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21st November 2008


Alastair McIntyreElectric Scotland's Weekly Email Newsletter

Electric Scotland - The No.1 Scottish History Site Aois - The Celtic Community
The Electric Scotland Article Service

Dear Friend

It's your Electric Scotland newsletter meaning the weekend is nearly here :-)

You can view what's new this week on Electric Scotland at http://www.electricscotland.com/rss/whatsnew.php and you can unsubscribe to this newsletter by clicking on the link at the foot of this newsletter.

See our Calendar of Scottish Events around the world at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/calendar_help.htm It's your Electric Scotland newsletter meaning the weekend is nearly here :-)

CONTENTS
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Electric Scotland News
The Flag in the Wind
The Scottish Nation
Clan and Family Information
Poetry and Stories
New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
Book of Scottish Story
History of Glasgow
The Scottish Historical Review
The Concise Household Encyclopaedia
Reminiscences of Cromar and Canada
The Story of the Scots Stage
Sketches of North Carolina (New Book)
Early Colonial Governors


ELECTRIC SCOTLAND NEWS
---------------------
Once again we are trying out a new service to add more interactivity to the site. At the end of the day I don't want to be just a history resource but rather a history resource and an interactive site where you get to participate.

As you know some months ago I added our Article Service where I hoped many of you would use to add articles on any subject you wanted and thus share your knowledge and expertise with all of us. While new articles go up each week we've really only got a very few which contribute and I'd sure like that to improve.

We then added our AOIS Celtic Community and that's still in our beta phase. Steve will hopefully be starting work on it next week as he's now had three weeks to get sorted out and he did say to give him a couple of weeks :-)

Essentially with the Aois service there are many updates we want to do with it as well as customising it to our personal look. We're told there is a major upgrade to the Arcade and we need to add more functionality. We have made this a long term commitment to make this a safe place to network with friends on the web and want it to be a place where folk will enjoy visiting.

We are now trying out a new service which is meant to allow all visitors to make a comment about any page on the site. You will see this at the foot of each page where you'll see a comment box.

The idea of course is to encourage our visitors to add comments on any page of the site. So if you spot an error in a date or have additional information to provide you can use the comment box to do so. In this way you can share your thoughts about any page you are reading. When people read your comments they can reply and thus we can have threaded conversations going on.

In addition, you have the ability to rate any page and we've also added a navigation facility where over time the most popular of our pages should appear. These will be based on your own rating of our pages. In there we also have the facility to add Editor's Picks where I can list what I consider to be good sections of the site.

Finally, there is also a polling facility where I can add polls and invite you to participate. I did in fact add one to our index page where you can participate to tell us which book you'd next like to see on the site from a list of 10 books.

Like all new services there will be a settling in period as we learn how to use it.

And so I hope you'll enjoy this new service and please feel free to email me to let me know what you think of it.


ABOUT THE STORIES
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Some of the stories in here are just parts of a larger story so do check out the site for the full versions. You can always find the link in our "What's New" section at the link at the top of this newsletter or on our site menu.


THE FLAG IN THE WIND
--------------------
This weeks Flag is compiled by Mark Hirst. Mark has produced an interesting article about Scottish History this week.

In Peter's cultural section he's telling us about St. Andrews Day celebrations...

This week sees the start of the St Andrews Festival, now in its 13th year, which runs from 26 November to 3 December 2008. The week-long festival celebrates Scotland’s Patron Saint and the Fife town which bears his name and acts as a reminder, if one was needed, that Andermas, St Andrew’s Day, 30 November, is drawing near. Visit http://www.standrewsfestival.co.uk for full details of the many events which include a ‘son et lumiere’ at St Mary’s Quad on 29 and 30 November. This will be a taster for the larger one which is planned to celebrate ‘Homecoming Scotland 2009’.

Living in Fife, I have for many years made a point of visiting St Andrews every 30 November and this year will be no exception but events, unlike a few years ago, will be held throughout Scotland. It used to be claimed that Scots out-with Scotland celebrated St Andrew’s Day far more than those at home. This has most certainly changed and a quick look at the Visit Scotland website shows events in Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Inverness, St Andrews, Stirling and Blairgowrie. But I am sure that you find a St Andrew’s Day event near to you – eg Kirkcaldy will, for the first time ever, celebrate St Andrew’s Day with an afternoon of Scottish entertainment, pipe bands, Highland and Scottish Country dancers, in the Town Centre from 12 noon.

I am at one with Simon Thoumire, organiser of the Scottish Traditional Music Awards, who has called on the Scottish Government to make St Andrew’s Day a ‘real’ National Holiday. That would be a major step forward and serve to encourage Scots to do their own thing on our Patron Saint’s Day. Government can only do so much, it is up to ordinary Scots, as indeed is already happening, to make St Andrew’s Day a really special Scottish day.

This week’s recipe offers a tasty festive fare for St Andrew’s Day – Sweet Haggis – which is just the ticket for a special treat at Andermas.

Sweet Haggis

Ingredients: 8oz (225g) medium oatmeal; 4oz (110g) flour; 8oz (225g) chopped suet; 2oz (50g) brown sugar; 2oz (50g) currants; 2oz (50g) raisins; salt and pepper; water to mix

Method: Bind in all the dry ingredients with sufficient water to make a stiff mixture. Place in a greased 2 pint (1 litre) pudding bowl and cover with a round of greaseproof paper and aluminium foil. Secure tightly with string. Put the bowl into a pan of boiling water so that the water reaches ¾ the way up the bowl. Cover and simmer for about 3 hours. Serve hot.

Traditional additional benefit – as with left-over Cloutie Dumpling, Sweet Haggis can be used up at breakfast time, sliced and fried, or warmed in the oven. Waste not, want not!

You can read the Flag, listen to the Scots Language, enjoy the Scots Wit and lots more at http://www.scotsindependent.org

we've got another diary entry from Christina McKelvie MSP at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/mckelvie/081120.htm


The Scottish Nation
-------------------
My thanks to Lora for transcribing these volumes for us.

We're now onto the W's with Wauchope, Waugh, Webster, Weddell, Wedderburn, Welch and Welsh.

An interesting account of Wedderburn which starts...

WEDDERBURN, a surname assumed from lands of that name in Berwickshire. About the year 1400, James Wedderburn, of the family of Wedderburn of Wedderburn, settled in Forfarshire. A descendant of his, Sir Peter Wedderburn of Gosford, was bred an advocate, and having been appointed a lord of session during the reign of Charles II., assumed the title of Lord Gosford. His eldest son was a privy councillor, and member in the Scots parliament for Haddingtonshire. His second son, Peter, married the heiress of Halkett of Pitfirran. His third son, Alexander, became a member of the faculty of advocates, and having exerted himself in favour of the Union, received by way of recompense an appointment as a commissioner of excise. Peter Wedderburn of Chesterhall, the son of this youngest brother, like most of his immediate ancestors, was bred to the law, and passed advocate, Feb. 1715. He was also secretary to the excise. In 1755 he was appointed a lord of session by George II., and took his seat on the bench as Lord Chesterhall. He died August 11, 1756. He was the father of the celebrated Alexander Wedderburn, first earl of Rosslyn, whose only sister, Janet Wedderburn, having married Sir Henry Erskine, 6th baronet of Alva, her son, Sir James St. Clair Erskine, baronet, succeeded in 1805 as second earl of Rosslyn.

You can read the rest of this account at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/wedderburn.htm

You can read all these entries at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/index.htm


Clan and Family Information
---------------------------
Clan-Alliance of Clan Mackay, Clan Mackenzie and Clan MacLaren in Germany

With pride and happiness we announce a historical event. On the 1st of November, coevally with the celtic New Year, a new era for Scottish Clans in Germany began. The only three Clan Societies which are officially recognised by the Clans, met in a friendly atmosphere to bundle their power for the future. The aim is to organize common events, to strengthen the relationship between Scotland and Germany, to establish friendships between the Clans and to convey authentic Clan culture in Germany. Wherever possible we will act in concert, without giving up our separate identities. United in our spirit, strong in the alliance! With this motto Siggi Schierstedt from Clan MacKay, Markus Kewitz from Clan Mackenzie and Dieter Deckert from Clan MacLaren built the basics for a Clan-Alliance which has never been before in this way.

As a sign for the unity a common headquarters was set at the Castle “Sophienburg” in the beautiful landscape near Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia. From here, our spirit shall go around the globe and send the message of friendship.

May other Clan Societies follow and contribute to unite the clansfolk all over the world.

Alba gu brath – Scotland forever!

http://www.clanmackay.de/sophienburg-german-home-of-scottish-clans.html
http://www.clanmaclaren.de/buend_e.html
http://www.mackenzie-society.de/3.html

And if you'd like to know more about the Scots in Germany visit http://www.electricscotland.com/history/germany/index.htm

-----

Clan Leslie International - We have the November 2008 newsletter and an article about the new Clan Leslie Library at the University of Guelph. You can read this at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/newsletters/leslieint/index.htm

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Utley Family have sent in their November/December 2008 newsletter which you can read at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/newsletters/utley/index.htm


Poetry and Stories
------------------
Another poem from John Henderson called "A Shepherd's Mornin Faar-Ye-Weel" which you can read at http://www.electricscotland.com/poetry/doggerel288.htm

We also have some new poems and articles from Donna, Alastair and others in our Article Service at http://www.electricscotland.com/article/

I might add that I post up a story or two each week about things happening in Scotland.


New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
------------------------------------------
We have now added the Parish of Ratho to the Edinburgh volume.

Name. - The parish of Ratho is so called according to Chalmers in his Caledonia, from the ancient baronial residence of that name, which was within its bounds. According to the same authority, the name is of British origin, being derived from the word Rhath, plural Rothuu, [In ancient charters, the name of the parish is written in the different forms of Raihcw. Rathcu. Rathow. On two communion cups, which bear the date 1684. it is spelt Rutha and Rotlia. The ortliography is the same as at present on other two church utensils, which bear date only a year later.| signifying a cleared spot, a bared place or plain; which derivation, although not consistent with the features of the parish as a whole, is yet in accordance with that part of it upon which the present mansion, like its predecessor, stands. It may be farther remarked, that the Celtic Rath, which has the same primary meaning with the British term already mentioned, signifies secondarily, a fort or artificial mount; so that possibly the name of Ratho may have been conferred upon the place, not more on account of its natural situation than the artificial works by which it was defended.

Extent, Boundaries, d-c. - This parish is 4 miles long by 2/4 broad at an average; and contains about 10 square miles of surface. It is bounded on the north, by the parishes of Kirkliston and Corstorphine; on the east, by Corstorphine and Currie; on the south, by Currie; and on the west, by Kirknewton and Kirkliston.

You can read this account at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/ratho.pdf

The index page for the New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845) can be found at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/


Book of Scottish Story
----------------------
Our thanks to John Henderson for sending this in for us.

This week have added...

Perling Joan

And here is how it starts...

Our Laird was a very young man when his father died, and he gaed awa to France, and Italy, and Flanders, and Germany, immediately, and we saw naething o’ him for three years; and my brother, John Baird, went wi’ him as his own body-servant. When that time was gane by, our Johnny cam hame and tauld us that Sir Claud wad be here the next day, an’ that he was bringing hame a foreign lady wi’ him — but they were not married. This news was a sair heart, as ye may suppose, to a’ that were about the house; and we were just glad that the auld lady was dead and buried, not to hear of sic doings.

But what could we do? To be sure, the rooms were a’ put in order, and the best chamber in the hale house was got ready for Sir Claud and her. John tauld me, when we were alane together that night, that I wad be surprised wi’ her beauty when she came. 'But I never could have believed, till I saw her, that she was sae very young — such a mere bairn, I may say; I’m sure she was not more than fifteen. Such a dancing, gleesome bit bird of a lassie was never seen; and ane could not but pity her mair than blame her for what she had done, she was sae visibly in the daftness and light-headedness of youth. Oh, how she sang, and played, and galloped about on the wildest horses in the stable, as fearlessly as if she had been a man! The house was full of fun and glee; and Sir Claud and she were both so young and so comely, that it was enough to break ane’s very heart to behold their thoughtlessness. She was aye sitting on his knee, wi’ her arm about his neck; and for weeks and months this love and merriment lasted. The poor body had no airs wi’ her; she was just as humble in her speech to the like of us, as if she had been a cottar’s lassie. I believe there was not one of us that could help liking her, for a’ her faults. She was a glaiket creature ; but gentle and tender-hearted as a perfect lamb, and sae bonny! I never sat eyes upon her match. She had never any colour but black for her gown, and it was commonly satin, and aye made in the same fashion; and a’ the perling about her bosom, and a great gowden chain stuck full of precious rubies and diamonds. She never put powder on her head neither; oh proud, proud was she of her hair! I’ve often known her comb and comb at it for an hour on end; and when it was out of the buckle, the bonny black curls fell as low as her knee. You never saw such a head of hair since ye were born. She was the daughter of a rich auld Jew in Flanders, and ran awa frae the house wi’ Sir Claud, ae night when there was a great feast gaun on,—the Passover supper, as John thought,—and out she came by the back door to Sir Claud, dressed for supper wi’ a’ her braws.

You can read the rest of this at http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/story68.htm

The other stories can be read at http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/index.htm


The History of Glasgow
----------------------
By Robert Renwick LL.D. and Sir John Lindsay L.D. in 3 volumes (1921)

We are now onto the final 3rd volume and added this week are the following chapters...

Chapter VII
Provost Walter Gibson and his Troubles

Chapter VIII
Union Riots in Glasgow

Chapter IX
Glasgow at the Union

Chapter X
Town Council Activities

Chapter XI
Glasgow in "the '15"

Chapter XII
The Rise of Industry and Trade

Chapter XIII
Social Life and Manners

Here is how Chapter XIII starts...

IT is to be feared that the increase of prosperity which followed the Union tended to lessen the ecclesiastical fervour of the people of Glasgow, whose interest had previously been concentrated largely on affairs of the Church and religion. New fields of activity were opened up, and the world was becoming a wider place. There was less time and less inclination, there- fore, for consideration of points of church government and religious doctrine. The Rev. Robert Wodrow, of the neighbouring Renfrewshire parish of Eastwood, and historian of the Covenanters, found occasion to regret the change. The increase of wealth, he perceived, had a tendency to abate the godly habits of the people. There was already a party in the city who were no longer inclined to pay absolute deference to ministers, and who were disposed to mock at serious things. Where there had been seventy-two prayer meetings in the year there were now only four or five, and in their stead there were meetings of secular clubs at which subjects of mere mundane interest were discussed. In view of this change Wodrow seems to have rather approved than otherwise the blow struck at the tobacco trade and the prosperity of the city by the jealous competitors in England. "This, they say, will be twenty thousand pounds loss to that place. I wish it may be sanctified to them! " [Wodrow's Analecta, iii. 129.]

There was quite evidently a new process of development going on. Wodrow complains that young men who went abroad to hold mercantile positions, came home again with ideas modified by the customs of other countries. Church discipline was less reverently regarded and less devoutly submitted to than formerly, and after a noted " heresy hunt " of the time, carried through presbytery and synod against the too enlightened views of Professor Simson, some of the college lads had even gone the length of writing a play poking fun at the city clergy. Such a state of things, in the view of Mr. Wodrow, might be expected to bring upon the city some devastating stroke of Providence. [John Simson, professor of divinity—not to be confounded with Robert Simson, the celebrated professor of mathematics, was the subject of a "case" which occupied the church courts and the University authorities for many years. Its progress is fully detailed by Coutts in his History of the University, pp. 210-232.]

You can read the rest of this chapter at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/glasgow/glasgow3_13.htm

The index page of the book is at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/glasgow/historyndx.htm


The Scottish Historical Review
------------------------------
I have added a few more articles from these publications...

John of Swinton: A Border Fighter of the Middle Ages
Close on five hundred and fifty years ago, on 22nd February, 1370-71, died David the Second. The male line of Bruce failed, the Stewarts succeeded, and Froissart tells us that a truce was established between England and Scotland with a provision that the Scots might arm and hire themselves out like to others for subsidies, taking which side they pleased, either English or French. Of this provision John of Swinton availed himself, and rode south to make his name and fortune.

The Highland Emigration of 1770
It is worth while to analyse the nature and the causes of the first great exodus from the Highlands, an exodus which reached its highest point of activity in the early seventies of the eighteenth century.

The Causes of the Highland Emigrations of 1783-1803
THE first great period of Highland emigration ended in 1775 with the outbreak of the American War of Independence. Then followed a perceptible pause, not broken until- the Treaty of Versailles, which formed the starting-point of a fresh movement.

Eighteenth Century Highland Landlords and the Poverty Problem
During the latter part of the eighteenth century the inhabitants of many parts of the Highlands and Hebrides were living permanently in a state that bordered upon destitution. They were badly housed, they were poorly fed, and they had a continual struggle to pay their rents.

You can read these articles at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/review


The Concise Household Encyclopaedia
-----------------------------------
This week have added...

Four more pages which include, Cheese, Cheese Hopper, Cheese Mite, Cheese Cake, Cheese Croquette, Cheese Fondu, Cheese Fritter, Cheese Pudding, Cheese Sauce, Cheese Straws, Cheese Toast, Cheese Turnover, Chef, Chelsea Bun, Chelsea Cake, Chelsea China, Chelsea Pensioner, Chenille, Cheque, Cherry, Cherry Brandy, Cherry Cake, Cherry Cider, Cherry Jam, Cherry Laural, Cherry Pie or Helietrope.

You can see these at http://www.electricscotland.com/household/c.htm

The index page for this publication is at http://www.electricscotland.com/household/index.htm


Reminiscences of Cromar and Canada
----------------------------------
By Donald Robert Farquharson

Chapters added this week are...

Chapter XII
Our Schools and Schoolmasters

Chapter XIII
Parish Ministers of Coldstone

Chapter XIV
The Disruption

Chapter XV
Manners and Customs of my Younger Days

Chapter XVI
"The Parks" and the Corn Laws

Chapter XVII
Tales of our Childhood

Chapter XVIII
Toils and Joys of our Youth

Here is how Chapter XVIII - Toils and Joys of our Youth, starts...

OUR life at the Parks was pleasant, though toilsome, and its strenuousness was relieved by many an interlude of pleasant experience which, in prospect and retrospect, not less than in actual participation, cast over the whole field of our existence the lustre of their brightness. We were a happy family. Differences of opinion there were, which were stoutly maintained, but there was no strife. In all the years which have followed, a like harmony has been maintained, something for which all surviving members are truly thankful. All the families, Fletchers, Farquharsons and Stewarts, can, I believe with equal truth congratulate themselves on the possession of a like spirit, though, alas, many of those who in earlier years were bonds of unity are with us no more.

Around the Christmas season we visited back and forth with the young folks of Kinaldie, Knocksoul and Loanhead. As time went on, the round was extended and more varied from year to year. Newkirk came into the lime-light more and more. With Mrs. Anderson, who believed in the efficacy of "the rantry and the red threed," we usually had a yearly meeting. We also met occasionally with Mrs. Milne of Bogarierie, the Inneses of the Moston of Blelack, and still more frequently with Mr. Michie, where we would meet with Mr. James Davidson, the parish minister's brother whose general information and natural eloquence were above the ordinary, Dr. Cameron who was an accomplished violinist, Mr. Samuel Innes, Miss Paterson of Grodie and others.

BALLATER AND AUCHOLZIE

To all of our family the great event of each recurring year was a trip to Ballater and Aucholzie in the end of harvest which, instituted by our parents before memory had begun to inscribe her record, continued to brighten the successive seasons to the last of our stay in Scotland. At Ballater, we were entertained royally by our aunt Margaret and cousins. There we could see the soldiers who formed Her Majesty's Body Guard perform their daily evolutions on the village green. Thence we made excursions to the top of Craigendarach, the Pass of Ballater, the Wells of I'ananich, or the old Caitic of the Knock, in which the Gordons of the ancient times had feasted friends and retainers or from stone-arched vaults, now crumbling from the teeth of the passing centuries, had drawn liquid refreshment for the casual visitor or for the entertainment and encouragement of allies, in common with themselves, on some wild purpose bent. To what scenes of barbaric splendour had those tottering walls been witness, and what secrets of direst tragedy may not those crumbling dungeons guard.

You can read the rest of this chapter at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/cromar/chapter18.htm

The other chapters can be read at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/cromar/index.htm


The Story of the Scots Stage
----------------------------
By Robb Lawson (1919)

We have now completed this book by adding the final chapters...

Chapter VII - Early Glasgow Drama
Town Drummers and Town Minstrels--Vain plays at Ruglen—The Council decide to imprison strolling Players—The Temple of Beelzebuh—Giddy young Glaswegians—Teaching of dancing—The Beggar's Opera—BurreII's Close—The first Glasgow Theatre -George Whitfield gets angry—The mob burn the Theatre—Alston Street Theatre—Fanatical mob set fire to it-3lrs. Bellamy—Dunlop Street Theatre erected, 1781—Mrs. Siddons—John Jackson, lessee —The School for Scandal—Master Betty—Jackson's economies.

Chapter VIII - The Glasgow Stage
Erection of Queen Street Theatre--The Black Bull Inn—Harry Johnston—George Frederick Cooke—Edmund Kean—Charles Kean—Miss O'Neill—Theatre illumination by gas—First Scottish performance of Rob Roy—Sheridan Knowles—Ellen Tree-James Aitken—The rival lessees in Dunlop Street—Duerow's Stag Hunt—York Street Theatre—G. V. Brooke—Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kean — Adelphi Theatre—Samuel Phelps—Mumford's "Geggie"—Edmund Glover—Helen Faucit—Professor Anderson's City Theatre—Calvert's "Queen's" Theatre.

Chapter IX - Perth Dramatic Records
Guisards—Saint Obert's play—Church licenses Coinpany of Players— Spectacle at South Inch—Pageant to Charles I.---Perth Grammar School presents flays —Theatre in a flat—Guild Hall Theatre—Glovers' Hall Theatre—The Theatre accident—St. Anne's Lane Theatre—Neil Gow—Mr. and Mrs. Henry Siddons—Corbett Ryder, actor-manager—Mackay as mimic—Rob Roy—Opening of Theatre Royal —Macready—First Pantomime—Edmund Kean—Caledonian Theatre Company—C. Bass, lessee—A Penny Gaff—Hooper's Touring Company—John Wilson, the Scottish tenor—Paganini—Cooke's Circus—Wombwell's Menagerie —Sheridan Knowles —The African Roscius—Helen Faucit.

You can read these chapters at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/stage/index.htm


Sketches of North Carolina
--------------------------
Historical and Biographical, illustrative of the Principles of a portion of her Early Settlers by Rev. William Henry Foote (1846)

A new book we've started and here is part of the Introductary to give you a flavour of this book...

NORTH CAROLINA, in the days of colonial dependence, was the refuge of the poor and the oppressed. In her borders the emigrant, the fugitive, and the exile found a home. Whatever may have been the cause of leaving the land of their nativity—political servitude,-tyranny over conscience,-or poverty of means, with the hope of bettering their condition,-the descendants of these enterprising, suffering, afflicted, yet prospered people, have cause to bless the kind Providence that led their fathers, in their wanderings, to such a place of rest.

Her sandy plains, and threatening breakers jutting out into the ocean, met the voyagers sent out by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1584, and the island of Wocoken afforded the landing-place, "as some delicate garden abounding with all kinds of odoriferous flowers," and witnessed the ceremonial of taking possession of the country for the Queen of England, who soon after gave it the name of Virginia. The island of Roanoke, between Pamtico and Albemarle Sounds, in the domains of Granganimeo, afforded the first colony of English a home so quiet, with a climate so mild, and with fruits so abundant, that the tempest-tossed mariners extolled it in their letters to their countrymen as an earthly paradise. So no doubt it seemed to them the first summer of their residence, in 1585; and notwithstanding the disastrous conclusion of that and succeeding colonies, so the adjoining country has seemed to many generations that have risen, and flourished, and passed away, in the long succession of years, since the wife of Granganimeo, in savage state, feasted the first adventurers.

Her extended champaign around the head streams of the numerous rivers that flow through her own borders, and those of South Carolina, to the ocean, cherished into numbers, and wealth, and civil and religious independence, the emigrants from a rougher climate and more unfriendly soil, of the north of Ireland and the Highlands of Scotland. The quiet of the vast solitudes and forests of North Carolina lured these hard-working men, who, in their poverty and transatlantic subjection, cherished the principles of religion, wealth and independence, to seek in them the abode of domestic blessedness, and the repose of liberty. Far from the ocean, in a province without seaports, and unfrequented by wealthy emigrants, the clustered settlements had space and time to follow out their principles of religion, morality and politics to their legitimate ends; and the first declaration of Entire Independence of the British crown was heard in the province that afforded a resting-place to the first colony.

Carolina was settled by emigrants from different parts of the kingdom of Great Britain and her American provinces, in such numbers, and in such remote situations, that it is comparatively easy to follow the line of their descendants, and trace out the workings of their principles and habits upon themselves, the commonwealth, and the country at large. Every state of society owes much of its character for excellence or demerit, to the generations that preceded; the present is a reflected image of the past; and men must search among their ancestors for the principles, and causes, and springs of action, and moulding influences, that have made society and themselves what they are. The present generation of Carolinians look back to the men that drove the wild beasts from the forests, and displaced the savages, as the fathers of a republic more blessed than the most favored of antiquity; and may well ask what principles of religion and morals,—what habits made us what we are. In answer to these questions there is no good civil history of the State; and with the honorable exception of the life of Caldwell, by Mr. Caruthers, there is no church history; and the traditions that reached back to the settlement of the country, are, for the most part, passing away, or becoming dimmed in the horizon of uncertainty. The prospect, then, is, that the coming generations will be ignorant of their ancestors and their deeds, and like the Greeks and Romans, be compelled to go back to a fabulous antiquity to search in dreams and conjectures for the first link in a chain of causes, the progression of which is so full of blessedness.

You can read the rest of this and the first five chapters at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/nc/


Early Colonial Governors
------------------------
This is a chapter from the book "Scots in America" and here is how it starts...

ONE of the most interesting figures in the military service of King William III. and of Queen Anne was Lord George Hamilton Douglas, son of Duchess Anne of Hamilton and her husband, William, Earl of Selkirk, who was created Duke of Hamilton at her request. Lord George was born in 1666 and was bred a soldier. In 1690 he was made a Colonel and two years later was in command of the Royal Scots Regiment. His skill and bravery in the field, in Ireland and Flanders, commended him to King William, who awarded him the rank of Brigadier General, and in 1696 conferred on him the old Scotch title of Earl of Orkney. To complete his happiness, the King gave the wife of the new peer a grant of most of the private estates in Ireland of King James II. Queen Anne was profuse in her favors to the Earl of Orkney, who served with distinction in her wars, under Marlborough, and helped very materially to win such victories as Blenheim, Ramillies, and Oudenarde. She commissioned him a Lieutenant General, made him a Privy Councillor, a Knight of the Thistle, and he was one of the peers of Scotland who were returned to Parliament after the Union. King George I. continued the series of royal favors which marked the career of this favorite of fortune. He appointed him a "Gentleman Extraordinary" of the Bedchamber, an honorary office which gave the Earl a position at Court; Governor of Edinburgh Castle, Lord Lieutenant of Lanarkshire, a Field Marshal, and he died at London in 1737, in possession of all his faculties and honors.

Another of the honorary offices held by this much favored individual was that of Governor of Virginia. The Earl of Orkney never saw America and knew nothing of Virginia except its name, and probably cared little about it except for the emoluments his office as its Governor brought him. Such titular honors were very numerous in the history of the royal families of Europe, and America since its discovery has furnished a goodly share of them. If Lord Orkney did Virginia no good, he certainly did it no harm, and that, at all events, is more than can he said of many of those who tried their hands at serious statesmanship by muddling and marring its affairs. Isis possession of the office gives him a sort of left-handed claim to recognition in a work like this, although he more properly belongs to the story of the Scot in Europe, in which, indeed, his achievements and honors make him a striking figure. Hardly as much can be said of a later Governor of Virginia, whose connection with the province was also merely titular, and who never saw it, although he served with the army in America. That was John Campbell, fourth Earl of Loudoun, whose rather inglorious military career in America, as commander in chief of the forces, lasted a little over a year, and was terminated by his sudden recall. He was appointed Governor in 1756, but his time in America was devoted entirely to his military duties. His transatlantic failure did not apparently affect his standing at home, and he continued the recipient of many honors until his death, in 1782.

And much more to read at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/scotinamerica_chap3.htm


And that's it for this week and I hope you all have a wonderful weekend :-)


Alastair
http://www.electricscotland.com 

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