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Weekly Mailing List Archives
9th May 2008


Alastair McIntyreElectric Scotland's Weekly Email Newsletter

Electric Scotland - The No.1 Scottish History Site Aois - The Celtic Community
The Electric Scotland Article Service

Dear Friend

It's your Electric Scotland newsletter meaning the weekend is nearly here :-)

You can view what's new this week on Electric Scotland at http://www.electricscotland.com/rss/whatsnew.php and you can unsubscribe to this newsletter by clicking on the link at the foot of this newsletter.

See our Calendar of Scottish Events around the world at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/calendar_help.htm 

CONTENTS
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Electric Scotland News
Scotland on TV
The Flag in the Wind
Article Service
The Scottish Nation
New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
Book of Scottish Story
Good Words - Edited by the Rev Norman MacLeod
Household Encyclopaedia
Antiquarian Scottish Books in Adobe Reader format
Sketch of the Civil and Traditional History of Caithness from the Tenth Century
The Intellectual Development of Scotland
The History of the Highland Clearances
Scotland's Influence on Civilization (New Book)
Arbroath and its Abbey (New Book)
Homilie by Nola Crewe
Highlander and his Books
Scots in Michigan


ELECTRIC SCOTLAND NEWS
----------------------
This week I noted that Google had improved their site search offering and so thought I'd try it out. It actually looked very good and all seemed to work fine. I then did a search of the site using it and was a touch unhappy with the results. Like doing a search for "Cunningham" it display 1-10 results but didn't tell you how many total results it had found.

I then got an email asking me if I had any information on a place name. So I used the new Google search for that name and it didn't find anything. I thought just out of curiosity that I'd use our old Live Search to see what it could find and it found one entry.

Mmmm... so I then went on to do a search with Google for another name and it found 8 results. Using the Live Search it found 342 results. I then did a number of other searches using both search engines and without exception Live Search found many more than Google did.

And so I've decided to stick with Live Search for our site search engine :-)

"Aois - The Celtic Community" - is our new community site which we've been working on for some time now. I should explain the whole system is made up of a variety of modules to which we'll eventually add an overall interface to bring everything together.

This week we're able to announce the first stage of this project is now ready for use which is the vBulletin message forum system. While we're still working on adding more functionality we figure it's now solid enough to let you try out the messaging system. Also included you'll find the picture gallery, project planning facility, calendar, blog and rss feed. There are also elements of social networking and you can create a buddy list and your own private message forum. We have created a few public message forums to get you started.

While you test out all the features we will be adding new facilities during the next few weeks and we've still to customise it to our own branded look. We have a variety of plugins and templates to add to it such as an arcade system and others such as delivering your own horoscope and even a Radio and TV player :-)

The index page is on our Scotchat domain where you'll see a very different type of page from our normal one. Should you decide to make this your new homepage you can still get to lots of the Electric Scotland menus from within our new menu system. Things will also change on that page as well as we get ramped up.

I might add that a new header has been produced for the Electric Scotland site with a button included for the Aois community so it will always be easy to find.

I hope you will enjoy this new system and we'd certainly welcome your feedback. We have created a forum "Ask the Seneschal" where you can report any problems and suggest added features. Steve May will mostly be monitoring this forum seeing as he's the techie :-)

In compliance with safety for children we ask for your birthday when you register and that's to allow us to catch any children entering the system. Where we find them we'll ask that they provide a parents email address and we'll then email the parent telling them of the service and asking for their approval before we allow their child to use the system.

There is also a Spam feature so if you report that someone is spamming then we'll be able to quickly remove their posts and ban them from the system.

We can also add Moderators to help manage the system so if someone that posts regularly in our public forums would like to help moderate one of them do let us know.

To join the service you will need to register as a new user and once completed we will email you at the email address you provided asking you to click a link in the email to verify you are who you say you are. This email will get to you within seconds or at worst within 5 minutes so do look for that and if it doesn't appear check your spam folder. Should you still not get it feel free to email me and I can manually verify you but hope that won't be necessary. This is just our attempt to ensure only genuine people get into the community.

And so... to get started visit http://www.scotchat.org and we hope you enjoy the service :-)

----

Two new books started this week, "Arbroath and its Abbey" and "Scotland's Influence on Civilization" for which see below.

I might add that these new books are really hard to ocr into the site as they're using a slightly different font and so there are many errors which all have to be manually corrected and I'm sure I'll have missed a number of errors. Hopefully this won't prevent you from enjoying them.

----

We've done a large upgrade to our ScotGenealogy web site adding many new features and in the days ahead we'll also be customising this site to make it a little friendlier to use. You can see this site at http://www.scotgenealogy.com 

This is a Family Tree program and we've also created a couple of forums within Aois specifically for that site.


ABOUT THE STORIES
-----------------
Some of the stories in here are just parts of a larger story so do check out the site for the full versions. You can always find the link in our "What's New" section at the link at the top of this newsletter or on our site menu.


Scotland on TV
--------------
Visit their site at http://www.scotlandontv.tv 

Medics of the Glen is a series made for stv (Scottish Television) just a few years ago. It's currently being shown on www.scotlandontv.tv - we're up to episode six of fifteen right now.

The remit of the series was to cover the challenges facing medicine in the remote, beautiful area of north-west Scotland and over a period of four months the production team was based on the Isle of Skye working with a GP practice and the local hospital. Whilst there, they soon appreciated that both the distance from specialist facilities at Raigmore Hospital in Inverness and the harshness of the terrain and the climate - made for dramatic medicine. For instance, if you live in a city and have stomach pains, a GP (family doctor) may undertake a time of careful watching but if you're many miles away, then the chances are an air ambulance will be called!

The action in Medics of the Glen is played out against a background of dramatic and stunning scenery - so even if programming with a medical theme is ' not your thing', it's worth taking a look, just to get a feel for life in remote Scotland in the twenty-first century.

The link here http://www.scotlandontv.tv/scotland_on_tv/video.html?vxSiteId=60fdd544-9c52-4e17-be7e-57a2a2d76992&vxChannel=Most%20Recent%20Videos&vxClipId=1380_SMG2128&vxBitrate=300 will take you to the most recent episode, but episodes one to five are there too if you want to start from the top.


THE FLAG IN THE WIND
--------------------
This weeks Flag is compiled by Jim Lynch and as always lots of interesting articles. He mentions that he's got another two young compilers for The Flag so we'll look forward to seeing what they bring to our attention :-)

In an article in The Flag was quoted...

Welcoming the publication of opinion poll data in the Daily Telegraph which shows the SNP Government enjoying approval ratings of a majority and Alex Salmond far and away the favoured choice for First Minister SNP MSP Alasdair Allan said: "A year into government and the honeymoon continues, on the back of solid policy delivery.

"Earlier this month, some of our key measures took effect – including freezing the Council Tax to deliver relief for hard pressed households, cutting business rates to boost the economy and jobs, abolishing prescription charges to end the tax on ill health in this 60th anniversary year of the NHS, and scrapping the graduate endowment to restore free education in Scotland.

"We have also abolished bridge tolls and are delivering 1,000 more police officers on Scotland's streets.

"These latest poll figures show that the people of Scotland trust Alex Salmond and the SNP government to deliver.

"We are repaying that trust by breathing new life into Scottish democracy, and strengthening our public services.

"With the vast majority of people viewing Alex Salmond as standing up for Scotland, and as a strong leader in touch with the concerns of the people of Scotland, it is clear that as we approach the first anniversary of the SNP's election success, the Scottish people know they made the right decision."

In Peter's cultural section we get...

May has finally brought a spell of warm sunshine and the promise of better weather to come and with holidays on the arising – modern Scots enjoy far more than their forebears – we will look at a variety of Scottish visitor attractions over the next few weeks. This week we start in the heart of the Borders with a house, built and made famous by the great Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) – Abbotsford - which lies two miles of Melrose (a town well worth a visit). Sir Walter bought the farm of Cartleyhole on the southern bank of the Tweed in 1811. The building of Abbotsford took six years and was completed in 1824. The result obviously well-pleased Sir Walter Scott as he wrote in his journal on 7 January 1828 –

‘It is a kind of Conundrum Castle to be sure and I have a great pleasure in it for while it pleases a fantastic person in the stile and manner of the architecture and decoration it has all the comforts of a commodious habitation.’

The house was opened to the public in 1833, five months after the death of Sir Walter and has been open to visitors ever since. The house contains an impressive collection of historic relics, weapons and armour, including Rob Roy’s gun, dirk and sword, and an extensive library containing over 9000 rare volumes. Visitors are able to see Sir Walter’s Study, Library, Drawing Room, Entrance Hall, Armoury, Dining Room and the private Chapel which was built in 1855, after the writer’s death. The visit extends to Sir Walter Scott’s garden and grounds and the chance to wander down to view his beloved Tweed. Visit http://www.scottsabbotsford.co.uk for full details of opening times and charges.

The recipe this week was a great Border’s favourite and probably enjoyed by the great man himself – enjoy the flavour of the Borders in a heaped plate of Rumblethumps.

Rumblethumps

Ingredients: 1 lb potatoes; 1 lb white cabbage, spring cabbage or kale; 1 medium onion, finely chopped; 3 oz butter; a little single cream; 2 oz mature cheddar cheese; chopped fresh chives; black pepper and salt to taste

Method: Slice the potatoes thickly and boil in a little salted water. Once cooked, drain and mash. Slice the cabbage and boil gently in slated water, do not over cook! Melt the butter in a heavy bottomed pan and cook the onions. Once soft through, add a little cream, season to taste and heat together. Place the mixture in an oven safe dish and cover with grated cheddar and place under a hot grill or oven to brown. Serves 4.

And you can now purchase a Scots Independent T-Shirt, Scottish Flags and books at http://www.scotsindependent.org/shopping_mall.htm

You can read the Flag, listen to the Scots Language, enjoy the Scots Wit and lots more at http://www.scotsindependent.org

Christina McKelvie MSP's weekly diary didn't make it in this week.


The Article Service
-------------------
Enjoyed another wee story added to our Article Service this week and thought I'd include it here...

Tea time wi’ Angus:

The North East of Scotland delicacy of the deep fried Mars bar and where it was invented:

The Deep Fried Mars Bar was invented in Stonehaven, Aberdeenshire, Scotland by the chippie, or chipper as they say in Grampian, Carron Fish and Chip Shop at Allardice Street in 1995.

In 2007 the deep fried Mars bar was named as the 10th most unhealthy food ever. This hasn't stopped many regulars at the Carron Fish and Chip Shop from ordering their favourite deep fried Mars bar snack. The owner, John Wilson, still sells about 100 deep fried Mars bars each week.

Variations of the deep fried Mars bar have appeared throughout Scotland and the UK. Examples are deep fried Snickers bars and deep fried creme eggs at Easter time.

In December 2004 the doctor's magazine The Lancet published a study by Glasgow doctors Dr David Morrison and Doctor Mark Petticrew into the phenomenon of the deep fried Mars bar and found that 22% of chip shops in Scotland sold deep fried Mars Bars. Three quarters were sold to children whilst fifteen percent were sold to adolescents. The average price was 60 pence.

An easy deep fried Mars bar recipe that you can try at home, though it really is not good for your health, is to beat a raw egg with 1/2 a tsp of water. Dip the Mars bar chocolate into the egg and ensure all of it gets covered in egg. Then put this into a batter mix (used to fry fish) and deep fry until the batter turns golden. In parts of Scotland you can also get deep fried ice cream.

Also got in articles from Donna :-)

See these at http://www.electricscotland.com/article


The Scottish Nation
-------------------
My thanks to Lora for transcribing these volumes for us.

We are now onto the N's with Nairne, Napier, Nasmyth, Newall, Newark, Newburgh, Newhaven, and Newton added this week.

There is a very good account of Napier with an interesting wee story which starts...

NAPIER, a surname of considerable antiquity both in Scotland and England. It is principally, however, Scotch. There is a charter of the 44th of King Henry III. (1259), “Johes le Naper, venator Regis Haveringe, Maner, 18 acres terre messuag. Essex.” According to an old tradition, mentioned in a MS., temp. Charles I., written by Sir W. Segar, Garter king of arms, quoted in Burke’s Commoners, the surname arose from the following event: -- One of the ancient earls of Lennox had three sons; the eldest succeeded him in the earldom, the second was named Donald, and the third Gilchrist. The then king of Scots being engaged in war, and having convocated his subjects to battle, the earl of Lennox was called on, amongst others, to send such force as he could collect to the king’s assistance, which he accordingly did, keeping his eldest son at home with him, but putting his men under the command of his two younger sons. The battle went hard with the Scots, who were not only forced to lost ground, but were actually running away, when Donald snatched his father’s standard from the bearer, charged the enemy with the Lennox-men, changed the fortune of the day, and obtained a victory. After the battle, as the custom was, every one reported his acts, when the king said, “You have all done valiantly; but there is one amongst you who had ‘Nae Peer,’” (that is, no equal); and, calling Donald to him, commanded him to change his name from Lennox to Napier, and bestowed upon him the lands of Gosford, and lands in Fife, as a reward for his service. This is just a specimen of the old legends with which is worthy of the slightest credit. The name was originally Le Naper, and seems most likely to have been derived from an office attached to the court, such as Le Botiler, Le Gros Veneur, &c. In England, says Lower, (English Surnames, vol. ii. p. 206,) William de Hastings, temp. Hen. I., held the manor of Ashele, co. Norfolk, by the service of taking charge of the napery (table-cloths and linen) at the coronation of the English kings.

Lots more to read on this person and the others at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/napier.htm

You can read the other entries at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/nation/index.htm


New Statistical Account of Scotland (1845)
------------------------------------------
The first volume I am dealing with is the one on Aberdeenshire. There are some 85 parishes in this volume and a write up on each.

This week have added...

Parish of Longside

Here is a wee bit from the account...

Eminent Characters.—-The Rev. John Skinner, though a native of a distant parish, was for sixty-four years minister of the Episcopal congregation here. An ecclesiastical history and some letters or dissertations by him, on theological subjects, have been published; but he is perhaps better known as a correspondent of the poet Burns, and as the writer of several popular songs, viz. Tullochgorum, John o' Badenyon, Ewie wi' the crooked horn, &c. A handsome monument to his memory has been erected in this churchyard, in which he lies interred. His residence at Linshart has been, and still is, occupied by his successor. [No offence is meant by introducing here the name of an individual who had a county (if not a national) reputation, and whose printed memorabilia have gone through several editions. This was Jamie Fleeman (or Fleeming), "the Laird of Udny's fool," who flourished here about the middle of last century. His name appears frequently in the session's list of paupers ; and his sayings and doings have been a theme of wonderment to a generation or two.]

I might add you can read more about the Rev. John skinner at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/other/skinner_john.htm

You can read the rest of this account at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/longside.htm

On the index page of this volume you can see a list of the 85 parishes and also a map at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/statistical/volume12.htm 


Book of Scottish Story
----------------------
Our thanks to John Henderson for sending this in for us.

This week have added...

The Monkey by Robert Macnish and here is how it starts...

A second passage in the life of William M’Gee, Weaver in Hamilton

I dinna think that in a’ nature there’s a mair curiouser cratur than a monkey. I mak this observe frae being witness to an extraordinar’ event that took place in Hamilton, three or four days after my never-to-be-forgotten story of the ‘Battle of the Breeks.’ Some even gaed the length to say that it was to the full mair curiouser than that affair, in sae far as the principal performer in the ae case was a rational man, whereas in the ither he was only a bit ape. But folk may talk as they like about monkeys, and cry them down for being stupid and mischievous, I for ane will no gang that length. Whatever they may be on the score of mischief, there can be nae doubt, that, sae far as gumption is concerned, they are just uncommon; and for wit and fun they would beat ony man black and blue. In fact, I dinna think that monkeys are beasts ava. I hae a half notion that they are just wee hairy men, that canna or rather winna speak, in case they may be made to work like ither folk, instead of leading a life of idleness.

But to the point. I ance had a monkey, ane of the drollest looking deevils ye ever saw. He was gayan big for a monkey, and was hairy a’ ower, except his face and his bit hurdies, which had a degree of bareness about them, and were nearly as saft as a lady’s loof. Weel, what think ye that I did wi’ the beastie? 'Od, man, I dressed him up like a Heelandman, and put a kilt upon him, and a lang-tailed red coat, and a blue bannet, which for security’s sake I tied, woman-like, below his chin, wi’ twa bits of yellow ribbon. I not only did this, but I learnt him to walk upon his twa hinder legs, and to carry a stick in his right hand when he gaed out, the better to support him in his peregrinations. He was for a’ the world like a wee man in kilts—sae much sae, that when Glengarry, the great Heeland chieftain, wha happened to be at Hamilton on a visit to the Duke, saw him by chance, he swore by the powers that he was like ane o’ the Celtic Society, and that if I likit he would endeavour to get him admitted a member of that body. I thocht at the time that Glengarry was jokin’, but I hae since had gude reason for thinking that he was in real earnest, as Andrew Brand says that he and the Celts hae been like to cut ane anither’s throats, and that he micht mean this as an affront upon them. Hoosomever I maun do Glengarry the justice to say, that had he got my Nosey (that was his name) made a member, he wadna hae pruved the least witty or courageous o’ the society, and would hae dune nae disgrace to the chief ’s recommendation.

You can read the rest of this story at http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/story48.htm

The other stories can be read at http://www.electricscotland.com/books/story/index.htm


Good Words - 1860 Edition
-------------------------
Edited by Rev. Norman MacLeod

You should note that as this is a weekly publication you'll find larger articles are continued week by week.

This week have added articles on...

Was it Spirit-Knocking? (Pages 477-479)
Good Words for Every Day of the Year (Pages 479-480)
Dr. Wichern and The Rauhe Haus (Pages 481-486)
Summer Sadness (Pages 486-488)
Lady Somerville's Maidens (Pages 489-492)
Life and Death (Pages 492-493)

The "Lady Somerville's Maidens" is a continuing series in this publication so if you haven't been reading it you should go to the index page of this volume and find the other chapters.

Here is a wee bit from the current chapter...

Those were pleasant days when Madam Romieu was in a measure recovered, but Euphame Napier still made one in the clockmaker's household. They were strangers and not rich, they occupied a few close rooms in a noisy street of the old town of Edinburgh, in the summer season. They had no attendant, no show, no state, and very simple indulgences; but they had their enjoyments, and one of them not to be had in the exchange of green meadows, and babbling brooks, and forest trees, was this street, this curious thronged street, with its giddy gables; its masses of building; its unequal chimney-stalks, and stairs and turrets, and hanging storeys; its various and suggestive groups; under the glory of a pearly dawn, ere the smoke, dust, and noise of common day filled it, when the fragrance of flowers from distant pleasances searched even into its stale and noisome nooks—under the brooding heat of noon—beneath the soft rosy stain of sunset, lingering like the last blush of innocence. But the chief heart's-ease within the walls was within the godly, elevated, loving minds and hearts of the heads of the family. "True happiness is of a retired nature," writes Addison, "and an enemy of pomp and noise; it arises, in the first place, from an enjoyment of one's-self, and in the next from the friendship and conversation of a few select companions." The highest happiness extends beyond self, but Addison will write with a reservation; he adds, "False happiness loves to be in a crowd to draw the eyes of the world upon her;" proceeds to contrast the true by the examples of the virtuous Aurelia, spending her time usefully with her husband in retirement, and the meretricious Faustina, calling every woman of a prudent, modest, and retired life, a poor-spirited and unpolished creature, to whom, in her own person, ''the missing of an opera the first night would be more afflicting than the death of a child."

You can read the rest of this article at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/goodwords/goodwords223.htm

You can read the other articles at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/goodwords/index.htm 


Household Encyclopaedia
-----------------------
No pages added this wee due to working on the Aois Community site but will return next week. Should you wish you can check out previous pages at http://www.electricscotland.com/household/


Antiquarian Scottish Books in Adobe Reader format
-------------------------------------------------
I said I'd do my best to add a book each week and so this week I've added...

The Black Book of Taymouth and Other Papers
From the Breadalbane Charter Room (1855)

There is a very long Preface to this book which starts...

The materials of the present volume, all taken from the charter-room at Taymouth, have been selected more with the view of illustrating the antiquities of the Central Highlands, and the modes of life and thought of their inhabitants in the old time, than for any purpose of public national history, or for the genealogy and antiquities of the family of Breadalbane. But that family having so long borne sway in the district, their personal affairs are to some extent mixed up with all local history; and a general acquaintance with the early descents of House of Glenurchy is necessary for the full understanding of the materials now brought together first article. It is here brought together as the first article of our collection.

The "Black Book ok Taymouth," has been long known and used as an authority in the Highlands. It is now for the first time printed from the MS. of its author, Master William Bowie, who seems to have discharged the double duty of family notary and pedagogue to the grandsons of Sir Duncan Campbell, the seventh laird of Glenurchy. He dedicates his work to his patron, in the month of June 1598, and though he lived to add some matter of subsequent date, the conclusion, coming down to 1648, seems written by a different hand. His chief object was to record the successive acquisitions of property.

I might note that it was in this book that Ranald McIntyre told me he found a reference to another McIntyre who was told that while he may shoot a deer he was only entitled to the entrails and the rest belonged to the Duke :-)

You can read this at http://www.electricscotland.com/books/pdf/taymouth.htm

The index page for this section can be reached at http://www.electricscotland.com/books/pdf/index.htm


Sketch of the Civil and Traditional History of Caithness from the Tenth Century
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
By James T. Calder (1861)

This week we completed this book by adding the Postscript which includes...

Colonel George Sinclair—Caithness proprietors and wadsetters in 1668—Liberties of the Town of Thurso—The Caithness Fencibles—Lord Caithness's steam carriage—The Battle of Artimarlach—Gleanings from Douglas Peerage of Scotland, and other sources.

It gives an account of Sir George Sinclair and his abortive traveles through Norway which we've actually mentioned elsewhere on the site at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/articles/norway1612.htm

You can read the Postscript and the rest of the chapters at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/caithness/index.htm


The Intellectual Development of Scotland
----------------------------------------
By Hector MacPherson (1911)

We have now completed this book by adding the final Chapter XII - The Evolution of Fiction

and here is how it starts...

With the suppression of the rising of the '45 the history of Scotland, from a purely national point of view, may be said to come to an end. The Rebellion was something more than an attempt to restore the Stewart dynasty. It was the dramatic and final stage in the inevitable conflict between two antagonistic ideals—the feudal and the industrial. At the Union Scotland had entered into partnership with England in commerce and industry; but sentiment dies hard, and many, while alive to the superiority of the new days, gazed regretfully upon the days which were vanishing. At the Union Scotland gained much, but it paid a heavy price in the loss of its individuality, which meant the loss of the sharp dramatic contrasts and the vivid heroisms which make the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries illustrious.

You can read the rest of this chapter at
http://www.electricscotland.com/history/intellectual/chapter12.htm

The other chapters can be read at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/intellectual/index.htm


The History of the Highland Clearances
--------------------------------------
By Alexander MacKenzie (1914)

This week we've added...

Sutherland
Mr. James Loch on Sutherland Improvements
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe on the Sutherland Clearances
Reply to Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe by Donald Macleod
Trial of Patrick Sellar
Ross-Shire
Glencalvie
The Eviction of the Rosses

Here is how the chapter on the Trial of Patrick Sellar starts...

For his action in connection with the Sutherland Clearances, Patrick Sellar was placed on trial at a sitting of the Circuit Court at Inverness in 1816. The bench was occupied by Lord Pitmilly. We give the indictment, defences, judge's summing up, and other particulars, but omit the evidence, as no authentic record thereof is available.

THE INDICTMENT.

PATIRICK SELLAR, now or lately residing at Culmaily, in the parish of Golspie, and shire of Sutherland, and under factor for the Most Noble the Marquis and Marchioness of Stafford. You are indicted and accused, at the instance of Archibald Colquhoun of Killermont, his Majesty's Advocate for his Majesty's interest: That albeit, by the laws of this and of every other well-governed realm, culpable homicide, as also oppression and real injury, more particularly the wickedly and maliciously setting on fire and burning, or causing and procuring to be set on fire and burnt, a great extent of heath and pasture, on which a number of small tenants and other poor persons maintain their cattle, to the great injury and distress of the said persons; the violently turning, or causing and procuring to be turned out of their habitations, a number of the said tenants and other poor people, especially aged, infirm, and impotent persons and pregnant women, and cruelly depriving them of all cover or shelter, to their great distress, and the imminent danger of their lives; the wickedly and maliciously setting on fire, burning, pulling down, and demolishing, or causing and procuring to be set on fire, burnt, pulled down, and demolishing, the dwelling-houses, barns, kilns, mills, and other buildings, lawfully occupied by the said persons, whereby they themselves are turned out, without cover or shelter, as aforesaid, and the greater part of their different crops is lost and destroyed, from the want of the usual and necessary accommodation for securing and manufacturing the same; and the wantonly setting on fire, burning, and otherwise destroying, or causing and procuring to be set on fire, burnt, and otherwise destroyed, growing corn, timber, furniture, money, and other effects, the property, or in the lawful possession of the said tenants and other poor persons, are crimes of a heinous nature, and severely punishable. Yet true it is, and of verity, that you the said Patrick Sellar are guilty of the said crimes, or of one or more of them, actor, or art in part ; in so far as you the said Patrick Sellar did, on the 15th day of March, 1814, or on one or other of the days of that month, or of April and May immediately following, and on many occasions during the said months of March, April and May, wickedly and maliciously set on fire and burn, or cause and procure John Dryden and John M'Kay, both at that time shepherds in your service, to set on fire and burn a great extent of heath and pasture, many miles in length and breadth, situate in the heights of the parishes of Farr and Kildonan, in the county of Sutherland

You can read the rest of this chapter at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/clearances/10.htm

The other chapters can be read at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/clearances/index.htm


Scotland's Influence on Civilization
------------------------------------
By The Rev. Leroy J. Halsey, D.D., LL.D.

This is a new book we're starting and as there is no preface to this book here is how the first chapter starts...

THE land of the thistle and the heather, the castle and the crag, is at best but a narrow land—two hundred and eighty-eight miles between extremes from north to south, and fifty-two from east to west. Its place in history, however, is well assured, and its influence is wide as the world. Its physical aspect is exceedingly diversified and picturesque. The sky bends in beauty, the soil teems with verdure, the air rings in elastic tension, the waters sparkle with life and health. It is a land where youth may drink in exhilaration with every breath, manhood find food for high endeavor in every battle of life, and old age flourish like the evergreen pine. With a coastline of twenty-five hundred miles so deeply indenting the main land on three sides as to bring every foot of it within forty-five miles of the sea, with nearly eight hundred islands closely environing it and furnishing many a quiet inlet and many a bold outlook to the ocean, and with an alternating panorama of highland and lowland, of lake, river and mountain, through all its borders,--Scotland would seem to be the spot of all the earth ordained by Providence for the dwelling-place of a hardy, athletic, gallant race.

Such, in fact, have been its destiny and its history. It is not the country, but the heroic people inhabiting it, that has given Scotland its name in history and its influence on the world's civilization. And the object of this monograph is to sketch in briefest outline a few salient points in the character of the people, the work they have done and the influence they have exerted.

Who has not admired the genius and gloried in the heroism of that long line of "Scottish worthies" who fought as if they were fighting the battles of all mankind and gave their names to history as an everlasting remembrance? Who has not followed them down from century to century and often felt his indignation ablaze at the recital of their wrongs and their sacrifices for truth and for conscience' sake? What associations crowd upon us, what memories awake, what inspirations kindle, at the mention of such names as Bruce and Wallace, Knox and Melville, Argyle and Murray, rray, Gillespie and Henderson, Erskine and Chalmers, Scott and Burns, Livingstone and Alexander Duff!

You can read the rest of this chapter at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/influence/chapter1.htm

The index page of the book where we have the first three chapters up is at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/influence/index.htm


Arbroath and its Abbey
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By David Miller

Another new book and of course Arbroath Abbey is where the Declaration of Arbroath was signed and so a most interesting account.

There is quite an extensive Preface to this book which starts...

THE following pages have been published chiefly for those who take an interest in the locality of the ancient and now flourishing town of Arbroath, and also with the view of removing the obscurity which has hitherto involved the history of its once magnificent monastery. Among other sources of information the Chartulary of the Abbey is entitled to stand first in rank. The most interesting portions of these monastic writings have been digested and arranged in this volume. An endeavour has thus been made to bring out the points in which they, along with other authentic documents, tend to illustrate the history of the district.

In alluding to the history of past times, our ancestors have been allowed as far as possible to appear in their own dress, and speak in their own words. This will account for the number of quotations in the antique style, which may probably render the perusal of some portions of the book a little difficult to readers otherwise well educated. But if months or years are spent in the endeavour to acquire a knowledge of dead languages two or three thousand years old, some trouble ought to be taken with the view of being able to read with facility our own living mother tongue, in the garb which it wore two or three centuries ago, so that it may not be unintelligible unless expressed according to our present conventional orthography. Many details, which to general readers not acquainted with the locality may appear sufficiently minute, are inserted in the text, instead of being placed in foot-notes, as it was considered desirable to avoid that distraction of attention which numerous notes invariably occasion. For the same reason references to the pages of the Arbroath Chartulary have not been made, as these, if introduced, would have become innumerable and cumbersome. They would, at the same time, have been of no use to those who do not possess that collection of writings ; and those, on the other hand, who may wish to verify any statement founded on it, will be at once able to do so, by the names and dates referred to, with the help of the tables of contents and indices of the published Chartulary.

You can read the rest of this Preface along with the first 3 chapters of the book at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/arbroath/


Homilie by Nola Crewe
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Nola has once again sent us in one of her homilies this time with Baptism as a theme. You can read this at http://www.electricscotland.com/bible/nola/080504.htm


Highlander and his Books
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By Frank Shaw

Frank has done an excellent book review on the book "Boulders at Hirti Geo" By Jim Hewitson and among other things we learn that Jim runs a B & B on the Island of Orkney and apparently has a huge collection of animals :-)

You can read the review at http://www.electricscotland.com/familytree/frank/hirtigeo.htm


Scots in Michigan
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By Alan T. Forrester

The publishers kindly provided a summary of this book along with the Introduction and first chapter which you can read at http://www.electricscotland.com/history/america/michigan.htm


And that's it for now and hope you all have an enjoyable weekend :-)


Alastair
http://www.electricscotland.com 

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