While this site is all
about Scotland clearly there has been a great deal of interaction with
England over the centuries. This section is simply to explore some of the
history of England and the English to help build an understanding of that
country and its interaction with Scotland. Also during the publishing of
"Early Scotland" there were a lot of references to the Saxon Chronicles so
I thought I'd include this publication here for additional reference. I
will from time to time add the odd biography of Scots who were born in
England of Scottish parents by way of showing how influential they were.
In fact in the period 1790-1820 a staggering 130 Scots were MPs representing
seats in England and Wales. I hope by lifting the veil in this way it
will encourage others to do more research and obviously we'd be more
than happy to publish anything you produce on the subject.
Note: I got
clarification on the claim for 130 Scots MP's...
Since the page is
rather long, I’ve attached the text below.
The author will
simply have been through all of the Members covered in our volumes
for 1790-1820 and counted up the Scottish ones.
Scotsmen sitting for
non-Scottish seats numbered over 130, noticeably more than the
Irish. With 45 seats in Scotland almost monopolized by themselves,
the Scots still needed more scope. The eldest sons of Scottish
peers, who were not eligible to be created peers of Great Britain
until 1782, could not sit for seats in Scotland, and they are among
the number. In addition, some Scottish peerage families had English
or Welsh interests—notably the Butes. Apart from them, the Campbells,
created Lords Cawdor, had Welsh interests. The Johnstone family
interest at Weymouth brought in Scots Members; the Dundas interest
in Yorkshire introduced members of the family. But, by and large,
far more Scots than Irish might properly be termed adventurers:
their own country could not support them. Many of them were
nabobs—John Agnew, John Alexander Bannerman, Sir George Dallas,
Philip Dundas, John Fleming, Charles Forbes, Joseph Hume, Sir John
Macpherson, James Paull, Sir William Paxton, John and William
Petrie, Patrick Ross, George Simson, James Charles Stuart Strange
and Henry Trail come to mind. This was no coincidence: the East
India patronage bestowed on his countrymen by Henry Dundas was at
work. Apart from dominating Scottish elections, he also occasionally
returned Scots for vacant English seats in which he was able to
exert ministerial influence, and Scottish Whigs were more or less
driven out of their country by him to look for seats elsewhere. Only
23 of all these Members ever sat for Scottish constituencies: the
rest crept into every corner of the land for their seats. They were
more likely than the Irish to be of mercantile background—London
Scottish merchants were often ambitious of a seat in Parliament.
The History of England
from the Accession of James II By Thomas Babington MacAulay
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