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Weekly Mailing List Archives
2nd January 2009


Alastair McIntyreElectric Scotland's Weekly Email Newsletter

Electric Scotland - The No.1 Scottish History Site The Aois Community brings you message forums and lots of community services
Electric Scotland's Article Service where you can add your own stories and articles  Send a postcard from our ScotCards service

 

Dear Friend

It's your Electric Scotland newsletter meaning the weekend is nearly here :-)

You can view what's new this week on Electric Scotland at http://www.electricscotland.com/rss/whatsnew.php and you can unsubscribe to this newsletter by clicking on the link at the foot of this newsletter.

See our Calendar of Scottish Events around the world at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/calendar_help.htm

CONTENTS
--------
Electric Scotland News
The Flag in the Wind
The Scottish Nation
Poetry and Stories
New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
Book of Scottish Story
History of Glasgow
The Scottish Historical Review
The Concise Household Encyclopaedia
Sketches of North Carolina
John Knox, A Biography
Educators, from Scots in America
Statesmen and Politicians, from Scots in America
Old Time Customs (New Book)
MacKenzie, Selkirk, Simpson (New Book)
What is in a name?
Beth's Newfangled Family Tree


ELECTRIC SCOTLAND NEWS
---------------------
Well we're not off to a very good start for 2009 I'm afraid. Due to a failure of our system drive on our server we've lost the user database of our vbulletin.

I did get a few emails asking what was wrong as it was obvious those that use the service wanted to wish people in there a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. So I'm sorry for this downtime. I'm not sure when Steve is going to restore the service but hopefully he'll see 2009 as being the year he steps up a level and does some great things for us :-)

I'm also very sorry that the What's New page isn't in operation. I have in fact been adding things most days so this newsletter will at least show you what I've been doing. I'm hopeful it might be restored shortly as I can at least login now but the paths are incorrect so still can't publish.

-----

I went to Toronto on Christmas Eve and returned on Wednesday. There were three accidents on the main 401 highway coming back and the final one meant a long diversion. When I got back I found they'd re-roofed quarter of my roof so progress is being made :-)


ABOUT THE STORIES
-----------------
Some of the stories in here are just parts of a larger story so do check out the site for the full versions. You can always find the link in our "What's New" section at the link at the top of this newsletter or on our site menu.


THE FLAG IN THE WIND
--------------------
This weeks Flag is compiled by Jim Lynch. As always Jim does a grand job with his issue with lots of articles and even a smashing picture of a Highland Coo to brighten your day :-)

In Peter's cultural section he's telling us new year traditions...

One of the historic, but little known, traditions which takes place during The Daft Days is the annual Temperance Walk held in the three Aberdeenshire fishing villages of Inverallochy, Cairnbulg and St Combs. Each village in turn hold their Walk led by a local flute band followed by the oldest man in the village with a female partner. Behind come the rest of the ‘Walkers’ in couples, wearing their ‘Sunday-best’ clothes. It is the custom to walk with a friend or a neighbour and not a member of your own family. The origin of the Walk, which has been held for 160 years, goes back to the 19th century when there was much village drunkenness. It was said that ‘the men were combative and under the influence of alcohol, desparate fights among them were a common occurrence’ but this was brought to end with a terrible cholera epidemic in 1847.From then, and in more prosperous times, the historic Walk began in the three villages. Traditionally Inverallochy hosts the first Walk which is held on Christmas Day, it’s neighbouring village Cairnbulg holds the second Walk on New Year’s Day and finally the third and last walk takes place on 2 January at St Combs. For the first century of the Walk, the St Combs Walk was held on Auld Yule (5 January) but this date was switched in the mid 1950s. Each Walk goes through every street of their village with stops to play fro the old and sick, before paying a visit to the two neighbouring villages. They combine the Walk with a wreath-laying ceremony at the War memorial, dating from the time when the fishermen and fisher lassies were away during November following the herring trade down the east coast to Yarmouth, consequently missing Armistice Day at home.

Alcoholic drink and the Temperance Walk do not go together but all the Walkers would surely welcome a warming glass of Ginger Cordial at the end of their walk, particularly if a snell wind is blowing in from the cold, gurly North Sea,

Ginger Cordial

Ingredients: 2 oz (50g) root ginger; 2 lemons; 2 oranges; 1 gallon (3.8 litres0 water; 3 lbs (1.5 kg) sugar; small pinch of cayenne pepper (optional)

Method: Break the ginger up, using less if a milder brew is desired, and boil it with 1 gallon of water and the rind of the oranges and lemons. Add pinch of cayenne pepper, if desired, during boiling. Strain the liquid into a container holding the sugar. Add the juice of the lemons and oranges. Strain and bottle.

You can read the Flag, listen to the Scots Language, enjoy the Scots Wit and lots more at
http://www.scotsindependent.org


The Scottish Nation
-------------------
My thanks to Lora for transcribing these volumes for us.

We completed the main volume with Yule and are now onto the Supplement where we get some additional information on some names and a few new names that were missing in the main volumes. Since the last newsletter we've added...

Arnot, Beatson, Bell, Belsches, Bonar, Brewster, Brown, Buchan, Campbell, Clyde, Cockburn, Combe, Coulthart and Craigie

An interesting account of Campbell which starts...

CAMPBELL, (additional to previous article). Of this surname was the family of Duneaves in Perthshire, the first of which, Duncan Campbell of Duneaves, was the second son of Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, in the same county, lineally descended, in the direct male line, from Archibald Campbell of Glenlyon, second son, (by Lady Margaret Douglas,) of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy, ancestor of the noble family of Breadalbane. Duncan Campbell of Duneaves had a son, Duncan Campbell of Milntown, in Glenlyon, who took to wife Janet, daughter of the Rev. Alexander Robertson, minister of Fortingal, and was father of Archibald Campbell, a lieutenant in the army. This gentleman married Margaret, daughter of James Small, a captain in the army, and their third son was lieutenant-general, Sir Archibald Campbell, baronet, commander of the British forces in the Burmese war.

Sir Archibald entered the service in the year 1787, by raising a quota of twenty men for an ensigncy in the 77th regiment, and, in the spring of the following year, he embarked with that corps for the East Indies. He was present at the operations against the army of Tippo Saib, sultan of Mysore, which led to the reduction of Cananore and other places on the coast of Malabar in 1790. In 1791 he was promoted to a lieutenancy in his regiment, and was appointed adjutant of it. During that and the following year he served in the campaigns in the Mysore country, and was present at the first siege of Seringapatam, its capital, in February 1792. In 1795 he served at the reduction of the Dutch garrison of Cochin and its dependencies on the coast of Malabar, and in 1796 at that of the island of Ceylon. In 1799, as major in the European brigade of the Bombay army, he was present at the battle of Saduceer and the siege and taking of Seringapatam by assault. In the same year he became, by purchase, captain in the 67th regiment, and with the view of remaining on foreign service, he immediately exchanged into the 88th regiment, that corps having just arrived in India.

You can read the rest of this account at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/campbell2.htm

You can read all these entries at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/index.htm


Poetry and Stories
------------------
John sent in a few poems over the Festive season which you can see at
http://www.electricscotland.com/poetry/doggerels.htm

John also sent in a pdf file account of the genealogy of Sir James Barrie, the author of Peter Pan which you can read at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/other/barrie_james.htm

And of course more articles in our Article Service at
http://www.electricscotland.com/article


New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
------------------------------------------
We have now added the Parish of Wiston and Roberton to the Lanark volume. Here is a bit from it...

Name, Boundaries, &c.—THE parishes of Wiston and Roberton were united in the year 1772. Roberton was probably so called from some eminent person of the name of Robert, or, from some opulent family having conferred it as a portion upon a son of-that name. Two derivations are given of the name of Wiston. By some it is supposed to have been originally Woolstown, or rather, in the Scotch language, Woostown, in course of time corrupted into Wiston, and to have been so called from its having been in former times a great market for wool. It is certain that there is still, about the middle of the village, a mound or small rising ground, pointed out by the old inhabitants as the cross or place where that market was held. By others, again, it is supposed to have been originally Wisetown, thence easily contracted into Wiston, and to have been so called from its having been the property of a man of the name of Wise. The Place, the name of a farm close upon the village, seems to indicate that it was at one time the seat of the proprietor. Neither derivation is unnatural, though which is the correct one it may not be easy to determine.

The united parish extends about 6 miles in length, and 4 in breadth, exhibiting •very nearly the form of a parallelogram. It is bounded on the east by the parish of Symington ; on the, north by the hill of Tinto; on the west by the parish of Douglas; and on the south by the parish of Crawfordjohn and the river Clyde.

Topographical Appearances.—Tinto, the Hill of Fire, which forms the northern boundary of the parish, is upwards of 2000 feet above the level of the sea, and commands in every direction a most extensive view. The principal points seen from it are Hartfell, Queensberry Hill, Cairntable, Goatfell, Isle of Arran, the Bass, the hills in the north of England, and even in the north of Ireland. Directly opposite, and almost in the centre of the parish, is Dun-gavel, a bill with two tops, presenting in its appearance a perfect contrast to its neighbour of Tinto; the one being mild; green, and beautiful; the other, craggy, bold, and frowning.

You can read this account at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/wiston_roberton.htm

The index page for the New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845) can be found at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/


Book of Scottish Story
----------------------
Our thanks to John Henderson for sending this in for us.

This week have added...

My First and Last Play
by D. M. Moir
at
http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/story71.htm

and

Jane Malcolm: a Village Tale
from the Edin. Literary Journal

Here is how this story starts...

Every town in Scotland has its "character," in the shape of some bedlamite, innocent, or odd fish. There is something interesting about these out-of-the-way beings. Everything they do is a kind of current chapter of biography among their neighbours;—what they say is regarded as the words of an oracle —more worthy of memory than the inquiries of the laird or the advice of the parson. They are in a manner immortalised.

Having, in the course of different summers, taken up a short residence in some of the smaller borough towns and villages scattered through Scotland, I took no small delight in observing the peculiarities of many of those objects of compassion, and in tracing the source of that dismal malady which laid prostrate the edifice of reason, and arrested the harmonious mechanism of an organised mind. The task was sometimes of a melancholy nature : I found histories—real histories—turning upon incidents the most tragical, and only wonder they are so little known, and meet with such slender sympathy. The crisis of a well-written romance brings out more tears than were ever shed for the fall of man; but never have I read of anything so pathetic as was developed in the following sketch—a sketch which the pen of a Scott could do little to adorn. The naked truth of the story is a series of catastrophes, a parallel to which imagination seldom produces. It was told me by a sister of the unfortunate female who figures so conspicuously in it.

Jane Malcolm was the daughter of a lint-mill proprietor in the small town of K——n. Her father, being a wealthy man, held for a long time the provostship of the place—a Scottish burgh. His family consisted of two daughters and a son. Jane was the youngest of these, and her father’s favourite. There was something about the girl extremely attractive ; she possessed all the advantages of personal beauty, combined with a gentleness of disposition and quickness of understanding, that wrought upon the affections of all she knew. At the manse she was peculiarly beloved ; the good old minister recognised in her the image of one he had lost ; the illusion strengthened as she grew up, and Jane Malcolm was as much an inmate there as she was in the house of her father. A few years saw her removed to Edinburgh, to finish an education imperfectly carried on under the superintendence of a village governess. She returned graceful and accomplished, to be looked up to by all her former companions. But Jane was not proud ; —her early friendships she disdained to supplant by a feeling so unworthy-—so unlike herself. Her over-bending nature, indeed, was her fault: it brought the vulgar and undiscerning mind into too much familiarity with her own. It became the cause of all her misery.

The rest of this story can be read at
http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/story72.htm

The other stories can be read at
http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/index.htm


The History of Glasgow
----------------------
By Robert Renwick LL.D. and Sir John Lindsay L.D. in 3 volumes (1921)

We are almost at the end of the third and final volume with chapters added...

Chapter XXXIV
Cudbear, Turkey Red, and Bleaching Powder

Chapter XXXV
The Coming of Cotton—James Monteith and David Dale

Chapter XXXVI
Provost Patrick Colquhoun and the First Chamber of Commerce

Chapter XXXVII
Glasgow in 1783

Chapter XXXVIII
Hard Times, Town Planning, and Institution Building

Chapter XXXIX
The Eighties and Nineties

Chapter XL
The Oldest Glasgow Charity

Chapter XLI
In the Time of the French Revolution

Chapter XLII
Anderson's University

Chapter XLIII
Learning and Literature

Chapter XLIV
War with France

Chapter XLV
Glasgow Wells and Water Supply

Chapter XLVI
A Police Act and a Third Canal

Chapter XLVII
Dr. James Cleland and Sir John Moore

Chapter XLVIII
Kirkman Finlay, Henry Bell, and David Napier

Chapter XLIX
After Waterloo; Dr. Chalmers; the Radical Rising

Chapter L
The Convention of Burghs; the Resurrectionists; George IV. in Scotland

Here is how the Chapter "War with France" starts...

As the eighteenth century was drawing to an end the shadow of want again darkened in the wynds of Glasgow. The city had now an industrial population of many thousands who depended entirely on wages and what wages could buy. The day was gone when every family owned a cow and a kailyard, and was more or less independent of prices in the market or shop. Under the new order of things, in time of war, or the failure of a harvest, or a change of trade or fashion, large numbers of persons, the less provident or less competent or less fortunate, fell very soon into distress. This happened in 1799, and the emergency was the most serious the city fathers had yet been called upon to meet.

The country was then at war. The revolutionists of France, having slaughtered their own aristocracy in the "September massacres" of 1792, and guillotined their king and queen, had set themselves to bring about revolution in this country. They endeavoured to rouse India and Ireland to throw off the British "yoke." Their agents were busy "sowing revolution" in the courts of the Indian princes, in the organizations of United Irishmen, and in the Constitutional Clubs in Britain itself. Pitt's pious hopes that France would refrain from a war of conquest, his pressure on Holland to remain neutral, and his efforts to maintain peace at almost any price, were regarded by the French revolutionaries as merely weakness. They accordingly proceeded to attack Holland, and, in February,1793, declared war on Britain. [Green, Short History, under dates.]

Of the stresses and distresses in the years that followed, Glasgow had its natural share. Mention has already been made of the commercial crisis of 1793 in which three of the Glasgow banks went down, as well as of the tremendous crash of Alexander Houston & Co. in 1795. It is true that in many respects life went on, and the city conducted its affairs, as if the war were being waged in another planet. The stipends of the city ministers were raised to 200; hackney coaches, which were ousting sedan chairs, had their fares regulated; and a great making of roads continued, amid which the Town Council subscribed 500 for the highway over Beattock Summit in the Leadhills, from Dinwiddie Green to Elvanfoot. Contracts were made for cleaning the streets, for 48 in 1796 and for ego two years later, while an order was given for whitewashing the interior of the Outer High Church, otherwise the nave of the cathedral. In private business also, notable developments took place. Among other enterprises, Charles Macintosh, son of George Macintosh of cudbear fame, established the first alum works in Scotland, at Hurlet, near Barrhead.

You can read the rest of this chapter at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/glasgow/glasgow3_44.htm

The index page of the book is at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/glasgow/historyndx.htm


The Scottish Historical Review
------------------------------
I have added more articles from these publications...

Use of Shortbread at the Communion
At a meeting of Dumfries and Galloway Antiquarian Society on Thursday evening an interesting discussion took place regarding the use of shortbread at the celebration of the Lord's Supper, which appears at one time to have been universal throughout the south-west of Scotland.

Various Forms of Scottish Surnames
Surnames sit easy on Scotsmen. They are changed or undergo variation in a way that is confusing to the genealogist and interesting to the antiquary.

Examination for Lord's Supper 1591
The first volume of the Registers of Stirling ends with an entry made March 1591, after which is written the table of forbidden degrees, and then an interesting form of 'examination for the Lord's Supper.'

Orkney Folklore
Sea Myths

A Scottish Song
The Land o' the Thistle and the Brose

Tartan in Family Portraits
On page 48 of the June number, the editor comments on the illustration of the arms of Skene of that Ilk in Alexander Nisbet's Heraldic Plates recently published. A reproduction of the supporters of these arms is here given as being of interest to antiquaries. The date of registration of the arms is about 1672.

Ogilvies in Austria
I have often heard from competent and well-read persons that some time after what is called the Reformation a great body of Ogilvies emigrated en masse to the shores of the Baltic, and settled in Poland, principally in the province of Podlachia. This they are said to have done to enjoy the free exercise of their religion.

Skean Dubh
An old Skean Dubh belonging to the first Lord Campbell of Lochaw.

You can read these articles at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/review


The Concise Household Encyclopaedia
-----------------------------------
This week have added...

Chloral or Chloral Hydrate, Chlorodyne, Chloroform, Chlorosis, Chocolate, Chocolate Biscuit, Chocolate Cake, Chocolate Cream Mould, Chocolate Eclair, Chocolate Icing, Chocolate Pudding, Chocolate Roll, Choke, Choking, Chop, Chopper, Chopping Board, Chow Chow, Chowder, Christening, Christmas and its Merrymaking, Christmas Decorations, Christmas Tree, Christmas Cards, Christmas Pudding, Christmas Rose, Chrysanthemum.

You can see these at
http://www.electricscotland.com/household/c.htm

The index page for this publication is at
http://www.electricscotland.com/household/index.htm


Sketches of North Carolina
--------------------------
Historical and Biographical, illustrative of the Principles of a portion of her Early Settlers by Rev. William Henry Foote (1846)

We've now completed this book with the following chapters...

Chapter XXVI - Thyatira and her Ministers
Settlement of Thyatira. McAden's course through the settlement, 1755. Visit of Messrs. Spencer and McWhorter. Samuel E. McCorkle. Birthplace. His parents emigrate to North Carolina. Their locations. The Father an Elder and the Son Pastor of the Church. Commences a Classical course. Takes his degree at Nassau Hall, 1772. Extracts from his diary. His early experience. His exercises during the Revival of 1772. Extract from Boston. Reads Hopkins. Is deeply distressed. Reads Smalley. Mr. Green's Sermon. He commences reading for the Ministry. Licensed and called to Thyatira. His Marriage. Anecdote of Mrs. Steele and General Green. Obituary of Mrs. Steele. Her letter to her Children after her death. A prayer from her pen. Mr. McCorkle's residence. Opens a Classical School. A Teacher's department. The first Graduates of the University of N. C. Is appointed a Professor in the University. Declines the appointment. Bounds of Thyatira. Third Creek formed from it. Rev. J. D. Kilpatrick. His views of the Revival in 1802. Anecdote of him. Back Creek formed. Salisbury Church formed. Mr. McCorkle's Bible Classes. His Pulpit preparations. His printed Sermons. His appearance. Resemblance to Mr. Jefferson. His Pulpit instructions. Delegates to the Assembly. His views of the Revival of 1902. Struck with Death in the Pulpit. His Funeral. Thomas Espy. His birth. His early exercises on Religion. Commences a Classical course. Unites with the Church, 1820. Enters College. Goes to Virginia. Commences preparations for the Ministry. Licensure. Influence of his example. A Missionary to Burke, N. C. Is ordained Evangelist. Leaves Centre and goes to Salisbury. Seized with a hemorrhage. His last sickness. A testimony concerning him. his death.

Chapter XXVII - Rev. James M'Gready and the Revivals of 1800
His agency in Revivals. No memoir of him has hitherto appeared. His origin. Emigration to North Carolina. Reasons of his education. His early Religious views. A change in them. Its influence on his after life and Preaching. Licensed by Red Stone Presbytery. Returns to Carolina. Religion suffered during the War. McGready attends a funeral His appearance. His first Sermons. His pulpit preparations. His printed sermons. His manner of delivery. Places of preaching. His residence. Visits Dr. Caldwell's School with happy effect. Excitement on Religion. Opposition on Stony Creek. McGready and others remove to the West. Extract from McGready's statement of the condition of things in Kentucky. Commencement of the Revival in 1800. The exercises of a bodily nature. Crowds attend meetings for days in succession. The Revival commences in North Carolina, 1801, at Cross Roads. Also at Hawfields. The first Camp Meeting in North Carolina. The Revival spreads over the State. Dr. Caldwell appoints a meeting in Randolph County. An interesting pamphlet printed in Philadelphia, containing an account of the Revival. A Clergyman's account of the exercises experienced by himself. His opinion of them.

Chapter XXVIII - Rev. Humphrey Hunter and Steele Creek, Goshen and Unity
Mr. Hunter first a Soldier and then a Minister. Settlement of Steele Creek. Names of its Ministers. Location of the Church. The Grave Yard. A visit to it. The inscriptions of a Soldier. Anecdote. Other inscriptions of a different age. Monuments to little children. Poetic inscriptions. The use of Psalms and Hymns. Grave of two Brothers. Monument of Rev. Mr. Hunter. Extract from Gordon's History. Mr. Hunter's birthplace. Emigrates to America when a child. Grows up in Mecklenburg. Attends the Convention. Enlists as a Soldier. Commences his Classical course. Certificate. A Lieutenant against the Indians. Goes to Queen's Museum. Certificate. College broken up. Enters the Army. Is at the battle of Camden. Witnesses the death of De Kalb. The circumstances of it. Prisoners in confinement. Anecdote of Hunter. Escapes from confinement. Joins the Army again. Resumes his studies. Two Certificates. Enters Mount Zion College. His degree. His licensure. A call with the Signatures. Removes to Lincoln. Settlement of Goshen. Its Location. Preaches at Steele Creek. Practises Medicine. His performances as a Minister. His Death. Notice of it. His appearance and character.

Chapter XXIX - Centre Congregation
Fall of General Davidson on the Catawba. His birth and burial. Boundaries of Centre. The first white child born between the two rivers. Origin of the inhabitants. Rev. Thomas H. McCaule. Classical school. Dr. McRee the Minister for about thirty years. His birth and Parentage. His Father's library. Custom to Catechise. His College course and preparation for the Ministry. Settlement at Steele Creek. Extract from a Letter. Essay on Psalmody. Settles in Centre. Extract from a Letter.

Chapter XXX - Poplar Tent and Her Ministers
Ministers to be disengaged from Politics. Hezekiah James Balch in the Convention. Minutes of Synod respecting him. His congregations. His Death. Location of Poplar Tent. Settlement and building of the Meeting House. Mr. Alexander's account. Dr. Robinson's. Meaning of word Tent. Their use. The name of Poplar Tent. No Monument to Mr. Balch. Names of the Elders. Robert Archibald. Psalmody. Anecdote of. Discussion about. Poplar Tent not harassed in the War. Mr. Archibald's habits. Becomes erroneous in his Creed. Anecdote of him. Mr. Alexander Caldwell. John Robinson. His birth-place and parentage. Excellent Memory. His agency in the present work. His Education. His College Degree. His Licensure. His personal appearance. Commences Preaching in a trying time. His first place of Labor. Removes to Fayetteville. Removes to Poplar Tent. Returns to Fayetteville. First Communion in Fayetteville. His manner of preaching there. The opinion of his worth thirty-two years after. His kind feelings. His advanced years. Anecdote. Friend of Education. Anecdote of his Courage. One of his Faithfulness. Meeting of Synod during his last sickness. His death and burial.

Chapter XXXI - Extracts from Minutes of the Synod of the Carolinas from 1502 to 1512 inclusive
Fifteenth Meeting. Missionary report from Matthews and Hall. A commission of Synod appointed. Grammar Schools to be erected; and Youth licensed for the Ministry. Overture about exhorters. Petitions from Abingdon. Stated Clerk appointed. Sixteenth .Meeting. Missionary to Catawbas appointed. Overture respecting Candidates. Seventeenth Meeting. Greenville Presbytery dissolved. Missionaries sent to latches. Overture respecting other denominations. Other overtures. Eighteenth Meeting. Report of the Mission among the Catawbas. Non-attending Presbyteries written to. Respecting the Presbytery of Charleston. Nineteenth Meeting. The Records transcribed by the new clerk, Mr. Davies. Overture the Assembly for Division. Overture respecting Ministers holding Civil offices. Twentieth Meeting. A memorial respecting William C. Davis. Application of the Presbytery of Union to change their connexion. Missionary operations. Questions concerning Elders in Synod. Twenty-first Meeting. The Missionary operations. The Minutes of Synod on the Reports. The case of Mr. Davis taken up. Overture respecting Qualifications of Parents asking baptism for Children. Report on the subject of Communing with the Methodists. Twenty-second Meeting. Missionary matters. A long and interesting Report from Mr. Hall. He prepares questions for the people. His Visit to Knobb Creek. Case of Mr. Davis comes up. The charges against him. His explanations. The decision of Presbytery. Synod, dissatisfied with it, takes up the case. Mr. Davis appeals to the Assembly. Synod remits the case with an overture on the book published by Mr. Davis called the Gospel Plan. Harmony Presbytery set off. Pastoral letter ordered on account Mr. Davis's errors. Twenty-third Meeting. First Presbytery of South Carolina dissolved. Overture concerning Lotteries. Extract from Mr. Hall's report on Missions. Ordination of Mr. Caldwell of the University sanctioned. Twenty-fourth .Meeting. Presbytery of Orange ask advice respecting Mr. Davis. Dr. Hall reports on his Missionary tour. The Synod resign their Missionary operations to the hands of the Assembly. Action on the subject of ordination sine titulo. Order to circulate copies of the Confession of Faith. Twenty-fifth Meeting. Report of Dr. Hall of Missionary labor. Support of the Missionary and contingent funds of the Assembly enjoined. Presbytery of Fayetteville set off. Action of Synod concerning Ordinations sine titulo.

Chapter XXXII - Rev. John Makemie Wilson, D.D., and the Church of Rocky River
His parentage. Incident in his early life. Enters the school in Charlotte. Completes his course of study at Hampden Sydney College. Devotes himself to the Ministry. Settled in Burke County. Marries. Removes to Rocky river. The Settlement of Rocky River. Origin of the Settlers. Some of the names. They favor the Regulators. Destruction of powder by the Black boys. Mr. Archibald the Minister. A Revival of Religion. Mr. Alexander Caldwell. Becomes deranged and leaves them. Mr. Wilson becomes their Pastor. The estimation in which he was held by the people. His Ministerial habits, opens a Classical school and educates a large number of Ministers of the Gospel. His preparation for death. His burial. His son a Missionary to Africa. Dies there. i1lr. Wilson's grave and epitaph.

Chapter XXXIII - Fayetteville and their Ministers
Cross Creek. The name. Campbelton. The public road opened. Name changed to Fayetteville. First stated Preacher. Second Preacher. Ordination of Elders. First administration of the Lord's Supper. The Third Preacher ordained. Baptism administered publicly. Mr. Robinson returns. Mr. Turner. His labors and death. His successor. Church building put up. Succession of Ministers. Second Pastor removed by death. Mr. Douglass. A short Memoir of him. His spirit. His Parentage. His Religious impressions. His temptation in New York. Preparation for the Ministry. Foreign Mission. Visits Mr. Nettleton. Habits of piety. His labors as a Missionary. Ordained. Gathers a Church in Murfreesborough. Goes to Milton. Gathers a Church there. Goes to Briery. Goes to Richmond. Goes to Ireland. Extract from a letter. Visits the great valley of the Mississippi. Goes to Lexington, Virginia. Goes to Fayetteville. His pastoral habits. Fayetteville Presbytery. Its formation. Notice of. Mr. McMillan. Mr. McNair. Mr. Peacock. Mr. Mclntyre. Mr. McDougald.

Chapter XXXIV - Charlotte and her Recollections
Extract from Tarleton's History of the Southern Campaigns. Charlotte un comfortable head-quarters to Cornwallis. Extract from Tarleton upon the difficulty of obtaining provisions. The affair at 1IcIntyre's. Epitaph of one of the men engaged in this affair. Extract from Steadman's History of the American war. The place of encampment of the British army. Evacuation of Charlotte. The Polk family. Thomas Spratt.

Chapter XXXV - Efforts to Promote Education
Sentiments of the females in Carolina about education. The oldest Academy. Attempts to make a College. A charter obtained and revoked by the King. A second time obtained and revoked. Queen's Museum goes into operation, chartered as Liberty Hall Academy by the Colonial Legislature. Extract from Charter. Trustees. First President. Laws drawn up by a committee. Overture to Dr. McWhorter. Certificate. Second President. Third President. The Academy broken up. Mount Zion College. List of Academies by Presbyterians. Probable proportion of those able to read. The institutions established by Presbyterians. The Caldwell Institute; its origin and principles of operation. Opinion of Dr. Caldwell. The Donaldson Academy. Davidson College; its principles. Attention to female education. Martin Academy in Tennessee. Extract from the report of the Committee of Fayetteville Presbytery.

Chapter XXXVI - The University of North Carolina and Rev. Joseph Caldwell, D.D.
A visit to the University on Commencement day. Death of a young lady. The University a State Institution. The interest of the Presbyterians in it. The Legislature determine to found a University. The Trustees. Its location. Laying the corner-stone. Extract from the speech of Dr. M'Corkle. The University is opened. The first Professor. Mr. Harris recommends Mr. Caldwell. His parentage. His early training. Commences his Classical course. His education abandoned. At the suggestion of Dr. Witherspoon his course is renewed. Enters College. His views respecting his conduct in College. Takes his degree. Commences school-teaching. Is made tutor in Nassau Hall. His connection with the church under Mr. Austin. Correspondence with his classmate. Appointed professor of Mathematics at Chapel Hill. Sets out for Carolina. Anecdote of Dr. Green. Enters on his office. The advantages of his situation. The difficulties of it. The efforts of infidel notions. Extract from a letter. Exhibition of Presbyterian principles. False notions of education. Ordination of Dr. Caldwell. His talents judged by his works. Advocates the Presbyterial High School. His religious experience.

You can read these at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/nc/


John Knox, A Biography
----------------------
By D. MacMillan M.A. (1905)

Have now completed this book with the following chapters...

Chapter XIV - Reconstruction of Church

I. The Confession of Faith

II. The Book of Discipline

III. The Book of Common Order

Chapter XV - The Return of Mary

Chapter XVI - The Rulers of the Court

Chapter XVII - Knox and Mary Stuart

Chapter XVIII - Fall of the Rulers

Chapter XIX - The Triumph of Knox

Chapter XX - Last Years and Death

Appendix - When was John Knox Born?

Here is how Chapter XIV starts...

NO time was lost in putting the main clauses of the Treaty into force. On the15th of July the French sailed from Leith, and almost immediately thereafter the English left for their own country. The occasion was one not only of national but of deep religious importance, and Knox seized it in order to commemorate in a worthy fashion the great deliverance that had been vouchsafed to his country. Four days after the departure of their allies the "whole nobility," he tells us, "and the greatest part of the Congregation, assembled in St. Giles' Church in Edinburgh, where after the sermon made for that purpose public thanks were given unto God for His merciful deliverance." Knox does not say who the preacher was, but there is every likelihood that it was himself. No report is given of the sermon, but the prayer is found in his History. In the petitions which he offered up, Old Testament incidents are freely referred to in illustration of the position of the Protestant Church in Scotland at that time.

Ordering of the Church. The first thing to be done was to distribute such ministers as there were over the country. The chief cities and towns were of course first supplied. Knox himself was appointed to Edinburgh; and St. Andrews, Aberdeen, Perth, Jedburgh, Dundee, Dunfermline, and Leith had preachers assigned to them. Five superintendents were also nominated. The Parliament which met on the 10th of July, and which was again prorogued to the 1st of August, was soon to reassemble, and for the purpose of leading up to the important work which it had to do Knox preached a series of discourses in St. Giles' on the prophecy of Haggai. "The doctrine," he says, "was proper for the time." That may have been so, but the effect of it was to give the first indication of the blow that was to dash one of his dearest hopes. "In application whereof," he continues, "he was so special and so vehement that some having greater respect to the world than to God's glory, feeling themselves pricked, said in mocking, 'We must now forget ourselves and bear the barrow to build the house of God.' God be merciful to the speaker," who, we are told, was Lethington.

A petition at the same time was drawn up, to be presented to Parliament by the barons, gentlemen, burgesses and others, calling upon the legislature to abolish the old religion and to establish the new. Of the many exposures which, up to this date, had been made of the corruptions and abuses of the Romish Church, this assuredly is the strongest. It attacks the lives of the clergy, their doctrinal errors, the idolatry of the Mass, and the supremacy of the Pope, whom it roundly declares to be "that Man of Sin." The reading of this petition produced divers opinions. The nobility had no objections to the Reformed doctrine, but from worldly reasons, as Knox mentions, they abhored "a perfect Reformation, for how many within Scotland that have the name of nobility are not unjust possessors of the patrimony of the Church." They had no desire to disgorge the Church lands which they had already, under various pretexts, seized, and having an eye on what still remained they were determined to put off as long as possible a settlement of that part of the Church question. Instructions, however, were given to the ministers to draw up "in plain and several heads the sum of that doctrine which they would maintain," and which they desired the present Parliament to establish. This task was willingly undertaken, and within four days they presented a Confession of Faith which was accepted "without alteration of any one sentence."

The Parliament to which this Confession was presented was by far the largest and most important that had assembled for years. Many who had a right to vote were present for the first time. They were the smaller barons and lairds and representatives of the burghs. Some objection was taken to their presence, but it was brushed aside. They were there because of their single-minded interests in the Reformation. The great nobles were there because of their interest in the patrimony of the Church. The composition of the House shows the progress which the new religion had made in the country, and how it was quickening the life of the commons and people of Scotland. Men of small degree, but with the right to vote, were there for the first time within seventy years, and their presence was an indication of the larger representation of the Scottish people that would, in the coming years, through the new birth in which they had participated by the revival of religion, be found in the national Parliament.

The other chapters can be read at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/knox/index.htm


Educators
---------
Another chapter from "The Scots in America".

Here is how this chapter starts...

F a Scot were asked in what direction the influence of his native land was most plainly and characteristically to be seen in America, he would undoubtedly answer in the direction of education. In surveying the entire scholastic field—primary, grammar, and collegiate—in America, we are struck by the fact that the underlying theory of the whole is that promulgated by John Knox when he proposed an ideal system for Scotland, but was defeated by the greed and treachery of the Scottish nobility—including even those who were with him in the struggle against the old Church. In brief, his system called for at least one grammar school in every parish, a burgh or high school and, where possible, a collegiate institution in every town, and a university in the principal cities, beside 'bairn schules' in connection with each kirk. His theory is that the education of the youth was part of the legitimate business of every State, and his wish was that that education should be as liberal as possible.

Education, the education of the masses, has always been since Knox's time one of the rifling principles of Scottish life. It was carefully fostered by the Church; the management of the schools long formed part of the most important business of every General Assembly, and their visitation and supervision were regarded as not the least among the duties of the clergy. It was only within a comparatively recent period in Scotland that the State stepped to the front in educational matters, and the Church gradually released its hold, until now the entire management, even of the universities, is professedly secular. This change—this separation of education from religion—it has always appeared to us, is one of the things that the Old Country has learned from America, where scholastic training from the beginning of the national history of the United States has been secular, except where particular religions have founded schools or colleges of their own.

In speaking of the Church having control of the schools in Scotland, however, it must be remembered that that control sprang from a different source from that which actuates most Churches in educational matters. There never was, there never will be, a more perfect system of republican government, a more complete democracy, than that devised for the 1cirk by John Knox and his associates. In that system the basis of everything was the Kirk meeting, in which every one, every head of a family, had a voice and a vote; from that popular meeting came the session, from the session the Presbytery, from the Presbytery the Synod, from the Synod the General Assembly. The last being thoroughly representative in its complexion, was for many generations the real parliament of the nation, and thus it was the voice of the Scottish people acting through their regularly and honestly chosen delegates that inspired the zeal for the cause of education throughout the country and maintained it.

You can read the rest of this at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/scotinamerica_chap9.htm


Statesmen and Politicians
-------------------------
Another chapter from "The Scots in America".

Here is how this chapter starts...

WE enter upon the subject-matter of this chapter with fear and with trembling, and would fain dismiss it altogether, pass its theme by, as it were, but for the sake of the completeness of our survey of the Scot in America. The subject is practically an inexhaustible one. From the beginning of the Colonial history Scots have been prominent in public affairs, and at the present time it is safe to say there is not a Legislature or municipality in the country that cannot produce one or more members who are able to trace Scotch blood in their veins. The connection of the Scots with America, in fact, began long before the Colonial period, and has steadily waxed in importance and numerical strength ever since. Sometimes, we must confess, the claim of Scotch descent is decidedly infinitesimal, but the claim, even when made on the slenderest grounds, is a compliment to the "Land of the Heather."

However that may be, there is no question that a complete survey of the story of the Scottish race in America, even within the limitations imposed by the title to this chapter, would bring us face to face with the task of writing a tolerably complete American dictionary of biography. Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, Patrick Henry, Andrew Jackson, Thomas Benton, John C. Calhoun, James Buchanan, J. C. Breckinridge, U. S. Grant, R. B. Hayes, Chester A. Arthur, and James G. Blaine, all claimed descent from Scotland, and so did Robert Fulton, the steamboat pioneer; C. H. McCormick, of thrashing machine fame; Davy Crockett, the fighter; Joseph Henry, the scientist, and if the student of this subject were to incorporate, as he would have a perfect right to do, the legion describing themselves as of the Scotch-Irish race, he would be confronted with an appalling task. Even George Washington had a little mixture of Scotch blood in his cornposition—so it is said.

In these circumstances it is absolutely necessary to draw the line somewhere, and instead of attempting anything like a complete survey, to rest content with selecting a few instances from early times until the present day. Of course many who might claim a place in this chapter have already been spoken of in other connections, and so we must pass over a large number of names which would add greatly to the brilliancy of the present record.

You can read the rest of this chapter at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/scotinamerica_chap10.htm


Old Time Customs
----------------
Memories and Traditions and Other Essays
By John Burgess Calkin, M. A. LL.D. (1918)

A new book we've started on and the Preface gives the outline...

Old Time Customs
Memories and Traditions and Other Essays
By John Burgess Calkin, M. A. LL.D. (1918)

This little book is made up of six essays:

"Old Time Customs," comprising more than half of it, had its origin about ten years ago in a paper read by the author at a meeting of the Nova Scotia Historical Society in Halifax. Although it is still but a small affair, it has grown considerably by the addition of new topics and by enlarging on those originally included. As implied in the sub-title, some of the customs described were within the writer's experience, while others were obsolete or pertained to other lands.

"Jack and Jill" claims recognition in these pages on account of its close relationship to the olden times, it being one of the standard nursery stories associated with "Jack and The Bean Stalk" "Jack the Giant Killer," "Beauty and the Beast," and "Old Blue Beard," which brightened the days of children before we were born. When one looks closely into these little stories which gave so much amusement to young people in former days, one wonders if they were pure inventions of the imagination, or if they originated in some historic event.

"Culture and Agriculture" grew out of a short talk to an Agricultural Society. Subsequently, with some additions, it was read before The Nova Scotia Fruit Growers' Association at a meeting held in Wolfville.

"A Vision" may seem to some ultra-sober minded people as quite unworthy of a place within the covers of a book. Let me tell them that when one is caught away on the wings of vision resistance is no easy matter, and, further, visions are not always visionary.

"A Letter to a Young Teacher" should be entitled to a place here from the simple fact that it introduces the interesting story of The Kindergarten and The Disobedient Boy.

"Free Schools In Nova Scotia" might be improved in the telling, nevertheless it is an important chapter in the history of the Province.

I've already added some chapters...

Introduction

Chapter I
Early Settlers

Chapter II
Schools and School Masters

Chapter III
Religion and Law

Chapter IV
Farming and Business Methods

Chapter V
Public Roads and Ways of Communication

You can read these at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/oldcustoms.htm


MacKenzie, Selkirk, Simpson
---------------------------
The Makers of Canada, By Rev. George Bryce, D.D. (1910)

This is another new book we've started.

The first account is about Sir Alexander MacKenzie and we have up the following chapters...

Chapter I - Struggle of the Fur Companies
Chapter II - The Young Trader
Chapter III - Fort Chipewyan
Chapter IV - A Dash to the Arctic Sea
Chapter V - The Ascent of the Great River

You can read this at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/canada/makers/


What is in a name?
------------------
A great wee article sent in by Ranald McIntyre where he shows where the MacIntyre name is listed in the Bible. You can see this at http://www.electricscotland.com/webclans/m/macintyre/macintyre_name.htm


Beth's Newfangled Family Tree
-----------------------------
The January edition is now available and here is A letter from your editor...

Resolutions anyone?

Ah well, I think my years of trying to make a list of things I am going either to do or stop doing - because they are either good for me or bad for me - are over.

I am set in my ways. I will always love chocolate, strawberry anything and lemon merangue pie. So there. I have realized that no matter what I do, I am never going to be skinny. No matter how hard I try, I will never be able to sing. No matter how many times I try and how long I work at it, I am not going to have curly hair. I will never be able to do more than simple math (My father taught chemistry and
physics...somehow my mother had a calculator in her head. The numbers genetic thingie skipped me entirely.).

I will never be a gourmet cook. I will never be a pilot nor an Olympic Equestrian nor a Prima Ballerina. I am sad about the pilot, Olympic Equestrian and Prima Ballerina. However, the knowledge I do have of these things makes me be in utter awe of those who can fly - be it in an airplane, on a horse or their own two pointed-toe feet.

So, this year, my resolutions will be kinder and gentler and will simply be things that I need in my life because they make me happy.

I resolve to be a better friend - not letting work or sleepiness overcome my need to write a note or a letter or make a phone call to tell a friend to see how they are weathering the series of crisis’ that sometimes are just life...and to tell them how much they mean to me and how much I love them.

I resolve to get back to painting and the art I love so much - whether I am any good or not.

I’d like to have time to write - not for work - but for me (sort of like this). I resolve to finish the book I started so many years ago...and maybe write another
one or two or three...

I resolve to get back to gardening and the joys of working amongst green and growing things and to have my hands scratched and the fingernails ragged and filled with rich soil. Section B of this resolution is to grow rose bushes - yellows and whites and reds and pinks and old fashioned ones - until I am able to
once again cut bucketfuls and give them away until folks lock their cars in fear of coming back and finding a bucket o’yellow roses in the backseat!

I resolve to once again know the joy and wonder of the gentleness and intelligence of Newfoundland dogs. Ruthie, Chuckie and Walter are gone, but never forgotten.

There are Newfys who need homes and there is a Newfy Rescue group near where I now
live.. Babies, I’m coming as soon as I can!

I resolve to take the time to get back to astronomy so that I may go out each starry night and recognize old friends in the sky. (Did you SEE Venus and Saturn close to the crescent moon the other night? Oh my...wonder!)

I resolve to begin my quest to become “The World’s Oldest Barrel Racer!” Yah! Hah! This one I can do - and with gusto! I resolve to go back to riding every day enjoying this paradise that is the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains - from the back of a good horse!

I resolve to gently enjoy each day that is filled with love and laughter with the kindest, sweetest man in the world not even worrying that I would ever take him for granted - for I could not ever do that.

Please wish me well.

I challenge you to make a list like this - of things that are missing - or that you love in your life now, but that all make your life happier, richer and more joyous.

Good luck with your list and good luck with our brand new year.

Love....beth

You can read this edition at http://www.electricscotland.com/bnft/index.htm


And that's it for this week and I hope you all have good New Year.


Alastair
http://www.electricscotland.com 

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