Electric Scotland News
The Flag in the Wind
The Scottish Nation
Poetry and Stories
New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
Book of Scottish Story
History of Glasgow
The Scottish Historical Review
The Concise Household Encyclopaedia
Sketches of North Carolina
John Knox, A Biography
Educators, from Scots in America
Statesmen and Politicians, from Scots in America
Old Time Customs (New Book)
MacKenzie, Selkirk, Simpson (New Book)
What is in a name?
Beth's Newfangled Family Tree
ELECTRIC SCOTLAND NEWS
Well we're not off to a very good start for 2009 I'm afraid. Due to
a failure of our system drive on our server we've lost the user
database of our vbulletin.
I did get a few emails asking what was wrong as it was obvious those
that use the service wanted to wish people in there a Merry
Christmas and a Happy New Year. So I'm sorry for this downtime. I'm
not sure when Steve is going to restore the service but hopefully
he'll see 2009 as being the year he steps up a level and does some
great things for us :-)
I'm also very sorry that the What's New page isn't in operation. I
have in fact been adding things most days so this newsletter will at
least show you what I've been doing. I'm hopeful it might be
restored shortly as I can at least login now but the paths are
incorrect so still can't publish.
I went to Toronto on Christmas Eve and returned on Wednesday. There
were three accidents on the main 401 highway coming back and the
final one meant a long diversion. When I got back I found they'd
re-roofed quarter of my roof so progress is being made :-)
ABOUT THE STORIES
Some of the stories in here are just parts of a larger story so do
check out the site for the full versions. You can always find the
link in our "What's New" section at the link at the top of this
newsletter or on our site menu.
THE FLAG IN THE WIND
This weeks Flag is compiled by Jim Lynch. As always Jim does a grand
job with his issue with lots of articles and even a smashing picture
of a Highland Coo to brighten your day :-)
In Peter's cultural section he's telling us new year traditions...
One of the historic, but little known, traditions which takes place
during The Daft Days is the annual Temperance Walk held in the three
Aberdeenshire fishing villages of Inverallochy, Cairnbulg and St
Combs. Each village in turn hold their Walk led by a local flute
band followed by the oldest man in the village with a female
partner. Behind come the rest of the Walkers in couples, wearing
their Sunday-best clothes. It is the custom to walk with a friend
or a neighbour and not a member of your own family. The origin of
the Walk, which has been held for 160 years, goes back to the 19th
century when there was much village drunkenness. It was said that
the men were combative and under the influence of alcohol,
desparate fights among them were a common occurrence but this was
brought to end with a terrible cholera epidemic in 1847.From then,
and in more prosperous times, the historic Walk began in the three
villages. Traditionally Inverallochy hosts the first Walk which is
held on Christmas Day, its neighbouring village Cairnbulg holds the
second Walk on New Years Day and finally the third and last walk
takes place on 2 January at St Combs. For the first century of the
Walk, the St Combs Walk was held on Auld Yule (5 January) but this
date was switched in the mid 1950s. Each Walk goes through every
street of their village with stops to play fro the old and sick,
before paying a visit to the two neighbouring villages. They combine
the Walk with a wreath-laying ceremony at the War memorial, dating
from the time when the fishermen and fisher lassies were away during
November following the herring trade down the east coast to
Yarmouth, consequently missing Armistice Day at home.
Alcoholic drink and the Temperance Walk do not go together but all
the Walkers would surely welcome a warming glass of Ginger Cordial
at the end of their walk, particularly if a snell wind is blowing in
from the cold, gurly North Sea,
Ingredients: 2 oz (50g) root ginger; 2 lemons; 2 oranges; 1 gallon
(3.8 litres0 water; 3 ½ lbs (1.5 kg) sugar; small pinch of cayenne
Method: Break the ginger up, using less if a milder brew is desired,
and boil it with 1 gallon of water and the rind of the oranges and
lemons. Add pinch of cayenne pepper, if desired, during boiling.
Strain the liquid into a container holding the sugar. Add the juice
of the lemons and oranges. Strain and bottle.
The Scottish Nation
My thanks to Lora for transcribing these volumes for us.
We completed the main volume with Yule and are now onto the
Supplement where we get some additional information on some names
and a few new names that were missing in the main volumes. Since the
last newsletter we've added...
An interesting account of Campbell which starts...
CAMPBELL, (additional to previous article). Of this surname was the
family of Duneaves in Perthshire, the first of which, Duncan
Campbell of Duneaves, was the second son of Robert Campbell of
Glenlyon, in the same county, lineally descended, in the direct male
line, from Archibald Campbell of Glenlyon, second son, (by Lady
Margaret Douglas,) of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy, ancestor of
the noble family of Breadalbane. Duncan Campbell of Duneaves had a
son, Duncan Campbell of Milntown, in Glenlyon, who took to wife
Janet, daughter of the Rev. Alexander Robertson, minister of
Fortingal, and was father of Archibald Campbell, a lieutenant in the
army. This gentleman married Margaret, daughter of James Small, a
captain in the army, and their third son was lieutenant-general, Sir
Archibald Campbell, baronet, commander of the British forces in the
Sir Archibald entered the service in the year 1787, by raising a
quota of twenty men for an ensigncy in the 77th regiment, and, in
the spring of the following year, he embarked with that corps for
the East Indies. He was present at the operations against the army
of Tippo Saib, sultan of Mysore, which led to the reduction of
Cananore and other places on the coast of Malabar in 1790. In 1791
he was promoted to a lieutenancy in his regiment, and was appointed
adjutant of it. During that and the following year he served in the
campaigns in the Mysore country, and was present at the first siege
of Seringapatam, its capital, in February 1792. In 1795 he served at
the reduction of the Dutch garrison of Cochin and its dependencies
on the coast of Malabar, and in 1796 at that of the island of
Ceylon. In 1799, as major in the European brigade of the Bombay
army, he was present at the battle of Saduceer and the siege and
taking of Seringapatam by assault. In the same year he became, by
purchase, captain in the 67th regiment, and with the view of
remaining on foreign service, he immediately exchanged into the 88th
regiment, that corps having just arrived in India.
New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
We have now added the Parish of Wiston and Roberton to the Lanark
volume. Here is a bit from it...
Name, Boundaries, &c.THE parishes of Wiston and Roberton were
united in the year 1772. Roberton was probably so called from some
eminent person of the name of Robert, or, from some opulent family
having conferred it as a portion upon a son of-that name. Two
derivations are given of the name of Wiston. By some it is supposed
to have been originally Woolstown, or rather, in the Scotch
language, Woostown, in course of time corrupted into Wiston, and to
have been so called from its having been in former times a great
market for wool. It is certain that there is still, about the middle
of the village, a mound or small rising ground, pointed out by the
old inhabitants as the cross or place where that market was held. By
others, again, it is supposed to have been originally Wisetown,
thence easily contracted into Wiston, and to have been so called
from its having been the property of a man of the name of Wise. The
Place, the name of a farm close upon the village, seems to indicate
that it was at one time the seat of the proprietor. Neither
derivation is unnatural, though which is the correct one it may not
be easy to determine.
The united parish extends about 6 miles in length, and 4 in breadth,
exhibiting very nearly the form of a parallelogram. It is bounded
on the east by the parish of Symington ; on the, north by the hill
of Tinto; on the west by the parish of Douglas; and on the south by
the parish of Crawfordjohn and the river Clyde.
Topographical Appearances.Tinto, the Hill of Fire, which forms the
northern boundary of the parish, is upwards of 2000 feet above the
level of the sea, and commands in every direction a most extensive
view. The principal points seen from it are Hartfell, Queensberry
Hill, Cairntable, Goatfell, Isle of Arran, the Bass, the hills in
the north of England, and even in the north of Ireland. Directly
opposite, and almost in the centre of the parish, is Dun-gavel, a
bill with two tops, presenting in its appearance a perfect contrast
to its neighbour of Tinto; the one being mild; green, and beautiful;
the other, craggy, bold, and frowning.
Jane Malcolm: a Village Tale
from the Edin. Literary Journal
Here is how this story starts...
Every town in Scotland has its "character," in the shape of some
bedlamite, innocent, or odd fish. There is something interesting
about these out-of-the-way beings. Everything they do is a kind of
current chapter of biography among their neighbours;what they say
is regarded as the words of an oracle more worthy of memory than
the inquiries of the laird or the advice of the parson. They are in
a manner immortalised.
Having, in the course of different summers, taken up a short
residence in some of the smaller borough towns and villages
scattered through Scotland, I took no small delight in observing the
peculiarities of many of those objects of compassion, and in tracing
the source of that dismal malady which laid prostrate the edifice of
reason, and arrested the harmonious mechanism of an organised mind.
The task was sometimes of a melancholy nature : I found
historiesreal historiesturning upon incidents the most tragical,
and only wonder they are so little known, and meet with such slender
sympathy. The crisis of a well-written romance brings out more tears
than were ever shed for the fall of man; but never have I read of
anything so pathetic as was developed in the following sketcha
sketch which the pen of a Scott could do little to adorn. The naked
truth of the story is a series of catastrophes, a parallel to which
imagination seldom produces. It was told me by a sister of the
unfortunate female who figures so conspicuously in it.
Jane Malcolm was the daughter of a lint-mill proprietor in the small
town of Kn. Her father, being a wealthy man, held for a long time
the provostship of the placea Scottish burgh. His family consisted
of two daughters and a son. Jane was the youngest of these, and her
fathers favourite. There was something about the girl extremely
attractive ; she possessed all the advantages of personal beauty,
combined with a gentleness of disposition and quickness of
understanding, that wrought upon the affections of all she knew. At
the manse she was peculiarly beloved ; the good old minister
recognised in her the image of one he had lost ; the illusion
strengthened as she grew up, and Jane Malcolm was as much an inmate
there as she was in the house of her father. A few years saw her
removed to Edinburgh, to finish an education imperfectly carried on
under the superintendence of a village governess. She returned
graceful and accomplished, to be looked up to by all her former
companions. But Jane was not proud ; her early friendships she
disdained to supplant by a feeling so unworthy-so unlike herself.
Her over-bending nature, indeed, was her fault: it brought the
vulgar and undiscerning mind into too much familiarity with her own.
It became the cause of all her misery.
The History of Glasgow
By Robert Renwick LL.D. and Sir John Lindsay L.D. in 3 volumes
We are almost at the end of the third and final volume with chapters
Cudbear, Turkey Red, and Bleaching Powder
The Coming of CottonJames Monteith and David Dale
Provost Patrick Colquhoun and the First Chamber of Commerce
Glasgow in 1783
Hard Times, Town Planning, and Institution Building
The Eighties and Nineties
The Oldest Glasgow Charity
In the Time of the French Revolution
Learning and Literature
War with France
Glasgow Wells and Water Supply
A Police Act and a Third Canal
Dr. James Cleland and Sir John Moore
Kirkman Finlay, Henry Bell, and David Napier
After Waterloo; Dr. Chalmers; the Radical Rising
The Convention of Burghs; the Resurrectionists; George IV. in
Here is how the Chapter "War with France" starts...
As the eighteenth century was drawing to an end the shadow of want
again darkened in the wynds of Glasgow. The city had now an
industrial population of many thousands who depended entirely on
wages and what wages could buy. The day was gone when every family
owned a cow and a kailyard, and was more or less independent of
prices in the market or shop. Under the new order of things, in time
of war, or the failure of a harvest, or a change of trade or
fashion, large numbers of persons, the less provident or less
competent or less fortunate, fell very soon into distress. This
happened in 1799, and the emergency was the most serious the city
fathers had yet been called upon to meet.
The country was then at war. The revolutionists of France, having
slaughtered their own aristocracy in the "September massacres" of
1792, and guillotined their king and queen, had set themselves to
bring about revolution in this country. They endeavoured to rouse
India and Ireland to throw off the British "yoke." Their agents were
busy "sowing revolution" in the courts of the Indian princes, in the
organizations of United Irishmen, and in the Constitutional Clubs in
Britain itself. Pitt's pious hopes that France would refrain from a
war of conquest, his pressure on Holland to remain neutral, and his
efforts to maintain peace at almost any price, were regarded by the
French revolutionaries as merely weakness. They accordingly
proceeded to attack Holland, and, in February,1793, declared war on
Britain. [Green, Short History, under dates.]
Of the stresses and distresses in the years that followed, Glasgow
had its natural share. Mention has already been made of the
commercial crisis of 1793 in which three of the Glasgow banks went
down, as well as of the tremendous crash of Alexander Houston & Co.
in 1795. It is true that in many respects life went on, and the city
conducted its affairs, as if the war were being waged in another
planet. The stipends of the city ministers were raised to £200;
hackney coaches, which were ousting sedan chairs, had their fares
regulated; and a great making of roads continued, amid which the
Town Council subscribed £500 for the highway over Beattock Summit in
the Leadhills, from Dinwiddie Green to Elvanfoot. Contracts were
made for cleaning the streets, for £48 in 1796 and for ego two years
later, while an order was given for whitewashing the interior of the
Outer High Church, otherwise the nave of the cathedral. In private
business also, notable developments took place. Among other
enterprises, Charles Macintosh, son of George Macintosh of cudbear
fame, established the first alum works in Scotland, at Hurlet, near
The Scottish Historical Review
I have added more articles from these publications...
Use of Shortbread at the Communion
At a meeting of Dumfries and Galloway Antiquarian Society on
Thursday evening an interesting discussion took place regarding the
use of shortbread at the celebration of the Lord's Supper, which
appears at one time to have been universal throughout the south-west
Various Forms of Scottish Surnames
Surnames sit easy on Scotsmen. They are changed or undergo variation
in a way that is confusing to the genealogist and interesting to the
Examination for Lord's Supper 1591
The first volume of the Registers of Stirling ends with an entry
made March 1591, after which is written the table of forbidden
degrees, and then an interesting form of 'examination for the Lord's
A Scottish Song
The Land o' the Thistle and the Brose
Tartan in Family Portraits
On page 48 of the June number, the editor comments on the
illustration of the arms of Skene of that Ilk in Alexander Nisbet's
Heraldic Plates recently published. A reproduction of the supporters
of these arms is here given as being of interest to antiquaries. The
date of registration of the arms is about 1672.
Ogilvies in Austria
I have often heard from competent and well-read persons that some
time after what is called the Reformation a great body of Ogilvies
emigrated en masse to the shores of the Baltic, and settled in
Poland, principally in the province of Podlachia. This they are said
to have done to enjoy the free exercise of their religion.
An old Skean Dubh belonging to the first Lord Campbell of Lochaw.
Sketches of North Carolina
Historical and Biographical, illustrative of the Principles of a
portion of her Early Settlers by Rev. William Henry Foote (1846)
We've now completed this book with the following chapters...
Chapter XXVI - Thyatira and her Ministers
Settlement of Thyatira. McAden's course through the settlement,
1755. Visit of Messrs. Spencer and McWhorter. Samuel E. McCorkle.
Birthplace. His parents emigrate to North Carolina. Their locations.
The Father an Elder and the Son Pastor of the Church. Commences a
Classical course. Takes his degree at Nassau Hall, 1772. Extracts
from his diary. His early experience. His exercises during the
Revival of 1772. Extract from Boston. Reads Hopkins. Is deeply
distressed. Reads Smalley. Mr. Green's Sermon. He commences reading
for the Ministry. Licensed and called to Thyatira. His Marriage.
Anecdote of Mrs. Steele and General Green. Obituary of Mrs. Steele.
Her letter to her Children after her death. A prayer from her pen.
Mr. McCorkle's residence. Opens a Classical School. A Teacher's
department. The first Graduates of the University of N. C. Is
appointed a Professor in the University. Declines the appointment.
Bounds of Thyatira. Third Creek formed from it. Rev. J. D.
Kilpatrick. His views of the Revival in 1802. Anecdote of him. Back
Creek formed. Salisbury Church formed. Mr. McCorkle's Bible Classes.
His Pulpit preparations. His printed Sermons. His appearance.
Resemblance to Mr. Jefferson. His Pulpit instructions. Delegates to
the Assembly. His views of the Revival of 1902. Struck with Death in
the Pulpit. His Funeral. Thomas Espy. His birth. His early exercises
on Religion. Commences a Classical course. Unites with the Church,
1820. Enters College. Goes to Virginia. Commences preparations for
the Ministry. Licensure. Influence of his example. A Missionary to
Burke, N. C. Is ordained Evangelist. Leaves Centre and goes to
Salisbury. Seized with a hemorrhage. His last sickness. A testimony
concerning him. his death.
Chapter XXVII - Rev. James M'Gready and the Revivals of 1800
His agency in Revivals. No memoir of him has hitherto appeared. His
origin. Emigration to North Carolina. Reasons of his education. His
early Religious views. A change in them. Its influence on his after
life and Preaching. Licensed by Red Stone Presbytery. Returns to
Carolina. Religion suffered during the War. McGready attends a
funeral His appearance. His first Sermons. His pulpit preparations.
His printed sermons. His manner of delivery. Places of preaching.
His residence. Visits Dr. Caldwell's School with happy effect.
Excitement on Religion. Opposition on Stony Creek. McGready and
others remove to the West. Extract from McGready's statement of the
condition of things in Kentucky. Commencement of the Revival in
1800. The exercises of a bodily nature. Crowds attend meetings for
days in succession. The Revival commences in North Carolina, 1801,
at Cross Roads. Also at Hawfields. The first Camp Meeting in North
Carolina. The Revival spreads over the State. Dr. Caldwell appoints
a meeting in Randolph County. An interesting pamphlet printed in
Philadelphia, containing an account of the Revival. A Clergyman's
account of the exercises experienced by himself. His opinion of
Chapter XXVIII - Rev. Humphrey Hunter and Steele Creek, Goshen and
Mr. Hunter first a Soldier and then a Minister. Settlement of Steele
Creek. Names of its Ministers. Location of the Church. The Grave
Yard. A visit to it. The inscriptions of a Soldier. Anecdote. Other
inscriptions of a different age. Monuments to little children.
Poetic inscriptions. The use of Psalms and Hymns. Grave of two
Brothers. Monument of Rev. Mr. Hunter. Extract from Gordon's
History. Mr. Hunter's birthplace. Emigrates to America when a child.
Grows up in Mecklenburg. Attends the Convention. Enlists as a
Soldier. Commences his Classical course. Certificate. A Lieutenant
against the Indians. Goes to Queen's Museum. Certificate. College
broken up. Enters the Army. Is at the battle of Camden. Witnesses
the death of De Kalb. The circumstances of it. Prisoners in
confinement. Anecdote of Hunter. Escapes from confinement. Joins the
Army again. Resumes his studies. Two Certificates. Enters Mount Zion
College. His degree. His licensure. A call with the Signatures.
Removes to Lincoln. Settlement of Goshen. Its Location. Preaches at
Steele Creek. Practises Medicine. His performances as a Minister.
His Death. Notice of it. His appearance and character.
Chapter XXIX - Centre Congregation
Fall of General Davidson on the Catawba. His birth and burial.
Boundaries of Centre. The first white child born between the two
rivers. Origin of the inhabitants. Rev. Thomas H. McCaule. Classical
school. Dr. McRee the Minister for about thirty years. His birth and
Parentage. His Father's library. Custom to Catechise. His College
course and preparation for the Ministry. Settlement at Steele Creek.
Extract from a Letter. Essay on Psalmody. Settles in Centre. Extract
from a Letter.
Chapter XXX - Poplar Tent and Her Ministers
Ministers to be disengaged from Politics. Hezekiah James Balch in
the Convention. Minutes of Synod respecting him. His congregations.
His Death. Location of Poplar Tent. Settlement and building of the
Meeting House. Mr. Alexander's account. Dr. Robinson's. Meaning of
word Tent. Their use. The name of Poplar Tent. No Monument to Mr.
Balch. Names of the Elders. Robert Archibald. Psalmody. Anecdote of.
Discussion about. Poplar Tent not harassed in the War. Mr.
Archibald's habits. Becomes erroneous in his Creed. Anecdote of him.
Mr. Alexander Caldwell. John Robinson. His birth-place and
parentage. Excellent Memory. His agency in the present work. His
Education. His College Degree. His Licensure. His personal
appearance. Commences Preaching in a trying time. His first place of
Labor. Removes to Fayetteville. Removes to Poplar Tent. Returns to
Fayetteville. First Communion in Fayetteville. His manner of
preaching there. The opinion of his worth thirty-two years after.
His kind feelings. His advanced years. Anecdote. Friend of
Education. Anecdote of his Courage. One of his Faithfulness. Meeting
of Synod during his last sickness. His death and burial.
Chapter XXXI - Extracts from Minutes of the Synod of the Carolinas
from 1502 to 1512 inclusive
Fifteenth Meeting. Missionary report from Matthews and Hall. A
commission of Synod appointed. Grammar Schools to be erected; and
Youth licensed for the Ministry. Overture about exhorters. Petitions
from Abingdon. Stated Clerk appointed. Sixteenth .Meeting.
Missionary to Catawbas appointed. Overture respecting Candidates.
Seventeenth Meeting. Greenville Presbytery dissolved. Missionaries
sent to latches. Overture respecting other denominations. Other
overtures. Eighteenth Meeting. Report of the Mission among the
Catawbas. Non-attending Presbyteries written to. Respecting the
Presbytery of Charleston. Nineteenth Meeting. The Records
transcribed by the new clerk, Mr. Davies. Overture the Assembly for
Division. Overture respecting Ministers holding Civil offices.
Twentieth Meeting. A memorial respecting William C. Davis.
Application of the Presbytery of Union to change their connexion.
Missionary operations. Questions concerning Elders in Synod.
Twenty-first Meeting. The Missionary operations. The Minutes of
Synod on the Reports. The case of Mr. Davis taken up. Overture
respecting Qualifications of Parents asking baptism for Children.
Report on the subject of Communing with the Methodists.
Twenty-second Meeting. Missionary matters. A long and interesting
Report from Mr. Hall. He prepares questions for the people. His
Visit to Knobb Creek. Case of Mr. Davis comes up. The charges
against him. His explanations. The decision of Presbytery. Synod,
dissatisfied with it, takes up the case. Mr. Davis appeals to the
Assembly. Synod remits the case with an overture on the book
published by Mr. Davis called the Gospel Plan. Harmony Presbytery
set off. Pastoral letter ordered on account Mr. Davis's errors.
Twenty-third Meeting. First Presbytery of South Carolina dissolved.
Overture concerning Lotteries. Extract from Mr. Hall's report on
Missions. Ordination of Mr. Caldwell of the University sanctioned.
Twenty-fourth .Meeting. Presbytery of Orange ask advice respecting
Mr. Davis. Dr. Hall reports on his Missionary tour. The Synod resign
their Missionary operations to the hands of the Assembly. Action on
the subject of ordination sine titulo. Order to circulate copies of
the Confession of Faith. Twenty-fifth Meeting. Report of Dr. Hall of
Missionary labor. Support of the Missionary and contingent funds of
the Assembly enjoined. Presbytery of Fayetteville set off. Action of
Synod concerning Ordinations sine titulo.
Chapter XXXII - Rev. John Makemie Wilson, D.D., and the Church of
His parentage. Incident in his early life. Enters the school in
Charlotte. Completes his course of study at Hampden Sydney College.
Devotes himself to the Ministry. Settled in Burke County. Marries.
Removes to Rocky river. The Settlement of Rocky River. Origin of the
Settlers. Some of the names. They favor the Regulators. Destruction
of powder by the Black boys. Mr. Archibald the Minister. A Revival
of Religion. Mr. Alexander Caldwell. Becomes deranged and leaves
them. Mr. Wilson becomes their Pastor. The estimation in which he
was held by the people. His Ministerial habits, opens a Classical
school and educates a large number of Ministers of the Gospel. His
preparation for death. His burial. His son a Missionary to Africa.
Dies there. i1lr. Wilson's grave and epitaph.
Chapter XXXIII - Fayetteville and their Ministers
Cross Creek. The name. Campbelton. The public road opened. Name
changed to Fayetteville. First stated Preacher. Second Preacher.
Ordination of Elders. First administration of the Lord's Supper. The
Third Preacher ordained. Baptism administered publicly. Mr. Robinson
returns. Mr. Turner. His labors and death. His successor. Church
building put up. Succession of Ministers. Second Pastor removed by
death. Mr. Douglass. A short Memoir of him. His spirit. His
Parentage. His Religious impressions. His temptation in New York.
Preparation for the Ministry. Foreign Mission. Visits Mr. Nettleton.
Habits of piety. His labors as a Missionary. Ordained. Gathers a
Church in Murfreesborough. Goes to Milton. Gathers a Church there.
Goes to Briery. Goes to Richmond. Goes to Ireland. Extract from a
letter. Visits the great valley of the Mississippi. Goes to
Lexington, Virginia. Goes to Fayetteville. His pastoral habits.
Fayetteville Presbytery. Its formation. Notice of. Mr. McMillan. Mr.
McNair. Mr. Peacock. Mr. Mclntyre. Mr. McDougald.
Chapter XXXIV - Charlotte and her Recollections
Extract from Tarleton's History of the Southern Campaigns. Charlotte
un comfortable head-quarters to Cornwallis. Extract from Tarleton
upon the difficulty of obtaining provisions. The affair at
1IcIntyre's. Epitaph of one of the men engaged in this affair.
Extract from Steadman's History of the American war. The place of
encampment of the British army. Evacuation of Charlotte. The Polk
family. Thomas Spratt.
Chapter XXXV - Efforts to Promote Education
Sentiments of the females in Carolina about education. The oldest
Academy. Attempts to make a College. A charter obtained and revoked
by the King. A second time obtained and revoked. Queen's Museum goes
into operation, chartered as Liberty Hall Academy by the Colonial
Legislature. Extract from Charter. Trustees. First President. Laws
drawn up by a committee. Overture to Dr. McWhorter. Certificate.
Second President. Third President. The Academy broken up. Mount Zion
College. List of Academies by Presbyterians. Probable proportion of
those able to read. The institutions established by Presbyterians.
The Caldwell Institute; its origin and principles of operation.
Opinion of Dr. Caldwell. The Donaldson Academy. Davidson College;
its principles. Attention to female education. Martin Academy in
Tennessee. Extract from the report of the Committee of Fayetteville
Chapter XXXVI - The University of North Carolina and Rev. Joseph
A visit to the University on Commencement day. Death of a young
lady. The University a State Institution. The interest of the
Presbyterians in it. The Legislature determine to found a
University. The Trustees. Its location. Laying the corner-stone.
Extract from the speech of Dr. M'Corkle. The University is opened.
The first Professor. Mr. Harris recommends Mr. Caldwell. His
parentage. His early training. Commences his Classical course. His
education abandoned. At the suggestion of Dr. Witherspoon his course
is renewed. Enters College. His views respecting his conduct in
College. Takes his degree. Commences school-teaching. Is made tutor
in Nassau Hall. His connection with the church under Mr. Austin.
Correspondence with his classmate. Appointed professor of
Mathematics at Chapel Hill. Sets out for Carolina. Anecdote of Dr.
Green. Enters on his office. The advantages of his situation. The
difficulties of it. The efforts of infidel notions. Extract from a
letter. Exhibition of Presbyterian principles. False notions of
education. Ordination of Dr. Caldwell. His talents judged by his
works. Advocates the Presbyterial High School. His religious
John Knox, A Biography
By D. MacMillan M.A. (1905)
Have now completed this book with the following chapters...
Chapter XIV - Reconstruction of Church
I. The Confession of Faith
II. The Book of Discipline
III. The Book of Common Order
Chapter XV - The Return of Mary
Chapter XVI - The Rulers of the Court
Chapter XVII - Knox and Mary Stuart
Chapter XVIII - Fall of the Rulers
Chapter XIX - The Triumph of Knox
Chapter XX - Last Years and Death
Appendix - When was John Knox Born?
Here is how Chapter XIV starts...
NO time was lost in putting the main clauses of the Treaty into
force. On the15th of July the French sailed from Leith, and almost
immediately thereafter the English left for their own country. The
occasion was one not only of national but of deep religious
importance, and Knox seized it in order to commemorate in a worthy
fashion the great deliverance that had been vouchsafed to his
country. Four days after the departure of their allies the "whole
nobility," he tells us, "and the greatest part of the Congregation,
assembled in St. Giles' Church in Edinburgh, where after the sermon
made for that purpose public thanks were given unto God for His
merciful deliverance." Knox does not say who the preacher was, but
there is every likelihood that it was himself. No report is given of
the sermon, but the prayer is found in his History. In the petitions
which he offered up, Old Testament incidents are freely referred to
in illustration of the position of the Protestant Church in Scotland
at that time.
Ordering of the Church. The first thing to be done was to distribute
such ministers as there were over the country. The chief cities and
towns were of course first supplied. Knox himself was appointed to
Edinburgh; and St. Andrews, Aberdeen, Perth, Jedburgh, Dundee,
Dunfermline, and Leith had preachers assigned to them. Five
superintendents were also nominated. The Parliament which met on the
10th of July, and which was again prorogued to the 1st of August,
was soon to reassemble, and for the purpose of leading up to the
important work which it had to do Knox preached a series of
discourses in St. Giles' on the prophecy of Haggai. "The doctrine,"
he says, "was proper for the time." That may have been so, but the
effect of it was to give the first indication of the blow that was
to dash one of his dearest hopes. "In application whereof," he
continues, "he was so special and so vehement that some having
greater respect to the world than to God's glory, feeling themselves
pricked, said in mocking, 'We must now forget ourselves and bear the
barrow to build the house of God.' God be merciful to the speaker,"
who, we are told, was Lethington.
A petition at the same time was drawn up, to be presented to
Parliament by the barons, gentlemen, burgesses and others, calling
upon the legislature to abolish the old religion and to establish
the new. Of the many exposures which, up to this date, had been made
of the corruptions and abuses of the Romish Church, this assuredly
is the strongest. It attacks the lives of the clergy, their
doctrinal errors, the idolatry of the Mass, and the supremacy of the
Pope, whom it roundly declares to be "that Man of Sin." The reading
of this petition produced divers opinions. The nobility had no
objections to the Reformed doctrine, but from worldly reasons, as
Knox mentions, they abhored "a perfect Reformation, for how many
within Scotland that have the name of nobility are not unjust
possessors of the patrimony of the Church." They had no desire to
disgorge the Church lands which they had already, under various
pretexts, seized, and having an eye on what still remained they were
determined to put off as long as possible a settlement of that part
of the Church question. Instructions, however, were given to the
ministers to draw up "in plain and several heads the sum of that
doctrine which they would maintain," and which they desired the
present Parliament to establish. This task was willingly undertaken,
and within four days they presented a Confession of Faith which was
accepted "without alteration of any one sentence."
The Parliament to
which this Confession was presented was by far the largest and most
important that had assembled for years. Many who had a right to vote
were present for the first time. They were the smaller barons and
lairds and representatives of the burghs. Some objection was taken
to their presence, but it was brushed aside. They were there because
of their single-minded interests in the Reformation. The great
nobles were there because of their interest in the patrimony of the
Church. The composition of the House shows the progress which the
new religion had made in the country, and how it was quickening the
life of the commons and people of Scotland. Men of small degree, but
with the right to vote, were there for the first time within seventy
years, and their presence was an indication of the larger
representation of the Scottish people that would, in the coming
years, through the new birth in which they had participated by the
revival of religion, be found in the national Parliament.
Another chapter from "The Scots in America".
Here is how this chapter starts...
F a Scot were asked in what direction the influence of his native
land was most plainly and characteristically to be seen in America,
he would undoubtedly answer in the direction of education. In
surveying the entire scholastic fieldprimary, grammar, and
collegiatein America, we are struck by the fact that the underlying
theory of the whole is that promulgated by John Knox when he
proposed an ideal system for Scotland, but was defeated by the greed
and treachery of the Scottish nobilityincluding even those who were
with him in the struggle against the old Church. In brief, his
system called for at least one grammar school in every parish, a
burgh or high school and, where possible, a collegiate institution
in every town, and a university in the principal cities, beside 'bairn
schules' in connection with each kirk. His theory is that the
education of the youth was part of the legitimate business of every
State, and his wish was that that education should be as liberal as
Education, the education of the masses, has always been since Knox's
time one of the rifling principles of Scottish life. It was
carefully fostered by the Church; the management of the schools long
formed part of the most important business of every General
Assembly, and their visitation and supervision were regarded as not
the least among the duties of the clergy. It was only within a
comparatively recent period in Scotland that the State stepped to
the front in educational matters, and the Church gradually released
its hold, until now the entire management, even of the universities,
is professedly secular. This changethis separation of education
from religionit has always appeared to us, is one of the things
that the Old Country has learned from America, where scholastic
training from the beginning of the national history of the United
States has been secular, except where particular religions have
founded schools or colleges of their own.
In speaking of the Church having control of the schools in Scotland,
however, it must be remembered that that control sprang from a
different source from that which actuates most Churches in
educational matters. There never was, there never will be, a more
perfect system of republican government, a more complete democracy,
than that devised for the 1cirk by John Knox and his associates. In
that system the basis of everything was the Kirk meeting, in which
every one, every head of a family, had a voice and a vote; from that
popular meeting came the session, from the session the Presbytery,
from the Presbytery the Synod, from the Synod the General Assembly.
The last being thoroughly representative in its complexion, was for
many generations the real parliament of the nation, and thus it was
the voice of the Scottish people acting through their regularly and
honestly chosen delegates that inspired the zeal for the cause of
education throughout the country and maintained it.
Statesmen and Politicians
Another chapter from "The Scots in America".
Here is how this chapter starts...
WE enter upon the subject-matter of this chapter with fear and with
trembling, and would fain dismiss it altogether, pass its theme by,
as it were, but for the sake of the completeness of our survey of
the Scot in America. The subject is practically an inexhaustible
one. From the beginning of the Colonial history Scots have been
prominent in public affairs, and at the present time it is safe to
say there is not a Legislature or municipality in the country that
cannot produce one or more members who are able to trace Scotch
blood in their veins. The connection of the Scots with America, in
fact, began long before the Colonial period, and has steadily waxed
in importance and numerical strength ever since. Sometimes, we must
confess, the claim of Scotch descent is decidedly infinitesimal, but
the claim, even when made on the slenderest grounds, is a compliment
to the "Land of the Heather."
However that may be, there is no question that a complete survey of
the story of the Scottish race in America, even within the
limitations imposed by the title to this chapter, would bring us
face to face with the task of writing a tolerably complete American
dictionary of biography. Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James
Monroe, Patrick Henry, Andrew Jackson, Thomas Benton, John C.
Calhoun, James Buchanan, J. C. Breckinridge, U. S. Grant, R. B.
Hayes, Chester A. Arthur, and James G. Blaine, all claimed descent
from Scotland, and so did Robert Fulton, the steamboat pioneer; C.
H. McCormick, of thrashing machine fame; Davy Crockett, the fighter;
Joseph Henry, the scientist, and if the student of this subject were
to incorporate, as he would have a perfect right to do, the legion
describing themselves as of the Scotch-Irish race, he would be
confronted with an appalling task. Even George Washington had a
little mixture of Scotch blood in his cornpositionso it is said.
In these circumstances it is absolutely necessary to draw the line
somewhere, and instead of attempting anything like a complete
survey, to rest content with selecting a few instances from early
times until the present day. Of course many who might claim a place
in this chapter have already been spoken of in other connections,
and so we must pass over a large number of names which would add
greatly to the brilliancy of the present record.
Old Time Customs
Memories and Traditions and Other Essays
By John Burgess Calkin, M. A. LL.D. (1918)
A new book we've started on and the Preface gives the outline...
Old Time Customs
Memories and Traditions and Other Essays
By John Burgess Calkin, M. A. LL.D. (1918)
This little book is made up of six essays:
"Old Time Customs," comprising more than half of it, had its origin
about ten years ago in a paper read by the author at a meeting of
the Nova Scotia Historical Society in Halifax. Although it is still
but a small affair, it has grown considerably by the addition of new
topics and by enlarging on those originally included. As implied in
the sub-title, some of the customs described were within the
writer's experience, while others were obsolete or pertained to
"Jack and Jill" claims recognition in these pages on account of its
close relationship to the olden times, it being one of the standard
nursery stories associated with "Jack and The Bean Stalk" "Jack the
Giant Killer," "Beauty and the Beast," and "Old Blue Beard," which
brightened the days of children before we were born. When one looks
closely into these little stories which gave so much amusement to
young people in former days, one wonders if they were pure
inventions of the imagination, or if they originated in some
"Culture and Agriculture" grew out of a short talk to an
Agricultural Society. Subsequently, with some additions, it was read
before The Nova Scotia Fruit Growers' Association at a meeting held
"A Vision" may seem to some ultra-sober minded people as quite
unworthy of a place within the covers of a book. Let me tell them
that when one is caught away on the wings of vision resistance is no
easy matter, and, further, visions are not always visionary.
"A Letter to a Young Teacher" should be entitled to a place here
from the simple fact that it introduces the interesting story of The
Kindergarten and The Disobedient Boy.
"Free Schools In Nova Scotia" might be improved in the telling,
nevertheless it is an important chapter in the history of the
Beth's Newfangled Family Tree
The January edition is now available and here is A letter from your
Ah well, I think my years of trying to make a list of things I am
going either to do or stop doing - because they are either good for
me or bad for me - are over.
I am set in my ways. I will always love chocolate, strawberry
anything and lemon merangue pie. So there. I have realized that no
matter what I do, I am never going to be skinny. No matter how hard
I try, I will never be able to sing. No matter how many times I try
and how long I work at it, I am not going to have curly hair. I will
never be able to do more than simple math (My father taught
physics...somehow my mother had a calculator in her head. The
numbers genetic thingie skipped me entirely.).
I will never be a gourmet cook. I will never be a pilot nor an
Olympic Equestrian nor a Prima Ballerina. I am sad about the pilot,
Olympic Equestrian and Prima Ballerina. However, the knowledge I do
have of these things makes me be in utter awe of those who can fly -
be it in an airplane, on a horse or their own two pointed-toe feet.
So, this year, my resolutions will be kinder and gentler and will
simply be things that I need in my life because they make me happy.
I resolve to be a better friend - not letting work or sleepiness
overcome my need to write a note or a letter or make a phone call to
tell a friend to see how they are weathering the series of crisis
that sometimes are just life...and to tell them how much they mean
to me and how much I love them.
I resolve to get back to painting and the art I love so much -
whether I am any good or not.
Id like to have time to write - not for work - but for me (sort of
like this). I resolve to finish the book I started so many years
ago...and maybe write another
one or two or three...
I resolve to get back to gardening and the joys of working amongst
green and growing things and to have my hands scratched and the
fingernails ragged and filled with rich soil. Section B of this
resolution is to grow rose bushes - yellows and whites and reds and
pinks and old fashioned ones - until I am able to
once again cut bucketfuls and give them away until folks lock their
cars in fear of coming back and finding a bucket oyellow roses in
I resolve to once again know the joy and wonder of the gentleness
and intelligence of Newfoundland dogs. Ruthie, Chuckie and Walter
are gone, but never forgotten.
There are Newfys who need homes and there is a Newfy Rescue group
near where I now
live.. Babies, Im coming as soon as I can!
I resolve to take the time to get back to astronomy so that I may go
out each starry night and recognize old friends in the sky. (Did you
SEE Venus and Saturn close to the crescent moon the other night? Oh
I resolve to begin my quest to become The Worlds Oldest Barrel
Racer! Yah! Hah! This one I can do - and with gusto! I resolve to
go back to riding every day enjoying this paradise that is the
foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains - from the back of a good
I resolve to gently enjoy each day that is filled with love and
laughter with the kindest, sweetest man in the world not even
worrying that I would ever take him for granted - for I could not
ever do that.
Please wish me well.
I challenge you to make a list like this - of things that are
missing - or that you love in your life now, but that all make your
life happier, richer and more joyous.
Good luck with your list and good luck with our brand new year.
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