army at Aberchalder, a township at the North end of Loch Oich, bringing the total Jacobite strength up to some two thousand.
29 August 1745 A Jacobite force failed in an attempt to capture the Hanovarian-held Ruthven Barracks, Kingussie.
3 September 1745 James Francis Stewart proclaimed as King James VIII of Scotland by his son, Prince Charles Edward at Perth.
11 September 1745 The Jacobite army left Perth and advanced towards a defenceless Edinburgh with Sir John Cope’s Hanoverian force still in the north.
16 September 1745 Canter of Coltbrig where Jacobite forces routed Hanovarian dragoons on the outskirts of Edinburgh.
17 September 1745 Jacobite army captured Edinburgh but failed to take the Castle. Prince Charles Edward Stewart took up residence in Holyroodhouse. Sir John Cope and Hanoverian army arrived by ship off Dunbar.
21 September 1745

Hanovarian army under the command of John Cope were surprised and overwhelmingly defeated, in ten minutes, by the Jacobite forces of Prince Charles Edward Stewart in the Battle of Prestonpans. The victory left most of Scotland open to the Jacobites and Cope to ridicule:

'Hey Johnnie Cope, are ye wauken yet?
Or are your drums a-beatin yet?
If ye were auken I would wait
To gang to the coals in the mornin.'

24 September 1745 Hanoverian casualty Colonel James Gardiner, who was killed at the Battle of Prestonpans, was interred in the kirkyard at Tranent Parish Church. He died near his house at Brankton, Prestonpans, and worshipped, when home, at Tranent.
28 September 1745
Audiences at the Drury Lane and Covent Garden theatres in London, England, sang "God Save the King" for the first time as news came of the Jacobite army victory at Prestonpans.
 
                God grant that Marshal Wade
                    May by Thy mighty aid
                Victory bring
                    May he sedition crush
                And like a torrent rush
                    Rebellious Scots to crush
                God save the King.
 
                            - ' God Save the King '
9 October 1745 Pitsligo’s Horse, with an estimated strength of 100 to 200, commanded by Alexander, 4th Lord Forbes of Pitsligo, joined the Jacobite army in Edinburgh. Lord Pitsligo was a member of the Prince’s Council and following the Jacobite defeat at Culloden was hidden by his tenants in Aberdeenshire until his death in 1762.
15 October 1745 Ewan MacPherson of Cluny marched from Badenoch with his Regiment to join the Jacobite Cause. He spent several days forcing men out in Rannoch and Glenlyon before joining the Prince’s army in Edinburgh.
18 October 1745 William Boyd, 4th Earl of Kilmarnock, who belonged to a family of Whig and Hanoverian supporters, joined Prince Charles Edward Stewart in Edinburgh. He was commissioned to raise a troop of horse, which took part in the advance into England. Taken prisoner at Culloden he was executed in London on 18 April 1746.
27 October 1745 A force of Jacobite Frasers were thwarted in their aim of seizing the home and person of the Lord President, Duncan Forbes of Culloden. He forced their retreat by firing a swivel gun from his bedroom window but could not prevent his cattle being lifted.
29 October 1745 Cluny’s Regiment, 350 strong, under Ewan MacPherson of Cluny, joined the Jacobite army in Edinburgh.
30 October 1745 The Jacobite Grand Council meeting in Edinburgh decided by a single vote to invade England but only after Lord George Murray insisted that the entry into England should be the western route.
30 October 1745 Hanoverian supporters besieged Oliphant of Gask, Jacobite depute governor of Perth and chased the Jacobite governor of Dundee, David Fotheringham, out of the city.  Subsequently both Perth and Dundee were heavily garrisoned by the Jacobites.
31 October 1745 The main body of the Jacobite army marched from Edinburgh to Dalkeith, where the men bivouacked between Newbattle Water and Melville Burn, prior to invading England.
2 November 1745 Hanoverian forces based at Edinburgh Castle re-took the City of Edinburgh as the Jacobite army commenced its march from Dalkeith to invade England.
8 November 1745 The Jacobite army crossed the Scottish Border and spent the first night on English soil.
10 November 1745 The Jacobite army, having entered England, made a formal demand for the surrender of Carlisle 'within 2 hours'.  When all hope ended that Marshal Wade, commander of Hanoverian forces at Newcastle, would march to relieve the town, Carlisle surrendered 5 days later.
12 November 1745 Prince Charles Edward Stewart established his headquarters in Brampton during the Jacobite siege of Carlisle.
17 November 1745 Prince Charles Edward Stewart, accompanied by pipers, entered Carlisle following the surrender of the city to the Jacobite Army.
20 November 1745 Lord George Murray and approximately half the Jacobite army marched south from Carlisle.  Prince Charles Edward Stewart followed the next day with the remainder.  Dividing the army in two was an attempt to ensure that all man could find adequate nightly quarters.
23 November 1745 In response to the advance of the Jacobite army, William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, was appointed to the supreme command of the Hanoverian army in England.
28 November 1745 A Jacobite sergeant named Dickson accompanied by a drummer and a whore entered Manchester and, with the aid of local Jacobite sympethisors, took the town in advance of the arrival of the Jacobite army.
3 December 1745 Prince Charles Edward Stewart declared his father King of England, Scotland and Wales at Ashbourne, a few miles north of Derby.
4 December 1745 Jacobite army entered Derby, England, having failed to rally major support for the Stewart cause during its march south from Scotland.
6 December 1745 Charles Edward Stewart and the Jacobite Army retreated from Derby, England.

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